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Encyclopedia > Cape of Good Hope
The Cape of Good Hope; looking towards the west, from the coastal cliffs above Cape Point.
A triangular postage stamp from the Cape of Good Hope, 1855.

The Cape of Good Hope (Afrikaans: Kaap die Goeie Hoop, Dutch: Kaap de Goede Hoop, Portuguese: Cabo da Boa Esperança) is a rocky headland on the Atlantic coast of South Africa. There is a very common misconception that the Cape of Good Hope is the southern tip of Africa but this is not the case. The most southerly point is about 150 kilometres (90 mi) farther to the south-east, at Cape Agulhas. It can be argued, however, that it is the persistent southerly extension of the African coast, as the Cape of Good Hope relents for the first time anywhere south of the equator and, therefore, the rounding of the Cape of Good Hope in 1498 was a major psychological and geographic milestone in the attempts by the Portuguese to establish a sea route to the Far East.[citation needed] The Cape of Good Hope is a rocky headland on the Atlantic coast of South Africa. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1795x1024, 1633 KB) Summary Photo by Paddy Briggs Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1795x1024, 1633 KB) Summary Photo by Paddy Briggs Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Cape Triangular Postage Stamp Scanned from personal collection Jeff Knaggs 13:10, 24 Nov 2004 (UTC) This image of a postage stamp has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Cape Triangular Postage Stamp Scanned from personal collection Jeff Knaggs 13:10, 24 Nov 2004 (UTC) This image of a postage stamp has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Look up Wiktionary:Swadesh lists for Afrikaans and Dutch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Bay redirects here. ... The Atlantic Ocean, not including Arctic and Antarctic regions. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... A marker at Cape Agulhas indicates the official dividing line between the Atlantic and Indian oceans. ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The far east as a cultural block includes East Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and South Asia. ...


As one of the great capes of the South Atlantic Ocean, the Cape of Good Hope has been of special significance to sailors for many years and is widely referred to by them simply as The Cape. [1] The Cape is a major milestone on the clipper route followed by clipper ships to the Far East and Australia, and still followed by several offshore yacht races. The clipper route from England to Australia and New Zealand, by way of the great capes. ... The Clipper Route followed by ships sailing between England and Australia/New Zealand. ... For other uses, see Clipper (disambiguation). ... The far east as a cultural block includes East Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and South Asia. ... Inshore yacht racing on Sydney Harbour, Australia Yacht racing is the sport of competitive sailing. ...


The term "Cape of Good Hope" was also used to indicate the early Cape Colony established in 1652, in the vicinity of the Cape Peninsula. Just prior to the formation of the Union of South Africa, the term referred to the entire region that was to become the Cape Province in 1910. Anthem: God Save the Queen Cape Colony Capital Cape Town Language(s) English and Dutch1 Religion Dutch Reformed Church, Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Last Monarch King George VI Last Prime Minister  - 1908 – 1910 John X. Merriman Last Governor  - 1901 - 1910 Walter Hely-Hutchinson Historical era 19th century  - Dutch East India... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... Landsat Image over SRTM Elevation, showing the Cape Peninsula in the foreground. ... Motto Ex Unitate Vires (Latin: From Unity, strength} Anthem Die Stem van Suid-Afrika Capital Cape Town (legislative) Pretoria (administrative) Bloemfontein (judicial) Language(s) Afrikaans, Dutch, English Government Constitutional monarchy Monarch  - 1952-1961 Queen Elizabeth II Governor-General  - 1959-1961 Charles Robberts Swart Prime Minister  - 1958-1961 Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd... Under the Union of South Africa and after that under the Republic of South Africa, the old Cape Colony became the Cape of Good Hope Province (though it was commonly known as the Cape Province). ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Coordinates: 34°21′29″S, 18°28′19″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Contents

Geography

Map showing the locations of the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Agulhas.

