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Encyclopedia > Captivity (animal)
Animal husbandry
Animal husbandry

Animals that live under human care are in captivity. Captivity can be used as a generalizing term to describe the keeping of either domesticated animals (livestock and pets) or wild animals. This may include for example farms, private homes and zoos. Keeping animals in human captivity and under human care can thus be distinguished between three primary categories according to the particular motives, objectives and conditions. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x962, 143 KB)Flock of sheep. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (640x962, 143 KB)Flock of sheep. ... Domesticated animals, plants, and other organisms are those whose collective behavior, life cycle, or physiology has been altered as a result of their breeding and living conditions being under human control for multiple generations. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... It has been suggested that Residential pets be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Farm (disambiguation). ... Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo A zoological garden, zoological park, or zoo is a facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred. ...

Contents

Categories

Animal husbandry

Keeping and breeding livestock domesticated for economic reasons in farms, stud farms and similar establishments. Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... For other uses, see Farm (disambiguation). ... Horse breeding is the process of using selective breeding to produce additional individuals of a given phenotype, that is, continuing a breed. ...


Pet keeping

Keeping pets domesticated for personal reasons mostly at private homes.


Wild animal keeping

Keeping wild, non-domesticated animals in menageries, zoos, aquaria, marine mammal parks or dolphinariums and similar establishments for various reasons: Menagerie is the term for a historical form of keeping wild and exotic animals in human captivity and therefore a predecessor of the modern zoological garden. ... Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo A zoological garden, zoological park, or zoo is a facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred. ... “Aquaria” redirects here. ... Marineland of Florida, USA — dolphin show, 1964. ... Dolphinarium is a great aquarium for dolphins. ...

Dogs and other pets are kept for personal companionship and outdoor activities
Dogs and other pets are kept for personal companionship and outdoor activities

For other uses, see Prestige (disambiguation). ... A stilt-walker entertaining shoppers at a shopping centre in Swindon, England Entertainment is an event, performance, or activity designed to give pleasure or relaxation to an audience (although, for example, in the case of a computer game the audience may be only one person). ... Amusement, Viktor Vasnetsov Amusement is the state of experiencing humorous and usually entertaining events or situations, and is associated with enjoyment, happiness, laughter and pleasure. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Conservation biology, or conservation ecology, is the science of analyzing and protecting Earths biological diversity. ... Mixed Breed (Sheltie) face ADCH O-NATCH CATCH APD ATCH Finchesters Jake CGC (probably a Sheltie mix), owned by Ellen Finch ADCH is a USDAA dog agility championship; O-NATCH is a double agility championship through NADAC; CATCH is an agility championship through CPE; APD is the USDAA performance... Mixed Breed (Sheltie) face ADCH O-NATCH CATCH APD ATCH Finchesters Jake CGC (probably a Sheltie mix), owned by Ellen Finch ADCH is a USDAA dog agility championship; O-NATCH is a double agility championship through NADAC; CATCH is an agility championship through CPE; APD is the USDAA performance...

History

The domestication of animals is the oldest documented keeping of animals in captivity. The result was habituation of wild animal species to survive in the company of, or by the labor of, human beings. Domesticated species are those whose behaviour, life cycle, or physiology has been altered as a result of their breeding and living conditions under human control for multiple generations. Probably the earliest known domestic animal has been the dog, likely as early as 15000 BC among hunter-gatherers in several locations. Dogs and sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... This article is about modern humans. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A life cycle is a period involving one generation of an organism through means of reproduction, whether through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ...


Throughout history not only domestic animals as pets and livestock were kept in captivity and under human care, but also wild animals. Some were failed domestication attempts. Also, in past times, primarily wealthy men, aristocrats and kings collected wild animals for various reasons. Contrary to domestication, the ferociousness and natural behaviour of the wild animals were preserved and exhibited. Today's zoos claim other reasons for keeping animals under human care: conservation, education and science. Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... Aristocracy is a form of government in which rulership is in the hands of an upper class known as aristocrats. ... Conservation biology, or conservation ecology, is the science of analyzing and protecting Earths biological diversity. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ...

