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Encyclopedia > Cargill
Cargill, Inc.
Type Private
Founded 1865
Headquarters Wayzata, Minnesota, USA
Key people Gregory R. Page (CEO)
Industry Agriculture
Products Crop & Livestock, Food, Health & Pharmaceutical, Industrial and Financial & Risk Management, Electricity and Gas
Revenue $88.3 billion USD
Employees 158,000
Website http://www.cargill.com/

Cargill, Incorporated is a privately held, multinational corporation, and is based in the state of Minnesota in the United States. It was founded in 1865, and has grown into the country's second largest privately held corporation (in terms of revenue).[1] Were it a publicly held company, it would rank in the top 20 companies in the Fortune 500. Cargill's business activities include purchasing, processing, and distributing grain and other agricultural commodities, and the manufacture and sale of livestock feed and ingredients for processed foods and pharmaceuticals. It also operates a large financial services arm, which manages financial risks in the commodity markets for the company. In 2003 it split out a portion of its financial operations into a hedge fund called Black River Asset Management, with about $10 billion of assets and liabilities[1]. It owns 2/3 of the shares of The Mosaic Company, one of the world's leading producers and marketers of concentrated phosphate and potash crop nutrients. Cargill also owns a Canadian division, Cargill Ltd.. Cargill logo, deeming fair use This work is copyrighted. ... A private company is a company that is independently owned. ... Year 1865 (MDCCLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Location in Hennepin County Coordinates: , Country State County Hennepin County Founded 1850s Incorporated 1883 Government  - Mayor Andrew Humphrey Area  - City 3. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Gregory R. Page (born 1952 in Bottineau, North Dakota) is the president and COO of Cargill, Inc. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Agriculture is a major industry in the United States and the country is a net exporter of food. ... For the tax agency in Ireland of the same name, see Revenue Commissioners. ... USD redirects here. ... This article is about work. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... A private company is a company that is not a public company. ... multinational corporation (or transnational corporation) (MNC/TNC) is a corporation or enterprise that manages production establishments or delivers services in at least two countries. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Year 1865 (MDCCLXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Corporation (disambiguation). ... Literally a public company is a company owned by the public. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... Grain redirects here. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... Fodder growing from barley In agriculture, fodder or animal feed is any foodstuff that is used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, including cattle, goats, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs. ... Food preservation is the process of treating and handling food in such a way as to stop or greatly slow down spoilage to prevent foodborne illness while maintaining nutritional value, texture and flavor. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ... Financial services is a term used to refer to the services provided by the finance industry. ... A hedge fund is a private investment fund charging a performance fee and typically open to only a limited range of qualified investors. ... The Mosaic Company (NYSE: MOS) is a Fortune 500 company based in Plymouth, Minnesota. ... Cargill Limited is one of Canadas largest international agricultural companies. ...

Despite its size, the corporation is still a family owned business; descendants of the founders (from the Cargill and MacMillan families) own about 85% of the company. This means that most of its growth has been due to reinvestment of the company's own earnings, rather than public financing. For other uses, see Family Business (disambiguation). ...

Greg Page is the chief executive officer of Cargill who succeeded Warren Staley in mid 2007. Gregory R. Page (born 1952 in Bottineau, North Dakota) is the president and COO of Cargill, Inc. ... Chief Executive redirects here. ... Warren Staley is the CEO of Cargill, Inc. ...



Cargill was founded in 1865 by W.W. Cargill when he bought a grain flat house in Conover, Iowa. A year later W.W. was joined by his brother Sam forming W. W. Cargill and Brother. They build grain flat houses and open a lumberyard. In 1875 W.W. moves the La Crosse, WI and brother James joins the family business. The city of La Crosse was strategically located at the junction of Milwaukee Road and the Southern Minnesota Division. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

Cargill's quarterly profits crossed $1 billion for the first time during the quarter ending on February 29, 2008 ($1.03 billion); the 86% rise was credited to global food shortages and the expanding biofuels industry that in turn caused a rise in demand for Cargill's core areas of agricultural commodities and technology.[2] Bio-energy redirects here. ...

