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Encyclopedia > Capitonidae
American barbets
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Capitonidae
Bonaparte, 1838
Genera

Capito
Eubucco For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ... Families Galbulidae Bucconidae Capitonidae Ramphastidae Picidae Indicatoridae For prehistoric taxa, see text Six families of largely arboreal birds make up the order Piciformes, the best-known of them being the Picidae, which includes the woodpeckers and close relatives. ... Charles Lucien Jules Laurent Bonaparte (May 24, 1803 – July 29, 1857) was a French naturalist and ornithologist. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Capito is a genus of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Eubucco is a genus of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ...

American barbets, family Capitonidae, are near passerine birds of the order Piciformes which inhabit South America. They are closely related to the toucans. The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... Near passerine is a term often given to those land birds most closely related to the true passerines in the order Passeriformes Rainbow Bee-eater They comprise Order Pterocliformes sandgrouse Order Columbiformes dodos, pigeons and doves Order Psittaciformes cockatoos and parrots Order Cuculiformes turacos and cuckoos Order Strigiformes owls Order... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... Families Galbulidae Bucconidae Capitonidae Ramphastidae Picidae Indicatoridae For prehistoric taxa, see text Six families of largely arboreal birds make up the order Piciformes, the best-known of them being the Picidae, which includes the woodpeckers and close relatives. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Toucan (disambiguation). ...


The American barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured and live in tropical forest. The hierarchy of scientific classification. ...


American barbets are mostly arboreal birds which nest in tree holes dug by breeding pairs, laying 2-4 eggs. They eat fruit and insects. These birds do not migrate. Flock of Barnacle Geese during autumn migration Bird migration refers to the regular seasonal journeys of varying distances undertaken by many species of birds. ...

Contents

Ecology

While most South American barbet species inhabit lowland forest, some range into montane and temperate forests as well. Most are restricted to habitats containing trees with dead wood, which are used for nesting.


The diet of barbets is mixed, with fruit being the dominant part of the diet. Small prey items are also taken, especially when nesting. Barbets are capable of shifting their diet quickly in the face of changes in food availability: Numerous species of fruiting tree and bush are visited; an individual barbet may feed on as many as 60 different species in its range. They will also visit plantations and take cultivated fruit and vegetables. Fruit is eaten whole and indigestible material such as seed pits regurgitated later (often before singing). Regurgitation does not usually happen in the nest (as happens with toucans). Like their relatives, American barbets are thought to be important agents in seed dispersal in tropical forests. A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... Blackbird (Turdus merula), singing male. ... For other uses, see Toucan (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


As well as taking fruit, they also take arthropod prey, gleaned from the branches and trunks of trees. A wide range on insects are taken, including ants, beetles and moths. Scorpions and centipedes are also taken, and a few species will take small vertebrates such as frogs. Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - spiders,scorpions, etc. ...


Relationship with humans

American barbets have little impact on humans. The loss of forest can have a deleterious effect on barbet species dependent on old growth, to the benefit of species that favour more disturbed or open habitat. This article is about the process of deforestation in the environment. ...


Two species of American barbet are listed as threatened by the IUCN: The White-mantled Barbet of Colombia is listed as endangered, its limited range is threatened by deforestation for agriculture (including coca nad marijuana), livestock rearing and mining. The quite recently discovered Scarlet-banded Barbet of Peru is considered vulnerable due to its small population size (estimated at under a thousand birds) although its habitat is not immediately threatened. The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... Binomial name Salvin, 1897 The White-mantled Barbet (Capito hypoleucus) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ... Binomial name Lam. ... A Cannabis sativa plant The drug cannabis, also called marijuana, is produced from parts of the cannabis plant, primarily the cured flowers and gathered trichomes of the female plant. ... Binomial name J.P.ONeill, D.F.Lane, A.W.Kratter, A.P.Capparella & C.F.Joo, 2000 The Scarlet-banded Barbet (Capito wallacei) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ...


Systematics, taxonomy and evolution

Fossil American barbets have been found dating from the Miocene in Florida[verification needed]. It is widely agreed that the closest relatives of the barbets are the toucans, and that these two families are also closely related to the honeyguides and woodpeckers (with which they form the order Piciformes). For other uses, see Fossil (disambiguation). ... The Miocene Epoch is a period of time that extends from about 23. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... For other uses, see Toucan (disambiguation). ... Genera Indicator Melichneutes Prodotiscus Honeyguide birds, also known as honey birds, indicator birds, and simply honeyguides, (family Indicatoridae) are several dull-colored near passerine bird species of the order Piciformes, notable for their method of obtaining food. ... Genera Melanerpes Sphyrapicus Xiphidiopicus Dendropicos Dendrocopos Picoides Veniliornis Campethera Geocolaptes Dinopium Meiglyptes Hemicircus Micropternus Picus Mulleripicus Dryocopus Celeus Piculus Colaptes Campephilus Chrysocolaptes Reinwardtipicus Blythipicus Gecinulus Sapheopipo For other uses, see Woodpecker (disambiguation). ... In scientific classification used in biology, the order (Latin: ordo, plural ordines) is a rank between class and family (termed a taxon at that rank). ... Families Galbulidae Bucconidae Capitonidae Ramphastidae Picidae Indicatoridae For prehistoric taxa, see text Six families of largely arboreal birds make up the order Piciformes, the best-known of them being the Picidae, which includes the woodpeckers and close relatives. ...


