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Encyclopedia > Carbonated water
Effervescence from soda.
Effervescence from soda.

Carbonated water, also known as soda water, sparkling water, fizzy water, club soda, or seltzer water, is plain water into which carbon dioxide gas has been dissolved. The process of dissolving carbon dioxide gas is called carbonation. It results in the formation of carbonic acid (which has the chemical formula H2CO3). Macro photograph of coca-cola bubbles. ... Macro photograph of coca-cola bubbles. ... Effervesence from soda. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... In order to meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article requires cleanup. ... Bubbles of carbon dioxide float to the surface of a soft drink. ... Carbonic acid (ancient name acid of air or aerial acid) has the formula H2CO3. ...

In the past, soda water was produced in the home by "charging" a refillable seltzer bottle by filling it with water and then adding carbon dioxide. Club soda may be identical to plain carbonated water or it may contain a small amount of table salt, sodium citrate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, potassium sulfate, or disodium phosphate, depending on the bottler. These additives are included to emulate the slightly salty taste of homemade soda water. In the UK Soda Water is nearly always made with Sodium Bicarbonate.[1] The soda syphon, also known as the seltzer bottle or syphon seltzer bottle is a device for dispensing soda water. ... In order to meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article requires cleanup. ... Edible salt is a mineral, one of the few rocks people eat. ... Sodium citrate is the sodium salt of citric acid with the chemical formula of Na3C6H5O7. ... Sodium bicarbonate is the chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3. ... Potassium bicarbonate (also known as potassium hydrogen carbonate or potassium acid carbonate), is a colorless, odorless, slightly basic, salty substance. ... Potassium sulfate (K2SO4) (also known as potash of sulfur) is a non-flammable white crystalline salt which is soluble in water. ... Disodium hydrogen phosphate (Na2HPO4) is a white powder that is highly hygroscopic and water soluble salt. ...



Joseph Priestley first discovered a method of impregnating water with carbon dioxide when he suspended a bowl of water above a beer vat at a local Leeds, England brewery. The air blanketing the fermenting beer—called 'fixed air'—was known to kill mice suspended in it. Priestley found water thus treated had a pleasant taste and he offered it to friends as a refreshing drink. In 1772 Priestley published a paper entitled Impregnating Water with Fixed Air in which he describes dripping oil of vitriol (or sulfuric acid as it is now called) onto chalk to produce carbon dioxide gas, and encouraging the gas to dissolve into an agitated bowl of water. Joseph Frederick Priestley is often credited for the discovery of oxygen. ... , Leeds is a city in West Yorkshire, England. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... General Name, Symbol, Number nitrogen, N, 7 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 15, 2, p Appearance colorless Atomic mass 14. ... Year 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Sulfuric (or sulphuric) acid, H2SO4, is a strong mineral acid. ... The Needles,situated on the Isle Of Wight, are part of the extensive Southern England Chalk Formation. ...

In 1771 Swedish chemistry professor Torbern Bergman independently invented a similar process to make carbonated water. In poor health at the time yet frugal, he was trying to reproduce naturally-effervescent spring waters thought at the time to be beneficial to health. 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Chemistry - the study of interactions of chemical substances with one another and energy based on the structure of atoms, molecules and other kinds of aggregrates Chemistry (from Egyptian kÄ“me (chem), meaning earth[1]) is the science concerned with the reactions, transformations and aggregations of matter, as well as accompanying... Torbern Olof Bergman (March 20, 1735 Katrineberg, Sweden, – July 8, 1784 Medevi, Sweden) was a Swedish chemist. ... Effervesence from soda. ...

Today, carbonated water is made by passing pressurized carbon dioxide through water. The pressure increases the solubility and allows more carbon dioxide to dissolve than would be possible under standard atmospheric pressure. When the bottle is opened, the pressure is released, allowing the gas to come out of the solution, thus forming the characteristic bubbles. Air pressure can refer to: Atmospheric pressure, the pressure of air environmentally Pressure of air in a system Category: ... Solubility refers to the ability for a given substance, the solute, to dissolve in a solvent. ... Solvation is the attraction and association of molecules of a solvent with molecules or ions of a solute. ... Atmospheric pressure is the pressure caused by the weight of air above any area in the Earths atmosphere. ...

Carbonated water was commonly known by the name of soda water until World War II. In the 1950's new terms such as sparkling water and seltzer water began to be used. The term seltzer water is a genericized trademark that comes from the German brand Selters, which is produced and bottled in Nieder-Selters, Germany. [2] A genericized trademark, generic trade mark, generic descriptor, or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name which has become the colloquial or generic description for a particular class of product or service. ... NIEDER-SELTERS, a village of Germany, in the district of Wiesbaden. ...

Health effects

Sparkling mineral waters show slightly greater tooth enamel dissolution potential than still waters, but levels remain low and are of the order of one hundred times less than soft drinks. De-gassing of a sparkling mineral water reduces its dissolution, but the total levels are still relatively low, suggesting that carbonation of drinks may not be an important factor per se in respect of erosive potential. (PMID 11556958)

Intake of carbonated beverages has been associated with increased bone fracture risk in observational studies, but the net effect of carbonated beverage constituents on calcium economy of the body is negligible. Thus, the skeletal effects of carbonated beverage consumption are likely due primarily to milk displacement (drinking club soda and thus drinking less milk). (PMID 11522558) hj

See also

Country Italy Source San Pellegrino Terme Type Sparkling pH 7. ... Ramlösa is a brand of mineral water from a source in Ramlösa Brunnspark, Sweden. ... The SodaStream Fountain Jet 60 litre drinksmaker Screenshot from 80s SodaStream ad SodaStream is the name of a brand of home carbonation systems that was invented by Guy Gilbey in 1903. ...


  1. ^ http://www.cocktail.uk.com/db/ingredient_description.asp?id=81
  2. ^ seltzer on Merriam-Webster Online

External links

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Mineral waters

  Results from FactBites:
Carbonated water - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (526 words)
Carbonated water, also known as soda water, sparkling water, or seltzer water, is plain water into which carbon dioxide gas has been dissolved.
Club soda may be identical to plain carbonated water or it may contain a small amount of table salt, sodium citrate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, potassium sulfate, or disodium phosphate, depending on the bottler.
Carbonated water is reputed to be good for removing stains, for example coffee stains from mugs, or stains from silver.
Carbonation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (698 words)
Carbonation can occur as a result of natural processes: when yeast ferments dissolved sugars sealed in a pressure-tolerant bottle or keg; when underground volcanic carbon dioxide carbonates well water; or when rainwater passes through limestone into a cave and forms a stalactite.
Carbonation is sometimes used for reasons other than consumption, to lower the pH (raise the hydrogen ion concentration) of a water solution, for example.
Carbon dioxide may be naturally occurring in the beverage from fermentation or a mineral source or be artificially added.
  More results at FactBites »



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