Business Strategy

Cargill's long-term business strategy is to shift its business from trading and processing large volumes of agricultural commodities, to higher margin activities. One of them is the research and development of advanced processing techniques, particularly at its plant in Eddyville, Iowa. For example, in a joint venture with Hoffman-LaRoche, it has developed a process for converting a waste by-product of soybean oil refining into vitamin E. It also produces fuel-grade ethanol, citric acid, and phytosterol esters from grain. The company intends to work as consultants for its customers to create new ingredients and new food processing methods. Eddyville may refer to: Eddyville, Nebraska Eddyville, Kentucky Eddyville, Iowa Eddyville, Illinois This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Hoffmann-La Roche, Ltd. ... Tocopherol, or Vitamin E, is a fat-soluble vitamin in eight forms that is an important antioxidant. ... Grain alcohol redirects here. ... Citric acid is a weak organic acid found in citrus fruits. ... Sterol ester is a heterogenous group of chemical compounds known to reduce the level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol in blood when ingested. ...

Political and Economic views

Agribusiness · Agriculture

Agricultural science · Agronomy
Animal husbandry
Extensive farming
Factory farming · Free range
Industrial agriculture
Intensive farming
Organic farming · Permaculture
Sustainable agriculture
Urban agriculture
Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 644 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 838 pixel, file size: 187 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... In agriculture, agribusiness is a generic term that refers to the various businesses involved in the food production chain, including farming, seed, agrichemicals, farm machinery, wholesaling, processing, distribution, and retail sales. ... Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic, and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. ... Agronomy is the science of utilizing plants for food, fuel, feed, and fiber. ... Shepherd with his sheep in Făgăraş Mountains, Romania. ... The small pig farm in Swiss mountains. ... The factual accuracy of part of this article is disputed. ... Free range is a method of farming husbandry where the animals are permitted to roam freely instead of being contained in small sheds. ... These female brood sows are confined most of their lives in gestation crates too small to enable them to turn around. ... Intensive farming or intensive agriculture is an agricultural production system characterized by the high inputs of capital or labour relative to land area. ... Organic farming is a form of agriculture which excludes the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, plant growth regulators, livestock feed additives, and genetically modified organisms. ... Permaculture Mandala summarising the ethics and principles of permaculture design. ... It has been suggested that Small-scale agriculture be merged into this article or section. ... Urban (or peri-urban) agriculture is the practice of agriculture (including crops, livestock, fisheries, and forestry activities) within or surrounding the boundaries of cities. ...

History of agriculture

Neolithic Revolution
Muslim Agricultural Revolution
British Agricultural Revolution
Green Revolution
This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Neolithic Revolution is the term for the first agricultural revolution, describing the transition from nomadic hunting and gathering communities and bands, to agriculture and settlement, as first adopted by various independent prehistoric human societies, in numerous locations on most continents between 10-12 thousand years ago. ... The Islamic Golden Age from the 8th century to the 13th century witnessed a fundamental transformation in agriculture known as the Muslim Agricultural Revolution,[1] Arab Agricultural Revolution,[2] or Green Revolution. ... The British Agricultural Revolution describes a period of agricultural development in Britain between the 16th century and the mid-19th century, which saw a massive increase in agricultural productivity and net output. ... The Green Revolution was the worldwide transformation of agriculture that led to significant increases in agricultural production between the 1940s and 1960s. ...