Formerly the barbets have been treated as one family (Short & Horne 2002). But as this has turned out to be paraphyletic with regrads to toucans, only the South American true barbets are retained in the Capitonidae. The African barbets (Lybiidae) and the Asian barbets (Megalaimidae) as well as the two toucan-barbets from South America (Semnornithidae) are nowadays split from this family. Alternatively, the toucans, which evolved from a common ancestor shared with the South American barbets, might be included in the traditional all-encompassing barbet family. As they have evolved a suite of characteristics that are unique to themselves they are usually treated separately, and thus the barbets are split up according to the 4 lineages. The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... Paraphyletic - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... A family of birds comprising the African barbets, once considered part of the now-split family Capitonidae comprising all barbets. ... Genera Psilopogon Megalaima Calorhamphus A family of birds comprising the Asian barbets, the Megalaimidae were once united with all other barbets in the Capitonidae (Short & Horne 2002) but they have turned out to be distinct. ... This article is about evolution in biology. ...

  • Genus Capito
    • Scarlet-crowned Barbet, Capito aurovirens
    • Scarlet-banded Barbet, Capito wallacei
    • Spot-crowned Barbet, Capito maculicoronatus
    • Orange-fronted Barbet, Capito squamatus
    • White-mantled Barbet, Capito hypoleucus
    • Black-girdled Barbet, Capito dayi
    • Five-colored Barbet, Capito quinticolor
    • Black-spotted Barbet, Capito niger
    • Gilded Barbet, Capito auratus
    • Brown-chested Barbet, Capito brunneipectus
  • Genus Eubucco
    • Lemon-throated Barbet, Eubucco richardsoni
    • Red-headed Barbet, Eubucco bourcierii
    • Scarlet-hooded Barbet, Eubucco tucinkae
    • Versicolored Barbet, Eubucco versicolor

Capito is a genus of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name (Cuvier, 1829) The Scarlet-crowned Barbet (Capito aurovirens) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name J.P.ONeill, D.F.Lane, A.W.Kratter, A.P.Capparella & C.F.Joo, 2000 The Scarlet-banded Barbet (Capito wallacei) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name Lawrence, 1861 The Spot-crowned Barbet (Capito maculicoronatus) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name Salvin, 1876 The Orange-fronted Barbet (Capito squamatus) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name Salvin, 1897 The White-mantled Barbet (Capito hypoleucus) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name Cherrie, 1916 The Black-girdled Barbet (Capito dayi) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name Elliot, 1865 The Five-coloured Barbet (Capito quinticolor) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name (Müller, 1776) The Black-spotted Barbet (Capito niger) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name (Dumont, 1816) The Gilded Barbet (Capito auratus) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name Chapman, 1921 The Brown-chested Barbet (Capito brunneipectus) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Eubucco is a genus of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name (Gray, 1846) The Lemon-throated Barbet (Eubucco richardsoni) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name (Lafresnaye, 1845) The Red-headed Barbet (Eubucco bourcierii) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name (Seilern, 1913) The Scarlet-hooded Barbet (Eubucco tucinkae) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ... Binomial name (Müller, 1776) The Versicoloured Barbet (Eubucco versicolor) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. ...

References

  • LL Short, JFM Horne (2002) Family Capitonidae (barbets). in del Hoyo J., Elliott A. & Christie D.A. (2004) Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 7. Jamacars to Woodpeckers Lynx Edicions, Barcelona ISBN 84-87334-37-7

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Capitonidae
  • Barbet videos on the Internet Bird Collection
  • Barbet sounds on xeno-canto.org

  Results from FactBites:
 
GENETIC VARIATION IN PICIFORM BIRDS: MONOPHYLY AND GENERIC AND FAMILIAL RELATIONSHIPS (7396 words)
Taxa 2-9 represent the family Bucconidae, 10-13 the Galbulidae, 14-20 the Picidae, 21-22 the Capitonidae, and 23-27 the Ramphastidae.
This is in contrast to the Capitonidae and Ram-
The monophyly of the Capitonidae and Ram- phastidae, supported by two myological char- acters (Swierczewski and Raikow 1981) and one osteological synapomorphy (Simpson and Cra- craft 1981), was also supported by the electro- phoretic analysis.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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