Capitol is a term used to describe the seat of government. It is derived from the Capitoline Hill (Latin: Capitolinus Mons) in Rome, the most famous and smallest of the Seven Hills of Rome and the seat of the Roman Republic, located between the Forum and the Campus Martius (today Capitoline Hill is the seat of the mayor of Rome). Look up capitol in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The seat of government is the location of the government for a political entity. ... The Capitoline Hill (Capitolinus Mons), between the Forum and the Campus Martius, is one of the most famous and smallest of the seven hills of Rome. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area - City 1285 kmÂ² (580 sq mi) - Urban... The Seven Hills of Rome east of the Tiber form the heart of Rome. ... See also Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ... This page refers to the main forum in the centre of Rome. ... The Campus Martius, or Field of Mars, was a publicly owned area of ancient Rome about 2 km² (600 acres) in extent. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: nonsense that has nothing to do with the rome or mayors If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ...
In France, the Capitole de Toulouse is the seat of the municipal administration of Toulouse. The Capitouls (governing magistrates) of Toulouse embarked on the construction of the original building in 1190, to provide a seat for the government of a province growing in wealth and influence. The name Capitole referred not only to the Roman Capitol but also to the capitulum which was the chapter of the governing magistrates. The current façade dates from 1850, built according to plans by Guillaume Cammas. The eight columns represent the original eight capitouls. In 1873, Eugène Viollet-le-Duc built a belltower typical of the style of northern France. Only the Henri IV courtyard and gate survive from the original mediaeval buildings. Today the Capitole houses the city hall, as well as an opera company and symphony orchestra. The Salle des Illustres contains 19th-century art.
In the Philippines, provincial capitols (Filipino: kapitolyo), usually located in the capital of the province (but not always, as in the case of Cavite and Rizal), house the offices of governors and other provincial officials.
When the dome of the Capitol was finally completed, but to a significantly enlarged design than had initially been planned, its massive visual weight overpowered the proportions of the columns of the East Portico, built in 1828.
An extended addition to the Capitol was constructed in 1958, but the historic Corinthian columns were rendered homeless, until landcape designer Russell Page created a suitable setting for them in a large meadow at the National Arboretum, where they are combined with a reflecting pool in an ensemble that reminds some visitors disconcertingly of Persepolis.
The Capitolhouses a variety of works of art, including the National Statuary Hall Collection, which is comprised of statues donated by the fifty states to honor persons notable in their histories.
Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Want to know more? Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:
Press Releases |
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m