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Encyclopedia > Carib
See also: Cariban languages
Carib family (by John Gabriel Stedman)
Drawing of a Carib woman

Carib, Island Carib or Kalinago people, after whom the Caribbean Sea was named, live in the Lesser Antilles islands. They are an Amerindian people whose origins lie in the southern West Indies and the northern coast of South America. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The Cariban languages are an indigenous language family of South America. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 339 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (802 × 1418 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 339 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (802 × 1418 pixel, file size: 1. ... John Gabriel Stedman (1747-1797) was a Scottish adventurer, son of a Scottish father and Dutch mother. ... Image File history File links Drawing_of_Caribe_Woman. ... Image File history File links Drawing_of_Caribe_Woman. ... Map of Central America and the Caribbean The Caribbean Sea (pronounced or ) is a tropical sea in the Western Hemisphere, part of the Atlantic Ocean, southeast of the Gulf of Mexico. ... Location of the Lesser Antilles (green) in relation to the rest of the Caribbean Islands of the Lesser Antilles The Lesser Antilles, also known as the Caribbees,[1] are part of the Antilles, which together with the Bahamas and Greater Antilles form the West Indies. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


Although the men spoke either a Carib language or a pidgin, the Caribs' raids resulted in so many female Arawak captives that it was not uncommon for the women to speak Kalhíphona, a Maipurean language (Arawakan). In the southern Caribbean they co-existed with a related Cariban-speaking group, the Galibi, who lived in separate villages in Grenada and Tobago and are believed to have been mainland Caribs. The Cariban languages are an indigenous language family of South America. ... This article is about simplified languages. ... Arowak woman (John Gabriel Stedman) The term Arawak (from aru, the Lokono word for cassava flour), was used to designate the Amerindians encountered by the Spanish in the West Indies. ... Maipurean (also Maipuran, Maipureano, Maipúre, Arawakan, Arahuacan, Maipuran Arawakan, mainstream Arawakan, Arawakan proper) is a language family of that spans from the Caribbean and Central America to every country in South America excepting Uruguay and Chile. ... Maipurean (also Maipuran, Maipureano, Maipúre, Arawakan, Arahuacan, Maipuran Arawakan, mainstream Arawakan, Arawakan proper) is a language family of that spans from the Caribbean and Central America to every country in South America excepting Uruguay and Chile. ... The Arawakan languages (also Arahuacan, Arawakanas, Arahuacano, Maipurean, Maipuran, Maipureano, Maipúrean) are a hypothetical indigenous language family of South America and the Caribbean. ... The Galibi were a Cariban-speaking people who lived in the Lesser Antilles and northern South America at the time of European settlement. ... Castara village beach looking south, Tobago Tobago is the smaller of the two main islands that make up the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. ...

Contents

History

The Caribs are believed to have left the Orinoco rainforests of Venezuela in South America to settle in the Caribbean. Over the century leading up to Christopher Columbus' arrival in the Caribbean archipelago in 1493, the Caribs are believed to have displaced the Maipurean-speaking Igneri people from the southern Lesser Antilles. For other uses, see Orinoco (disambiguation). ... West Indies redirects here. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer and one of the first Europeans to explore the Americas after the Vikings. ... 1493 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...


The islanders also raided and traded with the Eastern Taíno of the Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico. The Caribs were the source of the gold which Columbus found in the possession of the Taíno; gold was not smelted by any of the insular Amerindians, but rather was obtained by trade from the mainland. The Caribs were skilled boatbuilders and sailors, and seem to have owed their dominance in the Caribbean basin to their mastery of the arts of war. For other uses, see Taino (disambiguation). ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ...


The Caribs were themselves displaced by the Europeans, and were eventually all exterminated or assimilated during the colonial period by the Spanish. However they were able to retain some islands, such as Dominica, Saint Vincent, Saint Lucia, and Trinidad. Territories in the Americas colonized or claimed by a European great power in 1750. ... For other uses, see Trinidad (disambiguation). ...


The Black Caribs (Garifuna) of St. Vincent inherit their ethnicity from a group of black slaves who were marooned in a 1675 shipwreck possibly after seizing power from the crew. In 1795, they were deported to Roatan Island, off Honduras, where their descendants, the Garífuna, still live today. The British saw the less mixed "Yellow Caribs" as less hostile, and allowed them to remain in St. Vincent. Carib resistance delayed the settlement of Dominica by Europeans, and the Carib communities that remained in St. Vincent and Dominica retained a degree of autonomy well into the 19th century. Garífuna refers to both the people and language of the Garínagu. ... Body of Ndyuka Maroon child brought before a shaman, Suriname 1955 A Maroon (from the word marronage or American/Spanish cimarrón: fugitive, runaway, lit. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Roatán, located between the islands of Utila and Guanaja, is the largest of Honduras Bay Islands. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The last known speakers of Island Carib died in the 1920s. But, a moderate number of the Haitian, Dominican, and Vincentian populations are reported to have Carib ancestry.


