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Encyclopedia > Carl Albert
Carl Bert Albert


In office
January 21, 1971 – January 3, 1977
Preceded by John William McCormack
Succeeded by Tip O'Neill

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Oklahoma's 3rd district
In office
January 3, 1947 - January 3, 1977
Preceded by Paul Stewart
Succeeded by Wes Watkins

Born May 10, 1908
McAlester, Oklahoma
Died February 04, 2000 (aged 91)
McAlester, Oklahoma
Political party Democratic

Carl Bert Albert (May 10, 1908February 4, 2000) was a lawyer and a Democratic American politician from Oklahoma. Carl Albert, taken from http://bioguide. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... John William McCormack (December 21, 1891 – November 22, 1980) was an American politician from Boston, Massachusetts. ... Thomas Phillip ONeill, Jr. ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the Senate. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Wesley Wade Wes Watkins (b. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (131st in leap years). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... McAlester is a city located in Pittsburg County, Oklahoma. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... McAlester is a city located in Pittsburg County, Oklahoma. ... This article does not adequately cite its references. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (131st in leap years). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... English barrister 16th century painting of a civil law notary, by Flemish painter Quentin Massys. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ...


He is most well-known for his service as Speaker of the House from 1971 to 1977. At 5 feet 4 inches tall, Albert was often affectionately known as the "Little Giant from Little Dixie." Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer of the... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...


He is also credited with having held the highest political office of any Oklahoman in American history. (see also: Little Dixie) Pre-Colonial America For details, see the main Pre-Colonial America article. ... Little Dixie Little Dixie is the name given to the region in southeastern Oklahoma heavily settled by Southerners displaced by Reconstruction following the American Civil War. ...

Contents

Early history

Albert was born in McAlester, Oklahoma. Shortly after his birth his family moved to a small town just north of McAlester called Bugtussle. He was the son of a coal miner and farmer and grew up in a log cabin on his father's farm. At high school he excelled in debate and was student body president. He entered the University of Oklahoma in 1927, where he majored in political science and won the National Oratorical Championship in 1928. While at Oklahoma, he was an accomplished amateur wrestler. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa in 1931, then studied at the University of Oxford on a Rhodes Scholarship. He returned to the U.S. and in 1935 practiced law in Oklahoma City. McAlester is a city located in Pittsburg County, Oklahoma. ... Wyoming coal mine Coal mining is the mining of coal. ... For the political organization that supports the United States Republican Party, see Log Cabin Republican. ... Main article: Secondary education High school is a name used in some parts of the world, and particularly in North America, to describe the last segment of compulsory education. ... Debate (North American English) or debating (British English) is a formal method of interactive and position representational argument. ... University of Oklahoma, abbreviated OU, is a coeducational public research university located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma founded in 1890. ... The Phi Beta Kappa Society is an honor society which considers its mission to be fostering and recognizing excellence in undergraduate liberal arts and sciences. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Nickname: Location in Oklahoma County and the state of Oklahoma. ...


Albert joined the United States Army Air Forces in 1941, earning a Bronze Star. The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) was a part of the U.S. Army during World War II. The direct precursor to the U.S. Air Force, the USAAF formally existed between 1941 and 1947. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... The Bronze Star Medal is a United States Armed Forces individual military decoration and is the fourth highest award for bravery, heroism or meritorious service. ...


General Political Outlook

He represented the southeastern portion of Oklahoma (Congressional District 3) as a Democrat for thirty years, starting in 1947. He was a Cold War liberal, supporting President Harry S. Truman's containment of Soviet expansionism, as well as such domestic measures as public housing, federal aid to education, and farm price supports. 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Cold War liberal was a term most commonly used in the United States during the Cold War to describe politicians who, despite their generally liberal outlook on domestic issues, were supportive of hard-line anti-Soviet policies. ... President Truman announces that Germany had surrendered (May 8 1945) Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... // At the fourteenth Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in December 1927, Stalin attacked the left by expelling Trotsky and his supporters from the party and then moving against the right by abandoning Lenins New Economic Policy which had been championed by Nikolai Bukharin and Alexei...


