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Encyclopedia > Carl Theodor Dreyer

Carl Theodor Dreyer (February 3, 1889 - March 20, 1968) was a Danish film director. He is regarded as one of the greatest directors in cinema. Although his career spanned the 1910s through the 1960s, his meticulousness, dictatorial methods, idiosyncractic shooting style, and stubborn devotion to his art ensured that his output remained low. In spite of this, he has produced some of the most enduring classics of international cinema. February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... // Events and trends The 1910s represent the culmination of European militarism which had its beginings during the second half of the 19th Century. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ...


Life and work

Dreyer was born an illegitimate child in Copenhagen, Denmark, and was soon orphaned. His adoptive parents were strict Lutherans, and their teachings were to influence the themes of many of his films. Illegitimacy was a term in common usage for the condition of being born of parents who are not validly married to one another; the legal term is bastardy. ... Copenhagen (Danish: København) is the capital of Denmark, and the name of the municipality (Danish, kommune) in which it resides. ... Adoption is the legal act of permanently placing a child with a parent or parents other than the birth parents. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ...


As a young man, Dreyer worked as a journalist, eventually finding his way into jobs writing title cards for silent films and then writing screenplays. His first forays into directing were met with limited success, and he eventually left Denmark to try his hand in the film industry of France. Journalism is a discipline of collecting, verifying, analyzing and presenting information gathered regarding current events, including trends, issues and people. ...

Baron Nicolas de Gunzburg (who appeared under the screen name Julian West).
Baron Nicolas de Gunzburg (who appeared under the screen name Julian West).
Original movie poster.
Original movie poster.

It was there, in 1928, that he made his first classic, The Passion of Joan of Arc. Working from actual transcripts of Joan's trial, he created a masterpiece of emotion that drew equally from realism and expressionism. Dreyer turned to private financing from Baron Nicolas de Gunzburg to make his next film as the Danish film industry was in financial ruin. Vampyr (1932), is a surreal meditation on fear. Logic gave way to mood and atmosphere in this story of a man protecting two sisters from a vampire. The movie contains many indelible images, such as the hero, played by de Gunzburg (who appeared under the screen name Julian West), dreaming of his own burial and the animal bloodlust on the face of one of the sisters as she suffers under the vampire's spell. The film was shot as a silent but had dialogue added later through dubbing. Image File history File links Vampyrcoffin. ... Image File history File links Vampyrcoffin. ... Baron Nicolas Louis Alexandre de Gunzburg (December 12, 1904 – February 20, 1981) Parisian playboy, accomplished athlete, actor, producer, editor of Town & Country, Vogue, Harpers Bazaar and what some call the spiritual father of three top designers: Calvin Klein, Bill Blass and Oscar de la Renta who have all called... Image File history File links Vampyr. ... Image File history File links Vampyr. ... See also: 1927 in film 1928 1929 in film 1920s in film years in film film // Events Although some movies released in 1928 had sound, most were still silent. ... The Passion of Joan of Arc - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Baron Nicolas Louis Alexandre de Gunzburg (December 12, 1904 – February 20, 1981) Parisian playboy, accomplished athlete, actor, producer, editor of Town & Country, Vogue, Harpers Bazaar and what some call the spiritual father of three top designers: Calvin Klein, Bill Blass and Oscar de la Renta who have all called... Vampyr is a 1932 Danish film by Carl Theodor Dreyer, loosely based on the Carmilla vampire novella by Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu. ... See also: 1931 in film 1932 1933 in film 1930s in film years in film film // Events Shirley Temples film career begins Disney released Flowers and Trees their first cartoon in three-strip Technicolor film. ...


Both films were box office failures, and Dreyer did not make another movie until 1943. At that time he made Day of Wrath, a film about the hypocrisy of those who engaged in witchhunts. With this film, Dreyer established the style that would mark his sound films: careful compositions, stark black and white cinematography, and very long takes.


In 1955, he shot Ordet (The Word) based on the play of the same name by Kaj Munk. The film combines a Romeo and Juliet-style love story with an examination of faith. DVD case cover for Ordet Ordet (The Word) is a 1955 Danish film, directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer. ... Kaj Harald Leininger Munk (mostly referred to as Kaj Munk) (January 13, 1898 - January 4, 1944) was a Danish playwright and Lutheran pastor, known for his cultural engagement and his martyrdom during Word War II. He was born Kaj Harald Leininger Petersen at Lolland, Denmark. ... Romeo and Juliet is a play by William Shakespeare concerning the fate of two young lovers who would do anything to be together. ...


Dreyer's last film was 1965's Gertrud. Although seen by some as a lesser film than the ones preceding it, it is a fitting close to Dreyer's career, as it deals with a woman who, through the ups and downs of her life, never expresses regret for her choices. Gertrud is a 1910 novel by Hermann Hesse. ...


The great, never finished project of Dreyer’s career was a planned film about Jesus. Though a manuscript was written (published 1968) the unsafe economic conditions and Dreyer’s own demands of realism together with his switching engagement let it remain a dream. In return a manuscript about Medea (1965) was realised by Lars von Trier 1988. This article is about Jesus of Nazareth; for other uses, see Jesus (disambiguation). ... Lars von Trier at Cannes in 2000 Lars von Trier (born Lars Trier, April 30, 1956 in Copenhagen, Denmark) is a Danish film director closely associated with the Dogme95 collective, calling for a return to plausible stories in filmmaking and a move away from artifice and towards technical minimalism. ...


