FACTOID # 25: If you're tired of sitting in traffic on your way to work, move to North Dakota.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Captain America
Captain America

Promotional art for Captain America vol. 4, #6, by John Cassaday.
Publication information
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance Captain America Comics #1
(March 1941)[1]
Created by Joe Simon
Jack Kirby
In story information
Alter ego Steven "Steve" Grant Rogers
Team affiliations Secret Avengers
Avengers
Invaders
All-Winners Squad
Secret Defenders
S.H.I.E.L.D.
Project: Rebirth
U.S. Army
Redeemers
Notable aliases Nomad, The Captain, Brett Hendrick, Roger Stevens, Steven Grant Rogers, Yeoman America
Abilities Physical attributes enhanced to peak of human potential
Expert martial artist and hand-to-hand combatant
All terrain acrobatics
Master tactician and field commander
Vibranium-steel alloy shield

Captain America is a comic book superhero character, published by Marvel Comics. Created by Joe Simon and Jack Kirby, he first appeared in Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941), from Marvel Comics' 1940s predecessor, Timely Comics.[1] Over the years, an estimated 210 million copies of "Captain America" comic books have been sold in a total of 75 countries.[2] Image File history File links Cap_america_v4. ... John Cassaday is a comic book artist, best known for his work on Planetary with Warren Ellis, and Astonishing X-Men with Joss Whedon. ... This article is about the comic book company. ... In comic books, first appearance refers to first comic book to feature a character. ... Joe Simon (born 1915) was a comic book author and cartoonist who created or co-created many memorable characters in the Golden Age. ... Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg, August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994) was one of the most influential, recognizable, and prolific artists in American comic books, and the co-creator of such enduring characters and popular culture icons as the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, the Hulk, Captain America, and hundreds... Civil War is a 2006-2007 Marvel Comics crossover event built around a seven-issue limited series of the same name written by Mark Millar, and penciled by Steve McNiven. ... The Avengers is a superhero team that appear in the fictional Marvel Universe. ... The Invaders is the name of two fictional superhero teams in the Marvel Comics universe. ... The All-Winners Squad is a fictional superhero team in the Marvel Comics universe. ... The Defenders was a comic book series about a loosely-organized team of superheroes in the Marvel Comics universe. ... S.H.I.E.L.D. is a fictional, comic-book counterterrorism and intelligence agency in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Weapon X a clandestine government project in the Marvel Universe, which turns mutants into living weapons. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Nomad is the name of a number of superhero characters who have appeared in comic books published by Marvel Comics. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... Military tactics (Greek: Taktikē, the art of organizing an army) are the collective name for methods for engaging and defeating an enemy in battle. ... Captain Americas shield is a fictional item, the primary defensive and offensive piece of equipment used by the Marvel Comics superhero Captain America, and he is seldom seen without it. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... For other uses, see Superhero (disambiguation). ... This article is about the comic book company. ... Joe Simon (born 1915) was a comic book author and cartoonist who created or co-created many memorable characters in the Golden Age. ... Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg, August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994) was one of the most influential, recognizable, and prolific artists in American comic books, and the co-creator of such enduring characters and popular culture icons as the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, the Hulk, Captain America, and hundreds... In comic books, first appearance refers to first comic book to feature a character. ... Timely Comics is the 1940s comic-book publishing company that would evolve into Marvel Comics. ...


Within the comics, the title "Captain America" applies to whomever is chosen by the U.S. government (which views itself as "owning" the persona) to wear the costume and bear the shield. For nearly all of the character's publication history, however, Captain America was the alter ego of Steve Rogers, a sickly young man who was enhanced to the peak of human perfection by an experimental serum in order to aid the United States war effort. Captain America wears a costume that utilizes an American flag motif, and is armed with an indestructible shield that can be thrown as a weapon.[3] Alter Ego has multiple meanings: Alter Ego is a game for the Commodore 64 computer. ... Union Jack. ...


An intentionally patriotic creation who was often depicted fighting the Axis powers of World War II, Captain America was Timely's most popular character during World War II. After the war ended, the character's popularity waned and he disappeared by the 1950s aside from an ill-fated revival in 1953. Captain America was reintroduced during the Silver Age of comics when he was revived from suspended animation by the superhero team the Avengers in The Avengers #4 (March 1964). Since then, Captain America has often led the team, as well as starring in his own series. Steve Rogers was killed in Captain America vol. 5, #25 (March 2007), although the Captain America series continues publication.[4] This article is about the independent states that comprised the Axis powers. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Showcase #4 (September-October 1956), often thought the first appearance of the first Silver Age superhero, the Barry Allen Flash. ... The Avengers is a superhero team that appear in the fictional Marvel Universe. ...

Contents

Publication history

Writer Joe Simon conceived the idea for Captain America, which was refined by his partner, artist Jack Kirby, in 1941. Captain America was a consciously political creation. Simon and Kirby were morally repulsed by the actions of Nazi Germany in the years leading up to the United States' involvement in World War II and felt war was inevitable. Simon later said, "The opponents to the war were all quite well organized. We wanted to have our say too."[5] Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ...


Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941) — on sale in December 1940, a year before the bombing of Pearl Harbor, and already showing the protagonist punching Nazi leader Adolf Hitler in the jaw — sold nearly one million copies.[6] While most readers responded favorably to the comic, some took objection. Simon noted, "When the first issue came out we got a lot of . . . threatening letters and hate mail. Some people really opposed what Cap stood for."[5] Though preceded as a "patriotically themed superhero" by MLJ's The Shield, Captain America immediately became the most prominent and enduring of that wave of superheroes introduced in American comic books prior to and during World War II. With his sidekick Bucky, Captain America faced Nazis, Japanese and other threats to wartime America and the Allies. Captain America soon became Timely's most popular character and even had a fan-club called the "Sentinels of Liberty."[5] Circulation figures remained close to a million copies per month after the debut issue, which outstripped even the circulation of news magazines like Time during the period.[7] This article is about the harbor in Hawaii. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Archie Comics is an American comic book publisher known for its many series featuring the fictional teenage Archie Andrews, Betty Cooper, Veronica Lodge, Reggie Mantle and Forsythe Jughead Jones characters created by Bob Montana. ... The Shield is the name of several patriotic super heroes created by MLJ (now known as Archie Comics). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For other uses, see Bucky (disambiguation). ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ... Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ...

1974 Comic Art Convention program book featuring Simon's original 1940 sketch of Captain America.

After the Simon & Kirby team moved to DC late 1941, having produced Captain America Comics through issue #10 (Jan. 1942), Al Avison and Syd Shores became regular pencillers of the celebrated title, with one generally inking over the other. The character was also featured in All Winners Comics #1-19 (Summer 1941 - Fall 1946), Marvel Mystery Comics #80-84,86-92, USA Comics #6-17 (Dec 1942 - Fall 1945) and All Select Comics #1-10 (Fall 1943 - Summer 1946). Image File history File links 1974ComicArtCon_book. ... Image File history File links 1974ComicArtCon_book. ... The Comic Art Convention, begun in New York City in 1968 and held annually for over a decade, was the first large-scale comic book fan convention and the largest national comics gathering of its kind until San Diego, Californias Comic-Con International took over that position. ... Alfred Avison (born 1920) is an American comic book artist known for his work on Captain America and The Whizzer during the 1940s Golden Age of comic books. ... Syd Shores (born 1916, died March 6, 1973) is an American comic book artist known for his work on Captain America in both during the 1940s Golden Age of comic books and the 1960s Silver Age. ... A penciller (or penciler) is one of a number of artists working within the comic industry. ... The inker is one of the two line artists in a traditional comic book, or graphic novel. ... All Winners Comics 21 issues. ... The first cover appearance of Namor the Sub-Mariner on Marvel Mystery Comics #4, February, 1940. ... USA Comics was a superhero comic-book anthology series published by Marvel Comics 1930-40s predecessor, Timely Comics, during the period fans and historians call the Golden Age of comic books. ... All Select Comics is a comic published by Marvel Comics from 1943 to 1945. ...


