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Encyclopedia > Carjacking

Carjacking is the crime of stealing a motor vehicle when the vehicle is occupied. Typically, the carjacker is armed, and the driver is forced out of the car at gunpoint. The word is a portmanteau of car and hijacking. Motor vehicle theft is a crime of theft. ... A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... Hijacking or highjacking is the forcible robbery from, or seizure of, a vehicle in transit. ...

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The crime is extremely hazardous, threatening the physical safety of both the carjacker and the victim. To secure the car, the carjacker may sometimes shoot the victim or physically push the victim out of the driver's seat to force him or her out of the car.


Carjackings in the world

South Africa

Carjacking is a significant problem in South Africa, where it is called hijacking; there are some roadsigns warning people that certain areas are hot-spots. There were 16,000 carjackings in one year (18 times the American rate per capita), and 60 murders a year resulting from these.[citation needed] Some drivers in South Africa have gone to extreme measures, fitting anti-carjacking devices to their automobile, which shoot flames sideways from under the car, as well as avoiding stopping at red-lights in certain suburban areas.[citation needed] This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Blaster was a 1998 invention by South African inventor Charl Fourie to provide a deterrent to carjackings. ...


Sweden

After being a problem in the United States some years earlier, carjackings became more common in Sweden, where it most appeared in places like Gothenburg and Stockholm around 2001-2002. For other uses, see Gothenburg (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


United Kingdom

English law has three levels of offense under the Theft Act 1968, each pertaining to the mens rea (Latin for "guilty mind") and the degree of violence used. The least serious is TWOC, which covers any unauthorized taking of a "conveyance", s1 theft applies when the carjacker intends to permanently deprive the owner of property, and violent carjacking is an aggravated form of theft under ยง8 robbery.[citation needed] Amid increasing carjacking cases in the UK, there has been some discussion whether specific carjacking laws are necessary. The current view is that all aspects of the offense are covered in the law, whether as road traffic offenses, public order offenses, the use of weapons and firearms, etc., and there is no benefit in consolidating all the elements in one offense.[citation needed] English law is a formal term of art that describes the law for the time being in force in England and Wales. ... The Theft Act 1968 (1968 c. ... The mens rea is the Latin term for guilty mind used in the criminal law. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... TWOC is an acronym standing for Taken Without Owners Consent. ... A young waif steals a pair of boots “Stealing” redirects here. ...


United States

In the United States, a law was passed in 1992 making carjacking a federal crime. This occurred amidst great media attention into the apparent spate of carjacking thefts, several of which resulted in homicide. One of these was the notorious September 1992 carjacking of Pam Basu in Savage, Maryland. Basu was carjacked at a stop sign in town; she soon became entangled in her seatbelt and then dragged to death. Libertarians and states' rights activists criticized this law, arguing that the control of crime is a matter for the states, not the federal government, and asserted that carjacking was made a federal crime only to make some incumbents appear tough on crime to gain votes. Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Homicide (Latin homicidium, homo human being + caedere to cut, kill) refers to the act of killing another human being. ... Savage is an historic town located in Howard County, Maryland, about 12 miles South of Baltimore, Maryland and 20 miles North of Washington, D.C. It is situated close to the city of Laurel, and the planned community of Columbia. ... A three-point seat belt. ... See also Libertarianism and Libertarian Party Libertarian,is a term for person who has made a conscious and principled commitment, evidenced by a statement or Pledge, to forswear violating others rights and usually living in voluntary communities: thus in law no longer subject to government supervision. ... States rights refers to the idea, in U.S. politics and constitutional law, that U.S. states possess certain rights and political powers in relation to the federal government. ... Get tough on crime (or simply tough on crime) is a slogan often used by supporters of law and order political platforms. ...


The United States Department of Justice estimates that in about half of all carjacking attempts, the attacker succeeds in stealing the victim's car. It estimated that, between 1987 and 1992, about 35,000 carjacking attempts took place per year, and, between 1992 and 1996, about 49,000 attempts took place per year. Carjacking has become more frequent in recent years because sophisticated devices and computer systems have prevented and discouraged theft of unattended cars. The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ... Motor vehicle theft is a crime of theft. ...


History

The first known carjacking took place on the open road in March 1912. The Bonnot Gang targeted a luxury Dion Bouton in the Senart forest between Paris and Lyon, France. The armed chauffeur and young secretary in the vehicle were killed. [citation needed] 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Bonnot Gang (la bande à Bonnot) was a French criminal anarchist group that operated in France and Belgium from 1911 to 1912. ... A De Dion-Bouton from 1899, from a French museum in Paris [1] De Dion-Bouton was a French automobile manufacturer operating from 1883 to 1932. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the French city. ...