Dreyer died in Copenhagen at age 79. The documentary Carl Th. Dreyer: Min Métier contains reminiscences from those who knew him best.


Filmography

See also: 1913 in film 1914 1915 in film years in film film Events The 3,300-seat Strand Theater opens in New York City. ... See also: 1918 in film 1919 1920 in film years in film film // Events February 5 - Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D.W. Griffith launch United Artists Oscar Micheaux releases The Homesteader, becoming the first African-American to produce and direct a motion picture. ... See also: 1919 in film 1920 1921 in film 1920s in film years in film film Events November 28 - The Mask of Zorro, starring Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. ... See also: 1921 in film 1922 1923 in film 1920s in film years in film film Events November 26 - Toll of the Sea debuts as the first general release film to use two-tone Technicolor (The Gulf Between was the first film to do so but it was not widely... Michael (also known as Mikaël, Chained: The Story of the Third Sex, and Hearts Desire) was a movie released in 1924 directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer (director of other notable silents such as The Passion of Joan of Arc (1928), Master of the House (1925), and Leaves From... See also: 1923 in film 1924 1925 in film 1920s in film years in film film // Events Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) considers making a silent film of The Wizard of Oz. ... Thou Shalt Honor Thy Wife (also known as Du Skal Aere Din Hustru and Master of the House) is a silent comedy directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer that was released in 1925. ... See also: 1924 in film 1925 1926 in film 1920s in film years in film film Events Top grossing films Ben-Hur His People The Unholy Three The Freshman Movies released Movies released in 1925 include: Ben-Hur, starring Ramon Novarro. ... See also: 1924 in film 1925 1926 in film 1920s in film years in film film Events Top grossing films Ben-Hur His People The Unholy Three The Freshman Movies released Movies released in 1925 include: Ben-Hur, starring Ramon Novarro. ... The Passion of Joan of Arc - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... See also: 1927 in film 1928 1929 in film 1920s in film years in film film // Events Although some movies released in 1928 had sound, most were still silent. ... Vampyr is a 1932 Danish film by Carl Theodor Dreyer, loosely based on the Carmilla vampire novella by Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu. ... See also: 1931 in film 1932 1933 in film 1930s in film years in film film // Events Shirley Temples film career begins Disney released Flowers and Trees their first cartoon in three-strip Technicolor film. ... Day of Wrath (Danish: Vredens Dag) is a black and white film made in 1943 by Danish director Carl Theodor Dreyer. ... Day of Wrath (Danish: Vredens Dag) is a black and white film made in 1943 by Danish director Carl Theodor Dreyer. ... See also: 1942 in film 1943 1944 in film 1940s in film years in film film // Events Top grossing films North America For Whom the Bell Tolls The Song of Bernadette This is the Army Stage Door Canteen Random Harvest Star Spangled Rhythm Casablanca Journey Into Fear Academy Awards Best... DVD case cover for Ordet Ordet (The Word) is a 1955 Danish film, directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer. ... // Events November 3 - The musical Guys and Dolls, starring Marlon Brando and Frank Sinatra, debuts. ... Gertrud is a 1910 novel by Hermann Hesse. ... // Events Top grossing films North America Mary Poppins The Sound of Music, starring Julie Andrews Goldfinger My Fair Lady Whats New Pussycat? Shenandoah The Sandpiper Father Goose Academy Awards Best Picture: The Sound of Music - Argyle, Twentieth Century-Fox Best Actor: Lee Marvin - Cat Ballou Best Actress: Julie Christie...

External links


The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about actors, movies, television shows, television stars and video games. ...

Carl Theodor Dreyer
Silent Films

The President (1919) • The Witch Woman (1920) Leaves from Satan's Book (1921) • Love one Another (1922) Once Upon a Time (1922) • Michael (1924) Thou Shalt Honor Thy Wife (1925) • Bride of Glomdal (1926) The Passion of Joan of Arc (1928) Michael (also known as Mikaël, Chained: The Story of the Third Sex, and Hearts Desire) was a movie released in 1924 directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer (director of other notable silents such as The Passion of Joan of Arc (1928), Master of the House (1925), and Leaves From... Thou Shalt Honor Thy Wife (also known as Du Skal Aere Din Hustru and Master of the House) is a silent comedy directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer that was released in 1925. ... The Passion of Joan of Arc - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Sound Films

Vampyr (1932) • Good Mothers (1942) • Day of Wrath (1943) • Two People (1945) • Water from the Land (1946) • The Struggle Against Cancer (1947) • The Danish Village Church (1947) • They Caught the Ferry (1948) • The Storstrom Bridge (1950) • The Castle Within the Castle (1955) • The Word (1955) • Gertrud (1964) Vampyr is a 1932 Danish film by Carl Theodor Dreyer, loosely based on the Carmilla vampire novella by Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu. ... Day of Wrath (Danish: Vredens Dag) is a black and white film made in 1943 by Danish director Carl Theodor Dreyer. ... DVD case cover for Ordet Ordet (The Word) is a 1955 Danish film, directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer. ... Gertrud is a 1964 film directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer. ...


 
 

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