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Encyclopedia > Cape Verde
República de Cabo Verde
Republic of Cape Verde
Flag National Emblem
AnthemCântico da Liberdade
Capital
(and largest city)
Praia
14°55′N, 23°31′W
Official languages Portuguese
Recognised regional languages Cape Verdean Creole
Demonym Cape Verdean
Government Republic
 -  President Pedro Pires
 -  Prime Minister José Maria Neves
Independence from Portugal 
 -  Recognised July 5, 1975 
Area
 -  Total 4,033 km² (172nd)
1,557 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2008 estimate 499.796 (165th)
 -  2000 census 436.821 
 -  Density 126/km² (79th)
326/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate
 -  Total $3.905 billion (157th)
 -  Per capita $7,904 (90th)
HDI (2007) 0.736 (medium) (102nd)
Currency Cape Verdean escudo (CVE)
Time zone CVT (UTC-1)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC-1)
Internet TLD .cv
Calling code +238

The Republic of Cape Verde (Portuguese: Cabo Verde, IPA['kabu 'veɾdɨ]), is a republic located on an archipelago in the Macaronesia ecoregion of the North Atlantic Ocean, off the western coast of Africa. The previously uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the fifteenth century (though there may have been earlier discoveries), and attained independence in 1975. Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... This article is about a suface feature on Mars. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cape_Verde. ... Flag ratio: 3:5 The flag used from 1975 to 1992 The national Flag of Cape Verde was adopted on September 22, 1992 and symbolized a break in relations with Guinea-Bissau, with whom Cape Verde was to unite. ... The National Emblem of Cape Verde contains a circle within which is written the name of the nation in Portuguese, also in this circle are a torch and triangle, that are symbols of freedom and national unity. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Cântico da Liberdade (in English: Song of Freedom) is the national anthem of Cape Verde. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Demographics of Cape Verde, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... Praia, population 61,644 (1990), is the capital of Cape Verde, an island nation in the Atlantic Ocean west of Senegal. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... A regional language is a language spoken in a part of a country, be it may be a small area, a federal state or province, or a wider area. ... Cape Verdean Creole is a language spoken on the islands of Cape Verde. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... List of Heads of State of Cape Verde Affiliations:- See also:- Cape Verde Heads of Government of Cape Verde Colonial Heads of Cape Verde List of political parties in Cape Verde lists of incumbents Categories: Cape Verde | Lists of office-holders ... Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires (born April 29, 1934) is the socialist president of Cape Verde, since March 2001, succeeding António Mascarenhas Monteiro. ... The Prime Minister of Cape Verde is the head of government in the archipelago country of Cape Verde. ... José Maria Pereira Neves (born March 28, 1960) is the Prime Minister of Cape Verde. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... Map of countries by population for the year 2007 This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Look up Per capita in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... The Cape Verdean Escudo is the currency of Cape Verde. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Africa: Striped colours indicate countries observing daylight saving Cape Verde Time, or CVT, is a time zone used by in the Atlantic island nation of Cape Verde. ... UTC redirects here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... UTC redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .cv is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Cape Verde. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... Country Code: 238 International Call Prefix: 00 // Telephone numbers in Cape Verde are 7 digits long (except for special 1xx codes), and must always be dialed in their entirety. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Mergui Archipelago The Archipelago Sea, situated between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland, the largest archipelago in the world by the number of islands. ... Not to be confused with Micronesia. ... An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... A desert island in Palau. ... This article is about a type of political territory. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... The known history of Cape Verde dates from the first Portuguese explorers, who arrived in the fifteenth century. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Naming

Cape Verde is named after Cap Vert (meaning Green Cape) in Senegal, the westernmost point of continental Africa. The country's name can be pronounced many ways in English. Cape is pronounced like the article of clothing, and Verde is pronounced either to rhyme with "bird", "birdy", "bear D", or "bear day". "Cabo" is not used in English. The peninsula of Cap-Vert (Cape Verde, meaning Cape Green) is the westernmost part of the continent of Africa. ...


History

Main article: History of Cape Verde

Cape Verde was uninhabited when the Portuguese arrived in 1460 and made the islands part of the Portuguese empire. Due to its location off the coast of Africa, Cape Verde became an important watering station, then sugar cane plantation site, and later a major hub of the trans-atlantic slave trade, that would later form the contemporary African Diaspora. The known history of Cape Verde dates from the first Portuguese explorers, who arrived in the fifteenth century. ... Events The first Portuguese navigators reach the coast of modern Sierra Leone. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... This article is about crop plantations. ... For other uses, see Diaspora (disambiguation). ...


