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Encyclopedia > Carl Barks
Carl Barks

Carl Barks visiting Finland in June, 1994
Born March 27, 1901
Merrill, OR
Died August 25, 2000 (aged 99)
Grants Pass, OR
Nationality American
Area(s) artist, writer
Notable works full list
Awards full list
Carl Barks
Nationality USA
Working Disney characters: Donald Duck
Scrooge McDuck
Huey, Dewey, Louie
Gyro Gearloose
Daisy Duck, etc.
Created characters: Scrooge McDuck
Beagle Boys
Gladstone Gander
Gyro Gearloose
Magica De Spell
First Disney story: Donald Duck Finds Pirate Gold?

Carl Barks (March 27, 1901August 25, 2000) was a famous Disney Studio illustrator and comic book creator, who invented Duckburg and many of its inhabitants, such as Scrooge McDuck (1947), Gladstone Gander (1948), the Beagle Boys (1951), Gyro Gearloose (1952) and Magica De Spell (1961). The quality of his scripts and drawings earned him the nick names The Duck Man and The Good Duck Artist. Fellow comic writer Will Eisner called him "the Hans Christian Andersen of comic books."[1] Image File history File links CarlBarksFinland. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (87th in leap years). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Merrill is the name of several places in the United States: Merrill, Iowa Merrill, Maine Merrill, Michigan Merrill, Oregon Merrill, Wisconsin Merrill (town), Wisconsin Merrill Township, Michigan Merrill Township, North Dakota See also: James Merrill, the poet. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Grants Pass is a city and the county seat of Josephine County, Oregon6. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Donald Duck is an animated cartoon and comic-book character from Walt Disney Productions. ... Scrooge McDuck or Uncle Scrooge is a fictional Scottish character created by Carl Barks who first appeared in Dell Comics Four Color Comics #178 Christmas on Bear Mountain in December 1947. ... Huey, Dewey and Louie Duck are a trio of fictional ducks who appear in animated cartoons and comic books published by the Walt Disney Company. ... Gyro Gearloose is a fictional character, an anthropomorphic chicken created by Carl Barks for the Walt Disney company who originally appeared in the comic books as a friend of Donald Duck, Scrooge McDuck and anyone who is associated with them. ... Daisy Duck is one of Walt Disneys cartoon and comic book characters. ... Scrooge McDuck or Uncle Scrooge is a fictional Scottish character created by Carl Barks who first appeared in Dell Comics Four Color Comics #178 Christmas on Bear Mountain in December 1947. ... The Beagle Boys are a group of fictional characters from the Scrooge McDuck universe loosely based on the popular image of Ma Barker and the Barker-Karpis Gang. ... Gladstone Gander is a Walt Disney fictional character created by comic artist and writer Carl Barks for Western Publishing. ... Gyro Gearloose is a fictional character, an anthropomorphic chicken created by Carl Barks for the Walt Disney company who originally appeared in the comic books as a friend of Donald Duck, Scrooge McDuck and anyone who is associated with them. ... Magica and her brother/pet Poe, as seen on DuckTales. ... Donald Duck Finds Pirate Gold is a comic book story starring Donald Duck that was originally printed in Donald Duck Four Color #9 in October, 1942. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (87th in leap years). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Walt Disney Company (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Duckburg, as seen in the animated series DuckTales. ... Scrooge McDuck or Uncle Scrooge is a fictional Scottish character created by Carl Barks who first appeared in Dell Comics Four Color Comics #178 Christmas on Bear Mountain in December 1947. ... Gladstone Gander is a Walt Disney fictional character created by comic artist and writer Carl Barks for Western Publishing. ... The Beagle Boys are a group of fictional characters from the Scrooge McDuck universe loosely based on the popular image of Ma Barker and the Barker-Karpis Gang. ... Gyro Gearloose is a fictional character, an anthropomorphic chicken created by Carl Barks for the Walt Disney company who originally appeared in the comic books as a friend of Donald Duck, Scrooge McDuck and anyone who is associated with them. ... Magica and her brother/pet Poe, as seen on DuckTales. ... William Erwin Eisner (March 6, 1917 – January 3, 2005) was an acclaimed American comics writer, artist and entrepreneur. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Biography

Barks was born in Merrill, Oregon to William Barks and his wife Arminta Johnson. He had an older brother named Clyde. His paternal grandfather was named David Barks and his maternal grandparents were Carl Johnson and his wife Suzanna Massey, but little else is known about his ancestors. Merrill is a city located in Klamath County, Oregon. ...


Childhood

According to Carl's description of his childhood, he was a rather lonely child. His parents owned one square mile (2.6 km²) of land that served as their farm. The nearest neighbor lived half a mile (800 m) away, but he was more an acquaintance to Barks' parents than a friend. The closest school was about two miles (3 km) away and Carl had to walk that distance every day. The rural area had few children, though, and Barks later remembered that his school had only about eight or ten students including him.


