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Encyclopedia > Car body style

Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. Some are still in production, while others are of historical interest only. These styles are largely (though not completely) independent of a car's classification in terms of price, size and intended broad market; the same car model might be available in multiple body styles (or model ranges). Karl Benzs Velo model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race An automobile (or motor car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... It has been suggested that Vehicle size class be merged into this article or section. ... Car model can refer to a scale model car of an automobile, or in regard to real automobiles, to a particular brand of vehicle sold under a marque. ... The word trim can mean: Look up Trim in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Please note that while each body style has a historical and technical definition, in common usage such definitions are often blurred. Over time, the common usage of each term evolves. For example, people often call 4-passenger sport coupes a 'sports car', while purists will insist that a sports car by definition is limited to two-place vehicles.

Contents

Styles in current use

4x4 or 4WD ("four-by-four" or "four-wheel drive") 
A four-wheeled vehicle with a drivetrain that allows all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously. The terms are usually (but not exclusively) used in Europe to describe what is referred to in North America as a sport utility vehicle or SUV (see below).
Cabrio coach or Semi-convertible 
A form of automobile roof, where a retractable textile cover amounts to a large sunroof. Fundamental to various older designs such as the Citroën 2CV; sometimes an option on modern cars.
Cabriolet 
A term for a convertible (see below).
Convertible 
Removable or completely retractable roof. A body style with a removable or retractable roof and rear window. The convertible has roll-up side windows as contrasted with the roadster, which does not.
Coupé (Europe) or coupe (US) 
A 2-door, 2- or 4-seat car with a fixed roof. Its doors are often longer than those of an equivalent sedan and the rear passenger area smaller; the roof may also be low. In cases where the rear seats are very small and not intended for regular use it is called a 2+2 (pronounced "two plus two").
Coupé convertible 
A type of convertible with a rigid roof (as opposed to a fabric or vinyl roof) that retracts into the lower bodywork.
Coupe Utility (ute)
the Coupe Utility is a passenger-car derived light truck with coupe passenger cabin lines and an integral cargo bed. See Coupe Utility for more details.
Crossover SUV (or XUV) 
A type of Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV) which is based on a car platform rather than truck chassis. This also refers to a vehicle which is marketed as neither an SUV, a minivan nor a wagon, but combines design elements of those types.
Estate car (or just "estate") 
The British English term for what North Americans call a station wagon.
Fastback 
A design where the roof slopes at a smooth angle to the tail of the car, but the rear window does not open as a separate "door".
Hardtop 
A style of automobile roof. Originally referred to a removable solid roof on a convertible; later, also a fixed-roof car whose doors have no fixed window frames, which is designed to resemble such a convertible.
Hatchback 
Identified by a rear door including the back window that opens vertically to access a storage area not separated from the rest of the passenger compartment. May be 2 or 4 door and 2 or 4 seat, but generally called in British English 3 door, 5 door eg: 2006 SAT X 2-door hatchback.
Leisure activity vehicle 
A small van, generally related to a supermini, with a second or even a third seat row, and a large, tall boot.
Liftback 
A style of coupe with a hatchback; this name is generally used when the opening area is very sloped (and is thus lifted up to open).
Limousine 
By definition, a chauffeur-driven car with a (normally glass-windowed) division between the front seats and the rear. In German, the term simply means a sedan.
Minivan 
North American term for a boxy wagon-type of car usually containing three or four rows of seats, with a capacity of six or more passengers. Often with extra luggage space also. As opposed to the larger van, the minivan was developed primarily as a passenger vehicle, though is more van-like than a station wagon. In Britain, these are generally referred to as people carriers.
