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Encyclopedia > Cardiovascular diseases

Some steps an individual can take to reduce the risk of cardivascular disease include:

  • Not smoking
  • Maintaining a healthy body mass index
  • Maintaining a diet conducive to cardovascular health, for example the polymeal
  • Getting regular cardiovascular exercise

Diet

a low energy diet


Exercise

aerobic exercise, which will increase the strength of the heart


Treatment

Treatment of cardiovascular disease depends on the specific form of the disease in each patient, but effective treatment always includes lifestyle changes consistent with prevention. Medications, such as blood_pressure_reducing medications, aspirin, and other treatments, may be involved. In some circumstances, surgery may be warranted to repair or replace damaged blood vessels or heart tissue.


Research

The causes, prevention, and treatment of all forms of cardiovascular disease are active fields of biomedical research.




  Results from FactBites:
 
Cardiovascular disease - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (820 words)
Cardiovascular disease refers to the class of diseases that involve the heart and/or blood vessels (arteries and veins).
In practice, cardiovascular disease is treated by cardiologists, thoracic surgeons, vascular surgeons, neurologists, and interventional radiologists, depending on the organ system that is being treated.
The causes, prevention, and/or treatment of all forms of cardiovascular disease are active fields of biomedical research, with hundreds of scientific studies being published on a weekly basis.
Cardiovascular Disease - Print Version : Online Reference For Health Concerns (18145 words)
Cardiovascular disease is rarely caused by a single frailty.
In addition to causing cardiovascular disease by increasing the incidence of blood clots, hyperhomocysteinemia triggers atherosclerosis by encouraging smooth muscle cell proliferation, intimal-medial wall thickness, thromboxane A2 activity, lipid abnormalities, and the binding of Lp(a) to fibrin (Magott 1998; Sandrick 2000).
Although the incidence of hypertension, thrombotic stroke, peripheral vascular disease (gangrene), blood vessel toxicity, and the risk of heart attack escalate as homocysteine levels increase, homocysteine levels are not routinely evaluated in a cardiovascular work-up.
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