The lessons lasted from nine o'clock in the morning to four o'clock in the afternoon and then he had to return to the farm. There he remembered not having anybody to talk to, as his parents were busy and he had little in common with his brother.


In 1908, William Barks (in an attempt to increase the family income) moved with his family to Midland, Oregon, some miles north of Merril, to be closer to the railway lines that were new at the time. He established a new stock-breeding farm and sold his produce to the local slaughterhouses. Midland, Oregon is a quiet town in the middle part of Oregon. ...


Nine-year-old Clyde and seven-year-old Carl worked long hours there. But Carl later remembered that the crowd which gathered at Midland's market place made a strong impression on him. This was expected, as he wasn't used to crowds up until then. According to Carl, his attention was mostly drawn to the cowboys that frequented the market with their revolvers, strange nicknames for each other and sense of humor. For other uses, see Cowboy (disambiguation). ... rEVOLVEr (2004) is the fourth studio album release by Swedish thrash metal band The Haunted. ...


By 1911, they had been successful enough to move to Santa Rosa, California. There they started cultivating vegetables and set up some orchards. Unfortunately, the profits were not as high as William expected and they started having financial difficulties. William's anxiety over them was probably what caused his first nervous break down. Location of Santa Rosa, California Country United States State California County Sonoma Mayor Jane Bender Area    - City 104. ...


As soon as William recovered, he made the decision to move back to Merrill. The year was 1913, and Carl was already twelve years old; but, due to the constant moving, he had not yet managed to complete grade school. He resumed his education at this point and finally managed to graduate in 1916.


1916 served as a turning point in Carl's life for various reasons. First, Arminta, his mother, died in this year. Second, his hearing problems, which had already appeared earlier, had at the time become severe enough for him to have difficulties listening to his teachers talking. His hearing would continue to get worse later, but at that point he had not yet acquired a hearing aid. Later in life, he couldn't do without one. Third, the closest high school to their farm was five miles (8 km) away and even if he did enlist in it, his bad hearing was likely to contribute to his learning problems. He had to decide to stop his school education, much to his disappointment. At the time he was a rather shy, melancholic, introverted and gangly teenager. He wouldn't be much different later in life.


From job to job

Barks started taking various jobs but had little success in such occupations as a farmer, woodcutter, turner, mule driver, cowboy and printer. At the same time he interacted with colleagues, fellow breadwinners who had satirical disposition towards even their worst troubles. Carl later said he was sure that if not for a little humor in their troubled lives, they would certainly go insane. It was an attitude towards life that Carl would adopt. Later he would say it was natural for him to satirize the secret yearnings and desires, the pompous style and the disappointments of his characters. According to Carl this period of his life would later influence his best known fictional characters: Donald Duck and Scrooge McDuck. Alice, a fictional character from the work of Lewis Carroll. ... Donald Duck is an animated cartoon and comic-book character from Walt Disney Productions. ... Scrooge McDuck or Uncle Scrooge is a fictional Scottish character created by Carl Barks who first appeared in Dell Comics Four Color Comics #178 Christmas on Bear Mountain in December 1947. ...


Donald's drifting from job to job was reportedly inspired by Carl's own experiences. So was his usual lack of success. And even in those that he was successful this would be temporary, just until a mistake or chance event caused another failure, another disappointment for the frustrated duck. Carl also reported that this was another thing he was familiar with.


Scrooge's main difference to Donald, according to Carl, was that he too had faced the same difficulties in his past but through intelligence, determination and hard work, he was able to overcome them. Or as Scrooge himself would say to Huey, Dewey and Louie: by being "tougher than the toughies and smarter than the smarties." Even in the present of his stories Scrooge would work to solve his many problems, even though the stories would often point out that his constant efforts seemed futile at the end. In addition, Scrooge was quite similar to his creator in appearing often to be as melancholic, introspective and secretive as he was. Huey, Dewey and Louie Duck are a trio of fictional ducks who appear in animated cartoons and comic books published by the Walt Disney Company. ...


Through both characters Carl would often exhibit his rather sarcastic sense of humor. It seems that this difficult period for the artist helped shape many of his later views in life that were expressed through his characters.


Professional artist

At the same time Carl had started thinking about turning a hobby that he always enjoyed into a profession: that of drawing. Since his early childhood he spent his free time by drawing on any material he could find. He had attempted to improve his style by copying the drawings of his favorite comic strip artists from the newspapers where he could find them. As he later said, he wanted to create his own facial expressions, figures and comical situations in his drawings but wanted to study the master comic artists' use of the pen and their use of color and shading. This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ...


Among his early favorites were Winsor McCay (mostly known for Little Nemo) and Frederick Burr Opper (mostly known for Happy Hooligan) but he would later study any style that managed to draw his attention. Winsor McCay Winsor McCay (September 26, 1867(?) – July 26, 1934) was a prolific artist and pioneer in the art of comic strips and animation. ... Little Nemo is the main fictional character in a series of weekly comic strips by Winsor McCay (1871-1934) that appeared in the New York Herald and William Randolph Hearsts New York American newspapers from October 15, 1905—April 23, 1911 and April 30, 1911—1913; respectively. ... Frederick Burr Opper (January, 2, 1857–August, 28, 1937) was a U.S. cartoonist and illustrator. ... Happy Hooligan was a popular and influential early American comic strip by Frederick Burr Opper. ...