MPV 
Multi-purpose vehicle, a large car or small bus designed to be used on and off-road and easily convertible to facilitate loading of goods from facilitating carrying people.
Notchback
A cross between the smooth fastback and angled sedan look. It is a sedan type with a separate trunk compartment.
People carrier 
European name to describe what is usually referred to in North America as an MUV or MPV.
Pickup truck aka pick-up 
Small or medium sized truck. Not based on a passenger car, but of similar size. This light commercial vehicle features a separate cabin and rear load area (separate cargo bed).
Pillarless
Usually a prefix to coupé, fastback or hardtop; completely open at the sides when the windows are down, without a central pillar, e.g. the Sunbeam Rapier fastback coupé.
Ragtop
An open car like a Roadster, but with a soft top (cloth top) that can be raised or lowered. Unlike a convertible, it has no roll-up side windows.
Roadster 
Originally a two-seat open car with minimal weather protection — no top was provided, neither any side glass. In some cases an optional hard or soft top might be offered, along with side curtains, but there was no side glass. In modern usage, the term is often used mean simply a convertible two-seat sports car, similarly to spyder.
Saloon 
The British English term for a sedan.
Sedan 
A car seating four or more with a fixed roof that is full-height up to the rear window. Normally a 4 door; 2 door is rarer in the US but they do occur (more so historically). This is the most common body style. In the U.S., this term has been used to denote a car with fixed window frames, as opposed to the hardtop style where the sash, if any, winds down with the glass. As hardtops have become rarer, this distinction is no longer so important.
Sport utility vehicle (SUV) 
Derivative of off-road or four-wheel drive vehicles but with car-like levels of interior comfort and drivability. Also sometimes called a "soft-roader".
Spyder (or Spider
Similar to a roadster but originally with even less weather protection. The term "Spyder" originated from a small two-seat horse-cart with a folding sunshade made of four bows. With its black cloth top and exposed sides for air circulation, the top resembled an eight-legged spider. Nowadays it simply means a convertible sports car.
Shooting brake 
A two-door estate car/station wagon in British usage; generally for vintage or extremely expensive vehicles. They were vehicles for the well-off shooter and hunter, giving space to carry shotguns and other equipment. Usually made to order by coachbuilders.
Station wagon 
A car with a full-height body all the way to the rear; the load-carrying space created is accessed via a rear door or doors. The term Station Wagon is sometimes shortened to just Wagon.
Surrey top 
Similar to the Porsche Targa top, the surrey top was developed by Triumph in 1962 for the TR4.
T-top 
A derivative of the Targa top, called a T-bar roof, this fixed-roof design has two removable panels and retains a central narrow roof section along the front to back axis of the car (e.g. Toyota MR2 Mk 1.)
Targa top 
A semi-convertible style used on some sports cars, featuring a fully removable hard top roof panel which leaves the A and B pillars in place on the car body. (e.g. Fiat X1/9). Strictly, the term originated from and is trademarked by Porsche for a derivate of its 911 series, the Porsche 911 Targa, itself named after the famous Targa Florio rally. A related styling motif is the Targa band, sometimes called a wrapover band which is a single piece of chrome or other trim extending over the roof of the vehicle and down the sides to the bottom of the windows. It was probably named because the original Porche Targa had such a band behind its removable roof panel in the late 60's.
Ute
Australian English term for the Coupe Utility body style (see above). Sometimes used informally to refer to any utility vehicle, particularly light trucks such as a pickup truck. In American English, ute infrequently is used to refer to an SUV (see above).
Van 
In North America 'van' refers to a truck-based commercial vehicle of the wagon style, whether used for passenger or commercial use. Usually a van has no windows at the side rear (panel van), although for passenger use, side windows are included. In other parts of the world, 'van' denotes a passenger-based wagon with no rear side windows.

Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ... Drivetrain is the twelfth studio album by southern rock band . ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... A Citroën 2CV with the roof up. ... Open sunroof in a Peugeot 206. ... First generation Ripple Bonnet Citroën 2CV built from 1948 to 1960 The Citroën 2CV (French: deux chevaux, literally two horses, from the tax horsepower rating) is an economy car produced by the French automaker Citroën from 1948 to 1990. ... Original meaning A cabriolet was a light, two-wheeled horse-drawn carriage with a folding calash top, seating two persons behind the drivers box. ... Saab 900 Convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible (security) A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupé 1990 Mercedes-Benz 560SEC coupé, noted for its large, angular design A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a car body style with a close-coupled interior offering either two seats or 2+2 seating (space for two passengers up front and for... 2 plus 2 (2+2) The term 2 plus 2 (or 2+2) is a semi-slang phrase used to describe a car with seating for two passengers up front, plus two for occasional passengers in the rear. ... The coupé convertible (in French coupé cabriolet) or retractable hardtop (more common US usage) is an evolution of car body style that involves the flexibility of a mobile roof (from the convertible) and of the rigid roof of a coupé. In the first years of the 2000s, car manufacturers started... Sunday textile market on the sidewalks of Karachi, Pakistan. ... Vinyl roof refers to a vinyl covering for an automobiles top. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Pickup. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Pickup. ... The Honda CR-V is a crossover SUV based on the Honda Civic platform. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Diagram showing the geographical locations of selected languages and dialects of the British Isles. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... This classic Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Not a hatchback: a fastback like this Infiniti M35 can be confused with a true hatchback Hatchback is term describing an automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind... A leisure activity vehicle is a small van, generally related to a supermini, with a second or even a third seat row, and a large, tall boot. ... A van is a vehicle used for transporting goods or groups of people. ... 1996 Volkswagen Polo, a popular modern European supermini A supermini is a European hatchback car category. ... A pair of classic black leather Dr. Martens. ... A hatchback is a type of automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin which includes an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind by a hatch or flip-up window. ... A limousine (or limo) is an unusually long luxury car, traditionally black or white in color. ... A chauffeur is one who drives an automobile as a job. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a medium-sized sedan A sedan car, American English terminology (saloon in British English), is one of the most common body styles of the modern automobile. ... 93 Pontiac Trans Sport minivan A minivan, minibus, people carrier, multi utility vehicle (MUV), or multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) is a type of vehicle which has a body that resembles a van, but which has rear side doors, rear side windows, and interior fittings to accommodate passengers similar to a... A newer minivan (a Plymouth Grand Voyager) Typical early minivan (a Dodge Caravan) A minivan is a type of vehicle developed independently by Matra/Renault and the Chrysler Corporation. ... An MPV or multi-purpose vehicle is a passenger-carrying vehicle based on a car platform, and is generally a one box design—neither a distinct bonnet (US: hood) nor boot (US: trunk), but rather a maximised interior space. ... Notchback is a form of automobile body that is characterized by a sharp vertical drop-off from roof to trunk, as opposed to hatchback or fastback. ... This classic Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a medium-sized sedan A sedan car, American English terminology (saloon in British English), is one of the most common body styles of the modern automobile. ... A newer minivan (a Plymouth Grand Voyager) Typical early minivan (a Dodge Caravan) A minivan is a type of vehicle developed independently by Matra/Renault and the Chrysler Corporation. ... A modern minivan - 2004 Chrysler Town & Country Typical early minivan (a Dodge Caravan) A minivan, people carrier, multi utility vehicle (MUV),or multi purpose vehicle (MPV) is a type of vehicle which has a body that resembles a van, but which has rear side doors, rear side windows, and interior... Mazda compact Pickup truck with extended cabin and homebuilt lumber rack. ... An SUV with four pillars A pillarless hardtop vehicle, considered to have two total pillars A stretch limo with five pillars An A pillar is a name applied by car stylists and enthusiasts to the shaft of material that supports the windshield (windscreen) on either of the windshield frame sides. ... The Sunbeam Rapier was the first of the Audax range of light cars produced by the Rootes Group. ... 1923 Ford Model T roadster 1950 Jaguar XK120 roadster This article is about the roadster car body style. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a medium-sized sedan A sedan car, American English terminology (saloon in British English), is one of the most common body styles of the modern automobile. ... Diagram showing the geographical locations of selected languages and dialects of the British Isles. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a medium-sized sedan A sedan car, American English terminology (saloon in British English), is one of the most common body styles of the modern automobile. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... Spyder or Spider is a term for a rear mid-engine rear wheel drive convertible car body style. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Open sunroof in a Peugeot 206. ... The Toyota MR2 was a two-seat, mid-engined, rear wheel drive sports car produced by Toyota from 1984 to 2005, in three different design series. ... Targa top body style Targa top, or targa for short, is a semi-convertible car body style with a removable roof section and a full width roll bar behind the seats. ... The FIAT X1/9 is a two-seater mid-engined sports car designed by Bertone and built by FIAT.[1] Production lasted from 1972 to 1989 with the first official right-hand drive variant arriving in 1976. ... Dr. Ing. ... The Porsche 911 (pronounced as nine eleven) is a sports car made by Porsche AG of Stuttgart, Germany. ... The Targa Florio was an open road endurance automobile race held near Palermo, Sicily. ... Mazda compact Pickup truck with extended cabin and homebuilt lumber rack. ... Australian English (AuE) is the form of the English language used in Australia. ... Mazda compact Pickup truck with extended cabin and homebuilt lumber rack. ... A van is a vehicle used for transporting goods or groups of people. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ...