The Cape of Good Hope is located at 34°21′29″S, 18°28′19″E.[2] It is at the south-west corner of the Cape Peninsula, about 2.3 kilometres (1.4 mi) west and a little south of Cape Point on the south-east corner. The peninsula forms the western boundary of False Bay. Geologically, the rocks found at the two capes- and indeed over much of the peninsula- are part of the Table Mountain Group, and are formed of the same type of sandstones as those exposed in the faces of Table Mountain itself. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (907x541, 58 KB) Summary A map showing the location of the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Agulhas. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (907x541, 58 KB) Summary A map showing the location of the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Agulhas. ... A marker at Cape Agulhas indicates the official dividing line between the Atlantic and Indian oceans. ... Landsat Image over SRTM Elevation, showing the Cape Peninsula in the foreground. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Cape Point. ... The Cape Peninsula, False Bay (top) and Table Bay,with Robben Island (right), from space, February 1995. ... Table Mountain is a flat-topped mountain in South Africa that overlooks Cape Town. ... Table Mountain is a flat-topped mountain in South Africa that overlooks Cape Town. ...


The Cape of Good Hope is often thought of as being the southernmost point in Africa, and the dividing point between the Atlantic and Indian Oceans; however, this is actually Cape Agulhas, which lies about 150 kilometres (90 mi) east-south-east. Cape Town is about thirty kilometres to the north of the Cape, in Table Bay at the north end of the peninsula. The Atlantic Ocean, not including Arctic and Antarctic regions. ... A marker at Cape Agulhas indicates the official dividing line between the Atlantic and Indian oceans. ... Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area  - Total 2,499 km² (964. ... Cape Town, False Bay (top) and Table Bay (right) from space, February 1995. ...

Map showing the Cape Peninsula, illustrating the positions of the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Point.

Both the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Point offer spectacular scenery. Indeed, the whole of the southernmost portion of the Cape Peninsula is a wild, rugged, scenic and generally unspoiled national park. Image File history File links CapeHopePeninsulaMap. ... Image File history File links CapeHopePeninsulaMap. ... Landsat Image over SRTM Elevation, showing the Cape Peninsula in the foreground. ... Cape Point. ... Cape Point. ...


The term Cape of Good Hope has also been used in a wider sense, to indicate the area of the early European colony in the vicinity of the cape.[3]


History

Main article: History of Cape Colony
1888 Map of the Cape of Good Hope with German text
The Cross of Vasco da Gama at the Cape of Good Hope. This is a reproduction.

Some speculate that before the European explorers reached the Cape of Good Hope, the Chinese, Arabian, or Indian may already have visited it, and kept records of these visits. The Old World maps like Kangnido and Fra Mauro map made before 1488 may be evidence of this. History of Cape Colony via a written history of the area known as Cape Colony, and later Cape Province in South Africa began when Bartolomeu Dias, a Portuguese navigator, discovered the Cape of Good Hope in 1488. ... 1888 Map of Capetown and the Cape of Good Hope. ... 1888 Map of Capetown and the Cape of Good Hope. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 414 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (760 × 1100 pixel, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 414 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (760 × 1100 pixel, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Vasco da Gama (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Old World consists of those parts of Earth known to Europeans, Asians, and Africans before the voyages of Christopher Columbus; it includes Europe, Asia, and Africa (collectively known as Africa-Eurasia), plus surrounding islands. ... The Kangnido map (Integrated Historical Map of Countries and Cities), was made in Korea from Chinese source material in 1402, by Gim Sa-hyeong (김사형:金士衡), Li Mu (이무:李茂) and Li Hoi (이회). The map describes the totality of the Old World, from Europe and Africa in the west, to Korea and Japan in... The Fra Mauro map (1459) in Venice (inverted, South is normally at the top). ... // January 8 - The present Royal Netherlands Navy was formed By decree of Maximillian of Austria. ...