At sixteen he was mostly self-taught but at this point he decided to take some lessons through correspondence. He only followed the first four lessons and then had to stop because his working left him with little free time. But as he later said, the lessons proved very useful in improving his style.


By December 1918, he left his father's home to attempt to find a job in San Francisco, California. He worked for a while in a small publishing house while attempting to sell his drawings to newspapers and other printed material with little success. Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City; The City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Government  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area  - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ...


First marriage

While he continued drifting through various jobs, he met Pearle Turner (1904 to 1987). In 1921 they married and had two children:

  • Peggy Barks, born in 1923.
  • Dorothy Barks, born in 1924.

In 1923 he returned to his paternal farm in Merrill in an attempt to return to the life of a farmer, but that ended soon. He continued searching for a job while attempting to sell his drawings. He soon managed to sell some of them to Judge magazine and then started having success submitting to the Minneapolis-based Calgary-Eye-Opener, a racy men's magazine of the era. He was eventually hired as editor and scripted and drew most of the contents while continuing to sell occasional work to other magazines. His salary of 90 dollars a month was considered respectable enough for the time.


Meanwhile he had his first divorce. He and Pearle were separated in 1929 and divorced in 1930. After he moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota where "Calgary-Eye-Opener" had its offices he met Clara Balken who in 1938 became his second wife. Nickname: City of Lakes Motto: En Avant (French: Lets go!) Location in Hennepin County and the state of Minnesota. ...


Disney

In November 1935, when he learned that Walt Disney was seeking more artists for his Studio, Carl decided to apply. He was approved for a try-out which entailed a move to Los Angeles, California. Carl was one of two in his class of trainees who was hired. His starting salary was 20 dollars a week. He started at Disney Studios in 1935, more than a year after the debut of Donald Duck on June 9, 1934 in the short The Wise Little Hen. For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... Nickname: City of Angels Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: State California County Los Angeles County Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D)  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... Donald Duck is an animated cartoon and comic-book character from Walt Disney Productions. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Wise Little Hen is a Silly Symphonies cartoon made by Walt Disney, based on the fairy tale The Little Red Hen. ...


Carl initially worked as an "inbetweener". This involved being teamed and supervised by one of the head animators who did the key poses of character action (often known as extremes) for which the inbetweeners did the drawings between the extremes to provide smoothness to the illusion of movement. While an inbetweener, Carl submitted gag ideas for cartoon storylines being developed and showed such a knack for creating comical situations that by 1936 he was transferred to the story department.


In 1937 when Donald Duck became the star of his own series of cartoons instead of co-starring with Mickey Mouse and Goofy as previously, a new unit of storymen and animators was created devoted solely to this series. Though he originally just contributed gag ideas to some duck cartoons by 1937 Barks was (principally with partner Jack Hannah) originating story ideas that were storyboarded and (if approved by Walt) put into production. He collaborated on such cartoons as Donald's Nephews (1938), Donald's Cousin Gus (1939), Timber (1941), The Vanishing Private (1942) and The Plastics Inventor (1944). Mickey Mouse is an Academy Award-winning comic animal cartoon character who has become an icon for The Walt Disney Company. ... It has been suggested that Goofy holler be merged into this article or section. ... Jack Hannah (January 13, 1913 - June 11, 1994) was an animator, writer and director of animated shorts. ... Donalds Nephews is a Donald Duck cartoon made by The Walt Disney Company in 1938. ... Donalds Cousin Gus is a 1939 Walt Disney cartoon in which Donald Duck is visited by his gluttonous cousin, Gus Goose, who proceeds to eat Donald out of house and home. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood...


The Good Duck Artist

Unhappy at the emerging wartime working conditions at Disney plus bothered by ongoing sinus problems caused by the studio's air conditioning, Barks quit in 1942. Shortly before quitting, he moonlighted as a comic book artist, contributing half the artwork for a one-shot comic book (the other half of the art being done by story partner Jack Hannah) titled Donald Duck Finds Pirate Gold. This 64 page story was adapted by Donald Duck comic strip writer Bob Karp from an unproduced feature, and published in October 1942 in [Dell] Four Color Comics #9. It was the first Donald Duck story originally produced for an American comic book and also the first involving Donald and his nephews in a treasure hunting expedition, in this case for the treasure of Henry Morgan. Barks would later use the treasure hunting theme in many of his stories. A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Jack Hannah (January 13, 1913 - June 11, 1994) was an animator, writer and director of animated shorts. ... Donald Duck Finds Pirate Gold is a comic book story starring Donald Duck that was originally printed in Donald Duck Four Color #9 in October, 1942. ... Robert Louis Karp (1911-1975) was an American comics writer. ... One of the earlier issues of Four Color, featuring Walt Disneys Donald Duck. ... Sir Henry Morgan (Hari Morgan in Welsh), (CA. 1635 – August 25, 1688) was a privateer of Welsh birth, who made a name in the Caribbean as a leader of sea pirates and buccaneers. ...