Aquaculture · Christmas trees · Dairy farming

Grazing · Hydroponics · IMTA
Intensive pig farming · Lumber
Maize · Orchard
Poultry farming · Ranching · Rice
Sheep husbandry · Soybean
System of Rice Intensification
Workers harvest catfish from the Delta Pride Catfish farms in Mississippi Aquaculture is the cultivation of aquatic organisms. ... A Christmas tree farmer in the U.S. state of Florida explains the pruning and shearing process of cultivation to a government employee. ... Dairy farm redirects here. ... Grazing To feed on growing herbage, attached algae, or phytoplankton. ... Plants grown in a hydroponics grow box made to look like a computer NASA researcher checking hydroponic onions with Bibb lettuce to his left and radishes to the right Example of autotrophic metabolism Hydroponics is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions instead of soil. ... Harvesting of kelp (Saccharina latissima, previously known as Laminaria saccharina) cultivated in proximity to Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) at Charlie Cove, Bay of Fundy, Canada. ... Intensively farmed pigs in batch pens Intensive piggeries (or hog lots) are a type of factory farm specialized for the raising of domestic pigs up to slaughter weight. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill roni Lumber or timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use — from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use — as structural material for... This article is about the maize plant. ... A community apple orchard originally planted for productive use during the 1920s, in Westcliff on Sea (Essex, England) An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production. ... Poultry farming is the practice of raising poultry, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks geese, as a subcategory of animal husbandry, for the purpose of farming meat or eggs for food. ... This article is about a type of land use and method of raising livestock. ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Australian Sheep Sheep husbandry is the raising and breeding of domestic sheep, and a subcategory of animal husbandry. ... Soy redirects here. ... The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is a method of increasing the yield of rice produced in farming. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ...

Agriculture by country

Agriculture companies
Agriculture companies, U.S.
Farming history
Meat processing
Poultry farming

Agropedia Portal

Cargill is an active proponent of free trade policies. It lobbied for China's membership in WTO, as well as for increased trade with Cuba and Brazil. Cargill's position is based on its strong support of neo-liberal economic principles. First, lesser trade barriers in countries where Cargill does business will lower prices on Cargill's products, and likely increase their volume of business. Second, the decreases in the cost of food in developing countries theoretically result indirectly in higher income per capita but lower income for local farmers. Cargill benefits from increases in consumer income, because better-paid consumers become inclined to eat a diet higher in wheat, protein, vegetable oil, and processed foods. This improves opportunities for Cargill to sell its products. Cargill's economists have reasoned that this is true of the lower income countries in particular. As a developing country grows from $1,000 to $6,000 in mean income per capita, Cargill expects the greatest profit growth from its businesses in that country. Image File history File links Portal. ... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ... For other uses of the initials WTO, see WTO (disambiguation). ... The term neoliberalism is used to describe a political-economic philosophy that had major implications for government policies beginning in the 1970s – and increasingly prominent since 1980 – that de-emphasizes or rejects positive government intervention in the economy, focusing instead on achieving progress and even social justice by encouraging free...

Cargill has maintained a 100% rating on the Corporate Equality Index (CEI) released by the Human Rights Campaign since 2003. The Corporate Equality Index is a report published by the Human Rights Campaign Foundation as a tool to rate American businesses on their treatment of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender employees, consumers and investors. ... HRC logo The Human Rights Campaign (HRC) is one of the largest lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) equal rights organization in the United States. ...

Counties in Which Cargill Operates


Côte dIvoire (often called Ivory Coast in English; see below about the name) is a country in West Africa. ...

Latin America


Motto: none Anthem: Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital Moscow Largest city Moscow Official language(s) Russian Government Semi-presidential Federal republic  - President of Russia Vladimir Putin  - Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Independence From the Soviet Union   - Declared June 12, 1991   - Finalized December 25, 1991  Area    - Total 17,075,400 km...

Middle East

North America

Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...


Deaths and Injuries

Mercury Poisoning in Iraq

In 1970, Cargill sold 63,000 tons of seed grain to Basra, Iraq. Although banned in many Western countries - Cargill agreed to treat the seed grain with Methylmercury. The shipment was sprayed red to mark its danger and indicate that it was not intended was human or animal consumption but only for use in agriculture. Once it arrived in Iraq in early October however, the surplus seed was given away by the government, and a number of recipients used it as food, since the only printed warnings about the poison were written in English and Spanish, as warnings to American dock workers. This led to the deaths of 93 people.[3] Location of Basra Basra (also known as Başrah or Basara; historically sometimes called Busra, Busrah, and early on Bassorah; Arabic: البصرة, Al-Basrah) is the second largest city of Iraq with an estimated population of about 1,377,000 in 2003. ... Methylmercury (sometimes methyl mercury), an organometallic cation with the formula [CH3Hg]+. It is a bioaccumulative environmental toxin. ...