The first European to reach the cape was the Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias in 1488, who named it the "Cape of Storms" (Cabo das Tormentas). It was later renamed by John II of Portugal as "Cape of Good Hope" (Cabo da Boa Esperança) because of the great optimism engendered by the opening of a sea route to India and the East. Bartolomeu Dias turning the Cape of Good Hope Bartolomeu Dias (pron. ... // January 8 - The present Royal Netherlands Navy was formed By decree of Maximillian of Austria. ... John II of Portugal João II of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ...


The land around the cape was home to the Khoikhoi (Hottentot) people when the Dutch first settled there in 1652. The Khoikhoi had arrived in these parts about fifteen hundred years before.[citation needed] The Khoikhoi (men of men) or Khoi are a division of the Khoisan ethnic group of south-western Africa, closely related to the Bushmen (San). ...


Dutch colonial administrator Jan van Riebeeck established a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company some 50km north of the cape in Table Bay on April 6, 1652 and this eventually developed into Cape Town. Supplies of fresh food were vital on the long journey around Africa and Cape Town became known as "The Tavern of the Seas". Arrival of Jan van Riebeeck in Cape Town painted by Charles Davidson Bell Johan Anthoniszoon Jan van Riebeeck (21 April 1619–18 January 1677), was a Dutch colonial administrator and founder of Cape Town. ... This article is about the trading company. ... Cape Town, False Bay (top) and Table Bay (right) from space, February 1995. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area  - Total 2,499 km² (964. ...


On December 31, 1687 a community of Huguenots arrived at the Cape from the Netherlands. They had escaped to the Netherlands from France in order to flee religious persecution there, examples of these are Pierre Joubert who came from La Motte-d'Aigues for religious reasons. The Dutch East India Company needed skilled farmers at the Cape of Good Hope and the Dutch Government saw opportunities for the Huguenots at the Cape and sent them over. The colony gradually grew over the next 150 years or so until it stretched for hundreds of kilometres to the north and north-east. is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. ... Pierre Joubert was a French illustrator born in Paris, June 27, 1910 and dying January of 2002. ... Carmen Starzonek, propert fraudster is still stalking potential buyers in the small Alicanti town, of Jijona, in Spain. ...


The United Kingdom invaded and occupied the Cape Colony in 1795 ("The First Occupation") but relinquished control of the territory in 1803. However, British forces returned on January 19, 1806 and occupied the Cape once again ("The Second Occupation"). The territory was ceded to the UK in the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814 and was henceforth administered as the Cape Colony. It remained a British colony until incorporated into the independent Union of South Africa in 1910 (now known as the Republic of South Africa). is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814, also known as the Convention of London (one of several) was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces in London on August 13, 1814. ... Anthem: God Save the Queen Cape Colony Capital Cape Town Language(s) English and Dutch1 Religion Dutch Reformed Church, Anglican Government Constitutional monarchy Last Monarch King George VI Last Prime Minister  - 1908 – 1910 John X. Merriman Last Governor  - 1901 - 1910 Walter Hely-Hutchinson Historical era 19th century  - Dutch East India...


The Portuguese government erected two navigational beacons, Dias Cross and Da Gama Cross, to commemorate Vasco da Gama and Bartolomeu Dias as explorers. When lined up, the crosses point to Whittle Rock (34°14.8′S, 18°33.6′E), a large, permanently submerged shipping hazard in False Bay. Two other beacons in Simonstown provide the intersection. For other uses, see Vasco da Gama (disambiguation). ... Statue of Dias in Cape Town, South Africa Bartolomeu Dias, sometimes Bartolomeu Dias de Novais (pron. ... Simonstown is a naval base in South Africa near Cape Town. ...


Legends

The Cape of Good Hope is the legendary home of The Flying Dutchman. Crewed by tormented and damned ghostly sailors, it is doomed forever to beat its way through the adjacent waters without ever succeeding in rounding the headland. The Flying Dutchman by Albert Pinkham Ryder For other uses, see The Flying Dutchman (disambiguation). ...