Non-English terms

Some non-English language terms are familiar from their use on imported vehicles in English-speaking nations even though the terms have not been adopted into English. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

Barchetta 
Italian term for a roadster. The name means, roughly, "small boat".
Berlina 
Italian term for a sedan.
Berline 
French term for a sedan.
Berlinetta 
Italian term for a sport coupé.
Break 
French term for a station wagon.
Jeep 
German and Greek term for a sport utility vehicle. Not to be confused with the English-language jeep, of which the name's origins can be researched on the Jeep page.
Kombi 
is a German abbreviation of "Kombinationswagen" (Combination Car) and it is German name for station wagon. And since Germany is a major producer of cars for many European countries, the term Kombi in this meaning is also used in Swedish, Polish, Hungarian, Portuguese language (in Brazil) and Bulgarian.
Turismo 
Spanish term for a sedan. Literally means tourism, used mostly in Latin American countries.

A roadster is a two-seat, open car, traditionally without side windows (possibly with pluggable doortops), so that even with the lightweight convertible top raised the driver and passenger remain exposed to the elements. ... 1923 Ford Model T roadster 1950 Jaguar XK120 roadster This article is about the roadster car body style. ... A Ford Taurus, a typical 1990s sedan. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a medium-sized sedan A sedan car, American English terminology (saloon in British English), is one of the most common body styles of the modern automobile. ... A Ford Taurus, a typical 1990s sedan. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a medium-sized sedan A sedan car, American English terminology (saloon in British English), is one of the most common body styles of the modern automobile. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupe (or coupé) is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupé 1990 Mercedes-Benz 560SEC coupé, noted for its large, angular design A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a car body style with a close-coupled interior offering either two seats or 2+2 seating (space for two passengers up front and for... Look up Break in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Portuguese ( ) is a Romance language, of the Indo-European family. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a medium-sized sedan A sedan car, American English terminology (saloon in British English), is one of the most common body styles of the modern automobile. ... Tourists at Oahu island, Hawaii Tourism is the act of travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ...

Alternative names

Car manufacturers sometimes invent names for the body styles of their cars for the purpose of differentiating themselves from other manufacturers. These names are often, but not always, adaptations of other words and terms. The body styles themselves correlate closely to those listed above.

