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Encyclopedia > Carlo Bergonzi
This article is about Carlo Bergonzi the singer. For Carlo Bergonzi the violin maker, see Bergonzi.

The Italian singer Carlo Bergonzi (born 13 July 1924) is one of the most admired tenors of the post-war period. Although he performed and recorded various bel canto and verismo roles, he is above all associated with the operas of Giuseppe Verdi, including a large number of his lesser-known works which he helped revive. Essentially a lyric tenor, Bergonzi is greatly admired for his beautiful legato and elegant phrasing. Italian opera singer Carlos Bergonzi Source: http://www. ... The Bergonzi family was an illustrious group of luthiers in Cremona, Italy, a city that has a rich tradition of stringed intrument makers. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high vocal range. ... The term Bel Canto may refer to: Belcanto, a vocal technique; or Bel Canto, a novel by Ann Patchett. ... Verismo was an Italian literary movement born approximately between 1875 and 1895. ... Giuseppe Verdi, by Giovanni Boldini, 1886 (National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome). ...


Bergonzi was born in Vidalenzo, near Parma. He began his studying singing after an audition at age 14, originally as a baritone. During World War II, he was imprisoned in a German prisoner-of-war camp for anti-Nazi activities. When the war ended and he was released, he returned to Italy and began studies at the Boito Conservatory in Parma. Country Italy Region Emilia-Romagna Province Parma (PR) Mayor Elvio Ubaldi (since May 28, 2002) Elevation 55 m Area 260 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 175,789  - Density 676/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Parmigiani (Parmensi are called the provinces inhabitants) Dialing code... Baritone (French: baryton; German: Bariton; Italian: baritono) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


On August 7, 1947, at the age of 23, Bergonzi made his professional debut came as Schaunard in La Bohème in Catania (Arena Argentina). Other baritone roles included: Arlesiana (Metifio), Don Pasquale (Dottor Malatesta), L'Elisir d’amore (Belcore), Lucia di Lammermoor (Lord Enrico Asthon), Le Astuzie di Bertoldo, Ghirlino, Pagliacci (Silvio), L'Amico Fritz (Fritz Kobus), Cavalleria Rusticana (Alfio), Werther (Albert), La Bohème (Marcello), La Fanciulla del West (Sonora), Madama Butterfly (Sharpless), Manon Lescaut (Lescaut), Il Barbiere di Siviglia (Figaro), Mignon (Laerte), Rigoletto (Rigoletto), and La Traviata (Giorgio Germont). August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


After retraining his voice, he made his debut as a tenor in 1951 in André Chénier. The same year, to mark the 50th anniversary of Verdi's death, the Italian state radio network RAI engaged Bergonzi for a series of broadcasts of lesser-known Verdi operas. Andrea Chénier is an opera in four acts by Umberto Giordano to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica, based on the life of the French poet André Chénier (1762-1794). ... RAI (RAdiotelevisione Italiana and previously known as Radio Audizioni Italiane) is the Italian public service broadcaster. ...


In 1953, Bergonzi made his La Scala debut, creating the role of Masaniello in Napoli's opera, his London debut as Alvaro, his American debut at the Lyric Opera of Chicago in 1955, and his Metropolitan Opera debut the following year. His Covent Garden debut, again as Alvaro, was not until 1962. In 1966, he performed and recorded Pagliacci with Herbert von Karajan. The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Lyric Opera of Chicago is one of the leading opera companies in the United States. ... The Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, seen from Lincoln Center Plaza A full house at the old Metropolitan Opera House, seen from the rear of the stage, at the Metropolitan Opera House for a concert by pianist Józef Hofmann, November 28, 1937. ... The Floral Hall of the Royal Opera House The Royal Opera House is a performing arts venue in London. ... Pagliacci (Clowns) is an opera in two acts written and composed by Ruggiero Leoncavallo. ... Herbert von Karajan (Salzburg April 5, 1908 Anif near Salzburg – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ...


Bergonzi continued to sing through the 1970s at major opera houses. In the 1980s, he concentrated more on recitals.


In 1996, Bergonzi participated in conductor James Levine's twenty-fifth anniversary gala at the Metropolitan Opera. He gave his American farewell concert at Carnegie Hall on 17 April that same year. However, an announcement that on 3 May 2000, he was to sing the title role in a concert performance of Otello, conducted by Eve Queler and the Opera Orchestra of New York attracted intense interest, particularly given the fact he had never performed the role onstage. Bergonzi was unable to finish the performance being overparted when he was on stage, as well as supposedly suffering from an allergy due to airconditioning in his dressing-room, and a substitute singer took over. Bootlegged tapes of the dress rehearsal of Otello revealed Bergonzi's voice sounding surprisingly fresh for a man of 75. James Levine (born June 23, 1943, Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American orchestral conductor and pianist, most well known as the music director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York. ... Carnegie Hall Carnegie Hall is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City located at 881 7th Avenue, occupying the east stretch of 7th Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Otello is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Arrigo Boito, based on Shakespeares play Othello. ...


