FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Captain (United States)

Please see "Captain (military)" for other versions of this rank Please see Captain for other uses of the term Captain is a military rank used in nearly every army and navy of the world. ...


Captain is a rank in the United States armed forces that ranks between a First Lieutenant and Major (O-3 in the United States Army, U.S. Air Force, and United States Marines), or a rank between a Commander and Rear Admiral (Lower Half) (O-6 in the United States Navy and United States Coast Guard). For example, an Army Captain is equivalent to a Navy Lieutenant, and a Navy Captain is equivalent to an Army Colonel. Navy and Coast Guard Captains still wear the silver eagle insignia of a Colonel. The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... First Lieutenant is a military rank. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... The United States Army is the largest branch of the United States armed forces and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... Insignia of a United States Navy Commander Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... USN redirects here. ... The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense, among other duties of coast guards elsewhere. ... Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Please see Colonel for other countries which use this rank Insignia of a United States Colonel Colonel is a rank of the United States armed forces. ...


Early history

The rank of Captain first appeared in the United States during the American Revolutionary War. A Captain was the officer placed in charge of a company of soldiers and was granted a commission from the regimental Colonel. A Captain was afforded one to several Lieutenants, depending on the size of the company, and the Captain’s commission could be revoked or expired at the end of a particular military campaign. Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, The Netherlands, Spain, American Indians Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, American Indians Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene, Bernardo de Gálvez Sir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, Lord Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War... Officer may refer to: Holders of an office Academia Chief Academic Officer · Sabbatical officer Military Officer (armed forces) Officers Training Corps · Reserve Officers Training Corps Corporate Law enforcement Customs officer · Peace officer · Police officer · Prison officer · Probation officer Politics and government Chief medical officer · Political commissar · Presiding Officer · Returning Officer... Please see Colonel for other countries which use this rank Insignia of a United States Colonel Colonel is a rank of the United States armed forces. ... Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ...


The Continental Navy used the rank of Captain as the Commander of a sailing vessel at war, with the Captain having several Lieutenants on board, as well as a Sailing Master to assist in their duties. This use of the Navy Captain rank carried over into the United States Navy, however with the addition of the rank of Commander and Lieutenant Commander, between Captain and Lieutenant, a Navy Captain was soon the equivalent of an Army Colonel. Continental Navy Jack The Continental Navy was authorized by the Continental Congress on October 13, 1775. ... Master Mariner is the official title of someone qualified to command a ship; the qualification is colloquially called a Masters Ticket. The term was introduced in the mid 19th century, and is usually held by the chief officer/first mate as well as the captain). ... USN redirects here. ... Insignia of a United States Navy Commander Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ...


Modern usage

Captains in the United States Army and Marine Corps generally command and control company-sized units (62 to 190 Soldiers), together with a principal Non Commissioned Officer assistant. They instruct at service schools and combat training centers and are often staff officers at the battalion level. In medical units, captain is the entry-level rank for doctors and those possessing a Doctor of Pharmacy. In Judge Advocate General units, captain is the entry-level rank for lawyers who already have their academic degree and are members of a Bar. A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 100-200 soldiers. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols A battalion is a military unit usually consisting of between two and six companies and typically commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. ... See drugs, medication, and pharmacology for substances that are used to treat patients. ... // In the United States the Pharm. ... Judge Advocate Generals Corps, also known as JAG, is the judicial arm of the United States armed forces, consisting of autonomous departments in the Air Force, Army and Navy. ... For information on the type of fish called Lawyer, see the article on Burbot. ... It has been suggested that Professional degree be merged into this article or section. ... A bar association is a professional body of lawyers who, in some jurisdictions, are responsible for the regulation of the legal profession. ...


Captains in the United States Marine Corps are sometimes referred to as "skipper" in informal situations. This term for a captain is most often used by very senior staff non-commissioned officers. A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or noncom, is a non-commissioned member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ...


Insignia

U.S. commissioned officer ranks
  Student Officer O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10 O-11 (wartime only) Special Grade
United States Navy: MIDN/OC ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM ADM FADM Admiral of
the Navy
United States Marine Corps: Midn 2ndLt 1stLt Capt Maj LtCol Col BGen MajGen LtGen Gen (no equivalent) (no equivalent)
United States Army: CDT/OC 2LT 1LT CPT MAJ LTC COL BG MG LTG GEN General of
the Army
General of the Armies
United States Air Force: Cadet 2nd Lt 1st Lt Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Gen Maj Gen Lt Gen Gen General of
the Air Force
(no equivalent)
United States Coast Guard: CDT ENS LTJG LT LCDR CDR CAPT RDML RADM VADM ADM (no equivalent) (no equivalent)

 
 

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