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Encyclopedia > Carbondale, Illinois

Coordinates: 37°43′35″N 89°13′13″W / 37.726418, -89.22027 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

City of Carbondale
City
Downtown Carbondale from East Main and South Washington
Country United States
State Illinois
County Jackson
Area 12.1 mi² (31.3 km²)
 - land 11.9 mi² (30.8 km²)
 - water 0.2 mi² (0.5 km²), 1.65%
Center
 - coordinates 37°43′35″N 89°13′13″W / 37.726418, -89.22027
 - elevation 415 ft (126.5 m)
Population 20,681 (2000)
Density 1,738.7 /mi² (671 /km²)
Founded  ?
 -  Incorporated Town  ?
 -  City Charter  ?
Mayor Brad Cole
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Location of Carbondale within Illinois
Location of Illinois in the United States
Website : http://www.ci.carbondale.il.us

Carbondale is a city in Southern Illinois in the midwest United States, about one hour north of Cairo. It is known mainly as the site of the main campus of Southern Illinois University. The city is located in Jackson County, Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 20,681. The city's current mayor is Brad Cole. List of cities in Illinois, arranged in alphabetical order. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixelsFull resolution (2567 × 1445 pixel, file size: 646 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states, which are... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Listed are the 102 counties of the state of Illinois. ... Jackson County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... A city charter or town charter (generically, municipal charter) is a legal document establishing a municipality such as a city or town. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_IL.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Illinois ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Cairo is a city in Alexander County, Illinois in the United States. ... Southern Illinois University is located in Carbondale in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Jackson County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...

Contents

History

Carbondale was named by founder Daniel Harmon Brush, who had aspirations of developing coal mining operations in the region. By the time of the American Civil War, the area had been incorporated as a village. After the war it developed into a center of business and transportation for the region.[citation needed] Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


On April 29, 1866, one of the first formal Memorial Day observations was held at the city's Woodlawn Cemetery, with local resident, General John A. Logan, giving the principal address.[citation needed] April 29 is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Memorial Day is a United States federal holiday that is observed on the last Monday of May (observed this year on 2007-05-28). ... For other persons with similar names, see John Logan. ...


Southern Illinois Normal University, a major factor in Carbondale's economy, which later became known as Southern Illinois University (SIU), was founded in Carbondale in 1869 . Originally a sleepy teachers' college, it now bustles with more than 21,000 students. Southern Illinois University is located in Carbondale in the U.S. state of Illinois. ...


The city is in an area of the state known as Little Egypt. The Little Egypt region of Illinois Little Egypt is the southern area of the state of Illinois in the United States of America. ...


A main site of interest for decades[citation needed] has been the stretch of Illinois Avenue near the SIU campus known as "The Strip." The Strip has an eclectic mix of shops, restaurants, and bars that cater to both the local and SIU student population.


Geography

Carbondale is located at 37°43'35" North, 89°13'13" West (37.726418, -89.220270)GR1. It is in the watershed of the Big Muddy River, at 415 feet above sea level. The Big Muddy River is located in Illinois. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.4 km² (12.1 mi²). 30.8 km² (11.9 mi²) of it is land and 0.6 km² (0.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 2.06% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000 , there are 20,681 people, 9,981 households, and 3,493 families residing in the city. The population density is 671.6/km² (1,738.7/mi²). There are 10,968 housing units at an average density of 356.2/km² (922.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 66.08% White, 23.14% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 6.67% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.42% from other races, and 2.40% from two or more races. 3.05% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The Hispanics in the United States or Hispanic American is an American citizen or resident of Hispanic ethnicity and can identify themselves as having Hispanic Cultural heritage. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 9,981 households out of which 17.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 22.1% are married couples living together, 10.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 65.0% are non-families. 43.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 1.99 and the average family size is 2.78. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


The age distribution, which is heavily influenced by the presence of SIU, is: 15.8% under the age of 18, 35.4% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 12.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 25 years, which is also fairly typical for a university town. For every 100 females there are 106.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 105.6 males.