Adamastor is a Greek-type mythological character invented by the Portuguese poet Luís de Camões in his epic poem Os Lusíadas (first printed in 1572), as a symbol of the forces of nature Portuguese navigators had to overcome during their discoveries, and more specifically of the dangers Portuguese sailors faced when trying to round the Cape of Storms. Adamastor (in Greek imitative rival of Adam) was used by the Portuguese poet Luís de Camões in his epic poem Os Lusíadas, as a symbol of the forces of nature Portuguese navigators had to overcome during their discoveries. ... Monument to Luís de Camões, Lisbon Luís Vaz de Camões (pron. ... Front of the first edition of Os Lusíadas Os Lusíadas, pron. ...


Local fauna

Wild ostriches at the Cape of Good Hope

With its diverse habitat, ranging from rocky mountain tops to beaches and open sea, the Cape of Good Hope is home to at least 250 species of birds. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 511 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 575 pixel, file size: 194 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 511 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 575 pixel, file size: 194 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


"Bush birds" tend to be rather scarce because of the coarse, scrubby nature of fynbos vegetation. When flowering, however, proteas and ericas attract sunbirds, sugarbirds, and other species in search of nectar. For most of the year, there are more small birds in coastal thicket than in fynbos. Fynbos is the natural shrubland vegetation occurring in a small belt of the Western Cape of South Africa, mainly in winter rainfall coastal and mountainous areas with a Mediterranean climate. ... Species See text Protea is both the botanical name and the English common name of a genus of flowering plants, sometimes also called sugarbushes. ... For other uses, see Erica (disambiguation). ... Genera Many: see text The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. ... Species See text. ...


Large animals are a rare sight in the Cape of Good Hope, but there are a wealth of small animals such as lizards, snakes, tortoises and insects. There are some herds of zebra, eland and a variety of other antelope. Small mammals include rock hyrax (dassie), striped mouse, water mongoose, Cape clawless otter and white deer. lizards are pink and become very aggressive when they see other females. ... For other uses, see Snake (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tortoise (disambiguation). ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... For other uses, see Zebra (disambiguation). ... Eland might refer to: Common Eland or Taurotragus oryx a savannah and plain antelope found in East and Southern Africa. ... This article is about the herbivorous mammals. ... Binomial name (Pallas, 1766) Range map The Cape Hyrax, or Rock Hyrax, (Procavia capensis) is a species in the order Hyracoidea. ... Genera  Procavia  Heterohyrax  Dendrohyrax A hyrax is any of about 11 species of fairly small, thickset, herbivorous mammals in the order Hyracoidea. ... In TV series The Territory of White Deer a group of children tries to hunt a villain threatening species of a local Deer Park (filmed in Deer Park ŽehuÅ¡ice). ...


The area offers excellent vantage points for whale watching. The Southern right whale is the species most likely to be seen in False Bay between June and November. Other species are the humpback whale and Bryde's whale. Seals and dolphins may also be seen. Species  Balaena mysticetus  Eubalaena australis  Eubalaena glacialis  Eubalaena japonica Northern Right Whale range Southern Right Whale range The right whales are marine mammals belonging to the family Balaenidae. ... The Cape Peninsula, False Bay (top) and Table Bay,with Robben Island (right), from space, February 1995. ... Binomial name Borowski, 1781 Humpback Whale range The Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) is a baleen whale. ... Binomial name Balaenoptera brydei Olsen, 1913 Balaenoptera edeni Anderson, 1879 Brydes Whale range Bryde’s Whales are the least-known and in many ways the most unusual of the rorquals. ... Families Odobenidae Otariidae Phocidae Pinnipeds (fin-feet, lit. ... This article is about the dolphin mammal. ...


The strategic position of the Cape of Good Hope between two major ocean currents, ensures a rich diversity of marine life. There is a difference between the sea life West of Cape Point and that to the East due to the markedly differing sea temperatures.