After quitting the Studio, Barks relocated to the Hemet/San Jacinto area in the semi-desert inland empire region east of Los Angeles where he hoped to start a chicken farm. But to earn a living in the meantime he inquired whether Western Publishing, which had published Pirate Gold, had any need for artists for Donald Duck comic book stories. He was immediately assigned to illustrate the script for a 10 page Donald Duck story for the monthly Walt Disney's Comics and Stories. At the publisher's invitation he revised the storyline and the improvements impressed the editor sufficiently to invite Barks try his hand at contributing both the script and the artwork of his follow-up story. This set the pattern for Barks' career in that (with rare exceptions) he provided art (pencil, inking, solid blacks and lettering) and scripting for his stories. Harvard Street c. ... Mount San Jacinto is a nearby mountain in California. ... This is a page about the company Western Publishing. ... Walt Disneys Comics and Stories is an anthology comic book that has an assortment of Disney characters, including Donald Duck, Mickey Mouse, Chip n Dale, Lil Bad Wolf, Scamp, Bucky Bug, Grandma Duck, Brer Rabbit, Winnie the Pooh, and others. ...


The Victory Garden, that initial 10 page story published in April, 1943 was the first of about 500 stories featuring the Disney ducks Barks would produce for Western Publishing over the next three decades, well into his purported retirement. These can be mostly divided into two categories: The Victory Garden is the first ten page comic book story starring Donald Duck that was done by Carl Barks. ...

  • 10 pagers, comedic Donald Duck stories that were the lead for the monthly flagship title Walt Disney's Comics and Stories (whose circulation peaked in the mid-50s at 3 million copies sold a month!)
  • Humorous adventure stories, usually of 24-32 pages in length. In the 1940s these were one shots in the Four Color series (issued 4-6 times a year) that starred Donald and his nephews. From the early 1950s Barks undertook the quarterly adventures of Uncle Scrooge and the duck clan in Scrooge's own title.

He surrounded Donald Duck with a cast of eccentric and colorful characters such as the aforementioned Scrooge McDuck—the wealthiest duck in the world, Gladstone Gander—Donald's obscenely lucky cousin, inventor Gyro Gearloose, the persistent Beagle Boys, the sorceress Magica De Spell, Scrooge's rivals Flintheart Glomgold and John D. Rockerduck, Daisy's nieces April, May and June, Donald's neighbour Jones, and The Junior Woodchucks organization. One of the earlier issues of Four Color, featuring Walt Disneys Donald Duck. ... Scrooge McDuck or Uncle Scrooge is a fictional Scottish character created by Carl Barks who first appeared in Dell Comics Four Color Comics #178 Christmas on Bear Mountain in December 1947. ... Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Oxyurinae Anatinae Aythyinae Merginae Duck is the common name for a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. ... Gladstone Gander is a Walt Disney fictional character created by comic artist and writer Carl Barks for Western Publishing. ... Gyro Gearloose is a fictional character, an anthropomorphic chicken created by Carl Barks for the Walt Disney company who originally appeared in the comic books as a friend of Donald Duck, Scrooge McDuck and anyone who is associated with them. ... The Beagle Boys are a group of fictional characters from the Scrooge McDuck universe loosely based on the popular image of Ma Barker and the Barker-Karpis Gang. ... Magica and her brother/pet Poe, as seen on DuckTales. ... Flintheart Glomgold is a fictional character in Disney comic books, one of Scrooge McDucks main rivals who holds the title of The Second Richest Duck in the World. ... John D. Rockerduck John D. Rockerduck is a fictional character from the Scrooge McDuck Universe. ... April, May, and June Duck are a trio of Walt Disneys comic book characters. ... In Disneys fictional Scrooge McDuck universe, The Junior Woodchucks are the Boy Scout-like youth organization to which Donald Ducks nephews, Huey, Dewey and Louie, belong. ...


People who work for Disney generally do so in relative anonymity; the stories only carry Walt Disney's name and (sometimes) a short identification number. However, through the sheer quality of his work, people started realizing that a lot of the stories were written by one person, whom they started referring to as the Good Duck Artist. Later it was discovered that the Good Duck Artist went by the name of Carl Barks. For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ...


