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Encyclopedia > Cardiac surgeon

Cardiac Surgeon is a surgeon who performs operative procedure on the Heart and also on Great vessels of the body.Cardiac Surgeons can be specialised to Adult or Peadiatric.They can be further specialised into those performing minimally invasive procedures and Robotic Assisted procedures. Amongst all the specialities in Medicine,Cardiac Surgery is the most advanced surgical speciality.

Cardiac Surgeons need to be innovative since it is still a relatively young speciality. Cardiac surgeons are committed to continually studying and evaluating new methods of surgical treatment and improving surgical outcomes through clinical and laboratory research in such areas as protection of the brain and neurological systems during bypass operations.¹

Cardiac Surgery involves a gruelling training period.The Residency program can last for about 6 years in North America and similar period in Europe.


  • The History of Cardiothoracic Surgery From Early Times by Raymond Hurst 514 pp Price £58 ISBN 1-85070-681-6 New York; London: Parthenon, 1996.

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Neurological Surgery - Obstetrics and Gynecology - Ophthalmology - Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Orthopedic Surgery - Otolaryngology (ENT) - Pediatric Surgery - Plastic Surgery - Surgical Oncology - Cardiothoracic Surgery - Transplant Surgery - Trauma Surgery - Urology - Vascular Surgery Health science is the discipline of applied science which deals with human and animal health. ... Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, treatment and possible prevention of disease and injury. ... Intraoperative X-Ray of a Humerus fixated by Kirschner wires Surgery (from the Greek meaning hand work) is the medical specialty that treats diseases or injuries by operative manual and instrumental treatment. ... Audiology is the branch of science that studies hearing, balance, and their disorders. ... Two dentists perform surgery on a patient. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Epidemiology is the scientific study of factors affecting the health and illness of individuals and populations, and serves as the foundation and logic of interventions made in the interest of public health and preventive medicine. ... Category: Possible copyright violations ... Midwifery is the term traditionally used to describe the art of assisting a woman through childbirth. ... Nursing is a discipline focused on assisting individuals, families and communities in attaining, re-attaining and maintaining optimal health and functioning. ... Occupational therapy (OT) is skilled treatment that helps individuals achieve independence in all facets of their lives. ... Optometry (Greek: optos meaning seen or visible and metria meaning measurement) is the health care profession concerned with examination, diagnosis, and treatment of the eyes and related structures and with determination and correction of vision problems using lenses and other optical aids [1]. An optical refractor (also called a phoropter... Bowl of Hygeia Pharmacy (from the Greek φάρμακον = drug) is the profession charged with ensuring the safe use of medication. ... This article concerns the health profession. ... Physician examining a child A physician is a person who practices medicine. ... In the United States, Physician Assistants or Physician Associates (PAs) are non-physician clinicians licensed to practice medicine with a physicians supervision. ... Podiatry or Podiatric Medicine is a field of healthcare primarily devoted to the study and treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, and sometimes knee, leg and hip (collectively known as the lower extremity). ... Psychology is an academic and applied field involving the study of the human mind, brain, and behavior. ... Public health is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. ... It has been suggested that Speech-Language Pathology, Speech pathology, Phoniatrics be merged into this article or section. ... Advanced practice nurses (APNs) are Registered Nurses with advanced education, knowledge, skills, and scope of practice. ... Anesthesia (AE), also anaesthesia (BE), is the process of blocking the perception of pain and other sensations. ... Dermatology (from Greek derma, skin) is a branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its appendages (hair, nails, sweat glands etc). ... Emergency medicine is a branch of medicine that is practiced in a hospital emergency department, in the field (in a modified form; see EMS), and other locations where initial medical treatment of illness takes place. ... A general practitioner (GP) or family physician (FP) is a physician who provides primary care. ... Internal medicine is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of internal diseases, that is, those that affect internal organs or the body as a whole. ... Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. ... Nuclear medicine is a branch of medicine and medical imaging that uses unsealed radioactive substances in diagnosis and therapy. ... // What is occupational medicine Occupational medicine is the branch of clinical medicine most active in the field of occupational health. ... Pathology (from Greek pathos, feeling, pain, suffering; and logos, study of; see also -ology) is the study of the processes underlying disease and other forms of illness, harmful abnormality, or dysfunction. ... Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents (from newborn to age 18-21). ... Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) or physiatry is a branch of medicine dealing with functional restoration of a person affected by physical disability. ... A 1930 Soviet poster propagating breast care. ... Psychiatry is a medical specialty dealing with the prevention, assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of mental illness – both in itself and in bodily illness (psychiatry in medicine) – such as clinical depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders. ... Radiation therapy (or radiotherapy) is the medical use of ionizing radiation as part of cancer treatment to control malignant cells (not to be confused with radiology, the use of radiation in medical imaging and diagnosis). ... Image A: A normal chest X-ray. ... Cardiology is the branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart and blood vessels. ... Endocrinology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the endocrine system and its specific secretions called hormones. ... Gastroenterology or gastrology is the medical specialty concerned with the field of digestive diseases. ... Hematology is the branch of medicine that is concerned with blood and its disorders. ... In medicine, infectious disease or communicable disease is disease caused by a biological agent (e. ... Intensive Care Medicine or critical care medicine is concerned with providing greater than ordinary medical care and observation to people in a critical or unstable condition. ... Medical Genetics is the application of genetics to medicine. ... Nephrology is the branch of internal medicine dealing with the study of the function and diseases of the kidney. ... Oncology is the medical subspecialty dealing with the study and treatment of cancer. ... In medicine, pulmonology (aka pneumology) is the specialty that deals with diseases of the lungs and the respiratory tract. ... Rheumatology, a subspecialty of internal medicine, is devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases. ... Andrology (from the Greek andros, man) is the medical specialty that deals with male health, particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are unique to men. ... A surgeon operating General surgery, despite its name, is a surgical specialty that focuses on surgical treatment of abdominal organs, e. ... Interventional Neuroradiology (INR) / Endovascular Surgical Neuroradiology (ESN) is an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) accredited medical subspecialty centered on minimally invasive image-based technologies/procedures used to diagnosis and treat diseases of the head, neck, and spine. ... Old German engraving depicting a trepanation, an ancient and still performed neurosurgical procedure Neurosurgery is the surgical discipline focused on treating those central and peripheral nervous system diseases amenable to mechanical intervention. ... Obstetrics and gynaecology (often abbreviated Ob-Gyn in the US and O&G elsewhere) form a single medical specialty and have a combined postgraduate training program. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is a recognized international training course in specialised Medicine, which requires a minimum length of formation of 5 years for a basic medical training and 4 years for a basic medical and dental training, in the European Union. ... Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics (BE: orthopaedics) is the branch of surgery concerned with acute, chronic, traumatic and recurrent injuries and other disorders of the locomotor system, its musclular and bone parts. ... Otolaryngology is the branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat, and head & neck disorders. ... Pediatric surgery (sometimes spelt paediatric surgery) is a subspecialty of surgery involving the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. ... Plastic surgery is a general term for operative manual and instrumental treatment which is performed for functional or aesthetic reasons. ... Surgical Oncology is the branch of surgery which focuses on the surgical managment of malignant neoplasms (cancer). ... In medicine, the field of (cardio)thoracic surgery or cardiovascular surgery is involved in the surgical treatment of diseases affecting organs inside the thorax, i. ... An organ transplant is the transplantation of an organ (or part of one) from one body to another, for the purpose of replacing the recipients damaged or failing organ with a working one from the donor. ... Trauma surgeons practice the last subspecialty of General Surgery to be created. ... Urology is the field of medicine that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. ... Vascular surgery is the branch of surgery that occupies itself with surgical interventions of arteries and veins, as well as conservative therapies for disease of the peripheral vascular system. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Cardiac surgery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (403 words)
Cardiac surgery is surgery on the heart, typically to treat complications of ischemic heart disease (e.g.
The earliest operations that can be considered cardiac surgery were limited to the pericardium, and were pioneered by, among others, Francisco Romero[1], Dominique Jean Larrey, Henry Dalton, and Daniel Hale Williams.
John W. Kirklin at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota started using a Gibbon type pump-oxygenator in a series of successful operations, and was soon followed by surgeons in various parts of the world.
Cardiac surgeon's heart valve map parallels human genome project : 10/00 (978 words)
The Stanford cardiovascular surgeon is immersed in a federally sponsored research project to "map" the plumbing problems that cause heart murmurs and valve leakage in the human heart.
Surgery to repair the valve, when possible, is often successful and preferable to replacing the valve, but cardiac surgeons remain frustrated today because they still do not know exactly why the mitral valve leaks when IMR strikes.
David Lai, MD, a Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons who has spent two years as a research fellow in Miller's lab, noted that fixing heart valves is unlike plumbing, where changing a washer is a common and relatively trivial activity.
  More results at FactBites »



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