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Encyclopedia > Captain

Captain is a rank or title with various meanings. The word came to English via French from the Latin capitaneus ("chief") which is itself derived from the Latin word caput ("head"). Captain is a title which can have a variety of meanings to include: Captain (military): A military officer rank, normally considered mid-level in authority Captain (Star Trek): A rank of the Starfleet in the science fiction universe of Star Trek Captain (nautical): The Master of a sea-going vessel... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Look up rank in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A title is a prefix or suffix added to a persons name to signify either veneration, an official position or a professional or academic qualification. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ...


The term has different meanings in nautical, army, aviation, police and emergency services and sporting circles. This often causes confusion. This article is in need of attention. ... For other uses, see Army (disambiguation). ... Aviation encompasses all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft. ... Emergency services are services that deal with emergencies and other aspects of Public Safety. ...

Contents

Nautical

Main article: Captain (nautical)

Captain is the traditional customary title for and form of address given to the person in charge of a vessel at sea regardless of military rank. On most legal documents in the merchant shipping industry, he or she is correctly referred to as the ship's Master. A nautical "Captain" may be a civilian or a naval commissioned officer of any rank. See Master Mariner or skipper (boating). Captain Sir Arthur Henry Rostron receiving a loving cup from Margaret Brown for his rescue of RMS Titanic survivors Main article: Seafarers professions and ranks Captain is the traditional customary title given to the person in charge of a ship at sea. ... For other uses, see Ship (disambiguation). ... Master Mariner is the official title of someone qualified to command a ship; the qualification is colloquially called a Masters Ticket. The term was introduced in the mid 19th century, and is usually held by the chief officer/first mate as well as the captain). ... In times of armed conflict a civilian is any person who is not a combatant. ... In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ... Master Mariner is the official title of someone qualified to command a ship; the qualification is colloquially called a Masters Ticket. The term was introduced in the mid 19th century, and is usually held by the chief officer/first mate as well as the captain). ... A skipper is a man who has command of a boat or ship. ...


This usage originated in the Royal Navy in the 1300s. At that time, "Captain" referred to the commander of the contingent of soldiers boarded upon a ship. However, the actual sailing and maintenance of the ship was in the hands of the "Master" (which referred, in the terms of the period, to his being a Master craftsman) and (what became) the other warrant officers--using the same terminology as that used on a merchant ship of the period.[1] This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... // A master craftsman (sometimes called only master or grandmaster) was a member of a guild. ...


Military

Common military ranks
Navies
(English-speaking
world)
Armies and
some Air Forces
Air Forces
(Commonwealth)
Admiral of the Fleet Field Marshal Marshal of the Air Force
Admiral General Air Chief Marshal
Vice Admiral Lieutenant General Air Marshal
Rear Admiral Major General Air Vice-Marshal
Commodore Brigadier Air Commodore
Captain Colonel Group Captain
Commander Lieutenant Colonel Wing Commander
Lieutenant Commander Major Squadron Leader
Lieutenant Captain Flight Lieutenant
Sub-Lieutenant Lieutenant Flying Officer
Warrant Officer Warrant Officer Warrant Officer
Petty Officer Sergeant Sergeant
Leading Rate Corporal Corporal
Seaman Private Aircraftman
Main articles: Captain (naval) and Captain (OF-2)

