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Encyclopedia > Carl Gustaf Tessin

Count Carl Gustaf Tessin (born September 5, 1695 in Stockholm; died January 7, 1770 in Åkerö) was a Swedish politician and son of architect Nicodemus Tessin. A count is a nobleman in most European countries, equivalent in rank to a British earl, whose wife is still a countess (for lack of an Anglo-Saxon term). ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... Events January 27 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed II to Mustafa II (1695-1703) July 17 - The Bank of Scotland is founded by an Act of Parliament of the old Scottish Parliament. ...   Stockholm? is the capital of Sweden, located on the east coast at the entrance of lake Mälaren. ... January 7 is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1770 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect, also known as a building designer, is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction, whose role is to guide decisions affecting those building aspects that are of aesthetic, cultural or social concern. ...


He began his public career in 1723, at which time he was a member of the Holstein faction, which promoted the claims of the young Duke Carl Frederick of Holstein to the Swedish throne. In 1725 Tessin was appointed ambassador at Vienna, and in that capacity counteracted the plans of the Swedish chancellor, Count Arvid Horn, for joining the anti-Russian Hanoverian Alliance. Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... Duke Karl Friedrich of Holstein-Gottorp, (1700-1739) was the son of Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp and his wife, Princess Hedwig Sophia of Sweden. ... Events February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony. ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]; Hungarian: Bécs) is the capital of Austria, and also one of Austrias nine federal states (Bundesland Wien). ... Count Arvid Bernhard Horn (April 6, 1664 – April 17, 1742) was a Swedish statesman. ...


During the riksdags of 172627 and 1731, Tessin fiercely opposed the government, and his wit, eloquence, and imposing presence made him one of the foremost protagonists of the party subsequently known as "The Hats". From 1735 to 1736 he was again Swedish ambassador at Vienna. During the riksdag of 1738 he was elected marshal of the Riksdag of the Estates and contributed more than anyone else to the overthrow of the Horn administration the same year. Riksdag is also the Swedish name of the Parliament of Finland. ... Events George Friderich Handel becomes a British subject. ... Events June 11 - George, Prince of Wales becomes King George II of Great Britain. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... The Hats is the name given to a political faction during the Age of Liberty (1719-1772) in Sweden. ... Events April 16 - The London premiere of Alcina by George Frideric Handel, his first the first Italian opera for the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. ... Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... Events January 1 - Bouvet Island is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier. ... Marshal (also spelled Marshall) is a word used in several official titles of various branches of society. ... The Riksdag of the Estates, or Ståndsriksdagen, was the name used for the Estates of the Swedish realm, or Rikets ständer, when they were assembled. ... Count Arvid Bernhard Horn (April 6, 1664 – April 17, 1742) was a Swedish statesman. ...


On the division of the spoil of patronage he chose for himself the post of ambassador extraordinary at Paris, and from 1739 to 1742 delighted Versailles with his brilliant qualities of grand seigneur, at the same time renewing the traditional alliance between France and Sweden which had been interrupted for more than sixty years. His political ability, however, was by no means commensurate with his splendid social qualities. It was his sanguine credulity which committed the Hats to their rash and unconsidered war with Russia in 174142, though in fairness it must be added that Tessin helped them out of their difficulties again by his adroitness as party leader and his stirring eloquence. He gained his seat in the senate as a reward for his services on this occasion. In 1743 Tessin composed the long outstanding differences between Sweden and Denmark in a special mission to Copenhagen. Generally, patronage is the act of supporting or favoring some person, group, or institution. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Events March 20 - Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne, including the Koh-i-Noor September 9 - Stono Rebellion erupts near Charleston September 18 - Treaty of Belgrade signed October 3 - Treaty of Nissa signed October 23 - Great Britain declares war... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... Versailles, formerly the capital city of the kingdom of France, is now a wealthy suburb of Paris and is still an important administrative and judicial center. ... // Events April 10 – Austrian army attack troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz December 19 – Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia December 25 – Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale Celsius William Browning invents mineral water Elizabeth of Russia became czarina. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... Ticino is the southernmost canton of Switzerland, and almost entirely Italian-speaking (except the German-speaking municipality of Bosco/Gurin). ... Copenhagen (Danish: København) is the capital and largest city of Denmark, and the name of the municipality (Danish, kommune) in which it resides. ...