The median income for a household in the city is $15,882, and the median income for a family is $34,601. Males have a median income of $30,217 versus $24,114 for females. The per capita income for the city is $13,346. 41.4% of the population and 23.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 32.1% of those under the age of 18 and 13.2% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. However, traditional measures of poverty can be misleading when applied to a community with a large proportion of students, such as Carbondale. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Culture

In addition to Southern Illinois University, the city has a variety of unique cultural institutions and enterprises (culture with "both a large and a small C"). In addition to the university's PBS and NPR broadcasting stations (WSIU), Carbondale is home to WDBX Community Radio for Southern Illinois, the Big Muddy Independent Media Center, two daily newspapers – the Southern Illinoisan and the university's Daily Egyptian, two weeklies (the Carbondale Times and the Nightlife) and a bi-weekly (Heartland Women). In addition to the University Museum the curious can visit the African American Museum or the Science Center. Food shoppers are offered a unique selection that includes a Mexican grocer, two international grocers, the Neighborhood Coop, and two Farmers Markets. Theater-goers can see both professional and student produced plays and performances at the university's McLeod and Kleinau Theatres, or attend off-campus productions by The Stage Company. A variety of fine arts are encouraged by the Carbondale Community Arts organization. Civic action is fomented in the city by Carbondale Conversations for Community Action (the local implementation of Study Circles). Spirituality finds expression in Carbondale in churches of a variety of Christian denominations, as well as two mosques, a Jewish congregation, a Sufi community, and meetings of the Southern Illinois Pagan Alliance. The Women's Center, in continuous service since its founding in 1972, was one of the first domestic violence shelters in the United States. Southern Illinois University is a university in southern Illinois with two institutions and multiple campuses. ...


Carbondale has one high school - Carbondale Community High School.


Celebrations

In the 1970s and early '80s, Carbondale was famous for its elaborate public celebration of Halloween, with imaginative, original costumes and throngs of visitors attracted from other parts of Illinois and neighboring states. Carbondale is also infamous for a series of civil altercations that have occurred on Halloween. "The Strip", as the main stretch of local businesses and bars is known in the city, has often been shut down on Halloween in order to quell the riotous, alcohol-inspired behavior.[1] Since 2000 , the city has closed The Strip on Halloween with success and could relax the restrictions by 2009.[2] The riot activity has often been attributed to the presence of Southern Illinois University. In 2000, more than 100 arrests were made by multiple agencies. According to Carbondale Police Sgt. Paul Echols, many times it was an out-of-town person who incited the crowd, but SIU students were always there to follow the example. One of the worst offenders was a Danville, Illinois resident visiting friends at the school.[3] Of the 29 arrests made by campus police, 14 were SIUC students.[4] Halloween, or Halloween, is a tradition celebrated on the night of October 31, most notably by children dressing in costumes and going door-to-door collecting sweets, fruit, and other gifts, called most commonly trick-or-treating. ... Halloween, or Halloween, is a tradition celebrated on the night of October 31, most notably by children dressing in costumes and going door-to-door collecting sweets, fruit, and other gifts, called most commonly trick-or-treating. ... Halloween, or Halloween, is a tradition celebrated on the night of October 31, most notably by children dressing in costumes and going door-to-door collecting sweets, fruit, and other gifts, called most commonly trick-or-treating. ... Southern Illinois University is located in Carbondale in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... United States Illinois Vermilion 17. ...


Today Carbondale is known for a number of yearly festivals, including the Lights Fantastic parade in December,[5] the Main Street Pig Out (a September barbecue-and-music festival),[6] the Big Muddy Film Festival (February/March), the Southern Illinois Irish Festival (April), the Great Cardboard Boat Regatta, and the Sunset Concerts, a series of free outdoor summer evening concerts in which a variety of local and regional bands are showcased on the Southern Illinois University campus and in city parks.