Barks' stories (whether humorous adventures or domestic comedies) often exhibited a wry, dark irony born of hard experience. The 10 pagers showcased Donald as everyman, struggling against the cruel bumps and bruises of everyday life with the nephews often acting as a Greek chorus commenting on the unfolding disasters Donald wrought upon himself. Yet while seemingly defeatist in tone the humanity of the characters shines through in their persistence despite the obstacles. These stories found popularity not only among young children but adults as well. Despite the fact that Barks had done little traveling his adventure stories often had the duck clan globetrotting to the most remote or spectacular of locations. This allowed Barks to indulge his penchant for elaborate backgrounds that hinted at his thwarted ambitions of doing realistic stories in the vein of Harold Foster's Prince Valiant. The stories themselves also traveled around the globe - the Duckburg stories in particular well received in Germany where the translator Erika Fuchs achieved a masterpiece, coining popular new German phrases. Prince Valiant in the Days of King Arthur, or simply Prince Valiant, is a comic strip created by Hal Foster. ... Duckburg, as seen in the animated series DuckTales. ... Erika Fuchs, born Petri, (b. ...


Third marriage

As Barks blossomed creatively, his marriage to Clara deteriorated (this is the period referred to in Barks' famed quip that he could feel his creative juices flowing while the whiskey bottles hurled at him by a tipsy Clara flew by his head) and they were divorced in 1951. It was his second and last divorce. In this period Barks dabbled in fine art, exhibiting paintings at local art shows. It was at one of these in 1952 he became acquainted with fellow exhibitor Margaret Wynnfred Williams (1917 to March 10, 1993), nicknamed Garé, a landscape artist. Her nickname appears as a store name in the story "Christmas in Duckburg", featured on page 1 of Walt Disney’s Christmas Parade #9, published in 1958. She soon started helping him, handling the solid blacks and lettering (both of which Barks had found onerous). They married in 1954 and their marriage lasted till her death. March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (70th in leap years). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


Later life

Carl Barks retired in 1966 but was persuaded by editor Chase Craig to script stories for Western. He wrote one Uncle Scrooge story, three Donald Duck stories and from 1970-1974 was the main writer for the Junior Woodchucks comic book (issues 6 through 25). The latter included environmental themes that Barks first explored in 1957 ["Land of the Pygmy Indians", Uncle Scrooge #18]. Barks also sold a few sketches to Western that were redrawn as covers. For a time they lived in Goleta near Santa Barbara, California before returning to the inland empire by moving to Temecula. In Disneys fictional Scrooge McDuck universe, The Junior Woodchucks are the Boy Scout-like youth organization to which Donald Ducks nephews, Huey, Dewey and Louie, belong. ... Goleta is a city located in southern Santa Barbara County, California. ... Santa Barbara is a city in California, United States. ... Temecula is a city located in Riverside County, California. ...


At the urging of fan Glenn Bray, Barks requested and obtained permission from Disney to produce and sell oil paintings of scenes from his stories. These paintings quickly became highly sought after and their price rocketed much to Barks' astonishment.

Ode to the Disney Ducks

They ride tall ships to the far away,
and see the long ago.
They walk where fabled people trod,
and Yetis trod the snow.


They meet the folks who live on stars,
and find them much like us,
With food and love and happiness the
things they most discuss.


The world is full of clans and cults
abuzz as angry bees,
And Junior Woodchucks snapping jeers
at Littlest Chickadees.


The ducks show us that part of life
is to forgive a slight.
That black eyes given in revenge
keep hatred burning bright.


So when our walks in sun or shade
pass graveyards filled by wars,
It's nice to stop and read of ducks
whose battles leave no scars.


To read of ducks who parody
our vain attempts at glory,
They don't exist, but somehow leave
us glad we bought their story.

Carl Barks – 1999

In 1976 Carl and Garé attended their first comic book convention, New Con in Boston. Among the other attendees was famed Little Lulu comic book scripter John Stanley; despite both having worked for Western Publishing this was the first time they met. The highlight of the convention was the auctioning of what was to that time the largest duck oil painting Barks had done, "The Fourth of July in Duckburg", which included depictions of several prominent Barks fans and collectors. It sold for a then record high amount: $6,400. A Little Lulu comic book Little Lulu is a comic strip character, created by Marjorie Henderson Buell. ... This is a page about the company Western Publishing. ...


Soon thereafter a fan sold unauthorized prints of some of the Scrooge McDuck paintings, leading Disney to withdraw permission for further paintings. To meet demand for new work Barks embarked on a series of paintings of non-Disney ducks and fantasy subjects such as Beowulf and Xerxes. These were eventually collected in the limited-edition book Animal Quackers. Scrooge McDuck or Uncle Scrooge is a fictional Scottish character created by Carl Barks who first appeared in Dell Comics Four Color Comics #178 Christmas on Bear Mountain in December 1947. ...