In military circles, the rank of Captain has two different meanings: This article is about the use of the term rank. ... Admiral of the Fleet is a supreme naval position that has existed in historical navies and still exists in several modern-day navies. ... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... Marshal of the Air Force is both a generic term for the most senior rank in an air force, equivalent to Field Marshal or Fleet Admiral and, in some air forces, a rank title. ... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... Air Chief Marshal Sir Richard Johns in RAF No 1 Dress uniform Air Chief Marshal (Air Chf Mshl or ACM) is a senior air officer rank in the Royal Air Force of the United Kingdom as well as in the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) and in the air forces... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... An air marshals sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Marshal (Air Mshl or AM) is a rank in the Royal Air Force. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... An Air Vice Marshals sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Vice Marshal is the third most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the inactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts of the 1990s. ... Commodore is a military rank used in some navies for officers whose position exceeds that of a Captain, but is less than that of a Flag Officer. ... Brigadier (IPA pronunciation: ) is a military rank, the meaning of which has a considerable variation. ... An Air Commodoress sleeve/shoulder insignia Air Commodore is the fourth most senior rank active in the Royal Air Force today, after the deactivation of Marshal of the Royal Air Force as a substantive rank in peacetime during defence cuts of the 1990s. ... . Captain, is the name most often given in naval circles to the NATO rank code of OF-5. ... For other uses, see Colonel (disambiguation). ... A Group Captains sleeve/shoulder insignia Group Captain (Gp Capt in the RAF, GPCAPT in the RNZAF and RAAF, G/C in the former RCAF) is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. ... Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... A Wing Commanders sleeve/shoulder insignia A Wing Commanders command flag Wing Commander is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... A Squadron Leaders sleeve/shoulder insignia Squadron Leader (Sqn Ldr in the RAF, SQNLDR in the RNZAF and RAAF and S/L in the former RCAF) is a commissioned rank in some air forces. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... A Captain in armies, air forces and marine forces, is a rank an army or air force rank with a NATO rank code of OF-2. ... A Flight Lieutenants sleeve/shoulder insignia Flight Lieutenant (abbreviated as Flt Lt and pronounced as flight lef-tenant, see Lieutenant) is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many Commonwealth countries. ... A Lieutenant, Junior Grade, is a division officer in the United States Navy. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For Warrant Officers in the United States military, see Warrant Officer (United States). ... For Warrant Officers in the United States military, see Warrant Officer (United States). ... For Warrant Officers in the United States military, see Warrant Officer (United States). ... A Petty Officer is a noncommissioned officer or equivalent in many navies. ... For other uses, see Sergeant (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sergeant (disambiguation). ... Leading Seaman (or Leading Rate) is the most senior of the junior rates in the British Royal Navy. ... This article is about the military rank. ... This article is about the military rank. ... This article is about a military rank. ... A Private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to Nato Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in). ... Aircraftman (AC) (or Aircraftwoman (ACW)) is the lowest rank in the Royal Air Force, ranking below Leading Aircraftman and having a NATO rank code of OR-1. ... . Captain, is the name most often given in naval circles to the NATO rank code of OF-5. ... A Captain in armies, air forces and marine forces, is a rank an army or air force rank with a NATO rank code of OF-2. ...

  • a naval rank with a NATO rank code of OF-5.

Captain, as an army rank, has existed since as early as the Roman Empire, and perhaps even before. Translated as "Head Man", a Captain was most often in charge of a company or column of soldiers. Naval redirects here. ... Navies have military rank systems that often are quite different from those of armies or air forces. ... Armies have military rank systems that are often used by other military services such as air forces or marines. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ...


In the Middle Ages, the independent mercenary companies (or condottieri) developed a rank structure that typically had a captain (who commanded the company), a small number of lieutenants, and a larger number of sergeants. This basic structure was later taken over by national armies when they became professionalized during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Condottieri (singular condottiere (in English) or condottiero (in Italian)) were mercenary leaders employed by Italian city-states from the late Middle Ages until the mid-sixteenth century. ...


Police and fire

In most U.S. police departments, the rank of captain is immediately above lieutenant. A captain is often the officer in charge of a precinct. In the New York City Police Department, the rank of captain is below deputy inspector. Unlike the military version, where the rank of Captain may be held by junior officers with 4-6 years of service, Police and Fire Captains are usually veterans with extensive experience. In the United Kingdom, the approximate equivalent rank of a Police Captain is that of chief inspector. In some smaller U.S. police departments, a person holding the rank of captain may be in charge of a division (Patrol Division, Detective Division, etc.) within that department. Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... A precinct is a space enclosed by the walls or other boundaries of a particular place or building, or by an arbitrary and imaginary line drawn around it. ... NYPD redirects here. ... Inspector is a rank in many police forces. ... Chief Inspector (Ch Insp) is a rank in British Police forces. ...


In most U.S. fire services, a captain ranks above a lieutenant and below a battalion chief. This varies, though, between departments – in the Los Angeles County Fire Department, for example, engineer is the next lowest rank below captain. A captain is in charge of a specific fire station. In paid departments, as opposed to volunteer departments, there is a captain for each shift at each station. In these cases, the senior captain is responsible for the station overall. The head of the training division is often a captain, or there may be multiple captains reporting to a battalion chief of training. Additionally, captains may be assigned over other areas, such as hazardous material (Hazmat) response or Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Firefighter with an axe A firefighter, sometimes still called a fireman though women have increasingly joined firefighting units, is a person who is trained and equipped to put out fires, rescue people and in some areas provide emergency medical services. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Not to be confused with Los Angeles Fire Department. ... Look up engineer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A hazardous material (HAZMAT) is any solid, liquid, or gas that can cause harm to humans, other living organisms, or the environment due to being radioactive, flammable, explosive, toxic, corrosive, a biohazard, an oxidizer, an asphyxiant, or capable of causing severe allergic reactions. ... An Emergency medical service (abbreviated to initialism EMS in many countries) is a service providing out-of-hospital acute care and transport to definitive care, to patients with illnesses and injuries which the patient believes constitutes a medical emergency. ...


