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Encyclopedia > Capri
Capri

View of Capri from the sea
Geography
Location Tyrrhenian Sea
Area 10,4 km²
Highest point Monte Solaro 589 m
Administration
 Italy
Region Campania
Province Naples
Largest city Capri (7,278)
Demographics
Population 12200 (as of 2002)
Density 1170

Capri (Italian pronunciation Cápri, usual English pronunciation Caprí) is an Italian island off the Sorrentine Peninsula. On the south side of the Gulf of Naples, it has been a celebrated beauty spot and resort since the time of the Roman Republic. Capri can refer to: Capri, an island near Italy Capri pants, a style of womens trousers Ford Capri, a German-built automobile from 1961 through 1987, sold in the United States as simply the Capri Mercury Capri, a version of the Ford Mustang sold by Fords Mercury marque... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 382 KB) photo by Radomil 30. ... Download high resolution version (1514x988, 158 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Tyrrhenian Sea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... The province of Naples (Italian: Provincia di Napoli) is a province in the Campania region of Italy. ... Capri is a municipality of Campania, Italy, in the Province of Naples, situated on the island of Capri. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Sorrentine Peninsula is a peninsula located in southern Italy that separates the Gulf of Naples to the north from the Gulf of Salerno to the south. ... Gulf of Naples The Gulf of Naples is located off the southwestern coast of Italy. ... This article refers to the state which existed from the 6th century BC to the 1st century BC. For alternate meanings, see Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ...

Overlooking Capri harbor from the rotunda in Villa San Michele.

Features of the island are the Marina Piccola (Small Harbor), the Belvedere of Tragara, which is a high panoramic promenade lined with villas, the limestone masses that stand out of the sea (the Faraglioni), Anacapri, the Blue Grotto (Grotta Azzurra), and the ruins of the Imperial Roman villas. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 409 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (614 × 900 pixel, file size: 82 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 409 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (614 × 900 pixel, file size: 82 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Villa San Michele was built around the turn of the 20th century by Swedish doctor Axel Munthe on the ruins of an ancient Roman Emperors villa on the Island of Capri, Italy. ... The outside of the Blue Grotto The inside of the Blue Grotto The Blue Grotto (Grotta Azzurra) is a noted sea cave on the coast of the Italian island of Capri. ...


Capri is in the region of Campania, Province of Naples. The City of Capri is the main centre of population on Capri. It has two adjoining harbours, Marina Piccola and Marina Grande (the main port of the island). The separate commune of Anacapri is located high on the hills to the west. For other uses, see Campania (disambiguation). ... The province of Naples (Italian: Provincia di Napoli) is a province in the Campania region of Italy. ... Capri is a municipality of Campania, Italy, in the Province of Naples, situated on the island of Capri. ... Anacapri is a Community on the island of Capri, in the province of Naples, Italy. ...


The etymology of the name Capri can be traced back to the Greeks, the first colonists to populate the island in recorded time. This means that "Capri" was probably not derived from the Latin "Capreae" (goats), but rather the Greek "Kapros" (wild boar).

Contents

History

See also; History of Capri

A map showing some of the most important sights on Capri. ...

Ancient and Roman times

According to the Greek geographer Strabo, Capri was once part of the mainland. This has been recently confirmed both by geological surveys and archaeological findings. The Greek geographer Strabo in a 16th century engraving. ...


The city has been inhabited since very early times. Evidence of human settlement was discovered during the Roman era; according to Suetonius, when the foundations for the villa of Augustus were being excavated, giant bones and 'weapons of stone' were discovered. The emperor ordered these to be displayed in the garden of his main residence, the Sea Palace. More modern excavations have shown that human presence on the island can be dated back to the Neolithic and the Bronze Age. The Twelve Caesars is a set of twelve biographies of Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of the Roman Empire. ... For other persons named Octavian, see Octavian (disambiguation). ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ...