In the post-war era, with the popularity of superheroes fading, Captain America led Timely/Marvel's first superhero team, the All-Winners Squad, in its two published adventures, in All Winners Comics #19 & 21 (Fall-Winter 1946; there was no issue #20). After Bucky was shot and wounded in a 1948 Captain America story, he was succeeded by Captain America's girlfriend Betsy Ross, who became the superheroine Golden Girl. Captain America Comics ended with #75 (Feb. 1950), by which time the series had been titled Captain America's Weird Tales for two issues, with the finale a horror/suspense anthology issue with no superheroes. The All-Winners Squad is a fictional superhero team in the Marvel Comics universe. ... All Winners Comics 21 issues. ... Golden Girl is the name of two superheroines in the Marvel Comics universe who were active during the 1940s. ...


Marvel's 1950s iteration Atlas Comics attempted to revive its superhero titles when it reintroduced Captain America, along with the original Human Torch and the Sub-Mariner, in Young Men #24 (Dec. 1953). Billed as "Captain America, Commie Smasher!", Captain America appeared during the next year in Young Men #24-28 and Men's Adventures #27-28, as well as in issues #76-78 of an eponymous title. Atlas' attempted superhero revival was a commercial failure,[8] and the character's title was canceled with Captain America #78 (Sept. 1954). Atlas Comics is the 1950s comic book publishing company that would evolve into Marvel Comics. ...


Silver Age revival

In the Human Torch story titled "Captain America" in Marvel Comics' Strange Tales #114 (Nov. 1963), writer-editor Stan Lee and artist and co-plotter Jack Kirby depicted the brash young Fantastic Four member Johnny Storm, the Human Torch, in an exhibition performance with Captain America, described as a legendary World War II and 1950s superhero who has returned after many years of apparent retirement. The 13-page story ends with this Captain America revealed as an impostor: the villain the Acrobat, a former circus performer the Torch had defeated in Strange Tales #106. Afterward, Storm digs out an old comic book in which Captain America is shown to be Steve Rogers. A caption in the final panel says this story was a test to see if readers would like Captain America to return. This article is about the Silver/Modern Age Human Torch, Johnny Storm. ... Strange Tales was the name of several comic book anthology series that have been published by Marvel Comics. ... For the fictional character of this name, see Stan Lee (Judge Dredd character). ... Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg, August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994) was one of the most influential, recognizable, and prolific artists in American comic books, and the co-creator of such enduring characters and popular culture icons as the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, the Hulk, Captain America, and hundreds... This article is about the superheroes. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Captain America was then formally reintroduced in The Avengers #4 (March 1964), which explained that in the final days of WWII, Captain America fell from an experimental drone plane into the North Atlantic Ocean and spent decades frozen in a state of suspended animation. He quickly became leader of that superhero team. Following the success of other Marvel characters introduced during the 1960s, Captain America was recast as a hero "haunted by past memories, and trying to adapt to 1960s society."[9] The Avengers is a superhero team that appear in the fictional Marvel Universe. ... An RQ-2 Pioneer, a reconnaissance UAV used by the US military during the Gulf and Iraq Wars. ... Atlantic and North Atlantic redirect here. ... This article is about suspended animation in a medical context. ...


After then guest-starring in the feature "Iron Man" in Tales of Suspense #58 (Oct. 1964), Captain America gained his own solo feature in that "split book", beginning the following issue. Kirby, Captain America's co-creator during the 1940s period fans and historians call the Golden Age of comic books, was illustrating his hero's solo adventures again for the first time since 1941. Issue #63 (March 1965), which retold Captain America's origin, through #71 (Nov. 1965) was a period feature set during World War II and co-starred Captain America's Golden Age sidekick, Bucky. This article is about the superhero. ... - ==References== - *Tales of Suspense #1-99 (Marvel Comics, January 1959 - March 1968) - *Marvel Select: Tales of Suspense #1 (1996) - - - - - - - - - Categories: | | ... Superman, catalyst of the Golden Age: Superman #14 (Feb. ... For other uses, see Bucky (disambiguation). ...


In the 1970s, the post-war versions of Captain America were retconned into separate, successive characters who briefly took up the mantle of Captain America after Steve Rogers went into suspended animation near the end of World War II.[10][11] The hero found a new generation of readers as leader of the all-star superhero team the Avengers, and in a new solo feature beginning in Tales of Suspense #59 (Nov. 1964), a "split book" shared with the feature "Iron Man". Kirby drew all but two of the stories in Tales of Suspense, which became Captain America with #100 (April 1968); Gil Kane and John Romita Sr. each filled-in once. Several stories were finished by penciller-inker George Tuska over Kirby layouts, with one finished by Romita Sr. and another by penciller Dick Ayers and inker John Tartaglione. Kirby's regular inkers on the series were Frank Giacoia (as "Frank Ray") and Joe Sinnott, though Don Heck and Golden Age Captain America artist Syd Shores inked one story each. The new title Captain America continued to feature artwork by Kirby, as well as a short run by Jim Steranko, and work by many of the industry's top artists and writers. It was called Captain America and the Falcon from #134-222. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about suspended animation in a medical context. ... - ==References== - *Tales of Suspense #1-99 (Marvel Comics, January 1959 - March 1968) - *Marvel Select: Tales of Suspense #1 (1996) - - - - - - - - - Categories: | | ... This article is about the superhero. ... Showcase #22 (Oct. ... John Romita, Sr. ... George Tuska (born April 26, 1916, Hartford, Connecticut) a. ... Richard Dick Ayers is a comic book artist and cartoonist, born April 28th, 1924, in Ossining, New York. ... John Tartaglione (born 19 January 1921; died 12 November 2003), a. ... Frank Giacoia (1925-1989) is an American comic book artist who sometimes worked under the name Frank Ray and to a lesser extent Phil Zupa and the single moniker Espoia. ... Joe Sinnott (born October 16, 1926, Saugerties, New York, United States) is an American comic book artist. ... Don Heck (January 2, 1929-1995) was a comic book artist best known for co-creating the character Iron Man, and for his long run penciling The Avengers in the 1960s. ... Syd Shores (born 1916, died March 6, 1973) is an American comic book artist known for his work on Captain America in both during the 1940s Golden Age of comic books and the 1960s Silver Age. ... Captain America #111 (March 1969): Sterankos signature surrealism. ...