The South African Marine Living Resources Act is strictly enforced throughout the Table Mountain National Park, and especially in marine protected areas. Disturbance or removal of any marine organisms is strictly prohibited between Schusters Bay and Hoek van Bobbejaan, but is allowed in other areas during season and with relevant permits. Table Mountain National Park, previously known as the Cape Peninsula National Park, is a national park in Cape Town, South Africa, proclaimed on May 29, 1998 for the purpose of protecting natural environment of the Table Mountain Chain, and in particular the rare fynbos vegetation. ...


Local flora

The Cape of Good Hope is an integral part of the Cape Floristic Kingdom, the smallest but richest of the world's six floral kingdoms. Fynbos in the Western Cape. ...


This comprises a treasure trove of 1100 species of indigenous plants, of which a number are endemic (occur naturally nowhere else on earth). Two types of fynbos ("fine bush"), coastal fynbos on alkaline sands and inland fynbos on acid soils, are found. Endemic, in a broad sense, can mean belonging or native to, characteristic of, or prevalent in a particular geography, race, field, area, or environment; Native to an area or scope. ... Fynbos is the natural shrubland vegetation occurring in a small belt of the Western Cape of South Africa, mainly in winter rainfall coastal and mountainous areas with a Mediterranean climate. ...


Characteristic fynbos plants include proteas, ericas (heath), and restios (reeds). Some of the most striking and well-known members belong to the Proteacae family, of which up to 24 species occur. These include King Protea, Sugarbush, Tree Pincushion and Golden Cone Bush. Species See text Protea is both the botanical name and the English common name of a genus of flowering plants, sometimes also called sugarbushes. ... For other uses, see Erica (disambiguation). ... Genera See text Restionaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. ... Genera See text The Proteaceae are a large family of flowering plants of about 80 genera and 1500 species, included in the order Proteales. ... Binomial name Protea cynaroides L. The King Protea (also known as Giant Protea, Honeypot or King Sugar Bush, Protea cynaroides) is a flower, the largest member of the Protea genus. ... Species See text Protea or sugarbush is a genus of flowers in the family Proteaceae, consisting of tropical African shrubs. ...


Many popular horticultural plants like pelargoniums, freesias, daisies, lilies and irises also have their origins in fynbos. Species About 200: Pelargonium radens Pelargonium scabrum Pelargonium triste et al. ... Species See text. ... Look up Daisy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... lily is the best name in the whole wide world. ... Species See text Iris is a genus of between 200-300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers which takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, referring to the wide variety of flower colors found among the many species. ...


See also

History of Cape Colony via a written history of the area known as Cape Colony, and later Cape Province in South Africa began when Bartolomeu Dias, a Portuguese navigator, discovered the Cape of Good Hope in 1488. ... Capital Cape Town Largest city Cape Town Premier Ebrahim Rasool Area - Total Ranked 4th 129,370 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 5th 4,524,335 35/km² Languages Afrikaans (55. ... Cape Horn from the South. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The Draupner wave, a single giant wave measured on New Years Day 1995, finally confirmed the existence of freak waves, which had previously been considered near-mythical Freak waves, also known as rogue waves or monster waves, are relatively large and spontaneous ocean surface waves which can sink even...

References

  1. ^ Along the Clipper Way, Francis Chichester; page 78. Hodder & Stoughton, 1966. ISBN 0-340-00191-7
  2. ^ Topo map of the Cape of Good Hope, from the South African Geographical Names System
  3. ^ Historic Cape of Good Hope Land Grants and related histories

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Western Vicariate of the Cape of Good Hope (650 words)
Western Vicariate of the Cape of Good Hope
The first Dutch governor, van Riebeek, arrived at the Cape in 1652; but under his regime and that of his successors, the public profession of the Catholic faith was forbidden.
English Midland District, the government agreed to salary a Catholic pastor for the Cape.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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