The people

Because of Dominica's rugged area, Caribs were able to hide from European forces. Today, on the island's east coast, there is a 3,700 acre territory was granted by the Crown in 1903. There are only 3000 Caribs remaining after many years of brutal treatment by the Spanish, French and British colonists. They elect their own chief. In July of 2003, Caribs Observed 100 Years of Territory. In July of 2004, Charles Williams was elected as Carib Chief. [1] It is said that they are the only remaining native Carib people. However, some of them are married with the local population.


There are several hundred ethnic Caribs in Trinidad, as well as a Carib population in St.Vincent-the size of which is not known. Some ethnic Carib communities remain on the South American mainland, in countries such as Venezuela, Colombia, Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname. The sizes of these communities differ. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


Religion

The Caribs are believed to have been polytheists. Polytheism is belief in, or worship of, multiple gods or divinities. ...


Patriarchy

Early Carib culture, as seen from a distance, appears especially patriarchal. Women carried out primarily domestic duties and farming, and in the 17th century lived in separate houses (a custom which also suggests South American origin) from men. For other uses, see Patriarchy (disambiguation). ...


However, women were highly revered and held substantial socio-political power. Island Carib society was reputedly more socially egalitarian than Taíno society. Although there were village chiefs and war leaders, there were no large states or multi-tiered aristocracy. The local self-government unit may have been the longhouse dwellings populated by men or women, typically run by one or more chieftains reporting to an island councilyup . Egalitarianism is the moral doctrine that equality ought to prevail among some group along some dimension. ... For other uses, see Democracy (disambiguation) and Democratic Party. ... In archaeology and anthropology, a long house or longhouse is a type of long, narrow single room building built by peoples in various parts of the world including Asia, Europe and North America. ... This article is about the leader. ... Survivor can mean different things in different contexts. ...


Cannibalism

The English word cannibal originated from the Carib word karibna ('person') – as recorded by Columbus as a name for the Caribs.


Instances of cannibalism are said to have been noted as a feature of war rituals, the limbs of victims may have been taken home as trophies. While the Kalinago would chew and spit out one mouthful of flesh of a very brave warrior, so that his bravery would go to him, there is no evidence that they ate humans to satisfy hunger. Cannibal redirects here. ...


The Kalinago also had a tradition of keeping the bones of their ancestors in their houses which had been initially taken as evidence that they ate human flesh, that the bones were supposedly the leftovers of Cannibal feasts. Yet no Cannibal feasts were ever witnessed.


Missionaries such as Pere Jean Baptiste Labat and Cesar de Rochefort described the Kalinago practice of preserving the bones of their ancestors in their houses in the belief that the ancestral spirits would look after the bones and protect their descendants. Today a similar practice to this is still practiced in Tribes of the Amazon.


Even after Columbus was presented with evidence that the cannibalism of the indigenous people was a myth, the myth was perpetuated because in 1503, Queen Isabella ruled that only people who are 'better off under slavery (including cannibals)' could legally be taken as slaves, this provided Spaniards an incentive and legalistic pretext for identifying various Amerindian groups as cannibals in order to enslave them and take their lands away from them - something which they and other privileged Europeans did for hundreds of years until various abolition and revolutionary movements gained ground. Year 1503 (MDIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Isabella I of Castile (April 22, 1451 – November 26, 1504) was Queen regnant of Castile and Leon. ... This article is about the abolition of slavery. ... Anti-imperialism, strictly speaking, is a term that may be applied to or movement opposed to some form of imperialism. ...


Controversy

To this day the Kalinago people fight against what they regard as a misconception about their ancestors. The film Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest was recently criticised by the National Garifuna Council for portraying the Carib people as cannibals.


See also

The Carib Expulsion took place in 1660. ... The Santa Rosa Carib Community is the major organisation of indigenous people in Trinidad and Tobago. ...

References

  • Allaire, Louis (1997). "The Caribs of the Lesser Antilles". In Samuel M. Wilson, The Indigenous People of the Caribbean, pp. 180–185. Gainesville, Florida: University of Florida. ISBN 0-8130-1531-6.
  1. ^ The Carib Indians
  • Steele, Beverley A. (2003). "Grenada, A history of its people". Macmillan Education, pp11-47
  • Honeychurch, Lennox, The Dominica Story, MacMillan Education 1995.
  • Davis, D and Goodwin R.C. "Island Carib Origins: Evidence and non-evidence" American Antiquity vol.55 no.1(1990).
  • Eaden, John, "The Memoirs of Père Labat", 1693-1705, Frank Cass 1970.
  • Ethnologue report on Carib [1]

  Results from FactBites:
 
Bruce Bowker's Carib Inn, Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles - Scuba Diving and Accommodations - Home Page (520 words)
Bruce Bowker's Carib Inn is a resort dedicated to the needs and requirements of travelers who want a diving vacation.
The Carib Inn also has the highest return guest percentage on Bonaire and one of the best in the Caribbean with some month's being 100%.
Bruce and Liz Bowker are the owners with Bruce being the resident manager of the Carib Inn.
Carib Indians on Dominica (1717 words)
For another 130 years the Caribs were left to themselves, shadowy figures hardly seen by the growing Creole society of African slaves, free men and European officials and landowners.
Carib handicrafts are unique because the designs have been handed down from one generation to the next since long before the time Columbus.
Carib work is produced from the outer skin of the larouma reed and therefore has a firmer texture.
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