This series — considered Captain America vol. 1 by comics researchers and historians,[12] following the 1940s Captain America Comics and its 1950s numbering continuation — ended with #454 (Aug. 1996). It was almost immediately followed by the 13-issue Captain America vol. 2 (Nov. 1996 - Nov. 1997),[13] the 50-issue Captain America vol. 3 (Jan. 1998 - Feb. 2002),[14] the 32-issue Captain America vol. 4 (June 2002 - Dec. 2004)[15] and Captain America vol. 5 (Jan. 2005 -  ).[16]


There were attempts for a second series such as Captain America Sentinel of Liberty (Sept. 1998-Aug. 1999) and Captain America & the Falcon (May 2004-June 2005).


As part of the aftermath of Marvel Comics' company crossover "Civil War", Steve Rogers was killed in Captain America vol. 5, #25 (March 2007). Series writer Ed Brubaker remarked: Civil War is a 2006-2007 Marvel Comics crossover event built around a seven-issue limited series of the same name written by Mark Millar, and penciled by Steve McNiven. ... Ed Brubaker. ...

What I found is that all the really hard-core left-wing fans want Cap to be standing out on and giving speeches on the street corner against the George W. Bush administration, and all the really right-wing fans all want him to be over in the streets of Baghdad, punching out Saddam Hussein."[17]

The character's death came as a blow to co-creator Joe Simon, who said, "It's a hell of a time for him to go. We really need him now."[17] George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq and Chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council from 1979 until his overthrow by US forces in 2003. ... Joe Simon (born 1915) was a comic book author and cartoonist who created or co-created many memorable characters in the Golden Age. ...


In August 2007, Marvel announced that the Captain America of the 1940s will travel to the present day in a 12-issue series drawn by Alex Ross.[18] Marvel also announced that a new Captain America, with a costume designed by Ross, would debut in Captain America #34.[19] Nelson Alexander Alex Ross (born January 22, 1970) is an American comic book painter, illustrator and plotter, acclaimed for the photorealism of his work. ...


The 2007 miniseries Captain America: The Chosen, written by David Morrell and penciled by Mitchell Breitweiser, depicts a dying Steve Rogers' final minutes, at S.H.I.E.L.D. headquarters, as his spirit guides James Newman, a young American soldier fighting in Afghanistan. The Chosen is not part of the main Marvel Universe continuity. A miniseries (sometimes mini-series), in a serial storytelling medium, is a production which tells a story in a limited number of episodes. ... David Morrell (born 1943 in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada) is the award-winning author of First Blood, the novel in which Rambo was created. ... S.H.I.E.L.D. is a fictional, comic-book counterterrorism and intelligence agency in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


Fictional character biography

1940s

Captain America Comics#1 (March 1941). Cover art by Joe Simon (inks and pencils) & Jack Kirby (pencils).

Steve Rogers was born on July 4, 1917 in the Lower East Side of Manhattan, New York City, to Irish immigrants Sarah and Joseph Rogers.[20] By the early 1940s, before America's entry into World War II, Rogers is a tall but scrawny fine arts student specializing in illustration. Disturbed by the rise of the Third Reich, Rogers attempts to enlist, only to be rejected due to his poor constitution. A U.S. Army officer looking for test subjects offers Rogers the chance to serve his country by taking part in a top-secret defense project — Operation: Rebirth, which seeks to develop a means of creating physically superior soldiers. Rogers volunteers for the research and, after a rigorous selection process, is chosen as the first human test subject for the Super-Soldier serum developed by the scientist "Dr. Josef Reinstein,"[21][22] later retroactively changed to a code name for the scientist Abraham Erskine.[23] Download high resolution version (500x673, 110 KB)Captain America Comics #1, Timely Comics, March 1941. ... Download high resolution version (500x673, 110 KB)Captain America Comics #1, Timely Comics, March 1941. ... Joe Simon (born 1915) was a comic book author and cartoonist who created or co-created many memorable characters in the Golden Age. ... Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg, August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994) was one of the most influential, recognizable, and prolific artists in American comic books, and the co-creator of such enduring characters and popular culture icons as the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, the Hulk, Captain America, and hundreds... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... L.E.S. redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Fine art is a term used to refer to fields traditionally considered to be artistic. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... For the Amalgam Comics character, see Super-Soldier. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The night that Operation: Rebirth is implemented, Rogers receives injections and oral ingestions of the Super-Soldier formula. He is then exposed to a controlled burst of "Vita-Rays" that activate and stabilize the chemicals in his system. Although the process is arduous physically, it successfully alters his physiology almost instantly from its relatively frail form to the maximum of human efficiency, greatly enhancing his musculature and reflexes. Erskine declares Rogers to be the first of a new breed of man, a "nearly perfect human being."[22]


At that moment, a Nazi spy reveals himself and shoots Erskine. Because the scientist had committed the crucial portions of the Super-Soldier formula to memory, it cannot be duplicated. Rogers kills the spy in retaliation and vows to oppose the enemies of America.[22][24] Secret Agent is a 1936 British film directed by Alfred Hitchcock based on a novel by W. Somerset Maugham. ...


The United States government, making the most of its one super-soldier, re-imagines him as a superhero who serves as both a counter-intelligence agent and a propaganda symbol to counter Nazi Germany's head of terrorist operations, the Red Skull. To that end, Rogers is given a uniform modeled after the American flag (based on Rogers's own sketches[20]) a bulletproof shield, a personal side arm, and the codename Captain America. He is also given a cover identity as a clumsy infantry private at Camp Lehigh in Virginia. Barely out of his teens himself, Rogers makes friends with the camp's teenage mascot James Buchanan "Bucky" Barnes.[21] Counter Intelligence A uk label started and owned by John Machielsen. ... 1967 Chinese propaganda poster from the Cultural Revolution. ... Red Skull is the name of three Marvel Comics supervillains who are enemies of Captain America, other superheroes, and the United States in general. ... Flag ratio: 7:12; nicknames: Stars and Stripes, Old Glory The flag of the United States of America consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; there is a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing 50 small, white, five-pointed stars... A side arm is a small personal weapon that is typically worn on the body in a holster in such a way to permit immediate access and use. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I Infantry or footmen are very highly disciplined and trained soldiers who fight primarily with small arms(rifles), but are trained to use everything from their bare hands to missle systems in order to neutralize... Millie, once mascot of the City of Brampton, is now the Brampton Arts Councils representative. ... For other uses, see Bucky (disambiguation). ...

Cover of Captain America vol. 5, #5 (May 2005), with fellow Invaders the Sub-Mariner and the original Human Torch. Art by Steve Epting.