As the result of heroic efforts by Star Wars producer Gary Kurtz and screenwriter Edward Summer, Disney relented and in 1981, allowed Barks to do a now seminal oil painting called "Wanderers of Wonderlands" for a breakthrough limited edition book entitled "Uncle Scrooge McDuck: His Life and Times." The book collected 11 classic Barks stories of Uncle Scrooge colored by artist Peter Ledger along with a new Scrooge story by Barks done storybook style with watercolor illustrations, Go Slowly, Sands of Time. After being turned down by every major publisher in New York City, Kurtz and Summer published the book through Celestial Arts which Kurtz acquired partly for this purpose. The book went on to become the model for virtually every important collection of comic book stories. It was the first book of its kind ever reviewed in Time Magazine and subsequently in Newsweek, and the first book review in Time Magazine with large color illustrations. This movie poster for Star Wars depicts many of the films important elements, such as Luke Skywalker, Princess Leia, Han Solo, X-Wing and Y-Wing fighters Star Wars, retitled Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1981 (see note at Title,) is the original (and in chronological... Gary Kurtz (born July 27, 1940 in Los Angeles, California) was the producer on Star Wars and Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back. ... Edward Summer is a true polymath. ... Peter Ledger (Sydney, Australia on 25 Oct. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ...


In 1977 and 1982 Barks attended the legendary San Diego Comic Con. As with his appearance in Boston, the response to his presence was overwhelming, with long lines of fans waiting to meet Barks and get his autograph.


In this period Disney also licensed a series of art prints of Barks' duck paintings released by Another Rainbow, which also produced a 30 volume hardbound Carl Barks Library including all the stories (in black and white) with accompanying scholarly commentary. Barks relocated one last time to Grants Pass, Oregon near where he grew up, partly at the urging of friend and Broom Hilda artist Russell Myers who lives in the area. The move also was motivated, Barks stated in another famous quip, by Temecula being too close to Disneyland and thus facilitating a growing torrent of drop-in visits by vacationing fans. In this period Barks made only one public appearance, at a comic book shop near Grants Pass. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Broom-Hilda is an American newspaper comic strip created by Russell Myers. ... Russell Myers (born 1938) was a U.S. cartoonist. ...


From 1993-1998 the Carl Barks Studio guided Barks' career. This involved numerous projects and activities, including a tour of 11 European countries in 1994, appearances at several Disneyana conventions and the release of prints of paintings along with high-end art objects (such as tiles and statutes) based on designs by Barks. Tensions between Barks and the Studio eventually resulted in a lawsuit that was settled with an agreement that included the disbanding of the Studio. By this time Barks had ceased drawing and declared his chief activity thereafter would be watching football on TV.


Austrian Artist Gottfried Helnwein curated and organized the first museum-exhibition of Carl Barks. Between 1994 and 1998 the retrospective was shown in 10 European Museums and seen by more than 400 000 visitors.[3] Gottfried Helnwein, Beautiful Victim, watercolor, 1974 Gottfried Helnwein (born October 8, 1948 in Vienna) is an Austrian-Irish fine artist, photographer, installation and performance artist. ...


Final Days

Still living in a new home in Grants Pass, Oregon which he and Garé had built next door to their original home, Barks died in 2000 at the age of 99 just a few months short of his 100th birthday and a couple years after Garé passed away.


Although he was undergoing chemotherapy for leukemia he was, according to caregiver Serene Hunickle, "funny up to the end." Chemotherapy is the use of chemical substances to treat disease. ... Leukemia or leukaemia (see spelling differences) is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow and is characterized by an abnormal proliferation (production by multiplication) of blood cells, usually white blood cells (leukocytes). ...


Barks' Influence

For the opening scene of Raiders of the Lost Ark, Steven Spielberg and George Lucas have acknowledged the rolling boulder booby trap was inspired by the 1954 Carl Barks Uncle Scrooge adventure the Seven Cities of Cibola (Uncle Scrooge #7). Lucas and Spielberg have also made comments that some of Barks' stories regarding space travel and the depiction of aliens had an influence on them.[citation needed] Raiders of the Lost Ark, also known as Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark, is a 1981, Academy Award-winning adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946), commonly referred to as Steven Spielberg, is a highly famous, enormously influential, three-time Academy Award winning American film director and producer who is one of the most prominent figures from the world of cinema and whose very name has become synonymous... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Uncle Scrooge #21 cover. ...


For those currently drawing Disney Duck comics, the influence of Barks cannot be overstated. For artists such as Daan Jippes and Freddy Milton, Barks' comics have made a great impact. Daan Jippes (full name is Daniel Jan Jippes) is a Disney comics artist. ... Freddy Milton is a Danish comic-book writer-artist, best known for his work on Walt Disney comics & Gnuff. ...


Don Rosa, one of the currently most popular Disney artists, and possibly the one who has been most keen on connecting the various stories into a coherent universe and chronology, considers (with few exceptions) all Barks' duck stories as canon, and all others as apocryphal. Rosa has said that a number of novelists and movie-makers cite Carl Barks as their 'major influence and inspiration'. [2] Don Rosa visiting Finland in 1999 Gioachino Keno Don Hugo Rosa (often just called Don Rosa) is a comic book writer and illustrator best known for his stories about Scrooge McDuck, Donald Duck and other Disney characters. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In the context of fiction Apocrypha includes those fictional stories that do not belong within a fictional univeres canon, yet still have some authority relating to that fictional universe. ...


