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Encyclopedia > Cardiothoracic surgery
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In medicine, the field of (cardio)thoracic surgery or cardiovascular surgery is involved in the surgical treatment of diseases affecting organs inside the thorax, i.e. "the chest." In general it will mean conditions of the heart (cardiovascular disease) and lungs (lung disease). Medicine on the Web NLM (National Library of Medicine, contains resources for patients and healthcare professionals) Virtual Hospital (digital health sciences library by the University of Iowa) Online Medical Dictionary Collection of links to free medical resources Categories: Medicine | Health ... A typical modern surgery operation For other meanings of the word, see Surgery (disambiguation) Surgery (from the Greek cheirourgia - lit. ... A disease is any abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person affected or those in contact with the person. ... Diagram of a tsetse fly, showing the head, thorax and abdomen The thorax is a division of an animals body that lies between the head and the abdomen. ... The heart and lungs (from an older edition of Grays Anatomy) The heart (Latin cor) is a hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood through the blood vessels by repeated, rhythmic contractions. ... Cardiovascular diseases (or disorders) refers to the class of diseases that involve the heart and/or blood vessels (arteries and veins). ... The lungs flank the heart and great vessels in the chest cavity. ... In medicine, pulmonology (aka pneumology) is the specialty that deals with diseases of the lungs and the respiratory tract. ...


A thoracic surgeon will be involved in Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG), Heart valve, lungvolume reduction, heart- and lungtransplantation, dysrhythmia and thoracic aortic dissection-operations. A coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or heart bypass is a surgical procedure performed in patients with coronary artery disease (see atherosclerosis) for the relief of angina and possible improved heart muscle function. ... In anatomy, the heart valves are valves in the heart that prevent blood from flowing the wrong way. ... Aortic dissection is a tear of the aorta (the largest artery of the body). ...

Contents


History

Animal experimentation by various pioneers, including Demikhov and Metras, in 1940s and 1950s demonstrated that the procedure is feasible technically. Hardy performed the first human lung transplantation in 1963. Following a left lung transplantation, the patient survived for 18 days. From 1963-1978, multiple attempts at lung transplantation failed because of rejection and problems with anastomotic bronchial healing. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Hardy is the name of some places in the United States of America: Hardy, Arkansas Hardy, Kentucky Hardy, Virginia Hardy is also the name of the following people: French singer and actress Françoise Hardy (born 1944) Comedian Oliver Hardy (1892-1957) Mathematician G. H. Hardy (1877-1947) Novelist and... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Transplant rejection is a process by which the immune system of the recipient of a transplant attacks the transplanted organ or tissue. ...


The first successfull human-to-human heart transplantation was performed in South Africa by Dr. Barnard on December 3, 1967. Since 1905 the procedure was investigated by transplanting a puppy's heart into the neck of a dog. This intervention is generally reserved for patients with end-stage congestive heart failure (CHF) with a prognosis of less than a year to live without the transplant and who are not candidates for conventional medical therapy or have not been helped by conventional medical therapy. Drawing of Barnard on a cover of TIME Christiaan Barnard (November 8, 1922–September 2, 2001) was a South African cardiac surgeon. ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Congestive heart failure (CHF) (also called congestive cardiac failure and heart failure) is the inability of the heart to pump a sufficient amount of blood throughout the body, or requiring elevated filling pressures in order to pump effectively. ...


Procedures

Cardiology is the branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart and blood vessels. ... Coronary artery bypass surgery Image showing a tube leading into the heart as well as the chest spreaders used to keep the chest cavity open. ... Congenital heart disease is heart disease in the newborn, and includes congenital heart defects, congenital arrythmias, and cardiomyopathies. ... In medicine, pulmonology (aka pneumology) is the specialty that deals with diseases of the lungs and the respiratory tract. ... A pneumonectomy (or pneumectomy) is an surgical procedure to remove a lung. ... The incidence of lung cancer is highly correlated with smoking. ... Bulla can refer to: The English anime name of Bra, a Dragon Ball GT character. ... Vascular is an adjective for the word vessel and refers to tube-like structures. ... An aortic aneurysm is a general term for any swelling (dilatation or aneurysm) of the aorta, usually representing an underlying weakness in the wall of the aorta at that location. ... Aortic dissection is a tear of the aorta (the largest artery of the body). ...

See also

  • Classification of aortic dissection

References

External links


Health science - Medicine
Anesthesiology - Dermatology - Emergency Medicine - General practice - Intensive care medicine - Internal medicine - Neurology - Obstetrics & Gynecology - Pediatrics - Podiatry - Public Health & Occupational Medicine - Psychiatry - Radiology - Surgery
Branches of Internal medicine
Cardiology - Endocrinology - Gastroenterology - Hematology - Infectious diseases - Nephrology - Oncology - Pulmonology - Rheumatology
Branches of Surgery
General surgery - Cardiothoracic surgery - Neurosurgery - Ophthalmology - Organ Transplantation - Orthopedic surgery - Otolaryngology (ENT) - Pediatric surgery - Plastic surgery - Podiatric surgery - Urology - Vascular surgery

  Results from FactBites:
 
da Vinci® Surgery - Cardiac Robotic Surgery & Heart Bypass Surgery (449 words)
While surgery is generally the most effective way to treat disorders of the heart, lungs and esophagus, traditional open surgery has a number of inherent drawbacks caused primarily by making a large incision, splitting of the breastbone and spreading the ribs to access the thoracic space.
Many cardiothoracic surgeons are recognizing the benefits of smaller incisions made between the ribs to perform coronary bypass or make repairs to the heart or esophagus under visualization using thoracoscopy – the insertion of a miniaturized video camera between the ribs.
cardiothoracic surgery are a reduced risk of infection, less blood loss and need for blood transfusions, shorter hospital stay, less pain and scarring, faster recovery and a quicker return to normal activities.
AATS: The Future of Cardiothoracic Surgery (794 words)
Adult cardiac surgery is being taken over by Cardiology, adult thoracic surgery is really not a sustaining specialty unto itself, and congenital heart surgery should only be centralized in a few small centers.
We were initially a small, highly focused, very professional group of surgeons exploring the boundaries of science, surgery, research, and ethics; we were mostly focused on lung cancer and congenital heart disease.
Cardiothoracic surgeons are leaders and they will assure a bright and enduring future for this specialty.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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