Aerodeck 
Name used by Honda in the 1990s for its station wagon/estate models.
Avant 
A name used by German maker Audi for their station wagon/estate car models.
Bakkie 
A generic South African term for light pickup truck.
El Camino 
(Spanish) In English: "the road". A trademark of Chevrolet, the 1959 El Camino was a half-car (front) and half-truck (back) with low walls surrounding the bed. In other words, it used the Coupe Utility body style. El Camino is used by some in the US as a generic term for any passenger car with an integral cargo bed. While the 1957 Ford Ranchero with similary body style debuted before the El Camino, it did not have the success of its Chevrolet counterpart.
Caravan 
Used by Opel for its station wagon/estate car models.
Combi coupé 
A name used by Saab for a cross between a saloon and an estate car, essentially a hatchback. Called "Waggon Back" in the United States.
Corniche 
Sometimes used to describe a luxury sedan or town car. Actually a trade mark of Rolls-Royce.
Coupe Roadster 
The Mercedes-Benz name for their convertibles with a removable hardtop.
Fordor and Tudor 
These names were coined by Ford Motor Company in the 1950s to describe four-door and two-door bodystyles respectively. These terms were used sporadically into the 1960s.
Giardinetta 
Name used in Italy in the 70s and early 80s in models for an Autobianchi three-door station wagon based on Fiat 600, as well as a similar version of the Alfa Romeo Alfasud.
Hardtop Convertible 
The 1958 Ford whose solid roof retracted into the trunk (boot) and which would class as a coupé convertible above was advertised under this name. The first such vehicle, however, was Peugeot's décapotable électrique of 1934.
HPE 
Short for High Performance Estate, a name used by Lancia for a station wagon version of their Beta model. Resurrected for the three-door hatch version of the Lancia Delta Mk II.
Kammback 
Originally, a car with a tapered rear that cuts off abruptly, after that shape's inventor Wunibald Kamm, commonly seen especially on sports cars. However, this usage is rare nowadays. In North America during the 1970s this style was used in the Chevrolet Vega wagon and AMC Hornet wagon, and so many think of it as another word for "station wagon" or "hatchback" respectively even though it refers to the very specific aerodynamic design of the back of the car.
Nevada 
Popular station wagon/estate version of the Renault 21, so much that people dropped the 21 when referring to it.
Notchback 
Originally, a sedan or possibly a coupe with a backlight (rear window) which slanted backward, so that the top of the roof extended further backward than the bottom of the window. Some types of the 1958 Lincoln had this, as well as some of Ford's British cars. Later, it became used for sedans or coupes which are not fastbacks, including many hatchbacks.
Panorama 
Used by Fiat for station wagons during the late 1970s and early 1980s, notably the 127, 128 and 131. Replaced by the Weekend designation in the mid 1980s, but kept for passenger versions of light commercial vehicles.
Pillared Hardtop 
This name was used by Ford in the 1970s to describe its bodies which had frameless door glass like a hardtop, but retained a center pillar like a sedan. The 1972-1976 Torino sedans and wagons were of this type, as were the 1975-1979 Lincoln Town Cars. When GM introduced a similar style on their intermediates for 1973-1977, they called the two-doors Colonnade Hardtop Coupe and the four-doors, in a triumph of ad agency gibberish, Colonnade Hardtop Sedan. The 1976 Buick Century sedan used this configuration. Before Ford introduced its "Pillared Hardtops" in the early seventies, GM had the same body style available on its "C" body cars (Buick Electra 225, Oldsmobile 98 and Cadillacs) from 1965 to 1970. GM called them "semi-thin pillar sedans" as they had a slightly larger center pillars than other GM sedans (that were called "thin pillar sedans") but they had no window frames like the "thin pillar sedans" had.
Prairie
A high roofed station wagon, after the Nissan model of the same name.
Sport Activity Vehicle (SAV)
This name is used by BMW for their sport utility vehicle models. It was first used on the X5 and later on the X3.
Sport sedan or Sports sedan
is how General Motors calls its models by Saab automobile.
Sportshatch
This term, which has been used by GM for several European models, has been applied to a number of body styles: A sporty liftback or hatchback (e.g. Opel Manta), and a sporty variant of a 2-door estate car (e.g. Vauxhall Magnum Sportshatch).
Sports Wagon
A term used by a number of manufacturers in the North American market for their station wagon models, an example of the Sports Wagon would be the 1960's Buick Sport Wagon and the current Dodge Magnum. Auto manufacturers in recent years perceive a stigma attached to the term 'station wagon', and attempt to make these models sound more exciting. In Europe, a few manufacturers, notably Alfa Romeo, have used the name Sport Wagon.
SW
A term used by Peugeot to describe estates (eg. Peugeot 407 SW)
Touring
Used by BMW and Mercedes-Benz in Europe for its station wagon/estate car models. In North America, "Sports Wagon" is used instead.
Traveller
Name applied to the Mini's estate version. Later co-opted by Nissan and used for estate versions of the Sunny and Primera in Europe.
Turnier
Used by Ford in Europe for its station wagon/estate car models. Alternatively called Clipper in some markets.
Variant
Used by Volkswagen for its station wagon/estate car models.
Verso
Used by Toyota for MPV versions of the Yaris/Vitz, Corolla and Avensis.
Volante 
Used by Aston Martin for convertibles.
Weekend 
Used by Fiat for station wagons since the 1980s, including the Regata, Tempra and Marea, as well as the small Brazilian-built world car estates Duna and Palio.