In 1744 he was sent at the head of an extraordinary embassade to Berlin to escort to Stockholm Frederick the Great's sister, Louisa Ulrika, the chosen bride of the Swedish crown prince, Adolphus Frederick. As överhovmarskalk of the young court, Tessin speedily captivated the royal pair. He also succeeded in extricating the crown prince from the influence of the Russian Empress Elizabeth of Russia, to whom Adolphus Frederick owed his throne when he became king of Sweden in 1751, thereby essentially contributing to the maintenance of the independence of Sweden. // Events The third French and Indian War, known as King Georges War, breaks out at Port Royal, Nova Scotia The First Saudi State founded by Mohammed Ibn Saud Ongoing events War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748) Births February 6 - Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist and surgeon (d. ...   Berlin? (pronounced: , German ) is the capital of Germany and its largest city; down from 4. ...   Stockholm? is the capital of Sweden, located on the east coast at the entrance of lake Mälaren. ... Frederick the Great Frederick II of Prussia (Friedrich der Große, Frederick the Great, January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was the Hohenzollern king of Prussia 1740–86. ... Louisa Ulrika of Prussia (Lovisa Ulrika in Swedish and Luise Ulrike in German), (1720 - 1782) was queen of Sweden between 1751 and 1771. ... Adolf Frederick (Adolf Fredrik) (May 14, 1710 – February 12, 1771), was King of Sweden from 1751 until his death. ... H.I.M. Yelizaveta Petrovna, Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias (1709-62) Yelizaveta (Yelisavet) Petrovna (Елизаве́та (Елисаве́т) Петро́вна) (December 29, 1709 - January 5, 1762), also known as Elizabeth, was an Empress of Russia (1741 - 1762) who took the country into the War of Austrian succession (1740 - 1748) and the Seven Years... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... Events Adam Smith is appointed professor of logic at the University of Glasgow March 31 - The future King George III of the United Kingdom succeeds his father as Prince of Wales. ...


From 1746 to 1752 Tessin was president of the chancellery, as the Swedish prime minister was called in those days. His system aimed at a rapprochement with Denmark with the view of counterbalancing the influence of Russia in the north. It was a dignified and prudent policy, but his endeavour to consolidate it by promoting a matrimonial alliance between the two courts alienated the Swedish crown prince, who, as a Holsteiner, nourished an ineradicable hatred of everything Danish. As, moreover, on the accession of Adolphus Frederick in 1751, Tessin refused to countenance any extension of the royal prerogative, the rupture between him and the court became final. On the occasion of the coronation (1752) he resigned the premiership, and in 1754 the governorship of the young crown prince Gustavus also, spending the rest of his days at his estate at Åkerö. Tessin was one of the most brilliant personages of his day, and the most prominent representative of French culture in Sweden. He was also a fine orator. Events January 8 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling April 16 - Battle of Culloden brings an end to the Jacobite Risings October 22 - The College of New Jersey is founded (it becomes Princeton University in 1896) October 28 - An earthquake demolishes Lima and Callao, in Peru Catharine de Ricci (born 1522... 1752 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Chancellery is the office of the chancellor, sometimes also reffered to as the chancery. ... A Crown Prince or Crown Princess is the heir or heiress apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy. ... For other uses of the word, see Holstein Holstein (Hol-shtayn) (Low Saxon: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) is the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, between the rivers Elbe, Eider, and the Schlei firth. ... 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Principal works by Tessin

  • Tessin och Tessiniana (1st ed. Stockholm, 1819), autobiographical extracts from Tessin's voluminous manuscript Memoirs in 29 volumes.
  • K. G. Tessins Dagbok (Stockholm, 1824), further extracts from the same.
  • En gammal mans bref til en ung Prins (Stockholm, 1753; English editions, 1755 and 1756), addressed to his pupil, afterwards Gustavus III.

Gustav III (13 January 1746 (O.S.) (24 January 1746 (N.S.))–March 29, 1792) was the King of Sweden from February 12, 1771 until his death. ...

References

  • Robert Nisbet Bain (1895), Gustavus III and his Contemporaries, vol I (London).
  • Bernhard von Beskow (1864). Minne af Grefve K. G. Tessin (Stockholm).
  • Malmström, Bernhard Elis. Sveriges politiska historia från Konung Karl XIIs död till statshvälfningen 1772.

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain. Bernhard von Beskow (April 19, 1796 - October 17, 1868), Swedish dramatist and historian, was the son of a Stockholm merchant. ... Image File history File links 1911_Brittanica_Logo. ... Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) represents the sum of human knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century; indeed, it was advertised as such. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Carl Gustaf Tessin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (699 words)
Count Carl Gustaf Tessin (born September 5, 1695 in Stockholm; died January 7, 1770 in Åkerö) was a Swedish politician and son of architect Nicodemus Tessin the Younger.
In 1725 Tessin was appointed ambassador at Vienna, and in that capacity counteracted the plans of the Swedish chancellor, Count Arvid Horn, for joining the anti-Russian Hanoverian Alliance.
During the riksdags of 1726–27 and 1731, Tessin fiercely opposed the government, and his wit, eloquence, and imposing presence made him one of the foremost protagonists of the party subsequently known as "The Hats".
Stockholm City Archives: Articles (819 words)
Carl Gustaf Tessin was a politician of some stature during Sweden´s Age of Liberty.
Born in 1695 as the son of Royal Architect Nicodemus Tessin, Carl Gustaf was from early childhood deeply influenced by the intellectual and artistic environment surrounding him.
From 1747 to 1752 Tessin was Chancellor of the Realm (i.e.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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