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Encyclopedia > Carl Vinson
Carl Vinson
Carl Vinson

Carl Vinson (November 18, 1883June 1, 1981) was a Democratic United States Congressman from Georgia. He was the first person to serve for more than 50 years in the United States House of Representatives. Image File history File links Carlvinson. ... November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is the lower of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the Senate. ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is the lower of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the Senate. ...

Contents

Early Years

Vinson was born in Baldwin County, Georgia, attended Georgia Military College, and graduated with a law degree from Mercer University in 1902. He was elected to the Georgia House of Representatives in 1909. After losing a third term following redistricting, he was appointed judge of the Baldwin County court, but following the sudden death of Senator Augustus Bacon, Representative Thomas W. Hardwick was nominated to fill Bacon's Senate seat and Vinson announced his candidacy for Hardwick's seat in Congress. Vinson won over three opponents. He was the youngest member of Congress when he was sworn in on November 3, 1914. Baldwin County is a county located in the Georgia. ... Since being established in 1879 in Milledgeville, Georgia Military College has remained committed to a fundamental value: belief in the importance of every person and in full development of the talents of every American citizen. ... Mercer University is an independent, coeducational, church-related, private university, located in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... The Georgia House of Representatives is the lower house of the General Assembly (the state legislature) of Georgia. ... Baldwin County is a county located in the Georgia. ... Augustus Octavius Bacon (1839 - 1914) was a U.S. political figure. ... Thomas William Hardwick (December 9, 1872 – January 31, 1944) was an American politician from the state of Georgia. ...


Service in Congress

During Vinson's tenure in the U.S. House, Vinson was a champion for national defense and especially the U.S. Navy. By 1931, Vinson had become chairman of the House Naval Affairs Committee. In 1934, Vinson helped push the Vinson-Trammell Act, along with Senator Park Trammell of Florida. The bill, which circumvented the regulations set up by the London Naval Conference, helped to replace the U.S. Navy's aging fleet with new warships that helped to generate shipyard jobs at the height of the Great Depression. The ambitious program also helped the U.S. Navy as the country entered World War II, as new ships were able to immediately match the latest ships from Japan. USN redirects here. ... Park Trammell (April 9, 1876 - May 8, 1936) was the twenty-first governor of Florida and U.S. Senator. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... There were three major international naval conferences in London, the first in 1908-09, the second in 1930 and the third in 1935. ... The Great Depression was an economic downturn which started in 1929 and lasted through most of the 1930s. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian...


Following the war, the House Naval Affairs Committee was merged with the Military Affairs Committee to become the House Armed Services Committee (the consolidation mirrored creation of the Department of Defense when the old Departments of War and of the Navy were consolidated). Vinson was the first chairman of the new committee; a position he would hold until his retirement in 1965. In this role, Vinson adopted a committee rule that came to be known as the "Vinson rule." Accordingly, each year junior members of the committee could ask only one question per year of service on the committee. As chairman, Vinson oversaw the modernization of the military as its focus shifted to the Cold War. He oversaw the procurement of the first nuclear-powered aircraft carriers starting with the USS Enterprise in the late 1950s. The U.S. House Committee on Armed Services, commonly known as the House Armed Services Committee, is a standing committee of the United States House of Representatives, the lower house of Congress. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Four aircraft carriers, Principe-de-Asturias, USS Wasp, USS Forrestal and HMS Invincible (front-to-back), showing the difference in size between a supercarrier, light V/STOL carriers, and an amphibious carrier. ... Enterprise Logo The supercarrier, USS Enterprise (CVN-65), formerly CVA(N)-65, is the worlds first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier and the eighth U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name. ...


In 1956 staunch segregationist Carl Vinson signed "The Southern Manifesto." The Southern Manifesto was a document written in 1956 by legislators in the United States Congress opposed to racial integration in public places. ...


Vinson did not seek re-election in 1964 and retired from Congress in January 1965. He returned to Baldwin County, Georgia where he lived in retirement until his death. Baldwin County is a county located in the Georgia. ...


Personal

In recognition of his efforts on behalf of the U.S. Navy, a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier was named for him, the USS Carl Vinson; Vinson became one of a handful of living Americans to have a Navy vessel named for them. On March 15, 1980, at age 96, he attended the ship's dedication ceremonies. The USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70) is a United States Navy Nimitz class supercarrier named after Carl Vinson, a Congressman from Georgia. ... This list includes vessels that were named in honor of Americans who were alive at the time. ...


Vinson Massif, Antarctica's highest mountain, is also named after him. Vinson Massif is the highest mountain of Antarctica, located about 1,200 km (750 mi) from the South Pole. ...


Carl Vinson served 26 consecutive terms in the U.S. House, rarely running against significant opposition. He served for 50 years and one month, a record that stood until 1994, when the mark was surpassed by James Whitten of Mississippi. Jamie Lloyd Whitten (April 18, 1910 – September 9, 1995) was a United States Representative from Mississippi. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


For his commitment to Duty, Honor, Country, Vinson was awarded the prestigious Sylvanus Thayer Award by the United States Military Academy. In 1964, President Lyndon Johnson awarded Vinson the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Special Distinction, the highest award the President can give to a civilian. The Sylvanus Thayer Award is a military award that is given each year by the United States Military Academy at West Point. ... USMA is an acronym for the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States, considered the equivalent of the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor. ...


Vinson did not have children, but his grand-nephew, Sam Nunn, served as a Senator from Georgia for 25 years. Nunn followed in his grand-uncle's footsteps, serving on the Senate Armed Services Committee for nearly his entire tenure in the Senate. Sam Nunn Samuel Augustus Nunn (born September 8, 1938) is co-chairman and chief executive officer of the NTI (Nuclear Threat Initiative), a charitable organization working to reduce the global threats from nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... The Committee on Armed Services is a committee of the United States Senate empowered with legislative oversight of the nations military, including the Department of Defense, military research and development, nuclear energy (as pertaining to national security), benefits for members of the military, the Selective Service System and other...


External links

  • Profile of Carl Vinson
Preceded by
James B. Conant
Sylvanus Thayer Award recipient
1966
Succeeded by
Francis Cardinal Spellman
Persondata
NAME Vinson, Carl
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Democratic United States Congressman
DATE OF BIRTH November 18, 1883
PLACE OF BIRTH Baldwin County, Georgia
DATE OF DEATH June 1, 1981
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Carl Vinson - definition of Carl Vinson in Encyclopedia (521 words)
Carl Vinson (November 18, 1883-June 1, 1981) was a Democratic United States Congressman from Georgia who served for over fifty years in the U.S. House.
In 1909, at the age of 25, Vinson was elected to the Georgia General Assembly and served as Speaker Pro Tempore by 1911.
During Vinson's tenure in the U.S. House, Vinson was a champion for national defense and especially the U.S. Navy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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