In 1975, Cape Verde achieved independence from Portugal after a long armed struggle in the jungles of Guinea-Bissau. The African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde (PAIGC) was the main entity responsible for the independence of Cape Verde. Moreover, the people's revolutionary armed forces of Cuba, too, played a role in the Cape Verdean independence armed struggle in Guinea-Bissau. After independence, the PAIGC attempted to unite Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau into one nation, the PAIGC controlling both governments, but a coup in the latter nation in 1980 ended these plans. As a result, the G, standing for Guinea-Bissau, in PAIGC was dropped. Consequently, PAICV (African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde) was formed. In Cape Verde the PAICV (affiliated with the PAIGC) governed until democratic elections, held in 1991, resulted in a change of government. The Movimento para a Democracia (MPD) won that election. The MPD was re-elected in 1996. The PAICV returned to power in 2001, and was re-elected in 2006. Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (Portuguese: Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde), or PAIGC is a political party in Guinea-Bissau. ... The African Party of Independence of Cape Verde (Portuguese: Partido Africano da Independência de Cabo Verde, PAICV) is a social-democratic political party in Cape Verde. ... The Movimento para a Democracia (Movement for Democracy) is a more or less liberal party in Cape Verde. ...


Politics

Current president of Cape Verde, Pedro Pires, meeting with Brazilian president Lula da Silva.

Politics of Cape Verde takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Cape Verde is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is held by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires (born April 29, 1934) is the socialist president of Cape Verde, since March 2001, succeeding António Mascarenhas Monteiro. ... Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (pron. ... The constitution first approved in 1980 and substantially revised in 1992 forms the basis of government organization. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... Representative democracy is a form of government founded on the principles of popular sovereignty by the peoples representatives. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Prime Minister of Cape Verde is the head of government in the archipelago country of Cape Verde. ... The head of government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... A multi-party system is a type of party system. ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. ... The unicameral National Assembly of Cape Verde is the countrys legislative body. ... In the law, the judiciary or judicial system is the system of courts which administer justice in the name of the sovereign or state, a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ...


Municipalities and parishes

Main article: Administrative divisions of Cape Verde

Cape Verde is divided into 22 municipalities (concelhos), and subdivided into 32 parishes (freguesias). Cape Verde is made up of two island chains, Barlavento and Sotavento, 22 municipalities and 32 parishes. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ...


Geography

Cape Verde satellite image

Cape Verde is an archipelago off the west coast of Africa at 15.02N, 23.34W. It is formed by 10 main islands and about 8 islets. The main islands are: This article describes the geography of Cape Verde. ... The Mergui Archipelago The Archipelago Sea, situated between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland, the largest archipelago in the world by the number of islands. ...

Of these, only Santa Luzia and the five islets are uninhabited. Presently it is a natural reserve. All islands are volcanic, but an active volcano only exists on one of the islands, Fogo (see Mount Fogo). The Barlavento archipelago (literally, the Windward), is the northern island group of Cape Verde. ... Santo Antão (Portuguese for Saint Anthony) is the westernmost and largest of the Barlavento islands of Cape Verde. ... São Vicente (Portuguese for Saint Vincent), also Son Visent or Son Sent in Cape Verdean Creole, is one of the Barlavento islands of Cape Verde. ... Santa Luzia (Portuguese for Saint Lucia) is an island of the Barlavento archipelago in Cape Verde located between São Nicolau and São Vicente. ... For other uses, see São Nicolau (disambiguation). ... Sal (Portuguese for salt -- from the mines at Pedra de Lume) is an island in the archipelago of Cape Verde, and the municipality of the same name. ... Boa Vista is a desert island in the Barlaventos archipelago of Cape Verde. ... The Sotavento archipelago (literally, the Leeward), is the southern island group of Cape Verde. ... Maio is the easternmost of the Sotavento islands of Cape Verde. ... Santiago (Portuguese for Saint James), or Santiagu in the local Bádiu language, is the largest island of Cape Verde, its most important agricultural centre and home to half the nations population. ... Fogo (Portuguese for fire) is a volcanic island in the Sotavento group of Cape Verde. ... see also Brava (Disambiguation) Nova Sintra. ... Mount Fogo is the highest peak of Cape Verde, rising to 2,829 metres above sea level. ...