Carjacking in popular culture

A fictional carjacking in the Grand Theft Auto video game series.
A fictional carjacking in the Grand Theft Auto video game series.
  • Video games such as Grand Theft Auto, Driv3r and Mercenaries: Playground of Destruction feature carjacking as part of the gameplay, which has attracted criticism from public figures.
  • In The Brady Bunch Movie, a carjacker attempts to take Greg's car, but is unsuccessful because of the vacant naivete of Greg and Marcia Brady, who, with their cheerful ignorance to what is actually going on, perplex the carjacker unintentionally.
  • The South African movie Tsotsi features a carjacking as the main plot element.
  • Another South African movie called Hijack Stories also has carjacking as the main plot.
  • Larry Niven's short story "The Deadlier Weapon" features a carjacking.
  • In episodes 230 and 231 of the Case Closed (Detective Conan) anime and its corresponding manga files, a bus jacking occurs that involves the main characters and their calculated attempts to overthrow the hijacker and uncover their accomplice.
  • In the Death Note anime and manga, a bus jacking becomes a crucial turning point in the plot.
  • Gone in 60 seconds(2000 film) the main characters hijack multiple cars while trying to hide from F.B.I agents and deliver then to container ships for a british man

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x1024, 438 KB)A screenshot Grand Theft Auto III (PC version), stealing a car and beating up da owner File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x1024, 438 KB)A screenshot Grand Theft Auto III (PC version), stealing a car and beating up da owner File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is a video game series created and primarily developed by Scottish developer Rockstar North (formerly DMA Design), published by Rockstar Games and debuted in 1998. ... Grand Theft Auto (GTA) is a video game series created and primarily developed by Scottish developer Rockstar North (formerly DMA Design), published by Rockstar Games and debuted in 1998. ... DRIV3R or more commonly known as Driver 3, or Drive-three-er, is a racing, shooting, and adventure video game. ... The Brady Bunch Movie is a 1995 comedy adaptation of the 1969-1974 television series The Brady Bunch. ... For other uses, see HBO (disambiguation). ... This article is about the television series. ... The following is a listing of fictional characters from the HBO series The Sopranos that are associated with the DiMeo/Soprano Crime Family. ... Information Aliases Chris Maccaviti Chris Moltivani Gender Male Age 30s (Deceased) Occupation Nightclub owner Movie producer Title Capo of Soprano crew Family Joanne Moltisanti (mother) Richard Dickie Moltisanti (father) Carmela Soprano (cousin) Tony Blundetto (cousin) Spouse(s) Kelli Lombardo Moltisanti (wife) Adriana La Cerva (ex-fiancee) Children Caitlin (daughter) Relatives... This article is about the film Tsotsi. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ... “Road to Rupert” is a season five episode of the FOX animated television series Family Guy. ... The City of Aspen is a Home Rule Municipality that is the most populous city and the county seat of Pitkin County, Colorado, United States. ... Serialized in Weekly Shōnen Sunday Weekly Comic 漫畫周刊 Neoz Original run 1994 – Volumes 59, 628 chapters (as of October 31, 2007) TV anime Director Kenji Kodama, Yasuichiro Yamamoto Studio Tokyo Movie Shinsha (TMS) Network NTV, Yomiuri TV, Animax Original run 8 January 1996 – ongoing Episodes 488 (as of November 11... “Animé” redirects here. ... Death note redirects here. ... Gone in Sixty Seconds, or Gone in 60 Seconds, is the name of two films, one a remake of the other: Gone in 60 Seconds (1974) Gone in Sixty Seconds (2000) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Carjacking, carjack, security consultant, Chris McGoey, carjacking, Chris McGoey (1816 words)
Carjackers have unknowingly driven off with infants still in the backseat of the car, leaving behind a screaming and emotionally distressed parent.
Carjacking occurs most often in a busy commercial area where cars are parked and when the owner is entering or exiting the parked vehicle.
Carjacking of parked vehicles depends on the car owner being inattentive to their surroundings.
NYGC | Gang-Related Legislation—Carjacking (0 words)
"Carjacking" means taking of a motor vehicle from another person’s immediate actual possession knowingly or recklessly by force or violence, whether against resistance or by sudden or stealthy seizure or snatching, or by putting in fear, or attempting to do so, or by any other means.
A person who is convicted of carjacking shall be fined not more than Five Thousand Dollars ($5,000.00) and be committed to the custody of the State Department of Corrections for not more than fifteen (15) years.
A person who is convicted of attempted carjacking shall receive the same punishment as the person who is convicted of carjacking.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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