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Encyclopedia > Carnation
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Carnation in flower
Carnation in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Dianthus
Species: D. caryophyllus
Binomial name
Dianthus caryophyllus

The carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) is a flowering plant native to the Near East and has been cultivated for the last 2,000 years. Its original natural flower colour was pinkish-hued, but later, cultivars of other colours, including red, white, yellow and green, have been developed. The carnation is the national flower of Spain. Download high resolution version (1208x1565, 830 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta—liverworts Anthocerotophyta—hornworts Bryophyta—mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta—rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta—zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta—clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta—trimerophytes Pteridophyta—ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta—seed ferns Pinophyta—conifers Cycadophyta—cycads Ginkgophyta—ginkgo Gnetophyta—gnetae Magnoliophyta—flowering plants... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are the dominant and most familiar group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families Achatocarpaceae Aizoaceae (Fig-marigold family) Amaranthaceae (amaranth family) Ancistrocladaceae Asteropeiaceae Barbeuiaceae Basellaceae (basella family) Cactaceae (cactus family) Caryophyllaceae (carnation family) Dioncophyllaceae Droseraceae (sundew family) Drosophyllaceae Frankeniaceae Molluginaceae (carpetweed family) Nepenthaceae Nyctaginaceae (four-oclock family) Physenaceae Phytolaccaceae (pokeweed family) Plumbaginaceae (plumbago family) Polygonaceae (buckwheat family) Portulacaceae (purslane family) Rhabdodendraceae... Genera See text The Caryophyllaceae, the Pink or Carnation family, are a family of dicotyledons, flowering plants, included in the order Caryophyllales. ... Species About 300 species; see text Dianthus is a [genus]] of about 300 species of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae, native mainly to Europe and Asia, with a few species extending south to north Africa, and one species () in arctic North America. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal system of naming species. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are the dominant and most familiar group of land plants. ... The Near East is a term commonly used by archaeologists, geographers and historians, less commonly by journalists and commentators, to refer to the region encompassing the Levant (modern Israel, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon), Turkey, Mesopotamia (Iraq and eastern Syria). ... This Osteospermum Pink Whirls is a successful cultivar. ...

Although originally applied to the species Dianthus caryophyllus, the name Carnation is also often applied to some of the other species of Dianthus, and more particularly to garden hybrids between D. caryophyllus and other species in the genus. Species About 300 species; see text Dianthus is a [genus]] of about 300 species of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae, native mainly to Europe and Asia, with a few species extending south to north Africa, and one species () in arctic North America. ... // This article is about a biological term. ...

Some scholars believe that the name "carnation" comes from "coronation" or "corone" (flower garlands), as it was one of the flowers used in Greek ceremonial crowns. Others think the name stems from the Latin "carnis" (flesh), which refers to the original colour of the flower, or incarnacyon (incarnation), which refers to the incarnation of God made flesh.


Sentiment and symbolism

Carnations painted by Redouté

Carnations are often worn on special occasions, especially Mother's Day and weddings. They were known as "Jove's Flower" in ancient Rome as a tribute to one of their beloved gods. In Korea, red and pink Carnations are used for showing their love and gratitude toward their parents on Parents Day (Korea does not separate Mother's Day and Father's Day, but has Parents Day on May 8). Sometimes, you can see old parents wear a corsage of Carnation(s) on their left chest on Parents Day. Not only on Parents Day, but also on Teacher's Day (May 15), people express their admiration and gratitude to their teachers with Carnations, as Carnation has the meaning of 'admiration','love', and 'gratitude'. carnations painted by Pierre-Joseph Redoute This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Pierre-Joseph Redouté (1759 - 1840) was a French painter, best known for his paintings of the flowers at Malmaison. ... A celebratory Mothers Day cookie cake. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Korea (Korean: 한국 in South Korea or ì¡°ì„  in North Korea, see below) is a geographic area, civilization, and former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. ...

The carnation is also the symbol of the Portuguese Carnation Revolution. The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese, Revolução dos Cravos) was an almost bloodless, leftist, military-led coup détat, started on April 25, 1974, in Lisbon, Portugal, that effectively changed the Portuguese regime from an authoritarian dictatorship to a liberal democracy after two years of a transitional period known as PREC...

