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Encyclopedia > Cappuccino
A cappuccino poured with latte art into two rosettes.

Cappuccino is an Italian, coffee-based drink prepared with espresso, hot milk, and milk foam. A cappuccino differs from a caffè latte—which is also from the Italian coffee menu—in that a latte is prepared with espresso and twice (or more) the amount of milk as a cappuccino and little or no milk foam. A cappuccino is traditionally served in a porcelain cup, which has far better heat retention characteristics than glass or paper. The foam on top of the cappuccino acts as an insulator and helps retain the heat of the liquid, allowing it to stay hotter longer. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 563 pixelsFull resolution‎ (850 × 598 pixels, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 563 pixelsFull resolution‎ (850 × 598 pixels, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For other uses, see Coffee (disambiguation). ... The word drink is primarily a verb, meaning to ingest liquids, see Drinking. ... Espresso brewing, with a dark reddish-brown foam, called crema or schiuma. ... A glass of cows milk. ... Latte or Caffelatte For the type of pillar found in the Marianas Islands, see Latte stone. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Cappuccino has its name from German "kapuziner" and stems from Vienna's coffee menues, dating back to the end of the 18th century. The word originally described the colour of the capuchin monks' brown robes. Since 1633, the significant members of the Habsburg family have been buried in the so-called Kapuziner or Kaisergruft (Imperial crypt) in Vienna. ... For other uses, see Capuchin. ...


There is no merit, however, to the canard that the charismatic 17th-Century Capuchin monk, Marco d'Aviano, invented Cappuccino after the Battle of Vienna in 1683, or that it was named after him. No mention of this occurs in any of his biographies, nor in any other contemporary historical source or account. The rumor first appeared in the Austrian popular press towards the end of the 20th century, more specifically, after the 1983 celebration in Vienna of the third centennial of the Turkish siege, and soon joined the ranks of other so-called urban legends, happily circulating without any basis in fact. For the reasons mentioned, no historical credibility whatsoever can be attributed to it; and it has been systematically denied by both by scholars of d'Aviano's life and ecclesiastical authorities.


The beverage spread south to Italy by the early 1900's, and grew in popularity as the large espresso machines in cafés and restaurants were improved during and after WW2. By the 1950's, the Italian cappuccino had found its form. An espresso machine is used to produce the traditionally Italian coffee beverage called espresso. ...


The name 'cappuccino' is inspired by the color of the beverage (the blend of coffee and milk), which is a brownish-red, and has nothing to do with the 'cap' of foam, which was a later addition to the drink, nor the description of a white hood or white rope as part of the costume: this is incorrect. The name of the capuchin friars themselves (and the monkey also named after them) comes from the Italian word for hood, "cappuccio" [kap'put:ʃo], which is also often used colloquially for the beverage (the '-ino' suffix denotes a diminutive in Italian). Type species Simia capucina Linnaeus, 1758 Species Cebus capucinus Cebus albifrons Weeper uolivaceus Cebus kaapori Cebus apella Cebus libidinosus Cebus nigritus Cebus xanthosternos Cebus queirozi Tufted Capuchin (Cebus apella) The capuchins are the group of New World monkeys classified as genus Cebus. ... Portrait presumed to be of Giovanni Arnolfini by Jan van Eyck, late 1430s. ...


The Capuchin friars' habit again was inspired by St Francisco from Assisi's original costume— with a pointed hood and this color—as it is preserved in the basilica in Assisi.

Contents

Ingredients

Besides a shot of espresso, the most important element in preparing a cappuccino is the texture and temperature of the milk. When a barista steams the milk for a cappuccino, he or she creates microfoam by introducing very tiny bubbles of air into the milk, giving the milk a velvety texture and sweetness. The traditional cappuccino consists of an espresso, on which the barista pours the hot foamed milk, resulting in a 1 cm-thick milk foam on top. Variations of the mixtures are usually called cappuccino chiaro (light cappuccino, also known as a wet cappuccino) with more milk than normal, and cappuccino scuro (dark cappuccino, also known as a dry cappuccino) with less milk than normal. A competitor (James Hoffmann) during the World Barista Championship. ... Microfoam is a byproduct of heating milk with a steam wand on an espresso machine. ...


Attaining the correct ratio of foam requires close attention be paid while steaming the milk, thus making the cappuccino one of the most difficult espresso-based beverages to make properly. Moreover, a skilled barista may obtain artistic shapes while pouring the milk on the top of the espresso coffee.


Popularity

Cappuccino was a taste largely confined to Europe, Australia, South Africa,South America and the more cosmopolitan regions of North America, until the mid-1990s when cappuccino was made much more widely available to North Americans, as upscale coffee bars sprang up. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


In Italy, cappuccino is generally consumed early in the day as part of the breakfast, with a croissant, better known to Italians as cornetto, or a pastry. Generally, Italians do not drink cappuccino with meals other than breakfast. In other countries it is consumed throughout the day or after dinner. Breakfast is the last meal of the week, typically eaten in the afternoon. ... For the Japanese womens magazine, see Croissant (magazine). ... Basket of western-style pastries, for breakfast Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Pastries For the Pastry Distributed Hash Table, see Pastry (DHT). ... An amount of formality may be present at a dinner Dinner is a meal eaten in the evening. ...


In the United States, the term "iced cappuccino" (or cappuccino "Freddo") is somewhat of a misnomer since the characteristic frothed milk is generally omitted in the iced variation. Without the frothed milk, the drink is called an iced latte. The term has nevertheless spread in some Mediterranean countries where foam is added to an iced latte just before serving. International coffee houses' standards prohibit the preparation of hot milk foam over ice, since it is conducive to the rapid buildup of bacteria. It is possible to froth cold milk using various methods and such preparation avoids the safety issues associated with hot foam and ice.


By the start of the 21st century, a modified version of cappuccino was being served by fast-food chains.


The widespread acceptance in the US of what was once regarded as a taste of coastal urbanites and older Italian-Americans led to many establishments, such as convenience stores, offering what they represent as cappuccino to their patrons. However, that product is usually an ersatz cappuccino produced by machines similar to those that mix cocoa drinks. The drink that comes out is usually produced either from a manufactured mix or double-brewed coffee and bears little relation to the real thing. Similar products result from home use of store-bought mixes usually advertised, more accurately, as producing "frothed coffee." An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent. ... A convenience store is a small store or shop, generally accessible or local. ... Ersatz is a German word literally meaning substitute or replacement. ... For other uses, see Cocoa (disambiguation). ...


See also

Caffè is the Italian word for coffee and may indicate either the Italian way of preparing this beverage at home or espresso, which is prepared instead with electrical steam machines. ... It has been suggested that Yiannis Dritsas be merged into this article or section. ... A capputeano is a hot drink common in the east midlands of England. ... Espresso brewing, with a dark reddish-brown foam, called crema or schiuma. ... A Flat White is a beverage served in Australia and New Zealand, prepared with espresso and milk. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Cappuccino
  • The Barista Extraordinaire's Coffee Blog
  • Coffeegeek with how-to steam guide

  Results from FactBites:
 
OpDieet.nl - cappuccino is koffie met melkschuim (235 words)
Cappuccino is koffie vermengd met een schuimlaag van melk.
Cappuccino betekent namelijk cappuchonnetje of hoedje en in dit geval dus een hoedje van melk.
Maar is het je wel eens opgevallen dat niet elke cappuccino hetzelfde smaakt?
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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