Captain is also approximately equivalent to the rank of station officer in the United Kingdom and some other Commonwealth countries. In the Australian New South Wales Rural Fire Service and Country Fire Authority, the rank of captain indicates the head of a brigade. The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2007 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Kamalesh Sharma Appointed 24 November 2007 Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... The New South Wales Rural Fire Service (RFS) is a volunteer firefighting service and is responsible for providing fire protection to over 90% of the geographical area of the state of New South Wales in Australia. ... The Country Fire Authority, or CFA, is the name of the fire service that provides fire fighting and other emergency services to all of the country areas and regional townships within the state of Victoria, Australia, as well as large portions of the outer suburban areas and growth corridors of...


In the New Zealand Fire Service in the early 1980s, a captain was in charge of a station. The NZFS has now moved to senior station officer and station officer as station management ranks. The person in charge of a fire brigade is the chief fire officer, and captain is no longer used. The New Zealand Fire Service (Whakaratonga Iwi in Maori) is the national body in New Zealand responsible for Fire Fighting and Emergency Service Response. ... Senior Station Officer is a rank in the New Zealand Fire Service. ...


Civil aviation

In commercial aviation, a pilot in command who is required to hold an Airline Transport Pilot Certificate (known as the "Airline Transport Pilots Licence" or "ATPL" in most countries outside of the USA) and is in command of a large aircraft operated by an air carrier is referred to as a "captain" (although sometimes as "commander"). The practice began with Pan American Airways in the 1930s. Juan Trippe, Pan Am's president, correlated the responsibility and authority of his flying boat commanders with that of a maritime merchant ship's captain. The practice quickly spread to most of the airline industry and continues to the modern day. Nautical terms are ubiquitous in aviation, not the least among them are nautical style ranks and forms of address. Most airline captains wear uniforms with four stripes (or bars) on the sleeve and shoulderboard (emulating the rank insignia of both the U.S. and Royal Navies), although this practice varies among companies. Traditionally, pilots-in-command sit in the left hand seat of a fixed-wing aircraft and the right-hand seat of a helicopter (the true reason in a helicopter is that unlike in fixed-wing aircraft the pilot cannot let go of the control stick while in the air, thus he uses his left hand to operate other controls in the cockpit). Letitia Baldrige, an American expert on protocol and etiquette says that, like merchant ship captains, airline captains should be addressed both professionally and socially by his or her rank, as in "Captain Edward Musick." Following a tradition established in the maritime service, where only captains and ship's physicians are addressed by their rank, in commercial aviation too, only the captain is properly addressed by his or her rank. All other officers are addressed as "Mr" or "Ms." The Pilot in Command (PIC) of an aircraft is the person aboard the aircraft who is ultimately responsible for its operation and safety during flight. ... Flying machine redirects here. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... Airplane and Aeroplane redirect here. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ... Letitia Baldrige (b. ... It has been suggested that Office etiquette be merged into this article or section. ... Edwin C. Musick (1894, Saint Louis, Missouri - January 11, 1938, Pago Pago, American Samoa) was Chief Pilot for Pan American World Airways and pioneered many of Pan Ams transoceanic routes including the famous route across the Pacific Ocean on the China Clipper. ...


Civilian Uses

Within the Mafia, a Captain is a high-ranking member in charge of a crew. Usually known as Caporegime (often shortened to capo). This article is about the criminal society. ... A caporegime (sometimes shortened to capo) is a term used in the Mafia for a high ranking member of a crime family who heads a crew (or group) of soldiers. ...


Team Sports

Main article: Captain (sports)

A captain is part of the leadership team in many team sports. In team sports, a captain is an honorary title given to the member of the team primarily responsible for strategy and teamwork while the game is in progress on the field. ... Womens Australian rules football is a team sport. ...


See also

This is a list of sea captains. ... A military unit is an organisation within an armed force. ... The United States military academies, sometimes known as the United States service academies, are federal academies for the education and training of commissioned officers for the United States armed forces. ... A Hawsepiper is someone who has worked his way up the ranks to become a Captain or officer of a Merchant Ship of Unlimited Tonnage. ... A mustang is United States Military (especially Navy and Marine Corps) slang for a commissioned officer who began his or her career as an enlisted person. ...

References

  1. ^ Naval Historical Center, "Why is a Colonel called a 'Kernal', http://www.history.navy.mil/trivia/triv4-5j.htm, 1998.
  2. ^ The air force rank Group Captain is OF-5.
A Group Captains sleeve/shoulder insignia Group Captain (Gp Capt in the RAF, GPCAPT in the RNZAF and RAAF, G/C in the former RCAF) is a senior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. ...

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