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Encyclopedia > Car sharing

Car sharing is a system where a fleet of cars (or other vehicles) is owned by a company or cooperative, which are available for use by members of the car share. Typically, the participants in such a program are city dwellers whose transportation needs are largely met by public transit, walking, or cycling. Some households use a car share as an alternative to the hassles of owning (and parking) a second car. Fleet can refer to several things: Fleet is the name of several places: Fleet, a village in Dorset, England Fleet, in the county of Hampshire, England the River Fleet, a subterranean river in London, England Fleet Street, named after the river Fleet Prison, named after the river Fleet Marriages, named... A small variety of cars, the most popular kind of automobile. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A cooperative (also co-operative or co-op) is an association of persons who join together to carry on an economic activity of mutual benefit. ... Melbourne, Australia by night For alternate meanings see city (disambiguation) A city is an urban area that is differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... Cycling is a recreation, a sport, and a means of transport across land. ...

To participate, one must usually become a member of the car share. This usually requires a check of past driving records, and a monthly or annual fee. The vehicle is reserved in advance, usually over the Internet or telephone (and increasingly by mobile phones, including by SMS). Most companies charge an hourly fee for the time that the car is in use, plus a fee per mile driven. Some car shares offer a discounted all-day rate for their cars. If a vehicle is not returned at the scheduled time, a very high fee is charged, since it may interfere with other drivers' reservations.

Membership and rental fees often include the cost of gas. Many car shares include gas cards in the glove compartment of all of their vehicles, which can be used to refuel the car at no additional cost to the driver. Others reimburse the driver. Other lump-sum costs, such as insurance, may also be included in the variable rate. Many car shares also reimburse members for washing a rented vehicle on their time.

NB: In the UK, the term Car Sharing is used for "ride sharing", and the terms car club is used instead. En Quebec, en dit autopartage. A car club is a group of (usually) young men who share a common interest in tricked-out cars, trucks, SUVs, and/or minivans. ...

External links

Worldwide car sharing companies and cooperatives
AutoShare Canada: Toronto
City CarShare US: San Francisco, California area
Communauto Canada: Quebec Montreal Sherbrooke Gatineau
Flexcar US: Seattle, Portland, Washington, Los Angeles, San Diego
I-GO US: Chicago
GoGet Australia: Sydney,Melbourne
Flo Carshare Australia: Melbourne
Hourcar US: Twin Cities
PhillyCarShare US: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
StreetCar UK
Zipcar US: Boston, New York City, Washington, San Francisco, Chapel Hill, Portland, Chicago, Seattle

  Results from FactBites:
Car sharing : An Overview (554 words)
Its purpose is to identify car sharing organisations in other countries and to examine the preconditions required to establish and run a car sharing organisation (CSO) in order to examine Australian conditions as a basis on which to encourage local initiatives.
Car sharing is one of a number of mobility strategies, which solves some car ownership problems and problems associated with high car-reliance.
Most car sharing organisations (CSOs) start as small, local, not-for-profit operations supported by public funds and largely run by people with a commitment to enabling their clients to reduce car use and avoid the high.xed costs of private cars.
Car sharing clubs cut auto costs (952 words)
Car sharing, a concept that's been around in the U.S. since the late '90s, is gaining in popularity in major cities where it's expensive to own a car or traffic is bad enough to make people rethink their transportation options.
According to the Car Sharing Network (www.carsharing.net), just under three dozen cities in the U.S. and Canada currently offer some form of car sharing to at least some degree; Boston has the largest network with about 4,200 members sharing 131 vehicles.
The city started car sharing in April 2004 because it was faced with a budget deficit; departments were told by the managing director to "think outside the box," Fox said.
  More results at FactBites »



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