Barnes accidentally learns of Rogers's dual identity and offers to keep the secret if he can become Captain America's sidekick. Rogers agrees and trains Barnes. Rogers meets President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who presents him with a new shield made from a mixture of steel and vibranium, fused by an unknown catalyst. The alloy is indestructible, yet the shield is light enough to use as a discus-like weapon that can be angled to return to him. It proves so effective that Captain America forgoes the sidearm.[23] Throughout World War II, Captain America and Bucky fight the Nazi menace both on their own and as members of the superhero team the Invaders (as seen in the 1970s comic of the same name).[25] Download high resolution version (550x825, 212 KB)Cover to Captain America #5 (volume 5), featuring the Invaders; Captain America, Namor, and the original Human Torch. ... Download high resolution version (550x825, 212 KB)Cover to Captain America #5 (volume 5), featuring the Invaders; Captain America, Namor, and the original Human Torch. ... The Invaders is the name of two fictional superhero teams in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Namor the Sub-Mariner is a fictional character, featured in Marvel Comics. ... The Human Torch is a fictional character, a Marvel Comics-owned superhero. ... Steve Epting is a comic book artist whose work includes Aquaman, The Avengers, X-Factor and several titles for the now defunct CrossGen, including El Cazador (with Chuck Dixon) and Crux. ... For other uses of this term, please see Secret identity (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sidekick (disambiguation). ... FDR redirects here. ... Captain Americas shield is a fictional item, the primary defensive and offensive piece of equipment used by the Marvel Comics superhero Captain America, and he is seldom seen without it. ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... Vibranium, is a fictional metal that appears in the Marvel Universe. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The Invaders is the name of two fictional superhero teams in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


During the closing days of World War II, Captain America and Bucky try to stop the villainous Baron Zemo from destroying an experimental drone plane. Zemo launches the plane with an armed explosive on it, with Rogers and Barnes in hot pursuit. They reach the plane just before it takes off, but when Bucky tries to defuse the bomb, it explodes in mid-air. The young man is believed killed, and Rogers is hurled into the freezing waters of the North Atlantic. Neither body is found, and both are presumed dead. It is later revealed through retcons that neither character actually died. [26] Baron Zemo is the name of two fictional characters, both supervillains, in various Marvel Comics comic books, notably Captain America and the Avengers. ...


Late 1940s—1950s

Captain America #78 (Sept. 1954), featuring the first Electro. Cover pencils and inks by John Romita, Sr..

Captain America continues to appear in comics for the next few years changing from World War II era hero fighting against the Nazis to trying to defeat the United States newest enemy, Communism. The revival of the character in the mid-50s is shortlived though and events during that time period are later retconned to show that multiple people operated using the codename in order to explain the changes in the character. Image File history File links CaptainAmerica(Atlas)78. ... Image File history File links CaptainAmerica(Atlas)78. ... Not to be confused with Elektra (comics). ... John Romita, Sr. ...


1960s—1970s

The Avengers #4 (Mar. 1964).
Cover art by Jack Kirby & George Roussos.

Years later,[26] the superhero team the Avengers discovers Steve Rogers' body in the North Atlantic, his costume under his soldier's uniform and still carrying his shield. After he revives, they piece together that Rogers had been preserved in a block of ice since 1945. The block had begun to melt after the Sub-Mariner, enraged that an Arctic Inuit tribe is worshiping the frozen figure, throws it into the ocean. Rogers accepts membership in the Avengers, and although long out of his time, his considerable combat experience makes him a valuable asset to the team. He quickly assumes leadership,[27] and has typically returned to that position throughout the team's history. Cover of Avengers #4 This image is a book cover. ... Cover of Avengers #4 This image is a book cover. ... The Avengers is a superhero team that appear in the fictional Marvel Universe. ... Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg, August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994) was one of the most influential, recognizable, and prolific artists in American comic books, and the co-creator of such enduring characters and popular culture icons as the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, the Hulk, Captain America, and hundreds... George Roussos a. ... The Avengers is a superhero team that appear in the fictional Marvel Universe. ... Namor the Sub-Mariner is a fictional comic-book character in the Marvel Comics Universe, and one of the first superheroes, debuting in Spring 1939. ... For the ships, see USS Arctic, SS Arctic, MV Arctic The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, sometimes used to define the Arctic region border Artificially coloured topographical map of the Arctic region The Arctic is the region around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctic... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ...


Captain America is plagued by guilt for being unable to prevent Bucky's death — a feeling that does not ease for some time. Although he takes the young Rick Jones (who closely resembles Bucky) under his tutelage, he refuses for some time to allow Jones to take up the Bucky identity, not wishing to be responsible for another youth's death. Insisting that his hero finally move on from that loss, Jones eventually convinces Rogers to let him don the Bucky costume,[28] but this partnership lasts only a short time; a disguised Red Skull, impersonating Rogers with the help of the Cosmic Cube, drives Jones away. Richard Milhouse Rick Jones is a fictional character in the Marvel Comics Universe. ... Red Skull is the name of three Marvel Comics supervillains who are enemies of Captain America, other superheroes, and the United States in general. ... This article contains a trivia section. ...

Captain America #180 (Dec. 1974). Captain America becomes "Nomad". Cover art by Gil Kane & Frank Giacoia.

Rogers also reunites with his old war comrade Nick Fury, who is similarly well-preserved due to the "Infinity Formula". As a result, Rogers regularly undertakes missions for the security agency S.H.I.E.L.D. for which Fury was executive director.[29] Through Fury, Rogers befriends Sharon Carter, a SHIELD agent,[30] with whom he eventually begins a romantic relationship. Image File history File links CaptainAmericaV1-180. ... Image File history File links CaptainAmericaV1-180. ... Showcase #22 (Oct. ... Frank Giacoia (1925-1989) is an American comic book artist who sometimes worked under the name Frank Ray and to a lesser extent Phil Zupa and the single moniker Espoia. ... Colonel Nicholas Joseph Nick Fury is a fictional World War II army hero and present-day super-spy in the Marvel Comics universe. ... S.H.I.E.L.D. is a fictional, comic-book counterterrorism and intelligence agency in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Sharon Carter, alias Agent 13, is a fictional character in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


Rogers later meets and trains Sam Wilson, who becomes the superhero the Falcon,[31] the first African-American superhero in mainstream comic books. The characters established an enduring friendship and adventuring partnership, sharing the series title for some time as Captain America and the Falcon). [32] The two later encounter the revived but still insane 1950s Captain America.[10] Although Rogers and the Falcon defeat the faux Rogers and Jack Monroe, Rogers becomes deeply disturbed that he could have suffered his counterpart's fate. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... The Grand Director, also sometimes referred to as the Captain America of the 1950s, is a fictional character in Marvel Comics Universe. ...


The series also dealt with the Marvel Universe's version of the Watergate scandal, making Rogers so uncertain about his role that he abandons his Captain America identity in favor of one called Nomad. During this time, several men unsuccessfully assume the Captain America identity.[33] Rogers eventually re-assumes it after coming to consider that the identity could be a symbol of American ideals and not its government. Jack Monroe, cured of his mental instability, later takes up the Nomad alias.[34] During this period, Rogers also temporarily gains super strength.[35] He also learns of the apparent death of Sharon Carter.[36] This article is about the shared universe setting used by many Marvel Comics titles. ... Watergate redirects here. ... Nomad is the name of a number of superhero characters who have appeared in comic books published by Marvel Comics. ...


1980s-1990s

Captain America #350 (Feb. 1989): Rogers as The Captain vs. John Walker as Captain America. Cover art by Kieron Dwyer & Al Milgrom.