In his Aeneid, Virgil states that the island had been populated by the Greek people of Teleboi, coming from the Ionian Islands. Strabo says that "in ancient times in Capri there were two towns, later reduced to one." (Geography, 5, 4, 9, 38). Tacitus records that there were twelve Imperial villas in Capri (or Capreae, as it was spelled in Latin). Ruins of one at Tragara could still be seen in the 19th century. For other uses, see Virgil (disambiguation). ... The Ionian Islands (Modern Greek: Ionioi Nisoi, Ιόνιοι Νήσοι; Ancient Greek: Ionioi Nesoi, Ιόνιοι Νήσοι) are a group of islands in Greece. ... For other uses, see Tacitus (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ...


Augustus's successor Tiberius built a series of villas at Capri, the most famous of which is the Villa Jovis, one of the best preserved Roman villas in Italy. In 27 CE, Tiberius permanently moved to Capri, running the Empire from there until his death in 37 CE. According to Suetonius, while staying on the island, Tiberius (accompanied by his grand-nephew and heir, Caligula) enjoyed imposing numerous cruelties and sexual perversions upon his slaves. For other persons named Tiberius, see Tiberius (disambiguation). ... Villa Jovis (Villa of Jupiter; also Villa Iovis, sometimes misspelled Villa Ionis) is a Roman palace on Capri built by emperor Tiberius who ruled from there between AD 27 and AD 37. ... Events The Emperor Tiberius retires to Capri, leaving the praetorian prefect Sejanus in charge of both Rome and the Empire. ... “BCE” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Events March 18 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius will and proclaims Caligula Roman Emperor. ... This article is about the Roman emperor. ...

A general view of Capri. The funicular railway cuts across the picture, on the left.

In 182 CE, Emperor Commodus banished his sister Lucilla to Capri. She was executed shortly afterwards. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 756 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1934 × 1534 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 756 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1934 × 1534 pixel, file size: 2. ... Events Commodus exiles his sister Lucilla to Capreae Births Origen, Christian theologian (approximate date) Sun Quan, founder of the Wu Kingdom in China Deaths Categories: 182 ... Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus (August 31, 161 – December 31, 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192. ... Denarius of Lucilla. ...


Middle and Modern Ages

After the end of the Western Roman Empire, Capri returned to the status of a dominion of Naples, and suffered various attacks and ravages by pirates. In 866 Emperor Louis II gave the island to Amalfi. In 987 the first Caprese bishop was consecrated by Pope John XV. Events Fujiwara no Yoshifusa becomes regent of Japan, starting the Fujiwara regentship. ... Louis II, (825 – 875), Holy Roman Emperor (sole ruler 855 – 875), eldest son of the emperor Lothair I, became the designated king of Italy in 839, and taking up his residence in that country was crowned king at Rome by Pope Sergius II on June 15, 844. ... Amalfi is a town and commune in the province of Salerno, in the region of Campania, Italy, on the Gulf of Salerno, 24 miles southeast of Naples. ... Events Hugh Capet, Count of Paris, crowned King of France Kukulcan conquers Chichen Itza Births Deaths May 21 King Louis V of France Categories: 987 ... John XV, pope from 984 to 996, generally recognized as the successor of Boniface VII, the pope John who was said to have ruled for four months after John XIV, being now omitted by the best authorities. ...


In 1496, Frederick IV of Naples established legal and administrative parity between the two settlements of Capri and Anacapri. The pirate raids reached their peak during the reign of Charles V: the famous Turkish admirals Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha and Turgut Reis sacked the island in 1535 and 1553, respectively. Sestino of Frederick IV. Frederick IV (April 19, 1452 – November 9, 1504), was King of Naples from 1496 to 1501. ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha (Turkish: Barbaros Hayreddin Paşa or Hızır Hayreddin Paşa; also Hızır Reis before being promoted to the rank of Pasha and becoming the Kaptan-ı Derya (Fleet Admiral) of the Ottoman Navy) (c. ... Turgut Reis Turgut Reis (1485-1565) was a Turkish privateer and Ottoman admiral as well as Bey of Algiers; Beylerbey of the Mediterranean; and first Bey later Pasha of Tripoli. ...


The first famous visitor to the island was the French antiques dealer Jean Jacques Bouchard, in the 17th century, who may be considered Capri's first tourist. His diary, found in 1850, is an important source about the state of Capri at that time. “Tourist” redirects here. ...