His Tenor Repertory is as follows:

  • Andrea Chenier-Bari, Petruzzelli, 18 January 1951
  • Giovanna d'Arco-Milano, RAI, 26 May 1951
  • Pagliacci-Milano, RAI, 10 June 1951
  • La forza del Destino-Milano, RAI, 16 July 1951
  • Un Ballo in Maschera-Milano, Nuovo, 15 August 1951
  • Simon Boccanegra-Roma, RAI, 21 November 1951
  • I due Foscari-Milano, RAI, 5 December 1951
  • Adriana Lecouvreur-Prato, Metastasio, 31 December 1951
  • Faust-Bari, Petruzzelli, 8 January 1952
  • Jenufa (Steva)-Roma, Opera, 17 April 1952
  • Ifigenia-Napoli, San Carlo, 1 June 1952
  • Mefistofele Roma, Caracalla, 1 July 1952
  • Madama Butterfly-Cagliari, All'aperto, August 1952
  • Masaniello-Milano, Scala, 25 March 1953
  • Rigoletto-Livorno, Goldoni, 20 May 1953
  • Aida-Buenos Aires, Colón, 24 July 1953
  • Tosca-Buenos Aires, Colón, 7 August 1953
  • Manon Lescaut-Rovigo, Sociale, 24 October 1953
  • Turandot-Catania, Massimo Bellini, 19 November 1953
  • Loreley-Reggio Emilia, Municipale, 2 February 1954
  • L'incorazione di Poppea-Milano, RAI, 7 March 1954
  • Carmen-Monte Carlo, Salle Garnier, 30 January 1955
  • Lucia di Lammermoor-Brescia, Grande, 3 Fenruary 1955
  • Don Carlo-Buenos Aires, Colón, August 1955
  • La Traviata-Salsomaggiore, Nuovo, 10 September 1955
  • Il Tabarro-Chicago, Lyric, 16 November 1955
  • Cavalleria Rusticana-Chicago Lyric, 26 November 1955
  • L'amore dei tre Re-Chicago, Lyric, 28 November 1955
  • La Gioconda-Trieste, Castello di San Giusto, 16 July 1956
  • Il Trovatore-New York, MET, 13 November 1956
  • Fior di Maria-Milano, RAI, 30 January 1957
  • La Bohème-Caracas, Municipal, October 1957
  • Macbeth-New York, MET, 5 February 1959
  • L'elisir d'Amore-San Sebastian, Victoria Eugenia, 26 August 1959
  • Ernani-New York, MET, 26 November 1962
  • La WallyNew York, Carnegie Hall, 13 March 1968
  • Werther-Napoli, San Carlo, 11 February 1969
  • Norma-New York, MET, 3 March 1970
  • Luisa Miller-Genova, Margherita, 20 September 1972
  • Edgar-New York, Carnegie, 13 April 1977
  • I Lombardi alla prima Crociata-San Diego, Russ Auditorium, 22 June 1979
  • Il Corsaro-New York, Town Hall, 16 December 1981
  • Attila-Tulsa, Chapman Music Hall, 6 March 1982
  • Otello-New York, Carnegie Hall, 3 May 2000

Now retired, Bergonzi spends most of his time at I due Foscari, his hotel in Busetto, which also houses the Accademia Verdiana. Bergonzi is credited with mentoring such tenors as Roberto Aronica, Vincenzo La Scola, Filippo Lo Giudice, Philip Webb, Giorgio Casciari, Paul Caragiulo, Lance Clinker and most notably Salvatore Licitra. Salvatore Licitra (born 1968) is a tenor. ...


References

  • Gustavo Marchesi, Carlo Bergonzi, I suoi personaggi; Azzali Editori, Parma, 2003

  Results from FactBites:
 
Carlo Bergonzi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (576 words)
The Italian singer Carlo Bergonzi (born 13 July 1924) is one of the most admired tenors of the post-war period.
In 1996, Bergonzi participated in conductor James Levine's twenty-fifth anniversary gala at the Metropolitan Opera.
Bergonzi is credited with mentoring such tenors as Roberto Aronica, Vincenzo La Scola, Filippo Lo Giudice, Philip Webb, Giorgio Casciari, Paul Caragiulo, Lance Clinker and most notably Salvatore Licitra.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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