For other uses, see Honda (disambiguation). ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Audi is a German automobile manufacturer with headquarters in Ingolstadt, Bavaria. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... 5th generation Chevrolet El Camino The Chevrolet El Camino, a car-based small pickup truck built by Chevrolet in the United States, was produced in response to the success of the rival Ford Ranchero. ... Chevrolet (IPA: ʃɛv. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Pickup. ... This article is about the European car manufacturer. ... A Saab 900 combi coupé showing loaded with a 250 kg Stiga ride-on lawnmover. ... Saab Automobile AB is a subsidiary of General Motors. ... The word corniche is typically used to describe a road on the side of a cliff or mountain, with the ground rising on one side of the road and falling away on the other. ... Rolls-Royce plc is the second-largest aircraft engine maker in the world, behind General Electric Aviation. ... A coupe roadster is a convertible automobile equipped with a removable hardtop. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... now. ... Autobianchi logo. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Fiat 600 D The Fiat 600 (or Seicento) was a small (3,22 m) automobile available in hatchback with a good ventilation and defrosting system. ... The Alfa Romeo Alfasud was a compact car made by Alfa Romeo of Italy from 1971 to 1989. ... now. ... The coupé convertible (in French coupé cabriolet) or retractable hardtop (more common US usage) is an evolution of car body style that involves the flexibility of a mobile roof (from the convertible) and of the rigid roof of a coupé. In the first years of the 2000s, car manufacturers started... Peugeot is a major French car brand, part of PSA Peugeot Citroën. ... Lancia (Lan-cha) is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia and which became part of the Fiat group in 1969. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... The Lancia Beta was a car produced by Lancia. ... 1991 Lancia Delta HF Integrale Evoluzione 1991 Lancia Delta GT i. ... A Kamm tail on a Citroen CX sedan This 1974 AMC Gremlin sports a Kamm tail according to AMC Audi A2 2004 Toyota Prius, an example of a Kammback achieving a drag coefficient of 0. ... Wunibald Kamm (Basel, April 26, 1893 – October 11, 1966 in Stuttgart) discovered an automobile design to reduce turbulence (that acts as an air brake) at high speeds. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Chevrolet Vega was a subcompact car sold from 1971 through 1977. ... 1970 AMC Hornet coupe The AMC Hornet was a compact automobile made by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) beginning with the 1970 model year and continuing through the 1977 model year. ... The Renault 21 was a midsize car built by the French manufacturer Renault between 1986 and 1994. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lincoln is an American luxury automobile brand, operated under the Ford Motor Company. ... Fiat Punto FIAT Group, or Fiat S.p. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... The Fiat 127 was a supermini automobile produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1971 and 1987. ... The 128 was a subcompact automobile manufactured by the Italian manufacturer Fiat from 1969 to 1985. ... The Fiat 131 was a midsized sedan built from the mid 70s to the mid 80s. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... Torino or Turin is a major industrial city in north-western Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the west bank of the Po River. ... The Lincoln Town Car is a fullsize luxury sedan and serves as the flagship of Fords luxury Lincoln division. ... Buick Century is a model name used by the Buick division of General Motors for a line of fullsize performance vehicles from 1936 to 1942 and 1954 to 1958; Buick also used the Century name from 1973 to 2004 for its value-added midsize cars. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... The Nissan Prairie was introduced in Japan in 1981 and Europe in 1982 and was the first production multi-purpose vehicle (MPV), if the Fiat Multipla of the 1950s is not counted. ... BMW AG (an acronym for Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, or in English, Bavarian Motor Works), is an independent German company and manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles. ... The BMW X5 is a mid-size luxury crossover SUV sold by BMW since 2000. ... The BMW X3 is a compact luxury crossover SUV produced by the German automaker BMW. It is based on the BMW 3-Series automobile platform. ... A sports sedan is a type of sedan automobile that is designed to look and feel sporty. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... Saab Automobile AB is a subsidiary of General Motors. ... The Opel Manta was a rear-wheel-drive sports coupé motor vehicle built by Opel, a subsidiary of General Motors, from 1970 to 1988. ... Vauxhall Magnum The Magnum was a car manufactured by Vauxhall Motors from 1973 to 1978. ... This mid-size Buick wagon was based on the Buick Skylark model and it was built from 1964 to 1972. ... The Dodge Magnum name has been used on a number of different automobiles. ... Alfa Romeo is an Italian automobile manufacturing company, founded as Darracq Italiana by Cavaliere Ugo Stella, an aristocrat from Milan in partnership with the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq. ... Estate may refer to: Estate (law), a term used in common law to signify the total of a persons property, entitlements and obligations Immovable Property, Real Estate or Real Property Estate (house) may mean the grounds surrounding any very large property, such as a country house or mansion Estate... Peugeot 407 The Peugeot 407 is a mid-size automobile produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot since 2004. ... BMW AG (an acronym for Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, or in English, Bavarian Motor Works), is an independent German company and manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... For the new MINI, see MINI (BMW). ... The Nissan Sunny is a small car manufactured by Nissan of Japan. ... The Nissan Primera is a mid-sized range of automobiles manufactured in the United Kingdom and Japan. ... now. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... An MPV or multi-purpose vehicle is a passenger-carrying vehicle based on a car platform, and is generally a one box design—neither a distinct bonnet (US: hood) nor boot (US: trunk), but rather a maximised interior space. ... The Toyota Vitz and Platz are Toyotas current model of subcompact car, with the Vitz name used for hatchbacks and Platz for sedans in Japan. ... This page is about the auto sedan Corolla manufactured by Toyota. ... Toyota Avensis, second generation. ... Aston Martin Lagonda Limited is a British manufacturer of luxury cars whose headquarters are at Gaydon, Warwickshire, England. ... Fiat Punto FIAT Group, or Fiat S.p. ... Fiat Regata 1986 model Fiat Regata 85 The Fiat Regata is a sedan-type automobile based upon the Fiat Ritmo. ... Rear of a Fiat Tempra The Fiat Tempra was a family car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat from 1990 to 1995. ... Fiat Marea The Fiat Marea is a sedan-type automobile, based on the Brava/Bravo hatchback platform. ... Fiat Duna sedan Fiat Duna Weekend The Fiat Duna (Fiat Prêmio in Brazil) was a small car produced by Fiat in Brazil, based on the Fiat Uno. ... The Fiat Palio is Fiats world car aimed at developing countries, although the station wagon version and the Strada PickUp are also sold in Europe with the names Fiat Palio Weekend and Strada Malibu. ...