Legislative Strategist

Albert was a key figure, in general, in advancing the Democratic legislative agenda in Congress. In particular, he played an important role in the passage of health care legislation. When Medicare, the federal program of hospital insurance for persons 65 and older was first being considered by Congress as an amendment to the Social Security program (this was the initial proposal of the Kennedy Administration), Albert knew the bill had insufficient Congressional support for passage due to the opposition of ten key Republicans and eight key southern Democrats. Thus, he advised President Kennedy that it would be advantageous to first seek passage of the measure from the Senate. His political calculation was that if Medicare were attached to a Senate welfare bill, they could bring it to the House as a conference committee report on their own welfare bill. Although well-planned, Albert's efforts on behalf of the Medicare bill were not successful at that time. Later, in the Johnson Administration, as Democratic leader, Albert advised the president that the decision-making process should be changed so that the majority Democrats would have greater influence on the final decisions of Congress. The change included giving the Democrats more leverage over the House Rules Committee and strengthening their majority membership influence in the House Ways and Means Committee. With these maneuvers, Albert determined that they could finally achieve success on the Medicare bill. As a result, the compulsory payroll tax of Social Security financed the new Medicare program's projected hospital costs, and a voluntary supplementary coverage provision was added to help to cover the costs associated with doctor office visits. President Johnson signing the Medicare amendment. ... John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917–November 22, 1963), often referred to as John F Kennedy, JFK, or Jack Kennedy, was the 35th President of the United States. ... A conference committee in the United States Congress is a committee appointed by the members of the upper and lower houses to resolve disagreements on a bill passed in different versions of each House. ... “LBJ” redirects here. ... The Committee on Rules, or (more commonly) Rules Committee, is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... The Committee on Ways and Means is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... This article is the current Taxation Collaboration of the Month. ...


Legislative Leader

Official portrait as Speaker

With the retirement of Representative John W. McCormack, in January, 1971, Albert was elected Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, and he began the task of working with the Nixon Administration. Then, in 1973, during his second term as House Speaker, Vice President Spiro Agnew became involved in a political scandal, and resigned. This event suddenly placed Albert as next in line to assume the presidential powers & duties, should that office become vacant. Nixon, under the provisions of the 25th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, nominated Republican House Minority Leader Gerald R. Ford to replace Agnew as Vice President. Later, as the Watergate crisis began to unfold, many believed that President Richard Nixon would also resign from office, and possibly before both Houses of Congress would have the opportunity to confirm Ford as Nixon's nominee to replace Agnew. Had Nixon, in fact, resigned without a sitting Vice President to succeed him, then Albert would have become Acting President under the 1947 Presidential Succession Act. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... John William McCormack (December 21, 1891 – November 22, 1980) was an American politician from Boston, Massachusetts. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Dick Cheney 46th and current Vice President (2001- ) The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government, the person who is a heartbeat from the presidency. ... Spiro Theodore Agnew (November 9, 1918 – September 17, 1996) was the 39th Vice President of the United States serving under President Richard M. Nixon, and the 55th Governor of Maryland. ... A political scandal is a scandal in which politicians engage in various illegal or unethical practices. ... Amendment XXV (the Twenty-fifth Amendment) of the United States Constitution clarifies an ambiguous provision of the Constitution regarding succession to the Presidency, and established procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President as well as responding to Presidential disabilities. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... The Watergate building. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... The Presidential Succession Act of 1947 (codified as Title 3, Chapter 1, Section 19 of the United States Code) establishes the order of succession to the office of President of the United States in the event neither a President nor Vice President is able to discharge the powers and duties...


Albert, Twice, Only "A Heartbeat Away"

The resignation of Agnew, in 1973, was the first occasion in which Albert was confronted with the question of whether it was appropriate for a Democrat to assume the nation's highest office when it was held by a member of the opposing party. Albert concluded that he had no right to a Presidency that the American people had entrusted, by election, to a Republican. The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ...


