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Encyclopedia > Capital of the Philippines

This is a list of current and former national capital cities in the Philippines, which includes during the time of the Spanish colonization, the First Philippine Republic, the Commonwealth of the Philippines, the Second Republic of the Philippines (Japanese-Sponsored Republic), the Third Republic of the Philippines, the Fourth Republic of the Philippines and the current Fifth Republic of the Philippines. Emilio Aguinaldo,first and only president of the First Philippine Republic The First Philippine Republic (Filipino: Unang Republika ng Pilipinas), popularly called the Malolos Republic, is the republic formed by the Revolutionary Government, led by Gen. ... The Commonwealth of the Philippines was the political designation of the Philippines from 1935 to 1946 when the country was a commonwealth of the United States. ...

Contents

Spanish Colonial Period

The Heritage of Cebu Monument in Parian.
The Heritage of Cebu Monument in Parian.

On April 7, 1521, Ferdinand Magellan landed in Cebu. He was welcomed by Rajah Humabon, who, together with his wife and about 800 natives, were baptized by the Spaniards on April 14, 1521 and are considered to be the first Filipino Catholics. Magellan, however, failed to successfully claim the Philippines for the crown of Spain, having been slain in neighboring Mactan Island on April 27, 1521 by the chieftain Lapu-lapu. Image File history File links 03_heritage_monument. ... Image File history File links 03_heritage_monument. ... Ferdinand Magellan (Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães, IPA pronunciation: //; Spanish: Fernando or Hernando de Magallanes; Spring 1480–April 27, 1521) was a Portuguese maritime explorer who, at the service of Spain, led the first successful attempt to sail around the entire Earth. ...


On April 27, 1565, Miguel López de Legazpi, with Augustinian Friar Andrés de Urdaneta, landed in Cebu. Legazpi renamed the city on January 1, 1571, from San Miguel to Villa del Santissimo Nombre de Jesus. During this six year period, Cebu City was the capital of the newly established Spanish colony. Miguel López de Legazpi (b. ... Andrés de Urdaneta (b. ... The City of Cebu is the provincial capital of Cebu in the Philippines and is the second most important metropolitan center in the country. ...

Intramuros, Manila's colonial capital circa 1920s
Intramuros, Manila's colonial capital circa 1920s

In 1570, a Spanish expedition ordered by the conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi demanded the conquest of Manila. His second on command, Martín de Goiti departed from Cebu and arrived in Manila. The Muslim Tagalogs welcomed the foreigners, but Goiti had other plans. The Spanish force of 300 soldiers marched through Manila and a battle was fought with the heavily armed Spaniards quickly defeating and crushing the native settlements to the ground. Legazpi and his men followed the next year and made a peace pact with the three rajahs and organized a city council consisting of two mayors, 12 councilors, and a secretary. Image File history File links Intamuros, The Walled City of Manila, in 1932 before its destuction in 1945 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Intamuros, The Walled City of Manila, in 1932 before its destuction in 1945 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The City of Manila (Filipino: Lungsod ng Maynila), or simply Manila, is the capital of the Philippines. ... Martín de Goiti (b. ...


A walled city known as Intramuros, at the southern banks of Pasig River was built to protect the Spanish colonizers. On June 10, 1574, King Philip II of Spain gave Manila the title of Insigne y Siempre Leal Ciudad ("Distinguished and Ever Loyal City"). In 1595, Manila was proclaimed as the capital of the Philippine Islands and became a center of the trans-Pacific silver trade for more than three centuries. Intramuros circa 1920s Walls of Intramuros, located along the southern bank of the Pasig River, is the oldest among the districts of the city of Manila, the capital of the Philippines. ... Philip II of Spain Philip II, King of Portugal, King of Naples, King of Spain and Sicily, King Consort of England, Prince of Asturias (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, king...


First Republic of the Philippines

The town of Malolos in the northern province of Bulacan became the headquarters of the revolutionary movement yet several other towns became capitals, at a succeeding rate to avoid capture from the Americans during the Philippine-American War. The status of the national capital moved back to Manila after capture of President Emilio Aguinaldo on 1901. Malolos (Pop. ... Bulacan is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. ... Combatants United States Philippines Commanders William McKinley Emilio Aguinaldo Strength 126,000 soldiers 80,000 soldiers Casualties 4,324 U.S. soldiers dead 2,000 Philippine Constabulary 16,000 soldiers killed est. ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869—February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ...


Commonwealth of the Philippines

During the time of the Commonwealth, Manila still served as the nation's capital. During these times too that Commonwealth President Manuel Quezon dreamt of a city that would become the future capital of the country, replacing Manila PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Manuel L. Quezon Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina (August 19, 1878 - August 1, 1944) was the first president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. ...


Second Republic of the Philippines

During the Japanese-sponsored Second Republic of the Philippines and through-out World War II Manila still served as the nation's capital. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...


Third Republic of the Philippines

The Quezon Memorial at Quezon City, the nation's first well-planned capital.
The Quezon Memorial at Quezon City, the nation's first well-planned capital.

After the war, Republic Act No. 333 was signed by President Elpidio Quirino on July 17, 1948 declaring Quezon City, the city that was dreamt by former President Quezon to be the well-planned capital city to be the young republic's capital. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (426x640, 85 KB) copyright holder: Vernes Go source: http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (426x640, 85 KB) copyright holder: Vernes Go source: http://www. ... The Quezon Memorial Circle is a national park and shrine located in Quezon City, former capital of the Philippines (1948-1976). ... Elpidio Quirino Elpidio Quirino (November 16, 1890—February 29, 1956) was the sixth President of the Philippines. ... Quezon City P (Filipino: Lungsod Quezon) is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. ...


Fourth Republic of the Philippines

During President Ferdinand Marcos' period of Bagong Lipunan (New Society), Quezon City's stature of being the nation's capital was reverted back to Manila on June 24, 1976 by Presidential Decree No. 940. Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth president of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ...


Fifth Republic of the Philippines

The current capital of the Philippines is Manila.


Other capitals

Baguio City is often billed as the "Summer Capital" of the country. A presidential mansion is within the vicinity, and the Supreme Court holds their summer (April-May) sessions at Baguio. Baguio City is a 1st class highly urbanized city in northern Luzon in the Philippines. ... The Supreme Court of the Philippines is the countrys highest judicial court, as well as the court of last resort. ...


Other capitals also abound, such as the "Shoe Capital" of Marikina City, the "Queen City of the South" of Cebu City. The City of Marikina (Filipino: Lungsod ng Marikina) is known as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines, possible Shoe Capital of Asia. Located on the island of Luzon, Marikina City is one of the cities and municipalities that comprise Metro Manila, the National Capital Region in the Philippines. ...


List

Former and present capital city Island Group Since Until Change, reason
Cebu Visayas 1562 1578 moved to Manila after their capture and establishment of the Intramuros.
Manila Luzon 1578 1899 moved to Malolos after the fall of the Spanish colonial government in Manila.
Malolos Luzon 1899 1901 Served as the headquarters of the revolutionary government, moved to Manila when President Aguinalso was captured during the Philippine-American War.
Manila Luzon 1901 1948 Served as the nation's capital during the American occupation, the Commonwealth and the Japanese-sponsored Second Republic, moved to Quezon City via Republic Act No. 333
Quezon City Luzon 1948 1976 became capital in 1948 through the Republic Act No. 333 and moved back to Manila in 1976.
Manila Luzon 1976 present became capital through Presidential Decree No. 940 by President Ferdinand Marcos on June 24, 1976.

 
 

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