Recent history

In January 1806, French troops occupied the island. The British ousted the French troops that May; Capri was turned into a powerful naval base (a "Second Gibraltar"), but the building program caused heavy damage to the archaeological sites. Joachim Murat reconquered Capri in 1808, and the French remained there until the end of the Napoleonic era (1815), when Capri was returned to the Bourbon ruling house of Naples. Joachim Murat, King of Naples, Marshal of France. ...

Capri harbour, seen from Anacapri

In the latter half of the 19th century, Capri became a popular resort for European artists, writers and other celebrities. John Singer Sargent and Frank Hyde are among the prominent artists who stayed on the island around the late 1870s. Sargent is best known for his series of portraits featuring the beautiful local model, Rosina Ferrara. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 2. ... Self Portrait, oil painting, 1907 John Singer Sargent (January 12, 1856 – April 14, 1925) was the most successful portrait painter of his era, as well as a gifted landscape painter and watercolorist. ... Francis Frank Aloysius Hyde (7 February 1916 – September 24, 2007) was an Australian rugby league player, coach and radio caller. ... Ferrara, Rosina (1861-1928) Rosina Ferrara was a very beautiful girl who became the favorite muse of American expatriate artist John Singer Sargent, was born in Anacapri, Capri, in 1861. ...


Also in the 19th century, the natural scientist Ignazio Cerio catalogued the flora and fauna of the island. This work was continued by his son, the author and engineer Edwin Cerio, who wrote several books on life in Capri in the 20th century. Ignazio Cerio (1841-1921) was an influential but eccentric physician and amateur philosopher on the island of Capri, in Italy. ... Simplified schematic of an islands flora - all its plant species, highlighted in boxes. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life of any particular region or time. ... Edwin Cerio (1875-1960) was a polymath of prodigious energy and creativity. ...


Norman Douglas, Friedrich Alfred Krupp, Christian Wilhelm Allers, Emil von Behring, Curzio Malaparte, Axel Munthe, and Maxim Gorky are all reported to have owned a villa there, or to have stayed there for more than three months. Swedish Queen Victoria often stayed there. Gracie Fields also had a villa on the island and sang two songs, "The Isle of Capri" and "Come Back to Sorrento", about Capri. Mariah Carey owns a villa on the island. George Norman Douglas (December 8, 1868 - February 7, 1952) was a British writer, now best known for his 1917 novel South Wind. ... The Krupp family, a prominent 400-year-old German dynasty from Essen, have become famous for their steel production and for their manufacture of ammunition and armaments. ... Christian Wilhelm Allers (* August 6th 1857 at Hamburg; † October 19th 1915 at Karlsruhe) was a german painter. ... Emil Adolf von Behring (March 15, 1854 - March 31, 1917) was born at Hansdorf, Germany. ... Curzio Malaparte Curzio Malaparte (June 9, 1898 - July 19, 1957), born as Kurt Erich Suckert, was an Italian journalist, dramatist, short-story writer, novelist and diplomat. ... Axel Munthe in the early 1930s Axel Martin Fredrik Munthe (October 31, 1857, Oskarshamn ,Sweden - February 11, 1949, Stockholm) was a Swedish physician and psychiatrist, best known as the author of The Story of San Michele (1929), an autobiographical account of his work and life. ... Aleksei Maksimovich Peshkov (In Russian Алексей Максимович Пешков) (March 28 [O.S. March 16] 1868–June 18, 1936), better known as Maxim Gorky (Максим Горький), was a Soviet/Russian author, a founder of the socialist realism literary method and a political activist. ... Victoria of Baden (August 7, 1862 - April 4, 1930) was the Queen consort of King Gustav V of Sweden. ... Dame Gracie Fields, DBE (January 9, 1898–September 27, 1979), born Grace Stansfield, was an English/Italian singer and comedienne who became one of the greatest stars of both cinema and music hall. ... Mariah Carey (born March 27, 1970) is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, music video director, and actress. ...

Capri at sunset, from the tip of the peninsula of Sorrento.