Outdoor Activities

Hiking:

  • Giant City State Park
  • Little Grand Canyon
  • Piney Creek Ravine
  • The Grand Tetons
  • The Smokey Himalayas

Kayaking/Canoeing:


Just five minutes south of Carbondale is the city reservoir, Cedar Lake, which is an outstanding place to kayak or canoe. The north access features several dramatic rock bluffs and interesting bays to explore. There are other lakes nearby, including Little Grassy, Devils Kitchen Lake, Crab Orchard Lake, and Kinkaid Lake. Another, more remote location is Cache River, which is the northernmost cypress swamp in North America. Devils Kitchen Lake is an 810-acre (3. ... Crab Orchard Lake is a 6,965-acre (28. ... Kinkaid Lake is an artificial body of water located in southwestern Illinois. ...


Activism

Carbondale has a long tradition of political activism. During the Vietnam War, and especially after the Kent State shootings, massive anti-war demonstrations took place on the SIU campus and on the streets of Carbondale, resulting in the closure of SIU, over $100,000 of property damage, more than 400 arrests[7] and the deployment of the National Guard to restore order.[8] Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... John Filos Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph of Mary Ann Vecchio, a fourteen-year-old runaway and Vietnam War protester, screaming with anguish and kneeling over the dead body of Jeffrey Miller, shot through the mouth by an unknown Ohio National Guardsman. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


In the 2000s, in response to the U.S. invasions of Afghanistan (2001) and Iraq (2003), Carbondale has been the site of a weekly public Peace Vigil which has continued uninterrupted from December 2001 up to the present.[citation needed]


The city is home to several organizations concerned with peace, justice, and the environment, including the Peace Coalition of Southern Illinois/Fellowship of Reconciliation, the Shawnee Green Party, the Student Environmental Center, the Southern Illinois Center for a Sustainable Future, and local chapters of the American Civil Liberties Union, the Sierra Club, and the National Audubon Society. The Fellowship of Reconciliation (FoR or FOR) is the name used by a number of religious nonviolent organizations, particularly in English-speaking countries. ... The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is a major American non-profit organization whose stated mission is to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States.[1] It works through litigation, legislation, and community... The Sierra Club is an American environmental organization founded on May 28, 1892 in San Francisco, California by the well-known preservationist John Muir, who became its first president. ... Headquarter of National Audubon Society in New York. ...


The city was the location for the national Green Party Congress in 2001. The 2001 Congress of the Greens/Green Party USA, held at Carbondale, Illinois, was a critical event in the history of the Green Party in the United States. ...


Rail Transportation

See also: Carbondale (Amtrak station)

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Carbondale. Amtrak Train 59, the southbound City of New Orleans, is scheduled to depart Carbondale at 1:26am daily with service to Fulton, Newbern-Dyersburg, Memphis, Greenwood, Yazoo City, Jackson, Hazlehurst, Brookhaven, McComb, Hammond, and New Orleans. Amtrak Train 58, the northbound City of New Orleans, is scheduled to depart Carbondale at 3:16am daily with service to Centralia, Effingham, Mattoon, Champaign-Urbana, Kankakee, Homewood, and Chicago. Carbondale is also served by Amtrak Train 390/391, the Saluki, daily in the morning, and Amtrak Train 392/393, the Illini, daily in the afternoon/evening. Both the Saluki and the Illini operate to Chicago originating and terminating in Carbondale. Other information Code CDL Traffic Passengers (2006) 76,840 2. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... Amtraks City of New Orleans stops at the Memphis, Tennessee station in 2005. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Coordinates: Country United States State Mississippi County Hinds Founded 1822 Government  - Mayor Frank Melton Area  - City  106. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Champaign is a city in Champaign County, Illinois, in the United States. ... Union Station is a Chicago train station that opened in 1925, replacing an earlier 1881 station, and is now the only intercity rail terminal in Chicago. ... The Saluki is a 310-mile (499 km) passenger train operated by Amtrak that will run between Chicago and Carbondale, Illinois, starting October 30, 2006. ... The Illini is a 310-mile (499 km) passenger train operated by Amtrak that runs between Chicago and Carbondale, Illinois. ...