For the most part, carnations express love, fascination, and distinction. Light red carnations represent admiration, while dark red denote deep love and affection. White carnations indicate pure love and good luck; striped symbolize a regret that a love cannot be shared. Green carnations are for St. Patrick's Day; purple carnations indicate capriciousness. Pink carnations have the most symbolic and historical significance. According to a Christian legend, carnations first appeared on Earth as Jesus carried the Cross. The Virgin Mary shed tears at Jesus' plight, and carnations sprang up from where her tears fell. Thus the pink carnation became the symbol of a mother's undying love, and in 1907 was chosen by Ann Jarvis as the emblem of Mother's Day, now observed in the United States and Canada on the second Sunday in May. A red carnation may be worn if one's mother is alive, and a white one if she has died. St. ... Adjectives: Terrestrial, Terran, Telluric, Tellurian, Earthly Atmosphere Surface pressure: 101. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... A Greek cross (all arms of equal length) above a saltire, a cross rotated by 45 degrees A famous Armenian khachkar at Goshavank (Notice the cross). ... Our Lady redirects here. ... A. Jarvis was the name of two women, mother and daughter. ... A celebratory Mothers Day cookie cake. ...

The Carnation is also the birth flower for those born in the month of January.

In some cultures, however, especially the French culture, the carnation symbolizes misfortune and bad luck.

At Oxford University, carnations are traditionally worn to all examinations — white for the first exam, pink for exams in between and a red for the last exam. The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ...

The state flower of Ohio is a scarlet carnation. The choice was made to honor William McKinley, Ohio Governor and U.S. President, who was assassinated in 1901, and regularly wore a scarlet carnation on his lapel. This is a list of U.S. state flowers: List of U.S. state trees Lists of U.S. state insignia ^ State Flower of Alabama. ... William McKinley Jr. ...

Carnation is the provincial flower of the autonomous community of Balearic Islands of Spain[1]. Capital Palma de Mallorca Official language(s) Spanish and Catalan Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 17th  4,992 km²  1. ...

Delta Sigma Phi Fraternity's official flower is the white carnation. The flower of the collegiate fraternities Theta Chi, Tau Kappa Epsilon, and Alpha Chi Omega is the red carnation. Phi Mu Fraternity for Women has as their official flower the Pink Carnation. Delta Sigma Phi (ΔΣΦ, also known as DSP, Delta Sigs or Delt Sigs at many Michigan chapters) is a fraternity established at the City College of New York in 1899 and is a charter member of the North-American Interfraternity Conference. ... Theta Chi (ΘΧ) is an international college fraternity for men. ... Tau Kappa Epsilon (TKE or Teke, pronounced T-K-E or IPA , as in teak wood) is a college fraternity with chapters in the USA, and Canada, and affiliation with a German fraternity system known as the Corps of the Weinheimer Senioren Convent (WSC). ... Alpha Chi Omega (ΑΧΩ, also known as A-Chi-O) is a womens fraternity founded on October 15, 1885. ... Phi Mu (ΦΜ) is the second oldest secret organization for women in the United States. ...

The carnation is a traditional funeral flower in France, given in condolence for the death of a loved one.

Growing Carnations

Carnations require neutral to slightly alkaline soil (6.5 and 7.0 would be ideal). The soil should be well-drained.

Carnation Diseases

This article is a list of diseases of carnations (Dianthus caryophylium). ...

Carnation Cultivars

Gina Porto Helen Laced Romeo Red Rocket Helen. ... Red Rocket may refer to: A nickname for basketball player Matt Bonner Red Rocket 7, a comic book series. ...


  • Anderson's Online Documentation: Floral emblem of state (Ohio)

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Carnatic - LoveToKnow 1911 (1616 words)
CARNATIC, or Karnatak (Kannada, Karnata, Karnatakadesa), a name given by Europeans to a region of southern India, between the Eastern Ghats and the Coromandel coast, in the presidency of Madras.
The Northern Carnatic extended from the river Pennar to the northern limit of the country; and the chief town was Ongole.' The Carnatic, as above defined, comprehended within its limits the maritime provinces of Nellore, Chingleput, South Arcot, Tanjore, Madura and Tinnevelly, besides the inland districts of North Arcot and Trichinopoly.
The Pandya kingdom practically coincided in extent with the districts of Madura and Tinnevelly; that of the Cholas extended along the Coromandel coast from Nellore to Pudukottai, being bounded on the north by the Pennar river and on the south by the Southern Vellaru.
Egypt Red Sea Shipwrecks - The Carnatic (2593 words)
The Peninsula and Oriental Passenger Steamer "Carnatic" was built by Samuda Bros of London and classified as an "iron framed planked passenger steamer of 1776 tons." Her dimensions were 89.8m x 11.6m with a draught of 7.8m.
The Carnatic was launched in December 1862 and registered by P and O (although that abbreviation was not used in those days) in March 1863.
The Court’s decision was that the stranding of the Carnatic was "due to a grave default of the Master" and consequently suspended his Master’s certificate for 9 months.
  More results at FactBites »



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