A critically endangered Mexican Gray Wolf is kept in captivity for breeding purposes.
A critically endangered Mexican Gray Wolf is kept in captivity for breeding purposes.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1504x1000, 1094 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): User talk:Marumari User:Cburnett Minnesota Zoo Wikipedia:List of images/Nature/Animals/Mammals... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1504x1000, 1094 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): User talk:Marumari User:Cburnett Minnesota Zoo Wikipedia:List of images/Nature/Animals/Mammals... An endangered species is a species whose population is so small that it is in danger of becoming extinct. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus baileyi (Nelson & Goldman, 1929) Mexican wolf range The Mexican Wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) is the rarest, most genetically distinct subspecies of the Gray Wolf in North America. ...

Behavior of animals in captivity

Captive animals, especially those which are not domesticated, sometimes develop repetitive, apparently purposeless motor behaviors called stereotypical behaviors. These behaviors are thought to be caused by the animals' abnormal environment. Many who keep animals in captivity, especially in zoos and related institutions and in research institutions, attempt to prevent or decrease stereotypical behavior by introducing novel stimuli, known as environmental enrichment. Animals kept in small, unadorned enclosures are likely to develop stereotypical behaviors. ... An Asian elephant in a zoo manipulating a suspended ball provided as environmental enrichment. ...


References

See also

Animal Husbandry:

Pet Keeping: Shepherd with his sheep in Făgăraş Mountains, Romania. ... Dogs and sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ...

Wild Animal Keeping: It has been suggested that Residential pets be merged into this article or section. ... The European Convention for the Protection of Pet Animals is a treaty of the Council of Europe to promote the welfare of pet animals and ensure minimum standards for their treatment and protection. ...

Cruelty to Animals and Animal Welfare: Menagerie is the term for a historical form of keeping wild and exotic animals in human captivity and therefore a predecessor of the modern zoological garden. ... A zoo. ... “Aquaria” redirects here. ... Marineland of Florida, USA — dolphin show, 1964. ... Dolphinarium is a great aquarium for dolphins. ... Cultural history (from the German term Kulturgeschichte), at least in its common definition since the 1970s, often combines the approaches of anthropology and history to look at popular cultural traditions and cultural interpretations of historical experience. ...

Animal welfare is the viewpoint that animals, especially those under human care, should not suffer unnecessarily, including where the animals are used for food, work, companionship, or research. ... Animal welfare groups argue for greater protection for non-human animals, particulary those used by human beings in laboratories, for food and in entertainment, and those kept as companion animals. ... A man in Shanghai who is asking for money and carrying a monkey that is missing a limb. ... The World Society for the Protection of Animals (commonly WSPA) is an international non-profit animal welfare organisation and also a federation of such organisations and active in over 130 countries with some 600 member groups. ...

External Links

  • Pet-Abuse.com
  • World Association of Zoos and Aquaria
  • New York Zoos and Aquarium
  • WSPA international website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Animals (839 words)
animals in captivity is the fact that the typical development of their authentic being is arrested at all levels.
Although scientists working with animals in captivity claim that the needs of these creatures are satisfied, they have failed to acknowledge the adverse impact of the deficiencies of the physical and social environment on the quality of life of these animals.
Animals in captivity that are used to being fed with dead fish and meat by trainers are unable to eat live fish.
Captivity Is Cruel. (841 words)
Worse yet, people are unaware of the cruelties that they experience in captivity and many think they enjoy it because of their appearance- it’s hard to imagine an unhappy dolphin and almost impossible to tell.
Placing animals in captivity does not necessarily increase their chance of survival and certainly not their happiness and best interests.
Captive cetaceans are usually forced to breed with animals they would never have naturally bred with in the wild (i.e.
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