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Encyclopedia > Cardinal ligament
Cardinal ligament
Latin ligamentum cardinale
Dorlands/Elsevier l_09/13541169

The cardinal ligament (or lateral cervical ligament) is at the base of the broad ligament of the uterus (though it is not usually considered on of the three traditional divisions of that ligament.) Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Elseviers logo Elsevier, the worlds largest publisher of medical and scientific literature, forms part of the Reed Elsevier group. ... The broad ligament of the uterus refers to the wide fold of peritoneum that connects the sides of the uterus to the walls and floor of the pelvis. ...

See also

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus, usually done by a gynecologist. ... Pelvic splanchnic nerves are splanchnic nerves that arise from sacral spinal nerves S2, S3, S4 to provide parasympathetic innervation to the hindgut. ...

External links

  • Dictionary at eMedicine Cardinal+ligament
  • Image at dartmouth.edu
  • Description at dartmouth.edu
  • Kato T, Murakami G, Yabuki Y (2002). "Does the cardinal ligament of the uterus contain a nerve that should be preserved in radical hysterectomy?". Anat Sci Int 77 (3): 161-8. PMID 12422408.
  • Kato T, Murakami G, Yabuki Y (2003). "A new perspective on nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy: nerve topography and over-preservation of the cardinal ligament.". Jpn J Clin Oncol 33 (11): 589-91. PMID 14711985.

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant. eMedicine is an online clinical medical knowledge base that was founded in 1996. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...

Female reproductive system
Ovaries | Oogenesis (Ovarian follicle, Corpus luteum, Corpus albicans) | Epoophoron | Gartner's duct

Ligaments: Proper | Suspensory | Round | Broad (Mesovarium, Mesosalpinx, Mesometrium) | Cardinal It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into sex organ. ... Human female internal reproductive anatomy Ovaries are egg-producing reproductive organs found in female organisms. ... Oogenesis is the creation of an ovum (egg cell) in the ovarian follicle of the ovary. ... Ovarian follicles or Graafian follicles (after Regnier de Graaf) are the roughly spherical cell aggregations in the ovary containing an ovum and from which the egg is released during ovulation. ... The corpus luteum (Latin for yellow body) is a small, temporary endocrine structure in animals. ... The corpus luteum (Latin for yellow body) is a small, temporary endocrine structure in mammals that develops from an ovarian follicle after it has released a mature egg. ... The epoophoron , also called organ of Rosenmüller, is a remnant of the Wolffian duct that can be found next to the ovary and fallopian tube. ... Gartners duct is a potential embryological remnant in human female development of the mesonephric ducts. ... The suspensory ligament of the ovary (also infundibulopelvic ligament) is a fold of peritoneum that surrounds the ovarian artery and vein as they extend out from the ovary. ... 1. ... The broad ligament of the uterus refers to the wide fold of peritoneum that connects the sides of the uterus to the walls and floor of the pelvis. ... At first the mesonephros and genital ridge are suspended by a common mesentery, but as the embryo grows the genital ridge gradually becomes pinched off from the mesonephros, with which it is at first continuous, though it still remains connected to the remnant of this body by a fold of...

Fallopian tubes: Isthmus | Ampulla | Infundibulum | Fimbria Female internal reproductive anatomy The Fallopian tubes or oviducts are two very fine tubes leading from the ovaries of female mammals into the uterus. ... The ampulla is the second portion of the uterine tube. ... Uterus and uterine tubes In the female reproductive system, the fimbria is a fringe of tissue near the ovary leading to the Fallopian tube. ...

Uterus: cervix/neck (External orifice, Canal of the cervix, Internal orifice) | corpus/body (Cavity of the body, Fundus) | layers (Endometrium, Myometrium, Perimetrium) The uterus or womb is the major female reproductive organ of most mammals, including humans. ... Schematic frontal view of female anatomy The cervix (from Latin neck) is the lower, narrow portion of the uterus where it joins with the top end of the vagina. ... The external orifice of the uterus (or ostium of uterus, or external os) is a small, depressed, somewhat circular aperture on the rounded extremity of the vaginal portion of the cervix. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The internal orifice of the uterus (or internal orifice of the cervix uteri or internal os) is a interior narrowing of the uterine cavity. ... The Cavity of the Body in the uterus is a mere slit, flattened antero-posteriorly. ... The fundus of the uterus is the top portion opposite from the cervix. ... The endometrium is the inner uterine membrane in mammals which is developed in preparation for the implantation of a fertilized egg upon its arrival into the uterus. ... The myometrium is the middle layer of the uterine wall consisting of smooth muscle cells and supporting stromal and vascular tissue. ... Uterus and uterine tubes The perimetrium is the outer serosa layer of the uterus, covered in peritoneum. ...