He thus announced that should the need arise for him to assume the presidency, he would do so only in an acting capacity, and would resign immediately after both Houses of Congress (in accordance with Section 2 of the 25th Amendment) had approved a Republican Vice President. Acting is the work of an actor or actress, which is a person in theatre, television, film, or any other storytelling medium who tells the story by portraying a character and, usually, speaking or singing the written text or play. ...


The resignation of Nixon, in August 1974 (and the subsequent ascendency of then Vice President Ford to the Presidency), became the second occasion in which Albert was confronted with the issue of succession (since the office of Vice President was now vacant). However, after President Ford nominated former New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller to succeed him as Vice President, and after Rockefeller was confirmed and sworn into office in December, 1974, the issue of Albert's presidential succession was finally laid to rest. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... NY redirects here. ... Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller (July 8, 1908 – January 26, 1979) was an American Vice President, governor of New York State, philanthropist and businessman. ...


However a different issue arose during Albert's last term in office when he was confronted with the Tongsun Park scandal, and was accused of having accepted bribes from a lobbyist who was also a member of South Korean intelligence. Albert decided to retire at the end of the 94th Congress in early January of 1977. Koreagate was an American political scandal in 1976 involving South Koreans seeking influence with members of Congress. ... The Ninety-fourth United States Congress was in session from 1975 to 1977. ...


Trivia

  • The Carl Albert Center, an academic unit of the University of Oklahoma (in Norman, Oklahoma) was established in 1979 for the purpose of studying the life and political career of the former House Speaker, and, more generally the study of Congress. The Center also has a large archive with an extensive collection of twentieth century congressional papers.
  • The Carl Albert Park located south of Durant Oklahoma

Carl Albert State College, commonly abbreviated as CASC, is a 2-year college located in southeastern Oklahoma. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Junior college. ... Poteau is a city located in Le Flore County, Oklahoma. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... Ada is a city and the county seat of Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. ... The United States Public Health Service was founded first by President John Adams as a loose network of hospitals to support the health of American seamen. ... The Chickasaws are a Native American people of the United States, originally from present-day Mississippi, now mostly living in Oklahoma. ... University of Oklahoma, abbreviated OU, is a coeducational public research university located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma founded in 1890. ... Bizzell Library, University of Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma USA, the home of the University of Oklahoma, is the county seat and largest city in Cleveland County in the U.S. state of Oklahoma, and is part of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... McAlester is a city located in Pittsburg County, Oklahoma. ...

External links

Preceded by
Paul Stewart
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Oklahoma's 3rd District
January 3, 1947January 3, 1977
Succeeded by
Wes Watkins
Preceded by
Leslie C. Arends
Majority Whip of the United States House of Representatives
1955-1961
Succeeded by
Hale Boggs
Preceded by
John W. McCormack
Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives
1961-1971
Succeeded by
Hale Boggs
Preceded by
John W. McCormack
Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
January 21, 1971January 2, 1975;
January 14, 1975January 2, 1977
Succeeded by
Tip O'Neill
Persondata
NAME Albert, Carl
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Politician
DATE OF BIRTH May 10, 1908
PLACE OF BIRTH McAlester, Oklahoma
DATE OF DEATH February 4, 2000
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Carl Albert - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1215 words)
Albert decided to retire at the end of the 94th Congress in early Janurary of 1977.
Carl Albert Indian Health Facility in Ada, Oklahoma, is a 53 bed acute-care hospital (and part of the Public Health Service) and is administered by the Chickasaw Nation of Oklahoma[1].
The Carl Albert Center, an academic unit of the University of Oklahoma (in Norman, Oklahoma) was established in 1979 for the purpose of studying the life and political career of the former House Speaker, and, more generally the study of Congress.
Carl Albert Biography (1094 words)
The Carl Albert Center, University of Oklahoma, was named after Carl B. Albert (1908-2000), the 46th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (1971-1976).
Carl Albert was born on May 10, 1908, in a mining camp near McAlester, Oklahoma, and he grew up in a log cabin on a nearby farm.
Carl Albert was the 46th Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1971 to 1976, a period when the issues troubling the country--Vietnam, busing, the economy, the energy crisis, and Watergate--were played out in the chambers of Congress and the Oval Office of the White House.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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