The book that spawned the 19th century fascination with Capri in France, Germany, and England was Entdeckung der Blauen Grotte auf der Insel Capri by the German painter and writer August Kopisch, in which he describes his 1826 stay on Capri and his (re)discovery of the Blue Grotto. Capri is also the setting for "The Lotus Eater", a short-story by Somerset Maugham. In the story, the protagonist from Boston comes to Capri on a holiday and is so enchanted by the place he gives up his job and decides to spend the rest of his life in leisure at Capri. Claude Debussy refers to the island's hills in the title of his impressionistic prélude Les collines d'Anacapri (1910). Download high resolution version (1024x768, 150 KB)Capri at sunset from Termini (Massa Lubrense, tip of the peninsula of Sorrento) File links The following pages link to this file: Capri ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 150 KB)Capri at sunset from Termini (Massa Lubrense, tip of the peninsula of Sorrento) File links The following pages link to this file: Capri ... August Kopisch (May 26, 1799 - February 3, 1853), was a German poet. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Lotus-eaters beckon Odysseus and his men In Greek mythology, the Lotophagi (lotus-eaters) were a race of people from an island near Northern Africa dominated by lotus plants. ... W. Somerset Maugham as photographed in 1934 by Carl Van Vechten. ... Claude Debussy, photo by Félix Nadar, 1908. ... Claude Debussys Préludes are two sets of pieces for solo piano. ...


As well as being a haven for writers and artists, Capri served as a relatively safe place for foreign gay men and lesbians to lead a more open life, and a small nucleus of them were attracted to live there, overlapping to some extent with the creative types mentioned above. The 19th century poet August Graf von Platen was one of the first. Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen wrote the roman à clef Et le feu s’èteignit sur le mer (1910) about Capri and its residents in the early 20th century, causing a minor scandal. Fersen's life on Capri became the subject of Roger Peyrefitte's fictionalised biography, L'Exile de Capri. One of the island's most famous foreign inhabitants was Norman Douglas; his novel South Wind is a thinly fictionalised description of Capri's residents and visitors, and a number of his other works, both books and pamphlets, deal with the island, including Capri (1930) and his last work, A Footnote on Capri (1952). A satirical presentation of the island's lesbian colony in the 1920s is made in Compton Mackenzie's novel Extraordinary Women (1928). August Graf von Platen-Hallermünde (October 24, 1796 - December 5, 1835), German poet and dramatist, was born at Ansbach, the son of the Oberforstmeister in the little principality of that name. ... Baron Jacques dAdelswärd-Fersen 1905/10 Baron Jacques dAdelswärd-Fersen (February 20, 1880–November 5, 1923) was a French aristocrat, a novelist and poet. ... A roman à clef or roman à clé (French for novel with a key) is a novel describing real-life events behind a façade of fiction. ... Roger Peyrefitte (August 17, 1907 – November 5, 2000) was a French diplomat and writer. ... George Norman Douglas (December 8, 1868 - February 7, 1952) was a British writer, now best known for his 1917 novel South Wind. ... Sir (Edward Montague) Compton Mackenzie, (1883–1972), was an Scottish novelist. ...

A map showing some of the most important sights on Capri.

Memoirs set on Capri include Edwin Cerio's Aria di Capri (1928) (translated as That Capri Air), which contains a number of historical and biographical essays on the island, including a tribute to Norman Douglas; The Story of San Michele (1929) by the Swedish royal physician Axel Munthe (1857–1949), who built a villa of that name; An Impossible Woman: The Memoirs of Dottoressa Moor (1975) by Elisabeth Moor, who worked there as a doctor from 1926 until the 1970s; and Shirley Hazzard's Graham on Capri: A Memoir (2000), about her reminiscences of Graham Greene. Image File history File links Capri_sights. ... Image File history File links Capri_sights. ... Edwin Cerio (1875-1960) was a polymath of prodigious energy and creativity. ... The Story of San Michele is a book of memoirs by Swedish physician Axel Munthe (October 31, 1857 - February 11, 1949) first published in 1929 by British publisher John Murray. ... Axel Munthe in the early 1930s Axel Martin Fredrik Munthe (October 31, 1857, Oskarshamn ,Sweden - February 11, 1949, Stockholm) was a Swedish physician and psychiatrist, best known as the author of The Story of San Michele (1929), an autobiographical account of his work and life. ... Villa San Michele was built around the turn of the 20th century by Swedish doctor Axel Munthe on the ruins of an ancient Roman Emperors villa on the Island of Capri, Italy. ... Shirley Hazzard (born January 30, 1931 in Sydney, Australia) is an author of fiction and non-fiction. ... This article is about the writer. ...