The popularity of Barks' work in Europe is high, and has been that way for years. When the news of Barks' passing was hardly covered by the press in America, "in Europe the sad news was flashed instantly across the airwaves and every newspaper - they realized the world had lost one of the most beloved, influential and well-known creators in international culture."[3]


Dozens of noted comic book artists artists have taken up elements of Barks' style, especially his ink and pen work.[citation needed] In the US elements of Barks' oil painting style of the ducks were evident in the computer animated, 3-D look Mickey's Twice Upon a Christmas released to video in 2005.[citation needed] Mickeys Twice Upon a Christmas is a computer-animated direct-to-video movie on VHS and DVD made by The Walt Disney Company in 2004. ...


Trivia

Omelet opening page
Omelet opening page

When asked which of his stories was a favorite in several interviews Barks cited the 10 pager in Walt Disney's Comics and Stories #146 (Nov. 1952) in which Donald tells the story of the chain of unfortunate events that took place when he owned a chicken farm in a town which subsequently was re-named Omelet. Likely one reason it was a favorite is that it was inspired by Barks' own experiences in the poultry business. Image File history File links Omelet. ... Image File history File links Omelet. ...


A 1949 Donald Duck ten-pager features Donald raising a yacht from the ocean floor by filling it with ping pong balls. In December 1965 Karl Krøyer, a Dane, lifted the sunken freight vessel Al Kuwait in the Kuwait Harbor by filling the hull with 27 million tiny inflatable balls of polystyrene[4]. Although the suggestion is often made, Krøyer denies having been inspired by this Barks story. Some sources claim Krøyer was denied a Dutch patent registration (application number NL 6514306) for his invention on the grounds that the Barks story was a prior publication of the invention. However no definite proof of this story is available.[5][6] Krøyer later successfully raised another ship off Greenland using the same method, and several other sunken vessels worldwide have since been raised by modified versions of this concept. The television show MythBusters also tested this method and was able to raise a small boat. MythBusters is an American pop science television program on the Discovery Channel starring special effects experts Adam Savage and Jamie Hyneman, who use their skills and expertise to test the validity of various rumors and urban legends in popular culture. ...


The Mummy's Ring (Four Color #29, September 1943) presciently dealt with the reparation of antiquities to their country of origin. This has become a major issue in the contemporary art world. One of the earlier issues of Four Color, featuring Walt Disneys Donald Duck. ...


Carl Barks has an asteroid named after him, 2730 Barks. A Cornell scientist was inspired by Barks's tale "Island in the Sky". 253 Mathilde, a C-type asteroid. ... 2730 Barks is an asteroid discovered by Ted Bowell in 1981. ... Cornell University is a private university located in Ithaca, New York, USA. Its two medical campuses are in New York City and in Education City, Qatar. ...


His one substantial non-Disney series were 8 page stories teaming Metro Goldwyn Mayer cartoon stars Barney Bear and Benny Burro published in Our Gang comics #11-36 (May/June 1944-June 1947). This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Barney Bear in the opening sequence. ... A poster for the 1931 Our Gang comedy Love Business featuring depictions of (from left to right): Pete the Pup, Jackie Cooper, and Norman Chubby Chaney. ...


A facsimile of one of the racy magazines he did cartoons for in the 1930s, Coo Coo #1, was published by Hamilton Comics in 1997.


The video game Donald Duck Going Quackers is dedicated to the memory of Carl Barks.


Notable stories

Donald Duck Finds Pirate Gold is a comic book story starring Donald Duck that was originally printed in Donald Duck Four Color #9 in October, 1942. ... One of the earlier issues of Four Color, featuring Walt Disneys Donald Duck. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Christmas on Bear Mountain (1947) is a Donald Duck story by Carl Barks. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Scrooge McDuck or Uncle Scrooge is a fictional Scottish character created by Carl Barks who first appeared in Dell Comics Four Color Comics #178 Christmas on Bear Mountain in December 1947. ... The Old Castles Secret is a Donald Duck story written by Carl Barks in June 1948. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Sheriff of Bullet Valley is a Donald Duck comic story from October 1948, written by Carl Barks. ... Lost in the Andes is a Donald Duck story written by Carl Barks in April 1949. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... In Old California is a Donald Duck comic strip story written by Carl Barks in May, 1951. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... A Christmas for Shacktown is a Donald Duck comic strip story written by Carl Barks in January, 1952. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Only A Poor Old Man is Uncle Scrooge #1 making it Scrooge McDucks first comic, though Christmas on Bear Mountain is his first appearance. ... Uncle Scrooge #21 cover. ... The Golden Helmet is a Donald Duck comic strip story written by Carl Barks in July, 1952. ... Back to the Klondike is a Donald Duck comic strip story written by Carl Barks in March 1953. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Tralla La is the catchphrase of Captain Underpants. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Golden Fleecing is a Scrooge McDuck comic book story from 1955, written and painted by Carl Barks. ... Land Beneath the Ground! is a Scrooge McDuck comic strip story from 1956, written by Carl Barks. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Money Well is a Scrooge McDuck comic strip story written by Carl Barks. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Golden River is a comic strip story written and drawn by Carl Barks in 1957 and first published in 1958. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Island in the Sky is a Donald Duck story written by Carl Barks in March 1960. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Uncle Scrooge #278 cover. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...