Historical body styles

Most early body styles were derived from those available in horse-drawn carriages and used the coachbuilding terms for them, although often their application in the automobile differed from the carriage use. Other types were soon invented, and either used modifications of earlier terminology or wholly new terms to describe them. Some of these terms are occasionally used in modern model designations, but almost always inaccurately with respect to their historical meaning (e.g. Lincoln Town Car, Volkswagen Phaeton). Tourists in a vis-a-vis, Prague The classic definition of a carriage is a four-wheeled horse-drawn private passenger vehicle with leaf springs (elliptical springs in the 19th century) or leather strapping for suspension, whether light, smart and fast or large and comfortable. ... Wikimedia Commons has more media related to: Coachbuilder badges A coachbuilder is a manufacturer of bodies for carriages or automobiles. ... The Lincoln Town Car is a fullsize luxury sedan and serves as the flagship of Fords luxury Lincoln division. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Brougham 
Generally equivalent to a sedan, but more likely to have closed rear quarters and sometimes more luxuriously trimmed.
Close-coupled sedan 
A four-windowed sedan with a trunk that from front to rear was almost as thin as an upright suitcase. The rear-seat passengers sat a little bit forward of the differential. Ford Motor Company called its version a "Victoria" in the 1930s.
Coupé convertible 
A coupé with a convertible top, naturally. Fully enclosed with the top up and side windows up. Called a drophead coupé in the United Kingdom.
Drophead coupe 
As a coupé, but with a full convertible top. British terminology, and dropping out of use for most modern cars, though luxury British makes occasionally still use it. Compare American use of coupe convertible; contrast with fixed-head coupé.
Fixed-head coupé 
British term for a standard coupé with a fixed solid roof, as opposed to a drophead coupé. In cases where the rear seats are very small and not intended for regular use these are sometimes called a 2+2.
Hansom 
A fixed-roof car with a mostly-enclosed cabin in front and a high-mounted open drivers seat in the rear.
Landau 
In automobiles, generally (inaccurately) synonymous with landaulet; also used for a car with a simulated folding top and false landau bars. This latter usage is still current.
Landaulet (Landaulette) 
A car in which there is a roof over the front seats and the rear doors (possibly with a center row of seats) but with a folding convertible roof over the rear quarters.
Phaeton 
An open car, normally describing a double or triple-row phaeton. There is often a folding fabric top but no side weather protection. Early Phaetons had a high-mounted rear seat for the driver. The modern VW Phaeton derives its name, but nothing else, from this style.
Roi des Belges 
Named after King Leopold II of Belgium who ordered the first example. A large open car with high built seats and the rear seat usually set higher than the front seat. Also know more rarely as a Tulip Phaeton because of the side profile of the rear of the car resembling the shape of a tulip flower head..
Runabout 
A popular open light body style, normally with a single bench seat but sometimes with a rear tonneau. Most cars in the first decade of the 20th century were either runabouts or touring cars.
Stanhope 
A car with a single bench seat mounted at the center, a folding cloth top, and only a buckboard at the front.
Tonneau 
A car in which the rear compartment passengers enter through a rear, rather than side, door. Often completely open (no top).
Touring car 
A larger car, normally with two rows of seats (with a tonneau) and a large compartment at the front.
Town brougham 
Equivalent to a town car, but, as with the brougham, more likely to have closed rear quarters.
Town car 
A car in which the front seats were open and the rear compartment closed, normally with a removable top to cover the front chauffeur's compartment. The modern Lincoln Town Car derives its name, but nothing else, from this style.
Town landaulet, Town landau 
Combining the town car and landaulet, this car is open over the driver's compartment, closed over the rear doors, and with an opening convertible top over the rear quarters.