Novels set on Capri include the eponymous Kapri (1939), by the Latvian novelist Jānis Jaunsudrabiņš, who represents the island as a sort of prison for Europeans who have run away from their normal lives and responsibilities, and I Love Capri by Belinda Jones.


Main sights

Overlooking the island from Anacapri.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 590 KB) Summary The view from Anacapri, Capri, Italy. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 590 KB) Summary The view from Anacapri, Capri, Italy. ... Villa San Michele was built around the turn of the 20th century by Swedish doctor Axel Munthe on the ruins of an ancient Roman Emperors villa on the Island of Capri, Italy. ... The outside of the Blue Grotto The inside of the Blue Grotto The Blue Grotto (Grotta Azzurra) is a noted sea cave on the coast of the Italian island of Capri. ... Villa Jovis (Villa of Jupiter; also Villa Iovis, sometimes misspelled Villa Ionis) is a Roman palace on Capri built by emperor Tiberius who ruled from there between AD 27 and AD 37. ... Casa Malaparte (also Villa Malaparte) is a house on Punta Massullo, on the eastern side of the Isle of Capri, Italy, at . The house was conceived around 1937 by Italian Rationalist architect Adalberto Libera for Curzio Malaparte. ... South of main Capri island and looking southward to the famous site of the Faraglioni The Faraglioni of Capri island comprise of three stand-alone cliff rocks sitting on the Mediterranean sea in the bay of Naples is one of the most significant sights the island has to offer. ...

Tourism

Typical taxi of Capri.

Capri is a tourist destination for both Italians and foreigners. In the 1950s, Capri became a popular destination for the international jet set. The central piazzetta of Capri, though preserving its modest village architecture, is lined with luxury boutiques, expensive restaurants, and paparazzi chasing celebrities. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 692 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 692 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Categories: Move to Wiktionary | Stub ... For the 2006 game, see Paparazzi (game). ...


During summers, the island is heavily touristed, often by day trippers from Naples and Sorrento.


Transportation

Capri is served by frequent ferry and hydrofoil service to Naples and Sorrento, as well as many other boat services to the ports of the Gulf of Naples and the Sorrentine Peninsula. Boats call at Marina Grande, from where you can take the Funicular up to the village of Capri. The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... This article is about marine engineering. ... For other uses, see Naples (disambiguation). ... Vesuvius overlooking Sorrento and the Bay of Naples. ... Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California with gantlet track configuration Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks The Gütschbahn in Lucerne, Switzerland – from an 1893 guidebook A funicular, also called funicular railway, inclined railway, inclined plane, or, in the United Kingdom, a cliff railway, is a system of...


Gallery

See also

Anacapri is a Community on the island of Capri, in the province of Naples, Italy. ... The outside of the Blue Grotto The inside of the Blue Grotto The Blue Grotto (Grotta Azzurra) is a noted sea cave on the coast of the Italian island of Capri. ... Capri is a municipality of Campania, Italy, in the Province of Naples, situated on the island of Capri. ... Capri pants (often just called capris) are a style of trousers worn during the summer. ... The island of Ischia near Naples, Italy. ... Ford Capri Mk III 1. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Capri

Coordinates: 40°33′N, 14°14′E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Capri - definition of Capri in Encyclopedia (437 words)
Capri is an island off the coast of Italy, in the Bay of Naples that has been a celebrated "beauty spot' and resort since Roman times.
The City of Capri is the main centre of population on Capri.
In the story, the protagonist from Boston comes to Capri on a holiday and is so enchanted by the place he gives up his job and decides to spend the rest of his life in leisure at Capri.
Ford Capri - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1633 words)
The Capri proved highly successful, with 400,000 cars sold until 1970, and Ford revised it in 1972, to become what is known by enthusiasts as the Capri “Bis” or, in the UK, the "Mark 1 Facelift" Capri.
The Ford Capri name was revived in Australia in 1989 for a convertible rivaling the Mazda MX-5.
The Australian-built Capri was also exported to the US beginning in 1991 as the Mercury Capri, but it fared poorly and was dropped in 1994.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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