2007 Beef Recall

In October 2007 Cargill announced the recall of nearly 850 000 frozen beef patties produced at its packing plant in Butler, Wisconsin. The patties, processed between the 9th and 17th of August 2007, were suspected of being contaminated with E. coli. [4] The beef was sold mainly and Walmart Sam's Club stores. Consumption of the contaminated meat has been linked to the death of Jaycee Burgin, a 20 month-old child of Tennessee. Two other children, John and Michiala McDonald aged four and 18 months respectively also fell ill e.coli related illnesses after eating the meat.[5] A lawsuit is being pursued by Pritzker | Ruohonen on behalf of affected persons. Butler is the name of some places in the U.S. state of Wisconsin: Butler, Clark County, Wisconsin Butler, Waukesha County, Wisconsin This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... See also Entamoeba coli. ... Sams Club is a membership-only warehouse club owned and operated by Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ...

Human Rights Abuses against Malian Children

In July 2005, the International Labor Rights Fund filed suit against Cargill, Nestle and Archer Daniels Midland in Federal District Court in Los Angeles on behalf of a class of Malian children who were trafficked from Mali into the Ivory Coast and forced to work twelve to fourteen hours a day with no pay, little food and sleep, and frequent beatings. The three children acting as class representative plaintiffs are proceeding anonymously, as John Does, because of feared retaliation by the farm owners where they worked. The complaint alleges their involvement in the trafficking, torture, and forced labor of children who cultivate and harvest cocoa beans which the companies import from Africa. [6] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nestlé S.A. or Société des Produits Nestlé S.A. (SWX:NESN), headquartered in Vevey, Switzerland, is the worlds biggest food and beverage company. ... The Archer Daniels Midland Company (NYSE: ADM), based in Decatur, Illinois, operates more than 270 plants worldwide, where cereal grains and oilseeds are processed into numerous products used in food, beverage, nutraceutical, industrial and animal feed markets worldwide. ... Côte dIvoire (often called Ivory Coast in English; see below about the name) is a country in West Africa. ... Unfree labour is a generic or collective term for forms of work, especially in modern or early modern history, in which adults and/or children are employed without wages, or for a minimal wage. ...

Uzbek Cotton

Cargill operates in Uzbekistan despite admissions made by two of its representatives on separate occasions that the company is concerned about the possible use of child labor in the production of its crops. Their concerns have been public since 2005 however they have not yet taken action to investigate or correct any possible labor violations existent in their Uzbek operations. [7]

The Environmental Justice Foundation named Cargill as a major buyer of Uzbek cotton, which is produced widely using uncompensated workers and is implicated in human rights abuses.[8] Cargill claims to have no knowledge of misconduct in either case.

Environmental Damage

Broken Wastewater Pipeline in Australia

June 2007 the Australian operation of Cargill was fined $37,500 (AUD) by the New South Wales Land and Environment Court after a waste water pipeline ruptured in January 2006 which flowed into a stormwater system and into the Bomen wetland[9]. ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island Inflation 1. ...

Filling of San Fransisco Bay Wetlands

In 2008, an issue has arisen concerning proposed filling of a large marsh and wetland along San Francisco Bay, which had been used by Cargill in its salt operations. It has been reported that Cargill Inc. is planning to build a massive development on more than 1,400 acres of Bayfront salt ponds in Redwood City. Groups opposing the proposed development are planning action against Cargill on developing on the site.[10] They allege that the wetland should be aggregated into a national wildlife refuge, and not filled.[11][12]

Cargill's supposed policy of only dealing with ethical companies has also been called into question recently after its biggest UK Customer of Oils and Fats, KTC, was discovered to have had 34 illegal immigrants working for them and living in appaling conditions.[13]

In the U.S., anti-GMO activists object to Cargill's marketing of genetically modified (GMO) seeds.[citation needed]

Cargill has been criticized for using contract labor rather than maintaining regular employees. Cargill outsourced a small portion of their information technology operations to Electronic Data Systems or EDS in 2007.[citation needed] Electronic Data Systems (EDS) (NYSE: EDS, LSE: EDC) is a global business and technology services company that defined the outsourcing business when it was established in 1962 by Ross Perot. ...