Brougham could be Brougham (band), a rap rock/nu-metal band. ... A close-coupled sedan is the name for an obsolete type of car body which disappeared from the United States market by the World War II, though it survived elsewhere for a time. ... now. ... The coupé convertible (in French coupé cabriolet) or retractable hardtop (more common US usage) is an evolution of car body style that involves the flexibility of a mobile roof (from the convertible) and of the rigid roof of a coupé. In the first years of the 2000s, car manufacturers started... Saab 900 Convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible (security) A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof. ... 2 plus 2 (2+2) The term 2 plus 2 (or 2+2) is a semi-slang phrase used to describe a car with seating for two passengers up front, plus two for occasional passengers in the rear. ... A Hansom cab adding character to the filming of a costume drama. ... A landau (named after the German city) is a coachbuilding term for a specific body style. ... A landau is a coachbuilding term for a type of carriage; the term has also been carried over into the automobile field, where it is generally used to mean a simulated convertible. ... A Phaeton is a car body style in which the passengers sit in one to three rows of open seats. ... The Volkswagen Phaeton (pronounced fay-eh-tun) is a large luxury sedan manufactured by Volkswagen. ... King Leopold II Leopold II, King of the Belgians (Louis Philippe Marie Victor) (April 9, 1835–December 17, 1909), succeeded his father, Leopold I of Belgium, to the Belgian throne in 1865 and remained king until his death. ... Runabouts were a popular car body style at the beginning of the 20th Century. ... 1903 Ford Model A rear-door Tonneau Tonneau is an archaic term for an open rear passenger compartment on an automobile and, by extension, a body style incorporating such a compartment. ... Horatio Nelson Jackson in his 2-seat Winton touring car, The Vermont, drives across America A touring car was a popular car body style in the early 20th century, being a larger alternative to the runabout. ... 1899 Winton stanhope Stanhope is an archaic car body style characterized by its single bench seat mounted at the center, folding cloth top, and buckboard at the front. ... A four-wheeled wagon of simple construction meant to be drawn by a horse or other large animal. ... 1903 Ford Model A rear-door Tonneau Tonneau is an archaic term for an open rear passenger compartment on an automobile and, by extension, a body style incorporating such a compartment. ... Horatio Nelson Jackson in his 2-seat Winton touring car, The Vermont, drives across America A touring car was a popular car body style in the early 20th century, being a larger alternative to the runabout. ... 1903 Ford Model A rear-door Tonneau Tonneau is an archaic term for an open rear passenger compartment on an automobile and, by extension, a body style incorporating such a compartment. ... ... A chauffeur is one who drives an automobile as a job. ... The Lincoln Town Car is a fullsize luxury sedan and serves as the flagship of Fords luxury Lincoln division. ...

See also

Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... It has been suggested that Vehicle size class be merged into this article or section. ... Vinyl roof refers to a vinyl covering for an automobiles top. ... A woodie is a wooden roller coaster. ...

External links

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Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Car bodies
  • Basic car body terminology
  • Car terminology glossary

  Results from FactBites:
 
Car body style - WOI Encyclopedia Italia (1981 words)
These styles are largely (though not completely) independent of a car's classification in terms of price, size and intended broad market; the same car model might be available in multiple body styles.
Most early body styles were derived from those available in horse-drawn carriages and used the coachbuilding terms for them, although often their application in the automobile differed from the carriage use.
A car in which the front seats were open and the rear compartment closed, normally with a removable top to cover the front chauffeur's compartment.
Car body style - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2949 words)
These styles are largely (though not completely) independent of a car's classification in terms of price, size and intended broad market; the same car model might be available in multiple body styles (or model ranges).
By definition, a chauffeur-driven car with a (normally glass-windowed) division between the front seats and the rear.
Car manufacturers sometimes invent names for the body styles of their cars for the purpose of differentiating themselves from other manufacturers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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