Notable People

Lauren Laurie Ophelia Metcalf (born June 16, 1955) is an Emmy Award-winning American actress. ... Roseanne is an American sitcom which aired on ABC from 1988 to 1997, starring stand-up comedian Roseanne Barr. ... Edwardsville is a city in Madison County, Illinois, United States. ... Troy Hudson (born March 13, 1976 in Carbondale, Illinois) is a professional basketball player currently playing point guard for the Minnesota Timberwolves in the National Basketball Association. ... -1... Racer X is an American heavy metal band formed in 1985 in Los Angeles, California. ... Mr. ... John Alexander Logan, Jr (24 July 1865 – 11 November 1899) was a United States Army officer posthumously awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for actions during the Philippine-American War. ... The United States Army is the largest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... Combatants United States Philippines Commanders William McKinley Theodore Roosevelt Emilio Aguinaldo Strength 126,000 soldiers 80,000 soldiers Casualties 4,324 U.S. soldiers dead, 3,000 wounded 2,000 killed, dead, or wounded suffered by the Philippine Constabulary 16,000 soldiers killed est. ... Kurt Kobane Couthon, real name Curtis Couthon, born in Carbondale, Illinois is a national multi-platinum credited music producer. ... Frankie (Tram) Trumbauer (1901–1956) was one of the leading jazz saxophonists of the 1920s and 1930s. ... Bix Beiderbecke (March 10, 1903 – August 6, 1931) was a notable jazz cornet player. ...

Sister Cities

Source[9] Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Tainai (胎内市, -shi) is a city located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. ... Nakajō (中条町; -machi) is a town located in Kitakanbara District, Niigata, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Tainan redirects here; for the county of the same name see Tainan County. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... , Shimla   (Hindi: िशमला, Urdu: شملہ), originally called Simla, is a city in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. ...


References

  1. ^ The Daily Egyptian. Carbondale Halloween plans go up in flames. November 2, 2000.
  2. ^ The Southern Illinoisan. Carbondale City Council: Keep 'the Strip' closed for Halloween. November 23, 2006.
  3. ^ The Daily Egyptian. Worst Halloween vandal convicted. Aug 26, 2001.
  4. ^ The Daily Egyptian. Riots on the Strip result in more than 100 arrests during holiday weekend. November 3, 2000.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ Spring 1970: A season of protests
  8. ^ The Daily Egyptian. Remembering the Days of May.
  9. ^ http://www.ci.carbondale.il.us/QuickInfo/sister_cities.html

November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Based in Carbondale, Illinois, The Southern Illinoisan has a daily circulation of 26,810[1]. ^ http://www. ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (239th in leap years). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


Flag of Illinois Municipalities and Communities of Jackson County, Illinois
(County Seat: Murphysboro)
Cities, Towns and Villages Ava | Campbell Hill | Carbondale | De Soto | Dowell | Elkville | Gorham | Grand Tower | Makanda | Murphysboro | Vergennes
Townships Bradley | Carbondale | Degognia | DeSoto | Elk | Fountain Bluff | Grand Tower | Kinkaid | Levan | Makanda | Murphysboro | Ora | Pomona | Sand Ridge | Somerset | Vergennes
Airports Southern Illinois Airport

  Results from FactBites:
 
Carbondale, Illinois - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (627 words)
Carbondale is a city in Southern Illinois in the midwest United States, about one hour north of Cairo.
Southern Illinois Normal University, a major factor in Carbondale's economy, which later became known as Southern Illinois University, was founded in Carbondale in 1869.
Carbondale is also infamous for a series of civil altercations that have occurred on Halloween.
Southern Illinois University Carbondale - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1018 words)
Southern Illinois University Carbondale is located in Carbondale in the U.S. state of Illinois.
With its sister institution, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (SIUE), SIUC is part of the Southern Illinois University system.
Carbondale is the better known of the two schools.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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