Controversy around Santarém port and Amazon deforestation

In 2003, Cargill completed a port for processing soya in Santarém in the Amazon region of Brazil. The port dramatically increased soya production in the area due to the proximity of easy transport and processing facilities. Although Cargill complied with state legislation, they failed to comply with a federal law requiring an Environmental Impact Statement. In late 2003 Greenpeace launched a campaign claiming the new port sped up deforestation of local rain forest as farmers have cleared land to make way for crops.[2] Soy redirects here. ... Santarém is a city in the state of Pará in Brazil. ... A river in the Amazon rainforest The Amazon is a rainforest in South America. ... According to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) whenever the U.S. Federal Government takes a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment it must first consider the environmental impact in a document called an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). ... Greenpeace protest against Esso / Exxon Mobil. ... A rainforest is a forested biome with high annual rainfall. ...

In February 2006, the federal courts in Brazil gave Cargill six months to complete an environmental assessment (EA), different from an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). This ruling came as part of a broader popular backlash against the port; while it was initially supported by locals who hoped for jobs, opinion has turned against it as the jobs have not appeared. In July 2006, federal prosecutor Felicia Pontes Jr. suggested they were close to shutting down the port.[3]

Cargill responded to criticisms of the port by focusing on the need for economic development for the local province, one of the poorest in Brazil. They claimed that "extreme measures" such as closing the port are not necessary because "Soy occupies less than 0.6 percent of the land in the Amazon biome today." They also pointed to their partnership with The Nature Conservancy to encourage farmers around Santarém to comply with Brazilian law that requires 80% of forest to be left intact in forest areas.[4] This article is about the US organization called The Nature Conservancy. ...

In April 2006, Greenpeace released another report criticising Cargill's report for its alleged role in deforestation of the Amazon. The report traced animal feed made from Amazonian soya to European food retailers who bought chicken and other meat raised on the feed. Greenpeace took its campaign to these major food retailers and quickly won agreement from McDonalds along with UK-retailers Asda, Waitrose and Marks & Spencer to stop buying meat raised on Amazonian soya. These retailers in turn put pressure on Cargill and Archer Daniels Midland, Bunge, André Maggi Group and Dreyfus to prove their soya was not grown on recently deforested land in the Amazon. McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants [1]. Although McDonalds did not invent the hamburger or fast food, its name has become nearly synonymous with both. ... This article is about the supermarket chain. ... Waitrose is the supermarket division of the John Lewis Partnership, with 187 branches as of November 2007. ... Marks & Spencer (also M&S, Marks and Sparks and Marks) is a British retailer, with 760 stores in more than 30 countries around the world. ... The Archer Daniels Midland Company (NYSE: ADM), based in Decatur, Illinois, operates more than 270 plants worldwide, where cereal grains and oilseeds are processed into numerous products used in food, beverage, nutraceutical, industrial and animal feed markets worldwide. ... The word/term bunge can have several meanings: The Bunge is the local name of Tanzanias unicameral National Assembly. ... The Dreyfus Corporation, a Mellon Financial Corporation subsidiary. ...

In July 2006, the Star Tribune newspaper of Minneapolis reported that Cargill had joined other soy businesses in Brazil in enacting a two-year moratorium on the purchase of soybeans from newly deforested land [5]. The Star Tribune is the largest newspaper in Minnesota and is published seven days each week in an edition for the Minneapolis-St. ...