Environment

The isolation of Cape Verde about 500 km (310 mi) from the African mainland has resulted in the islands having a large number of endemic species, many of which are endangered by human development. Endemic birds include Alexander's Swift (Apus alexandri), Raso Lark (Alauda razae), Cape Verde Warbler (Acrocephalus brevipennis), and Iago Sparrow (Passer iagoensis),[1] and reptiles include the Cape Verde Giant Gecko (Tarentola gigas). In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Hartert, 1901 Alexanders Swift or Cape Verde Swift (Apus alexandri) is a small bird of the swift family found only in the Cape Verde Islands. ... Binomial name Alexander, 1898 The Raso Lark or Razo Lark (Alauda razae) is a small passerine bird with a highly restricted range, being found only on the island of Razo in the Cape Verde Islands. ... Binomial name Acrocephalus brevipennis (Keulemans, 1866) The Cape Verde Swamp Warbler (Acrocephalus brevipennis) is an Old World warbler in the genus Acrocephalus. ... Binomial name Passer iagoensis (Gould, 1838) The Iago Sparrow (or Cape Verde Sparrow) is a member of the Old World sparrow family Passeridae. ... Reptilia redirects here. ...


Charles Darwin gives a vivid description of the geology, climate, zoology and botany of the islands in the first chapter of his book The Voyage of the Beagle. For other people of the same surname, and places and things named after Charles Darwin, see Darwin. ... A watercolour by HMS Beagles draughtsman, Conrad Martens. ...


Climate

Cape Verde is in the tropical zone. Average temperatures range from 24 °C (75 °F) in January and February to 29 °C (85 °F) in September. The average annual rainfall for Cape Verde is 68.4 mm (2.7 in), with September being the wettest month with 33.6 mm (1.3 in). Conversely, the months April to July record less than one millimetre of rainfall each. The climate is arid, but Cape Verde's position in the Atlantic contributes to soften the aridity, that otherwise would be the same aridity as that in continental areas.


Economy

1000 CVE bank note issued in 1992
Main article: Economy of Cape Verde

Cape Verde is a small nation that lacks resources and has experienced severe droughts. Agriculture is made difficult by lack of rain and is restricted to only four islands for most of the year. Most of the nation's GDP comes from the service industry. Cape Verde's economy has grown since the late 1990s, and it is now considered a country of average development. Cape Verde has significant cooperation with Portugal at every level of the economy, which has led it to link its currency first to the Portuguese escudo and, in 1999, to the euro. The Cape Verdean Escudo is the currency of Cape Verde. ... Economy - overview: Cape Verdes low per capita GDP reflects a poor natural resource base, including serious water shortages exacerbated by cycles of long-term drought. ... The escudo was the official currency of Portugal prior to the introduction of the euro in 1 January 1999 (euro coins and notes were not introduced until 2002). ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ...


Former Portuguese prime minister José Manuel Durão Barroso, now (second semester 2004) president of the European Commission, has promised to help integrate Cape Verde within the European Union sphere of influence via greater cooperation with Portugal. In March 2005, former Portuguese president Mário Soares launched a petition urging the European Union to start membership talks with Cape Verde. José Manuel Duroso Barrão, GCC (pronounced: IPA,  ) (born in Lisbon, March 23, 1956) is a Portuguese politician and the 11th President of the European Commission. ... Mário Alberto Nobre Lopes Soares GColTE, GCC, GColL, KE (pron. ...


Cape Verde has been on the list of the United Nations Small Island Developing States, and is considered a Developing country in economic terms. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ...


On 18 December 2007, the General Council of the World Trade Organisation approved a package for the accession of Cape Verde to the WTO. Accession will be effective 30 days after it is ratified by Cape Verde, which must take place by 30 June 2008. The package requires Cape Verde to adapt some of its economic regulation. In particular, it will need to introduce a new Customs Code, and to introduce copyright and patent laws complying with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights[2]. is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other uses of the initials WTO, see WTO (disambiguation). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with copywriting. ... For other uses, see Patent (disambiguation). ... The Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) is a treaty administered by the World Trade Organization (WTO) which sets down minimum standards for forms of intellectual property (IP) regulation. ...


