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Encyclopedia > Cappella Palatina
Saracene arches and Byzantine mosaics complement each other within the Palatine Chapel.
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Saracene arches and Byzantine mosaics complement each other within the Palatine Chapel.

The Palatine Chapel (Italian: Cappella Palatina) is the the royal chapel of the Norman kings of Sicily situated on the ground floor at the center of the Palazzo Reale in Palermo. A chapel is a private church, usually small and often attached to a larger institution such as a college, a hospital, a palace, or a prison. ... Norman may refer to: the Normans, the Norman people. ... Sicilian disambiguates here; see also Sicilian language or Sicilian Defence. ... Nickname: Palermu Motto: Official website: http://www. ...


The chapel was commissioned by Roger II of Sicily in 1132. It took eight years to build and many more to decorate with mosaics and fine art. The sanctuary, dedicated to Saint Peter, is reminiscent of a domed basilica. It has three apses, as is usual in Byzantine architecture, with six pointed arches (three on each side of the central nave) resting on recycled classical columns. Roger II, from Liber ad honorem Augusti of Petrus de Ebulo, 1196. ... Events Diarmaid Mac Murrough has the abbey of Kildare in Ireland burned and the abbess raped. ... Mosaic is the art of decoration with small pieces of colored glass, stone or other material. ... Petrus, by Francesco del Cossa Saint Peter, also known as Peter, Simon ben Jonah/BarJonah, Simon Peter, Cephas and Kepha—original name Simon or Simeon (Acts 15:14)—was one of the twelve original disciples or apostles of Jesus. ... The Basilica of Saint Peter is the largest church in Christianity and often used by the Pope. ... This article is about an architectural feature; for the astronomical term see apsis. ... The 11th-century monastery of Hosios Lukas in Greece is representative of the Byzantine art during the rule of Macedonian dynasty. ... Roman pillar In architecture and structural engineering, a column is that part of a structure whose purpose is to transmit through compression the weight of the structure. ...


The mosaics of the Palatine Chapel are of unparalleled elegance as concerns elongated proportions and streaming draperies of figures. They are also noted for subtle modulations of colour and luminance. The oldest are probably those covering the ceiling, the drum, and the dome. The shimmering mosaics of the transept, presumably dating from the 1140s and attributed to Byzantine artists, illustrate scenes from the Acts of the Apostles. Every composition is set within an ornamental frame, not dissimilar to that used in contemporaneous mosaic icons. Mosaic is the art of decoration with small pieces of colored glass, stone or other material. ... Full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... The Acts of the Apostles (Greek Praxeis Apostolon) is a book of the Bible, which now stands fifth in the New Testament. ... The Savior (1410s, by Andrei Rublev) For other senses of this word, see icon (disambiguation). ...

Detail of an Arabic-style mosaic.
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Detail of an Arabic-style mosaic.

The rest of mosaics, alternatively dated to the 1160s or the 1170s, is executed in a cruder manner and feature Latin (rather than Greek} inscriptions. Probably a work of local craftsmen, these pieces are more narrative and illustrative than transcendental. A few mosaics have a secular character and represent oriental flora and fauna. This may be the only substantial piece of secular Byzantine mosaic extant today. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Flora may refer to: Flora (goddess), a goddess in Roman mythology Flora (plants), a collective term for plant life; as distinct from fauna (animals); or, a book or other work that describes the plant species occurring in a particular area or region. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life, as distinct from Flora (plant life) Fauna is an ancient Roman goddess. ...

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Cappella Palatina (Palermo)

The chapel combines harmoniously a variety of styles: the Norman architecture and door decor, the Arabic arches and scripts adorning the roof, the Byzantine dome and mosaics. For instance, clusters of four eight-pointed stars, typical for Muslim design, are arranged on the ceiling so as to form a Christian cross. Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The Nave of Durham Cathedral demonstrates the characteristic round arched style, though use of shallow pointed arches above the nave anticipates the Gothic style. ... For other uses, see Cross (disambiguation). ...


Other remarkable features of the chapel include the Carolingian throne, a low stage for royal receptions, and a balcony which allowed the king to view religious processions from above. The Carolingians (also known as the Carlovingians) were a dynasty of rulers that eventually controlled the Frankish realm and its successors from the 8th to the 10th century, officially taking over the kingdoms from the Merovingian dynasty in 751. ... The Throne of Canada Thrones for The Queen of Canada, and the Duke of Edinburgh and the Governor General, in the Canadian Senate, Ottawa. ... A balcony comprising a balustrade supported at either end by plinths. ...


 
 

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