In the 1980s, in addition to runs from such acclaimed creators as John Byrne, the series reveals the true face and full origin of the Red Skull. Rogers meets law student Bernie Rosenthal,[37] who becomes his girlfriend. He also takes Jack Monroe, Nomad, as a partner for a time.[38] He also meets Diamondback at this time.[39] The heroes gathered by the Beyonder elect Rogers as leader during their stay on Battleworld.[40] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (400x608, 74 KB) Summary Cover of Captain America Vol. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (400x608, 74 KB) Summary Cover of Captain America Vol. ... Cover to Avengers (vol. ... Cover to West Coast Avengers #1, Art by Milgrom Allen Al Milgrom is an American comic book writer, penciller, inker and editor. ... For other uses of John Byrne, see John Byrne (disambiguation). ... Red Skull is the name of three Marvel Comics supervillains who are enemies of Captain America, other superheroes, and the United States in general. ... Bernie Rosenthal is a fictional superhero in the Marvel Universe, ex-girlfriend of Captain America. ... Biography Diamondback (real name Rachel Leighton) is a reformed supervillain in the Marvel Comics universe. ... The Beyonder is a fictional character in comic books published by Marvel Comics. ... Battleworld was an artificial planet created by the extradimensional Beyonder for his contest of good and evil in the Marvel Comics Secret Wars crossover. ...


Long-time writer Mark Gruenwald explores numerous political and social themes, such as extreme idealism when Captain America fights the anti-nationalist terrorist Flag-Smasher;[41] and vigilantism when he hunts the murderous Scourge of the Underworld.[42] He takes D-Man as his partner.[43] Homophobia was also dealt with as Steve Rogers runs into a childhood friend named Arnold Roth. Mark Gruenwald (June 18, 1953-August 12, 1996) was an American comic book writer and editor. ... Flag-Smasher is a fictional character, a supervillain appearing in the Marvel Comics universe. ... For other uses, see Vigilante (disambiguation). ... The Scourge of the Underworld is the name of a series of fictional characters who have appeared in various series set in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Demolition Man is the superhero alias of Dennis Dunphy, a fictional character in the Marvel Comics universe. ... A protest by The Westboro Baptist Church, a group identified by the Anti-Defamation League as virulently homophobic. ...


Rogers receives a large back-pay reimbursement dating back to his disappearance at the end of World War II, and a government commission orders him to work directly for the U.S. government. Already troubled by the corruption he had encountered with the Nuke incident in New York City,[44] Rogers chooses instead to resign his identity,[45] and then takes the alias of "the Captain".[46] A replacement Captain America, John Walker, struggles to emulate Rogers' ideals until pressure from hidden enemies helps to drive Walker insane. Rogers returns to the Captain America identity[47] while a recovered Walker becomes the U.S. Agent.[48] The Commission on Superhuman Activities is a fictional government group from the Marvel Universe. ... For the Squadron Supreme and Supreme Power character, see Nuke (Squadron Supreme) Nuke (real name, Frank Simpson) is a fictional villain in the Marvel Universe. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... U.S. Agent (John Walker, formerly the second Super-Patriot and the sixth Captain America) is a fictional character, a comic book superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


Sometime afterward, Rogers avoids the explosion of a methamphetamine lab, but the drug triggers a chemical reaction in the Super-Soldier serum in his system. To combat the reaction, Rogers has the serum removed from his body, and trains constantly to maintain his physical condition.[49] This article is about the psychostimulant, d-methamphetamine. ...


A retcon later establishes that the serum was not a drug per se, which would have metabolized out of his system, but in fact a virus that effected a biochemical and genetic change. This additionally explained how arch-nemesis Red Skull, who at the time inhabited a body cloned from Rogers' cells, also has the formula in his body. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Red Skull is the name of three Marvel Comics supervillains who are enemies of Captain America, other superheroes, and the United States in general. ... For the cloning of human beings, see human cloning. ...


Because of his altered biochemistry, Rogers' body begins to deteriorate, and for a time he must wear a powered exoskeleton and is eventually placed again in suspended animation. During this time, he is given a transfusion of blood from the Red Skull, which cures his condition and stabilizes the Super-Soldier virus in his system. Captain America returns both to crime fighting and the Avengers.[50] An exoskeleton is an external anatomical feature that supports and protects an animals body, in contrast to the internal endoskeleton of, for example, a human. ... Red Skull is the name of three Marvel Comics supervillains who are enemies of Captain America, other superheroes, and the United States in general. ...


2000s

Captain America with the Winter Soldier, after the latter has recovered his memories. Pencils by Steve Epting.

Rogers reveals his identity to the world, and establishes a residence in the Red Hook neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York.[51] Image File history File links Wsoldier9. ... Image File history File links Wsoldier9. ... For other uses, see Bucky (disambiguation). ... A Holland-Style Factory Building in Red Hook Red Hook circa 1875 Red Hook is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ...


Following the events of Avengers Disassembled, again under the employ of S.H.I.E.L.D., Rogers discovers that Bucky is alive, having been saved and deployed by Soviet espionage interests as the Winter Soldier. Avengers Disassembled, referred to in some participating series as Disassembled, is a crossover event between several Marvel Comics series. ... S.H.I.E.L.D. is a fictional, comic-book counterterrorism and intelligence agency in the Marvel Comics universe. ... For other uses, see Bucky (disambiguation). ...


Rogers also resumes his on-again, off-again relationship with S.H.I.E.L.D. Agent Sharon Carter, who, after his death, believes she is pregnant with Steve Rogers' child. S.H.I.E.L.D. is a fictional, comic-book counterterrorism and intelligence agency in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Sharon Carter, alias Agent 13, is a fictional character in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


In the 2006-2007 "Civil War" crossover, Captain America opposes mandatory federal registration of all super-powered beings, which he sees as an erosion of civil liberties for the superhero community, and leads the Anti-Registration faction and resistance movement. He becomes a fugitive and opposes the heroes of the Pro-Registration group, including his former friend Iron Man. He adopts the alias "Brett Hendrick", a mall security guard, to avoid government detection.[52] As the War continues, Cap enlists the assistance of several figures whom he would not choose to ally himself with under normal circumstances, such as the Punisher and the Kingpin.[53] Civil War is a 2006-2007 Marvel Comics crossover event built around a seven-issue limited series of the same name written by Mark Millar, and penciled by Steve McNiven. ... In Marvel Comics fictional Marvel Universe, the Registration Acts - the Mutant Registration Act (or MRA) and Super-human Registration Act (SRA or sometimes SHRA) - are legislative bills which, when passed into law, enforce the mandatory registration of super-powered individuals with the government. ... This article is about the superhero. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see pedestrian street or promenade. ... A security officer guards a construction site in the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article is about the Marvel Comics character. ...


Captain America battles Iron Man during the climactic battle and has victory within his grasp when a group of civilians attempt to restrain him. Rogers realizes that he is endangering the very people he has sworn to protect. He then surrenders to the authorities and orders the anti-Registration forces to stand down. As Rogers is led away in handcuffs, the Punisher retrieves Captain America's discarded mask. This article is about the Marvel Comics character. ...


Death and aftermath

Captain America's death. Art by Steve Epting.