Damage to Santarem archaeological site

In addition to the criticisms of Cargill lanced in the public lawsuits by the Promotor Publico on behalf of the Ministerio Publico Federal of Brazil, it was stated that Cargill also violated Brazilian law about the preservation of archaeological sites. The city of Santarem and its Port is one of the larger archaeological sites in Brazil, apparently the center of an expansive late prehistoric culture named after the city. According to the suits, the company did not comply with Brazilian law about the necessity of obtaining an archaeological impact statement and any subsequent necessary protection or salvage of archaeological deposits when it excavated a large area of the Santarem Port site to place some of its soy storage building near the shore.[citation needed] Santarém is a city in the state of Pará in Brazil. ...

Cargill has denied that there was any archaeological deposit where it excavated for the foundation of its building but archaeologists working at Santarem under Brazilian government authorizations have reported and photographed archaeological deposits at that site in various years.[citation needed]

The company is also facing its first-ever markets campaign, as the activist group Rainforest Action Network is pressuring Cargill to stop expanding into tropical ecosystems to grow soy and palm oil.[14]

Miscellaneous Facts about Cargill

  • As of 2007, it is the second largest privately owned company in the USA[6] (Koch Industries is first).
  • In fiscal year 2007, Cargill declared revenues of $88.3 billion USD, and earnings of $2.34 billion USD.[7]
  • It is responsible for 25 percent of all United States grain exports.
  • It supplies approximately 22 percent of the United States domestic meat market.
  • It employs over 158,000 employees at 1,100 locations in 66 countries.[8]
  • The company exports more product from Argentina than any other company.
  • It is the largest poultry producer in Thailand.
  • All of the eggs used in McDonald's restaurants in the United States pass through Cargill's plants.
  • Holds an annual track meet at the University of Manitoba.
  • It is the only producer of Alberger process salt in the U.S.A., which is highly prized in the fast and prepared food industries. It operates a unique (and antique) plant in St. Clair in the Thumb of Michigan.

Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Koch Industries, Inc. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Ducks amongst other poultry The Poultry-dealer, after Cesare Vecellio Poultry is the category of domesticated birds kept for meat, eggs, and feathers. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... The University of Manitoba is the largest university of the province of Manitoba, most comprehensive and only research-intensive post-secondary educational institution. ... The Alberger process is a method of producing salt. ... St. ... Map of Lower Peninsula with showing the definition of The Thumb. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...



  1. ^ Forbes.com - The Largest Private Companies
  2. ^ Matt McKinney, At $471,611 an hour, Cargill posts fine quarter, Star Tribune, April 15, 2008.
  3. ^ Broehl, Wayne G., Jr. (1998) Cargill: Going Global. University Press of New. England, Hanover, NH. Pages 167-171,
  4. ^ http://www.fsis.usda.gov/News/Recall_042_2007_Release/index.asp
  5. ^ http://www.knoxnews.com/news/2007/nov/11/if-tainted-no-morsel-is-safe/
  6. ^ http://www.organicconsumers.org/fair-trade/cocoa072005.cfm
  7. ^ http://www.ethicalcorp.com/content.asp?ContentID=5409
  8. ^ "The Curse of Cotton: Central Asia's Destructive Monoculture," International Crisis Group, February 28, 2005, p. 39. http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=3294 see also page 2.
  9. ^ Meat processor fined after polluting wetland. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved on 2008-03-24.
  10. ^ Bay Area News items.
  11. ^ Save The Bay webpage devoted to the issue.
  12. ^ See also,Save The Bay's Flickr Photoset.
  13. ^ http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/liverpool-news/local-news/2008/03/20/34-illegal-workers-found-in-raid-on-docks-firm-100252-20650058/
  14. ^ Rainforest Action Network

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

The Alberger process is a method of producing salt. ...

