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Encyclopedia > Carl Ludvig Engel
The main building of the University of Helsinki.
The main building of the University of Helsinki.
The Senate Square and Lutheran Cathedral in Helsinki.
The Senate Square and Lutheran Cathedral in Helsinki.

Carl Ludvig Engel, or Johann Karl Ludwig Engel (1778-1840) was a German architect known for his neo-classical (empire) style. He had a great impact on the architecture of Finland in the first part of the 19th century. Main building of the University of Helsinki, photographed by Ida Pimenoff. ... Main building of the University of Helsinki, photographed by Ida Pimenoff. ... The University of Helsinki is a university located in Helsinki, Finland. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (900x603, 108 KB) Taken by me, Jonik, August 10, 2004 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Carl Ludvig Engel Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (900x603, 108 KB) Taken by me, Jonik, August 10, 2004 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Carl Ludvig Engel Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Helsinki Senate Square The Senate Square (in Finnish Senaatintori) is a square in the center of Helsinki, presenting unique architecture allegory of political, religious, scientific and commercial powers. ... The Helsinki Cathedral The Helsinki Cathedral (in Finnish Helsingin tuomiokirkko) is an Evangelical Lutheran cathedral located in the centre of Helsinki, Finland. ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ...


His most noted work can be found in Helsinki, which he helped rebuild. His works include the Senate Square and the buildings surrounding it. The buildings are Helsinki Cathedral, The Senate (now the Palace of the Council of State), the library and the main building of Helsinki University. The square is the monumental centre of Helsinki. Founded 1550 Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area[1] - Of which land - Rank 185. ... Helsinki Senate Square The Senate Square (in Finnish Senaatintori) is a square in the center of Helsinki, presenting unique architecture allegory of political, religious, scientific and commercial powers. ... The Helsinki Cathedral The Helsinki Cathedral (in Finnish Helsingin tuomiokirkko) is an Evangelical Lutheran cathedral located in the centre of Helsinki, Finland. ... University of Helsinki is not to be confused with Helsinki University of Technology. ...


Biography

Carl Ludvig Engel was born in 1778 in Charlottenburg, Berlin, into a family of bricklayers. It was probably as a bricklayer apprentice that he first came in contact with his future profession as an architect. He trained at the Berlin Institute of Architecture after which he served in the Prussian building administration. The stagnation caused by Napoleon's victory over Prussia in 1806 forced him and other architects to find work abroad. In 1808 he applied for the position as town architect of Tallinn, Estonia. He got the job and this way he came into the vicinity of St. Petersburg and the Russian Empire. Finland was also close by and was soon to experience a new governmental phase as a Grand Duchy under Russian rule. 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Charlottenburg palace Charlottenburg is an area in Berlin, formerly a borough, now part of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen federal states of Germany. ... Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... County Harju County Mayor Jüri Ratas Area 159. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Official language Russian Official Religion Russian Orthodox Christianity Capital Saint Petersburg (Petrograd 1914-1924) Area Approx. ...


Engel started working in Tallinn in 1809, but just after a few years he was forced to move on again because of a lack of assignments. From 1814 to 1815 he worked for a businessman in Turku, Finland, and this way he came in contact with Johan Albrecht Ehrenström, who led the project of rebuilding Helsinki. The city had just been promoted to be the new capital of the new Grand Duchy of Finland. Ehrenström was searching for a talented architect to work at his side and this meeting proved to be decisive for Carl Ludvig Engels future career. At this stage Engel did not however stay in Finland. In March 1815 he travelled to St. Petersburg where he got private employment. 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Turku (IPA: , Swedish:  ), founded in the 13th century, is the oldest and fifth largest city in Finland, with a population of 174,868 (as of 2005). ... The Grand Duchy of Finland was a state that existed 1809–1917 as part of the Russian Empire. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1816 Engel was planning on returning to his city of birth, but at the same time Ehrenström got approval for his plan to get Engel to Helsinki. Engel's plans for Helsinki had been shown to Czar Alexander I and in February Engel was appointed architect of the reconstruction committee for Helsinki. Engel probably thought that this would once again be a temporary job, but instead Helsinki came to be his life's work. 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Aleksander I Pavlovich Romanov (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825), was Emperor of Russia from March 23, 1801–December 1, 1825 and King of Poland from 1815–1825, as well as the first Grand Duke of Finland. ...


In 1819-1820, when Engel's first creations were nearing completion, his status as a kind of head architect of the Grand Duchy was established when he got more and more building assignments, both private and public, in other parts of Finland. The final confirmation came when he in 1824 was appointed Director of Public Housing. 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Engel worked as Director of Public Housing until his death. He died on May 14, 1840 in Helsinki. May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Carl Ludvig Engel Information (504 words)
Carl Ludvig Engel was born in 1778 in Charlottenburg, Berlin, into a family of bricklayers.
Engel started working in Tallinn in 1809, but just after a few years he was forced to move on again because of a lack of assignments.
Engel's plans for Helsinki had been shown to Czar Alexander I and in February Engel was appointed architect of the reconstruction committee for Helsinki.
Carl Ludvig Engel - Great Buildings Online (251 words)
Born in Charlottenburg, Berlin in 1778, Carl Engel trained at the Berlin Institute of Architecture after which he served as town architect of Tallinn, Estonia.
Engel's German origins balanced the Russian traditionalism he adopted from his travels in Leningrad.
Engel worked as Director of Public Housing until his death in Finland in 1840.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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