Following his surrender, Steve Rogers is indicted on multiple criminal charges. As he is brought to a federal courthouse, a sniper shoots him in the back. In the chaos that ensues, he is wounded three more times in the stomach and chest. Rogers is taken to a hospital, where he dies.[54] The assassination, orchestrated by the Red Skull, involves Crossbones as the sniper and Dr. Faustus posing as a S.H.I.E.L.D. psychiatrist, who gives Sharon Carter a hypnotic suggestion to shoot Rogers at a crucial moment.[54] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Steve Epting is a comic book artist whose work includes Aquaman, The Avengers, X-Factor and several titles for the now defunct CrossGen, including El Cazador (with Chuck Dixon) and Crux. ... Doctor Faustus (real name Johann Fennhoff) is a Marvel Comics supervillain who has proclaimed himself the Master of Mens Minds, and is known for the use of psychological methods of combat. ... Sharon Carter, alias Agent 13, is a fictional character in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


The superhero community is shaken by the assassination. The Punisher temporarily adopts a costume similar to that of Captain America, while Winter Soldier and Wolverine seek to avenge his death. His shield is stolen by Winter Soldier and the Punisher provides him with Steve Rogers's mask.[55] Captain America is publicly laid to rest in Arlington National Cemetery, under a monument built in his honor. The body in Arlington is a fake: Tony Stark, accompanied by Hank Pym and Janet Van Dyne, returns Rogers' body to the Arctic where Rogers had been found years before. Namor attends the small private ceremony and vows that no one will disturb the site.[56] This article is about Iron Man, the Marvel Comics superhero. ... Yellowjacket. ... The Wasp (Janet van Dyne) is a comic book superheroine in the Marvel Comics universe. ... For the ships, see USS Arctic, SS Arctic, MV Arctic The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, sometimes used to define the Arctic region border Artificially coloured topographical map of the Arctic region The Arctic is the region around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctic... Namor the Sub-Mariner is a fictional comic-book character in the Marvel Comics Universe, and one of the first superheroes, debuting in Spring 1939. ...


Stark receives a letter containing Rogers' final requests: Stark should "save" Bucky, and that despite his demise the world still needs Captain America.[57]


Later, after Bucky has taken up the mantle of Captain America, Sharon learns she is pregnant with Rogers' child. For other uses, see Bucky (disambiguation). ...


In Secret Invasion #2, it is speculated that the real Captain America has been in Skrull captivity for an unknown amount of time. A mysterious Skrull ship containing what appears to be a group of Marvel superheroes, one with the appearance of Captain America among them, crashes into Earth. After the alleged Mockingbird passes Clint Barton's (Ronin) test to see if she was the genuine article, she swears that the Captain America that was with her in captivity is also not an imposter. However, this remains to be confirmed, as both Ronin (Barton) and Mockingbird may still prove to be Skrull.


Powers and abilities

Steve Rogers' physical transformation, from a reprint of Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941). Art by Joe Simon & Jack Kirby.

Captain America has no superhuman powers, although as a result of the Super-Soldier serum and vita-ray treatment, he is transformed from a frail young man into a "perfect" specimen of human development and conditioning. Captain America's strength, endurance, agility, speed, reflexes, and durability are at the highest limits of natural human potential. It has been established that Rogers' body regularly creates the super-soldier serum; it does not wear off.[58] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (500x703, 646 KB) http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (500x703, 646 KB) http://www. ... Joe Simon (born 1915) was a comic book author and cartoonist who created or co-created many memorable characters in the Golden Age. ... Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg, August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994) was one of the most influential, recognizable, and prolific artists in American comic books, and the co-creator of such enduring characters and popular culture icons as the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, the Hulk, Captain America, and hundreds...


The formula enhances all of his metabolic functions and prevents the build-up of fatigue poisons in his muscles, giving him endurance far in excess of an ordinary human being. This accounts for many of his extraordinary feats, including bench pressing 1100 pounds (500kg) and running a mile (1.6 km) in little more than a minute.[59] Furthermore, his enhancements are the reason why he was able to survive being frozen in suspended animation for decades. Rogers is also unable to become intoxicated by alcohol and is immune to many diseases, as he also heals faster than normal.


Mentally, Rogers' battle experience and training make him an expert tactician and an excellent field commander, with his teammates frequently deferring to his orders in battle. Rogers' reflexes and senses are also extraordinarily keen. He is a master of multiple martial arts. Years of practice with his indestructible shield make him able to aim and throw it with almost unerring accuracy. His skill with his shield is such that he can attack multiple targets in succession with a single throw or even cause a boomerang-like return from a throw to attack an enemy from behind. In the comics, he is regarded by other skilled fighters as one of the best hand-to-hand combatants in the Marvel Universe.[60][61] Military tactics (Greek: Taktikē, the art of organizing an army) are the collective name for methods for engaging and defeating an enemy in battle. ... This article is about the wooden implement. ...


Rogers has vast U.S. military knowledge and is often shown to be familiar with ongoing, highly-classified Defense Department operations. He is an expert in combat strategy, survival, acrobatics, military strategy, piloting, and demolitions. Despite his high profile as one of the world's most popular and recognizable superheroes, Rogers also has a broad understanding of the espionage community, largely through his ongoing relationship with S.H.I.E.L.D. He occasionally makes forays into mundane career fields, including commercial arts, comic book artistry, education (high school history) and law enforcement. The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... S.H.I.E.L.D. is a fictional, comic-book counterterrorism and intelligence agency in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


Weapons and equipment

Further information: Captain America's shield

Captain America uses several shields throughout his history, the most recognizable of which is a nigh-indestructible discus-shaped shield made from a fusion of vibranium with an experimental steel alloy.[62] This alloy was created by accident and never duplicated, although efforts to reverse-engineer it results in the creation of adamantium. Cable reveals to Captain America that this shield still exists in one of the possible futures; Cable carries it into battle and brandishes it as a symbol.[63] Captain America often uses his shield as an offensive throwing weapon. The first instance of Captain America's trademark ricocheting shield-toss occurs in future Marvel editor-in-chief Stan Lee's first comics writing, the two-page text story "Captain America Foils the Traitor's Revenge" in Captain America Comics #3 (May 1941).[64] Captain Americas shield is a fictional item, the primary defensive and offensive piece of equipment used by the Marvel Comics superhero Captain America, and he is seldom seen without it. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... An alloy is a homogeneous hybrid of two or more elements, at least one of which is a metal, and where the resulting material has metallic properties. ... Adamantium is a fictional chemical substance and metal alloy in the Marvel comics universe. ... For the fictional character of this name, see Stan Lee (Judge Dredd character). ...


Captain America's uniform is made of a fire-retardant material, and he wears a lightweight, bulletproof "duralumin" scale armor beneath his uniform for added protection.[23] Originally, Rogers' mask was a separate piece of material, but an early engagement had it dislodged, thus almost exposing his identity. To prevent a recurrence of the situation, Rogers modified the mask with connecting material to his uniform, an added benefit of which was extending his armor to cover his previously exposed neck. Since then, events have forced him to reveal his identity to the world. As a member of the Avengers, Rogers has an Avengers priority card, which serves as a communications device. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Captain America has also used a custom special Harley Davidson motorcycle, modified by the S.H.I.E.L.D. weapons laboratory. He has also driven a custom-built battle van, constructed by the Wakanda Design Group. S.H.I.E.L.D. is a fictional, comic-book counterterrorism and intelligence agency in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


Enemies

Further information: Enemies of Captain America

Armadillo Baron Blood, John Falsworth, a British artistocrat, seek out Dracula. ...

Alternate Versions

In addition to his mainstream incarnation, Captain America has had been depicted in other fictional universes. ...

