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Encyclopedia > Carlisle Indian Industrial School

Carlisle Indian Industrial School, (1879 - 1918), in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, the first federally supported school for Native Americans to be established off a reservation, was founded in 1879 by Richard Henry Pratt. Pratt had an intense distrust of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, began to formulate a new school model based on the Hampton Institute. The first students arrived on October 6, 1879. Carlisle *http://www. ... Assiniboin Boy, an Atsina Native Americans in the United States (also Indians, American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, or Original Americans) are those indigenous peoples within the territory which is now encompassed by the continental United States, and their descendants in modern times. ... In the United States an Indian reservation is land which is managed by a Native American tribe under the United States Department of the Interiors Bureau of Indian Affairs. ... 1879 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... General Richard Henry Pratt, (December 6, 1840—April 23, 1924), American soldier and educator. ... The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) is an agency of the United States Federal Government within the Department of the Interior charged with the responsibility is the administration and management of 55. ... Hampton University is a historically black university located in Hampton, Virginia. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in Leap years). ...

Of the 15,000+ Indian children who attended the Carlisle school over its 39 year life span, most returned to the reservation. Some of the returned students, much to Pratt's dismay, joined Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show. Pratt disliked the Wild West shows and was upset that he was forced to share exhibition space with Cody at the Columbian Exposition in 1893. Proud of the fine displays recognizing the stellar accomplishments of his Indian students, Pratt railed against the exploitation of Indians for show. Buffalo Bill Cody Buffalo Bill (February 26, 1846 – January 10, 1917) was born William Frederick Cody in the American state of Iowa, near Le Claire . ... One-third scale replica of The Republic, which once stood in the great basin at the exposition, Chicago, 2004 The World Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds fair, was held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbuss discovery...

American football

In 1892, when the Carlisle Indian School fielded its first football team, no one could have predicted that, in less than ten years, the Indians would become one of the dominant college football powers in the nation. From 1899 to 1913, they regularly beat traditional powerhouses of the time like Harvard, Yale and Army, while producing no less than twenty one All-America players. The Carlisle Indians (the name of the team, not a generalization about the school’s students) first organized to play football in 1892 against local high school teams. But a serious injury (a broken leg) to one of the players in their first game led Richard Henry Pratt to disband the team and they did not reform until 1894, at the request of a student group. Pratt had reinstated the school’s football program partly due to student demand and partly due to his own beliefs about the acculturation it could bring. To him, football represented the white American value system. It taught teamwork, sportsmanship, discipline and precision; traits a military man like Pratt held in high regard. It emphasized fitness, self-control and it promoted the very American idea of “winning”. But by 1898 it was also bringing recognition to the school. Sportswriters around the country praised the Indians for their sportsmanship and good, clean play. For Pratt, the football team was a shining example of the success of the boarding school programs. The Indians were able to beat white teams because they themselves were becoming culturally white. He was making true on his promise to “Kill the Indian and save the man.” Carlisle was also benefiting monetarily from the team. The Indians were such a draw that schools like Harvard and Yale regularly paid the school purses of $5,000 to $15,000 for a game. This money was used to provide perks for the players and enhance aspects of the school. Because of all the good the team was doing for the school, Pratt sought to improve it, and that led him to bring in a new coach, "Pop" Warner, in 1899. Under Warner, the Carlisle Indians, led by Jim Thorpe, would reach their peak and become a national phenomenon and brought the school nationwide attention. United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A college football game between Colorado State University and the Air Force Academy. ... Harvard, see Harvard (disambiguation) Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... Yale can refer to: Yale University, one of the United States oldest and most famous universities. ... Crest of the United States Military Academy The United States Military Academy, also known simply as West Point and USMA, is a U.S. military academy and former Army fort. ... An All-America team is a sports team composed of star players. ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1898 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Glenn Scobey Pop Warner in a 1997 USA Postage stamp. ... 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Thorpe participated in the 1912 Summer Olympics. ...

Battlefield & classroom
Battlefield & classroom

ImageMetadata File history File links BattlefieldandClassroom. ... ImageMetadata File history File links BattlefieldandClassroom. ...


  • Pratt, Richard Henry (2004). Battlefield and classroom : four decades with the American Indian, 1867-1904, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-80-613603-0.
  • Witmer, Linda F. (1993). The Indian Industrial School, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 1879-1918, Carlisle, Pa. : Cumberland County Historical Society. ISBN 0-96-389230-4.
  • Pratt, Richard Henry (1983). How to deal with the Indians: the potency of environment, Washington, D.C. : Library of Congress Photoduplication Service.
  • Eastman, Alaine Goodale (1935). Pratt, the Red Man's Moses, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. LCCN 35021899.
  • Pratt, Richard Henry (1979). The Indian Industrial School, Carlisle, Pennsylvania : its origins, purposes, progress, and the difficulties surmounted, Carlisle, Pa. : Cumberland County Historical Society.
  • Richard Henry Pratt Papers. Yale Collection of Western Americana, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.

External links

  • http://www.gocarlisle.com Borough Web Site
  • Carlisle Indian School Research Pages
  • Richard Henry Pratt Papers. Yale Collection of Western Americana, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library.
  • In the white man's image, The American Experience, a production of the Native American Public Broadcasting Consortium and the Nebraska Educational Television Network for The American experience ; produced and written by Christine Lesiak; United States : WETA-TV, February 17, 1992.
  • Cumberland County Historical Society

  Results from FactBites:
Carlisle Indian Industrial School History (5493 words)
Note: I use the term "Indian" throughout this article to identify the peoples of the various autochthonous nations within the U.S. borders, who were affected by and recruited for the Indian School experiment, in keeping with the written accounts of the historic period during the school's existence.
After some of her works were published, Pratt used the school newspapers to publicly criticize her for her story, "The Soft-Hearted Sioux", in which a young man returns to his reservation unable to effectively participate in tribal life after his exposure to the boarding school experience.
Carlisle's mission is to kill THIS Indian, as we build up the better man. We give the rising Indian something nobler and higher to think about and do, and he comes out a young man with the ambitions and aspirations of his more favored white brother.
Zitkala-Sa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1774 words)
After working as a teacher at Carlisle Indian Industrial School (founded by Richard Henry Pratt), she moved to Boston and began publishing short stories and autobiographical vignettes.
Carlisle Indian Industrial School was the first and most well-known of manual labor boarding schools for Native Americans.
Jim Thorpe was among the graduates of Carlisle, and he was a good example of one of Pratt’s students who rose to their full potential in the social position that they chose.
  More results at FactBites »



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