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Encyclopedia > Capitol Hill, Washington, DC
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Capitol Hill, aside from being the common nickname for the United States Congress, is the largest historic residential neighborhood in Washington, DC, stretching easterly behind the U.S. Capitol along wide avenues. It is one of the oldest residential communities in Washington. The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ... Neighbourhood is also a term in topology. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... United States Capitol The United States Capitol is the building which serves as home for the legislative branch of the United States government. ...


The Hill itself rises in the center of DC and extends westward. The hill, which in 1790 was called Jenkins Hill or Jenkins Heights, was the site chosen by Pierre L'Enfant for the placement of the "Congress House," a site which L'Enfant characterized as a "pedestal waiting for a superstructure." In accordance with this plan, the Capitol was situated upon the crest of the hill facing the city. Since the Hill itself extends west, and the neighborhood that is known as Capitol Hill extends east, most of the neighborhood is not actually on the hill. 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Pierre Charles LEnfant ( 2 August 1754 – 14 June 1825) designed the street plan of the Federal City in the United States, now known as Washington, DC. Born in France, he came to the American colonies as a military engineer with General Lafayette and became closely identified with the United...


History

The neighborhood that is now called Capitol Hill began when the government began work at two locations, the U.S. Capitol and the Washington Navy Yard, and came to be a distinct community between 1799 and 1810 as the federal government became a major employer. The first stage in its early history was that a boarding house community developed for members of Congress. In the early years of the Republic, few Congressmen wished to establish permanent residence in the city. Instead, most preferred to live in boarding houses within walking distance of the Capitol. United States Capitol The United States Capitol is the building which serves as home for the legislative branch of the United States government. ... The Washington Navy Yard is the U.S. Navys oldest shore establishment. ... A boarding house is a house (often a family home) in which holiday-makers or lodgers rent one or more rooms for one or more nights, and sometimes for extended periods of weeks, months and years. ...


In 1799 the Washington Navy Yard was established on the banks of the Anacostia River, and provided jobs to craftsmen who built and repaired ships. Many of the craftsmen who were employed both at the Navy Yard and in the construction of the Capitol chose to live within walking distance, to the east of the Capitol and the north of the Navy Yard, and became the original residential population of the neighborhood. In 1806 President Thomas Jefferson selected the location of the Marine Barracks, which had to be within marching distance of both the Capitol and the White House, not far from the Washington Navy Yard. By 1810 shops, goldsmiths, blacksmiths, and churches were flourishing in the area. The Washington Navy Yard is the U.S. Navys oldest shore establishment. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Anacostia River is a river that flows about 8. ... Jump to: navigation, search Thomas Jefferson (April 13 (April 2 O.S.), 1743 – July 4, 1826) was the third (1801–1809) President of the United States, second (1797–1801) Vice President, first (1789–1795) United States Secretary of State, and an American statesman, ambassador to France, political philosopher, revolutionary, agriculturalist...


The Civil War resulted in more construction in the Capitol Hill area, including the building of hospitals. Construction of new houses continued in the 1870's and 1880's, and the neighborhood began to divide along racial and economic class lines.


Electricity, piped water, and plumbing were introduced in the 1890's, and were first available in the downtown areas of the District of Columbia, including Capitol Hill. There was a real estate development boom between 1890 and 1910 as the Capitol Hill area became one of the first neighborhoods having these modern conveniences.


In 1976, the Capitol Hill Historic District was placed on the National Register of Historic Places, and is one of the largest historic districts in the United States. It includes buildings from the Federal period (1800 to 1820) through 1919, but most of the buildings are late Victorian. The National Register of Historic Places is the USAs official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects worthy of preservation. ...


Description

Almost every street of the Capitol Hill neighborhood is composed of rowhouses of different stylistic varieties and periods forming a continuous wall broken only by street intersections and the occasional church. Side by side exist early 19th century manor houses, Federal townhouses, small frame dwellings, ornate Italianate bracketed houses and the late 19th century press brick rowhouses with their often whimsical decorative elements combining Richardsonian Romanesque, Queen Anne, and Eastlakian motifs. A street of British terraced housing In architecture and city planning, a terrace, rowhouse, or townhouse (United States) is a style of housing since the late 18th century where identical individual houses are cojoined into rows. ... Richardsonian Romanesque has both French and Spanish Romanesque characteristics, like the First Presbyterian Church in Detroit, Michigan by architechs George D. Mason and Zachariah Rice in 1891 Richardsonian Romanesque is a style of American architecture named after architect Henry Hobson Richardson, whose masterpiece is Trinity Church, Boston in Massachusetts. ... The Buttermans, the historic home of John Newman, the butter king, is one of several Queen Anne mansions in Elgin, Illinois The Queen Anne style of British and American architecture reached its greatest popularity in the last quarter of the 19th century, manifesting itself in a number of different ways... The Eastlake Movement was a nineteenth century household design reform movement started by architect and writer Charles Eastlake (1836–1906). ...


Recent estimates in Capitol Hill newspapers suggest as many as a third of all Members of Congress live on Capitol Hill while in Washington.


Capitol Hill has spawned local community newspapers, such as the Hill Rag and the Voice of the Hill. The Hill Rag is a community newspaper based in Washington, D.C.s Capitol Hill neighborhood. ...


The two main non-residential areas of Capitol Hill are along Pennsylvania Avenue, which contains a lively commercial corridor with shops, restaurants and bars, and around the 1873 Eastern Market, a brick public market where vendors sell fresh meat and produce in indoor stalls and outdoor tents. Eastern Market is an anchor point for other nearby stores and restaurants, and is the site of an outdoor flea market every weekend. Pennsylvania Avenue street sign, 2004. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search The Eastern Market The Eastern Market is a public market in the Capitol Hill neighborhood of Washington, DC, housed in a 19th century brick building. ... A flea market is a place where vendors come to sell their goods. ...


In addition to being a prestigious address, Capitol Hill is known for its gay and lesbian community. Jump to: navigation, search This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Jump to: navigation, search Lesbian describes a homosexual woman. ...


External links

  • Capitol Hill Historic District
  • Capitol Hill at Cultural Tourism DC

 
 

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