In other media

Since the 1940s, Captain America has been presented in a variety of other media, including serial films, feature films, animations, video games, and even as a stage play. ...

References

  1. ^ a b The 1995 Marvel Milestone Edition: Captain America archival reprint has no cover date or number, and its postal indicia says "Originally published ... as Captain America #000". Timely's first comic Marvel Comics #1, likewise had no number on its cover, and was released with two different cover dates.
  2. ^ Death to ‘America’: Comic-book hero killed off MSNBC.com, March 7, 2007
  3. ^ "Bullpen Bulletins: "Stan's Soapbox", Dec. 1999]
  4. ^ Newsarama (March 7, 2007): "yes, Captain America, Steve Rogers, is dead." "Marvel's Statement on Captain America #25", by Matt Brady. Retrieved on March 7, 2007.
  5. ^ a b c Wright, Bradford W. Comic Book Nation: The Transformation of Youth Culture in America. Johns Hopkins, 2001. ISBN 0-8018-7450-5, p. 36
  6. ^ Per researcher Keif Fromm, Alter Ego #49, p. 4 (caption)
  7. ^ Daniels, p. 37
  8. ^ Wright, p. 123
  9. ^ Wright, p. 215
  10. ^ a b Captain America #153-156 (Sept.-Dec. 1972)
  11. ^ What If? #4 (Aug. 1977)
  12. ^ The Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators: "Captain America (I) (1968-1996)". Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
  13. ^ Unofficial Handbook: "Captain America (II) (1996-1997)". Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
  14. ^ Unofficial Handbook: "Captain America (III) (1998-2002) PG"; Grand Comics Database: Captain America (1998 Series)
  15. ^ Unofficial Handbook: "Captain America (IV) (2002-2004) PSR"; Grand Comics Database: Captain America (2002 Series)
  16. ^ Unofficial Handbook: "Captain America (V) (2005-2007) T+"; Grand Comics Database: Captain America (2005 Series)
  17. ^ a b "Captain America killed!", by Ethan Sacks, New York Daily News, March 7, 2007
  18. ^ Marvel press release (Aug. 11, 2007): "Wizard World Chicago 2007: Alex Ross Returns to Marvel" and ComicBookResources.com (Aug. 14, 2007): and "Ross' Return = Avengers/Invaders", by Jonah Weiland
  19. ^ Captain America Lives.
  20. ^ a b Adventures of Captain America–Sentinel of Liberty #1-#4 (Oct. 1991 - Jan. 1992)
  21. ^ a b Captain America Comics #1 (March 1941)
  22. ^ a b c Captain America #109 (Jan. 1969)
  23. ^ a b c Captain America #255 (March 1981)
  24. ^ Tales of Suspense #63 (March 1964)
  25. ^ Giant-Sized Invaders #1 (Jun. 1975)
  26. ^ a b The Avengers #4 (March 1964)
  27. ^ The Avengers #16 (May 1965)
  28. ^ Captain America #110 (Feb. 1969)
  29. ^ Tales of Suspense #78 (Jun. 1966)
  30. ^ Tales of Suspense #75 (March 1966)
  31. ^ Captain America #117 (Sept. 1969)
  32. ^ Captain America #117-119 (Sept.-Nov. 1969)
  33. ^ Captain America #176-183 (Aug. 1974 - March 1975)
  34. ^ Captain America #282 (June 1983)
  35. ^ Captain America #159 (March 1973)
  36. ^ Captain America #237 (Sept. 1979)
  37. ^ Captain America #248 (Aug. 1980)
  38. ^ Captain America #282 (June 1983)
  39. ^ Captain America #310 (Oct. 1985)
  40. ^ Secret Wars #1 (May 1984)
  41. ^  Mark Gruenwald (w),  Captain America  #312 ((Dec. 1985))
  42. ^  Mark Gruenwald (w),  Captain America  ##318-#320 ((June-Aug. 1986))
  43. ^  Mark Gruenwald (w),  Captain America  ##328 ((April 1987))
  44. ^  Daredevil  ##227-233 ((Feb.-Aug. 1986))
  45. ^  Mark Gruenwald (w),  Captain America  ##332 ((Aug. 1987))
  46. ^  Mark Gruenwald (w),  Captain America  ##335 ((Nov. 1987))
  47. ^  Mark Gruenwald (w),  Captain America  ##350 ((Feb. 1989))
  48. ^  Mark Gruenwald (w),  Captain America  ##332-351 ((Aug. 1987 - March 1989)) Captain America #332-#351 (Aug. 1987 - March 1989)
  49. ^ Captain America #378 (Oct. 1990)
  50. ^ Captain America #425-454 (March 1994 - Aug. 1996)
  51. ^ Captain America vol. 2, #1-7 (June 2002 - Feb. 2003)
  52. ^ Civil War #1-7 (July 2006 - Jan. 2007)
  53. ^ Civil War: War Crimes #1 (Feb. 2007)
  54. ^ a b Captain America vol. 5, #25 (March 2007)
  55. ^ Punisher War Journal vol. 2 #11 (Nov. 2007)
  56. ^ Fallen Son: The Death of Captain America #1-5 (June-Aug. 2007)
  57. ^ Captain America #30 (Sept. 2007)
  58. ^ Captain America #372-#378 (May-Nov. 1990)
  59. ^ Captain America 65th Anniversary Special (May 2006)
  60. ^ Captain America #302 (Feb. 1985)
  61. ^ Captain America #375 (Aug. 1990)
  62. ^ Captain America #303-304 (March-April 1985)
  63. ^ Cable and Deadpool #25
  64. ^ Thomas, Roy, Stan Lee's Amazing Marvel Universe (Sterling Publishing, New York, 2006), p. 11. ISBN-10 1-4027-4225-8; ISBN-13 978-1-4027-4225-5. The line reads: "With the speed of thought, he sent his shield spinning through the air to the other end of the tent, where it smacked the knife out of Haines' hand!" It became a convention starting the following issue, in a Simon & Kirby's comics story depict the following: "Captain America's speed of thought and action save Bucky's life — as he hurls his shield across the room".
  • Daniels, Les. Marvel: Five Fabulous Decades of the World's Greatest Comics. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1993. ISBN 0-8109-8146-7
  • Gladstone, Brooke. On The Media (March 9, 2007): Transcript (and streaming audio) of "Death to America". Retrieved July 27, 2007.
  • Powell, Matt. Wizard (March 7, 2007): "Captain America Remembered". Retrieved July 27, 2007.
  • Wright, Bradford W. Comic Book Nation: The Transformation of Youth Culture in America. Johns Hopkins, 2001. ISBN 0-8018-7450-5
  • Simon, Joe and Simon, Jim. The Comic Book Makers. Crestwood/II Publications, 1990.