Vulva | Mons pubis | Labium | Clitoris  (Clitoral hood , Clitoral glans, Frenulum clitoridis, Clitoral crura, Corpus cavernosa, Vestibular bulbs) | Bartholin's glands  | Cleft of venus | Labial commissures | Vagina  (Skene's glands , Fossa of vestibule of vagina)| Frenulum labiorum pudendi | Hymen | Vulval vestibule Labeled picture of external human female reproductive anatomy. ... The mons pubis of a human male, aged 20 years, is very prominent between the abdomen and the genitals. ... Anterior view of an adult woman with pubic hair removed, showing labia majora. ... A womans clitoris extends from the visible portion to a point below the pubic bone. ... In female human anatomy, the clitoral hood, (also called prepuce), is a fold of skin that surrounds and protects the clitoral glans. ... The Clitoral Glans is an external portion of the clitoris. ... The Frenulum clitoridis (also known as the Crus glandis clitoridis) is a frenulum that surrounds the clitoris. ... The clitoral crura are an internal portion of the clitoris. ... The Vestibular Bulbs, also known as the Clitoral Bulbs, are an internal part of the Clitoris next to the clitoral body, clitoral crura, urethra, urethral sponge, and vagina. ... The Bartholins glands (also called Bartholin glands or greater vestibular glands) are two glands located slightly below and to the left and right of the opening of the vagina in women. ... Female pelvis from the front with mons pubis and labia majora shaved to show the Cleft of Venus. ... Labial commissures are junctions of the labia of the vulva. ... The vagina, (from Latin, literally sheath or scabbard ) is the tubular tract leading from the uterus to the exterior of the body in female placental mammals and marsupials, or to the cloaca in female birds, monotremes, and some reptiles. ... In human anatomy, the Skenes glands (also known as the lesser vestibular or paraurethral glands) are glands located on the upper wall of the vagina, around the lower end of the urethra. ... Between the hymen and the frenulum of the labia is the fossa of vestibule of vagina (or fossa navicularis), while in the groove between the hymen and the labium minus, on either side, the small opening of the greater vestibular gland (Bartholin’s) can be seen. ... In female human anatomy, the frenulum labiorum pudendi (aka. ... Detail photo of the female vulva, showing a crescentic hymen. ... The Vulval vestibule (or Vulvar vestibule) is a part of the vulva between the labia minora that the urethra and the vagina open into. ...

Breast | Mammary glands | Nipple | Areola | Lactiferous duct A pregnant womans breasts. ... Cross section of the breast of a human female. ... Typical human female nipple and areola. ... Cross section of the breast of a human female. ... Lactiferous ducts are lobes of the mammary gland at the tip of the nipple. ...

G-spot | Urethral sponge ... Female internal reproductive anatomy The urethral sponge is a spongy cushion of tissue, found in the lower genital area of women, that sits against both the pubic bone and vaginal wall, and surrounds the urethra. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Knee ligament injuries - overstretching and sporting injury information (1412 words)
The medial collateral ligament is located on the inside of the knee and is taut when the leg is straightened.
It is a strong ligament but can be sprained or completely torn (ruptured) when the straightened leg is twisted at the same time as being knocked sidewards.
The lateral collateral ligament is on the outside of the knee.
Cranial Cruciate Ligament Rupture - Overview, Incidence & Causes - AnimalHealthChannel (465 words)
Cranial cruciate ligament rupture (CCL) is the tearing of an important ligament in the stifle joint (knee), resulting in partial or complete joint instability, pain, and lameness.
Four major ligaments (dense bands of fiber) support and stabilize the stifle joint by connecting the femur to the tibia and the joint capsule to the bones.
The medial and lateral collateral ligaments are located outside the joint and the caudal and cranial cruciate ligaments are located inside the joint.
  More results at FactBites »



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