External links

Food Portal
Image File history File links Portal. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... List of Minnesota companies includes notable companies that are, or once were, headquartered in Minnesota. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... UnitedHealth Group Incorporated NYSE: UNH is a managed health care company. ... This article is about the United States retail company. ... For the defunct chain of catalog showrooms, see Best Products. ... 3M Company (NYSE: MMM), formerly Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company until 2002, is an American corporation with a worldwide presence. ... Supervalu Inc. ... It has been suggested that Firstar Corporation be merged into this article or section. ... Cenex, originally Farmers Union Central Exchange, is a brand name of Cenex Harvest States Cooperatives, a United States cooperative. ... Northwest Airlines, Inc. ... General Mills (NYSE: GIS) is a Fortune 500 corporation, mainly concerned with food products, which is headquartered in Golden Valley, Minnesota, a suburb of Minneapolis. ... Medtronic, Inc. ... Xcel Energy, Inc. ... Ameriprise Financial, Inc. ... This article is about the growers cooperative; for the Florida town, see Land O Lakes, Florida, for the Wisconsin town, see Land OLakes, Wisconsin. ... C.H. Robinson Worldwide, Inc. ... The entrance sign in Appleton shows the corporate logo Corporate Center in Minneapolis Operations Center in Appleton Appleton entrance Thrivent Financial for Lutherans (first word pronounced THRIVE-int IPA pronunciation: ) is a Fortune 500 financial services organization with dual corporate headquarters based in Minneapolis, Minnesota and Appleton, Wisconsin. ... For other uses, see Hormel (disambiguation). ... The Mosaic Company (NYSE: MOS) is a Fortune 500 company based in Plymouth, Minnesota. ... Ecolab is a $4. ... The Nash Finch Company is an Edina, Minnesota based Fortune 500 company. ... Fortune 1000 is a reference to a list maintained by the American business magazine Fortune. ... PepsiAmericas, Inc. ... Pentair is a company focused on water technologies and enclosures for electronic products. ... St. ... Alliant Techsystems NYSE: ATK is a major US aerospace and defense contractor with sales of approximately USD $3. ... Patterson Dental Company (NASDAQ: PDCO), founded in 1878 and based in Saint Paul, Minnesota, is the historical name of the S&P 500 member now known as Patterson Companies, Inc. ... The Minnesota Life Insurance Company was founded in St. ... Regis Corporation is the largest hair salon chain in the world, with over 11,000 salons (including both company-owned and franchises), it is ranked 778 on the Fortune 1000. ... Polaris Industries manufactures a full line of all-terrain vehicles (ATV), snowmobiles, Ranger utility vehicles in 2wd, 4wd or 6wd, Victory Motorcycles and EU rated quadcycles. ... The Toro Company (NYSE: TTC) is an American manufacturer of lawnmowers and other lawn care tools, founded in 1919. ... Fastenal is a company founded in 1967, based in Winona, Minnesota by Bob Kierlin. ... HB Fuller Company (HB Fuller) NYSE: FUL (incorporated 1887) HB Fuller is the second largest producer of adhesives worldwide. ... Ceridian Corporation NYSE: CEN is an information services company in the human resources, transportation and retail markets. ... Carlson Companies is a privately-held international company in the marketing, service, travel, and hospitality industries. ... Dairy Queen, abbreviated to DQ, is a global chain of ice-cream and fast-food restaurants. ... Musicland is an entertainment company which runs Sam Goody and Suncoast Motion Picture Company and ran the former Media Play Superstore Chain. ... The Schwan Food Company is a multibillion-dollar privately owned company with 22,000 employees worldwide. ...

  Results from FactBites:
The Clan Cargill / Cargile Association (3498 words)
Cargill is one of the earliest surnames of Scotland, according to Black.
The Cargile surname is a derivation of the Cargill's.
Donald Cargill was an eminent preacher of the Church of Scotland in the reign of Charles II.
Cargill Fertilizer - Public Involvement (9457 words)
Cargill's compliance with all of the plans and regulations ensures safe transport, storage and usage of ammonia, which in turn ensures the health and safety of both Cargill employees and the public.
Cargill proposes to use Panamax vessels, which are 750' long and 105' wide, to use the port, which will require an increase in the turning radius of the basin from 700' to 1150'.
Cargill is required by law to perform mitigation as part of their proposed permit.
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