The first cover appearance of Namor the Sub-Mariner on Marvel Mystery Comics #4, February, 1940. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... - ==References== - *Tales of Suspense #1-99 (Marvel Comics, January 1959 - March 1968) - *Marvel Select: Tales of Suspense #1 (1996) - - - - - - - - - Categories: | | ... The Invaders is the name of two fictional superhero teams in the Marvel Comics universe. ... The Avengers is a superhero team that appear in the fictional Marvel Universe. ... - ==References== - *Tales of Suspense #1-99 (Marvel Comics, January 1959 - March 1968) - *Marvel Select: Tales of Suspense #1 (1996) - - - - - - - - - Categories: | | ... Marvel Super Heroes Secret Wars is the name of a twelve-issue Marvel Comics comic book limited series produced between 1984 and 1985, and a Mattel toy line that reflected the series. ... Civil War is a 2006-2007 Marvel Comics crossover event built around a seven-issue limited series of the same name written by Mark Millar, and penciled by Steve McNiven. ... Civil War is a 2006-2007 Marvel Comics crossover event built around a seven-issue limited series of the same name written by Mark Millar, and penciled by Steve McNiven. ... Cable. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

External links

Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg, August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994) was one of the most influential, recognizable, and prolific artists in American comic books, and the co-creator of such enduring characters and popular culture icons as the Fantastic Four, the X-Men, the Hulk, Captain America, and hundreds... Joe Simon (born 1915) was a comic book author and cartoonist who created or co-created many memorable characters in the Golden Age. ... The Spirit of 76 is the name of two fictional comic book characters, one each from Harvey Comics and Marvel Comics. ... The tense of this article is unsuitable for an encyclopedia. ... U.S. Agent (John Walker, formerly the second Super-Patriot and the sixth Captain America) is a fictional character, a comic book superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Isaiah Bradley is a fictional character in the Marvel Comics universe. ... For other uses, see Bucky (disambiguation). ... Battlestar (Lemar Hoskins), who was also the fifth Bucky, is a fictional character, who is a superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. ... For other uses, see Bucky (disambiguation). ... Biography Diamondback (real name Rachel Leighton) is a reformed supervillain in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Bernie Rosenthal is a fictional superhero in the Marvel Universe, ex-girlfriend of Captain America. ... Sharon Carter, alias Agent 13, is a fictional character in the Marvel Comics universe. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Golden Girl is the name of two superheroines in the Marvel Comics universe who were active during the 1940s. ... Nomad is the name of a number of superhero characters who have appeared in comic books published by Marvel Comics. ... U.S. Agent (John Walker, formerly the second Super-Patriot and the sixth Captain America) is a fictional character, a comic book superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. ... The All-Winners Squad is a fictional superhero team in the Marvel Comics universe. ... The Avengers is a superhero team that appear in the fictional Marvel Universe. ... The Invaders is the name of two fictional superhero teams in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Armadillo Baron Blood, John Falsworth, a British artistocrat, seek out Dracula. ... Armadillo, Antonio Rodriguiz, is a fictional character, a minor former supervillain in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Arnim Zola is a fictional character, a supervillain appearing in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Baron Blood is the name of several fictional vampiric supervillains in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Baron Zemo is the name of two fictional characters, both supervillains, in various Marvel Comics comic books, notably Captain America and the Avengers. ... Batroc the Leaper (Georges Batroc) is a fictional villain from Marvel Comics. ... Blue Streak is the name of two Marvel Comics supervillain. ... Crossbones (Brock Rumlow) is a fictional character, a supervillain in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Cutthroat (Daniel Danny Leighton) is a fictional character, a supervillain in the Marvel Universe who first appeared in Marvel Team-Up vol. ... Doctor Faustus (real name Johann Fennhoff) is a Marvel Comics supervillain who has proclaimed himself the Master of Mens Minds, and is known for the use of psychological methods of combat. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: notability If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page and do so. ... Flag-Smasher is a fictional character, a supervillain appearing in the Marvel Comics universe. ... The Grand Director, also sometimes referred to as the Captain America of the 1950s, is a fictional character in Marvel Comics Universe. ... The Hate-Monger is a supervillain from the Marvel Comics universe, a fictional representation of Adolf Hitler. ... Jack OLantern is the name of four incarnations of a Marvel Comics supervillain. ... Aleksander Lukin is a fictional character in the Marvel Comics Universe. ... Another unrelated Master Man appeared in the pages of Marvel Comics The Invaders. ... For the Brazilian agency, see National Force (Brazil). ... Nefarius (real name Lloyd Bloch, also known as Moonstone), is a fictional character, a supervillain in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Protocide attacking soldiers of HYDRA. Protocide is a fictional super-soldier from the Marvel comics universe. ... Red Skull is the name of three Marvel Comics supervillains who are enemies of Captain America, other superheroes, and the United States in general. ... The Serpent Society is a fictional organization of snake-themed supervillains in the Marvel Comics universe. ... The Serpent Society is a fictional organization of snake-themed supervillains in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Sin (real name Synthia Schmidt) is a fictional character, a villainness in the Marvel Universe. ... Slither (Aaron Salomon) is a fictional character, a mutant in the Marvel Comics Universe. ... Baron Wolfgang von Strucker is a fictional character created for Marvel Comics by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby, first appearing in Sgt. ... Superia is a fictional character, a misandrist supervillain and criminal scientist in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Tumbler is a fictional character in the Marvel Universe. ... ULTIMATUM (the Underground Liberated Totally Integrated Mobile Army To Unite Mankind) is a fictional terrorist organization in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Viper a fictional character in the Marvel Comics universe who is a foe of the Avengers and the X-Men. ... The Watchdogs were a fictional right-wing militia group that surfaced in the Captain America comic published by Marvel Comics. ... Since the 1940s, Captain America has been presented in a variety of other media, including serial films, feature films, animations, video games, and even as a stage play. ... Captain America (1944) is a Republic Movie serial based (loosely) on the comic book character Captain America. ... The Marvel Superheroes[1] is a Canadian-made animated television series starring five popular comic-book superheroes from Marvel Comics. ... Spider-Man and Captain America in Doctor Dooms Revenge was a side-scrolling computer game starring Marvel Comics superheroes Spider-Man and Captain America battling a host of supervillains led by Doctor Doom. ... Captain America and the Avengers is the title of a side-scrolling coin-op arcade game released by Data East in 1991 and based on the Marvel Comics series The Avengers. ... Captain America is the title of a low budget film based on the popular Marvel Comics superhero of the same name. ... In addition to his mainstream incarnation, Captain America has had been depicted in other fictional universes. ... Captain Americas shield is a fictional item, the primary defensive and offensive piece of equipment used by the Marvel Comics superhero Captain America, and he is seldom seen without it. ... Weapon X a clandestine government project in the Marvel Universe, which turns mutants into living weapons. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Captain America - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (7108 words)
Captain America is revered by most of the superheroes in the Marvel Universe, filling the "leadership" role which Superman takes on in DC Comics.
Captain America uses several shields throughout his history, the most recognizable of which is an indestructible discus-shaped shield made from a vibranium/steel alloy (not adamantium-vibranium as sometimes erroneously stated).
Captain America's uniform is made of a fire-retardant material, and he wears a lightweight "duralumin" chainmail beneath his uniform for added protection.
Captain America - Uncyclopedia (580 words)
Captain America was a superhero who fought for for truth, justice, and the American Way.
The first school believes that Captain America was actually Captain Marvel in a different costume, although most assume he is a totally different person.
The second school contests he was like Batman, having fought crime only with gadgets, not superpowers, and that he used a jetpack to fly, despite the fact that he was never depicted with a jetpack (in truth, his power of flight was granted by one of the usual suspects in these matters).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m