Awards

  • The Shazam Award for Best Writer (Humor Division) in 1970
  • The Academy of Comic Book Arts Hall of Fame Award in 1973
  • The Inkpot in 1977 from the San Diego Comic Con
  • Inducted into the Eisner Awards Hall of Fame in 1987.
  • The Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Award for Favorite Writer in 1996.
  • The Walt Disney Company bestowed a Duckster award in 1971 and their Disney Legends award in 1991
  • The series Carl Barks Library received the Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Award for Favorite Reprint Graphic Novel/Album for 1996.

Comic-Con International is an annual comic book convention held in San Diego, California. ... The Eisner Awards are given for achievement in comic books. ... Comics Buyers Guide (CBG) is the longest-running periodical reporting on the comic book industry. ... The Disney Legends award Established in 1987, the Disney Legends program recognizes men and women who have made an extraordinary and integral contribution to The Walt Disney Company. ...

References

  1. ^ Morten Harper. Den gode tegneren, quote TEGN, 1994. tegneserier.no.(Norwegian)
  2. ^ [1], Rosa's comments on Barks
  3. ^ [2], Rosa's estimation of Barks' popularity in Europe

Further reading

  • Michael Barrier, Carl Barks and the Art of Comic Book, USA 1981, see Inducks file.
  • Donald Ault, Carl Barks Conversations, University Press of Mississippi, Jackson (Mississippi) 2003, see Inducks file. The book by the University of Florida professor contains some of the most important interviews Barks made between 1962 and 2000 (Thomas Andrae, Michael Barrier, Bill Blackbeard, E. B. Boatner, Glenn Bray, Paul Ciotti, Sébastien Durand, Bob Foster, Didier Ghez, Stephen Gong, Leonardo Gori, Bruce Hamilton, Gottfried Helnwein, Markku Kivekäs, Michael Naiman, Bill Spicer, Francesco Stajano, Klaus Strzyz, Edward Summer, Erik Svane, Don Thompson, Maggie Thompson, Malcolm Willits, Nicky Wright, and Lynda Ault).
  • List of Carl Barks interviews and articles in the international press
  • Carl Barks,Edward Summer Walt Disney's Uncle Scrooge McDuck: His Life and Times, Berkeley, California: Celestial Arts, 1981 (first trade edition 1987).
  • The Unexpurgated Carl Barks, Hamilton Comics, 1997 [7]
  • Gottfried Helnwein, 'Wer ist Carl Barks' (Who is Carl Barks?), texts by Roy Disney, Gottfried Helnwein, Carsten Laqua, Andreas Platthaus und Ulrich Schröder, (ISBN 3-8118-5341-4). [8]
  • Thomas Andrae, Carl Barks and the Disney Comic Book, University Press of Mississippi, 2006 (ISBN 1578068584, ISBN-13 97815780658586).

American actor, best known for appearances on Star Trek: The Original Series. ... Donald Ault is a professor at the University of Florida and is widely known for his work on British Romantic poet William Blake and American comics artist Carl Barks. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... American actor, best known for appearances on Star Trek: The Original Series. ... Bill Blackbeard is a writer-editor and the founder-director of the San Francisco Academy of Comic Art, a comprehensive collection of comic strips and cartoon art from American newspapers. ... Bob Foster (born December 15, 1938) is a native of Albuquerque, New Mexico whom many boxing critics consider to be one of the greatest Light Heavyweight world champions in history. ... Gottfried Helnwein, Beautiful Victim, watercolor, 1974 Gottfried Helnwein (born October 8, 1948 in Vienna) is an Austrian-Irish fine artist, photographer, installation and performance artist. ... Edward Summer is a true polymath. ... Maggie Thompson (born November 29, 1942), is the editor of Comics Buyers Guide. ... Maggie Thompson (born November 29, 1942), is the editor of Comics Buyers Guide. ... Edward Summer is a true polymath. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Comic creator: Carl Barks (601 words)
Carl Barks is one of the world's most legendary comic artists.
Barks left the animation studios because of allergies and the World War II political climate, and began drawing comics for Dell/Western instead.
Barks' stories are masterpieces of escalating storylines, and are great entertainment for all ages.
Carl Barks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3411 words)
In 1908, William Barks (in an attempt to increase the family income) moved with his family to Midland, Oregon, some miles north of Merril, to be closer to the railway lines that were new at the time.
According to Carl, his attention was mostly drawn to the cowboys that frequented the market with their revolvers, strange nicknames for each other and sense of humor.
As Barks blossomed creatively, his marriage to Clara deteriorated (this is the period referred to in Barks' famed quip that he could feel his creative juices flowing while the whiskey bottles hurled at him by a tipsy Clara flew by his head) and they were divorced in 1951.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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