Demographics

Local people from Santiago island
Population pyramid, 2005

Most inhabitants of Cape Verde are a genetic blend of Sub-Saharan Africans and Europeans, the Africans having been slaves and hailing mostly from Senegal, Gambia and Guinea-Bissau. Cape Verdeans' European ancestors include Portuguese settlers and exiles, Portuguese Jews who were victims of the Inquisition, and Spanish and Italian seamen who were granted land by the Portuguese Empire. Many foreigners from other parts of the world settled Cape Verde as their permanent country. Most of them were Dutch, French, British, Arabs and Jews (from Lebanon and Morocco), Chinese (especially from Macau), Americans, and Brazilians (including people of Portuguese and African descent) settlers. All of these have been absorbed into the general Cape Verdean population. Demographics of Cape Verde, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... This article is about the Inquisition by the Roman Catholic Church. ... Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ... The Dutch (Ethnonym: Nederlanders meaning Lowlanders) are the dominant ethnic group[1] of the Netherlands[2]. They are usually seen as a Germanic people. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Languages Historical Jewish languages Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino, others Liturgical languages: Hebrew and Aramaic Predominant spoken languages: The vernacular language of the home nation in the Diaspora, significantly including English, Hebrew, Yiddish, and Russian Religions Judaism Related ethnic groups Arabs and other Semitic groups For the Jewish religion, see Judaism. ... The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. ... Languages Portuguese Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Italo-Brazilians, German-Brazilians, Spanish Brazilians, Polish Brazilians and other European groups. ... Afro-Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or mainly-black, yet it is rarely used in Brazil. ...


The majority of the population adheres to Christianity, mostly Catholicism which constitutes some 90% of the population (in many areas Catholicism and the indigenous religion are syncretised). The remaining includes a sizeable Protestant community as well as a small number of Bahá'í and Buddhist and even smaller Muslim groups.[3] Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... This article is about the generally recognized global religious community. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


Cape Verde has been steadily developing[4] since its independence, and besides having been promoted to the group of "medium development" countries in 2007, leaving the Least Developed Countries category (which was is only the second time it has happened to a country[5]), is currently the 5th best ranked country in Africa in terms of Human Development Index. Map of the Least Developed Countries as defined by the United Nations Least Developed Countries (LDCs or Fourth World countries) are countries which according to the United Nations exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world. ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ...


Cape Verdean diaspora

Main article: Cape Verdean diaspora

The Cape Verdean diaspora refers to both historical and present emigration from Cape Verde. Today, more Cape Verdeans live abroad than in Cape Verde itself, with significant emigrant Cape Verdean communities in the United States (500,000 Cape Verdeans), Portugal (80,000) and Angola (45,000) have large populations of Cape Verdeans. There are also significant number of Cape Verdeans in São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, France, Brazil, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Cape Verdean populations also settled Spain, Germany, and other CPLP countries such as Guinea-Bissau. The Cape Verdean diaspora refers to both historical and present emigration from Cape Verde. ... The Community of Portuguese Language Countries (Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa or CPLP) is a multilateral forum for mutual friendship between the lusophone nations across the world where Portuguese is an official language. ...


Culture

Main article: Culture of Cape Verde

The culture of Cape Verde reflects its mixed African and Portuguese roots. It is well known for its diverse forms of music such as Morna and a wide variety of dances: the soft dance Morna, and its modernized version, passada, the Funaná - a sensual mixed Portuguese and African dance, the extreme sensuality of coladeira, and the Batuque dance. These are reflective of the diverse origins of Cape Verde's residents. The term "Criolo" is used to refer to residents as well as the culture of Cape Verde. Cape Verde is known internationally for morna, a form of folk music usually sung in creole-Portuguese, accompanied by clarinet, accordion, violin, guitar and cavaquinho. ... A typical morna group. ... The Funaná is a mixed Portuguese and African music and dance from Santiago, Cape Verde. ... Coladera or Coladeira (Capeverdean Crioulo forms: coladera and koladera) is a form of music in Cape Verde. ... The batuque (in Cape Verdean Creole: batuku /bɐˈtuku/ or batuk /bɐˈtuk/) is a music and dance genre from Cape Verde. ...


Cape Verdean literature

Eugénio Tavares is one of the most well-known poets of the Cape Verdean literature
See also: List of African writers (by country)#Cape Verde

Cape Verdean literature is one of the richest of Lusitanian Africa. Image File history File linksMetadata ETavares3a3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata ETavares3a3. ... African Writers (by country): This is a list of prominent and notable literary figures from the African continent, listed by country, including poets, novelists, childrens writers, essayists, and scholars, listed by country. ...

Luís Romano de Madeira Melo was born the 10th June in 1922 on the Capeverdean island of Santo Antão. ... Baltasar Lopes da Silva (Caleijão, São Nicolau, 23 April 1907 - São Vicente, 28 May 1989) was a writer, poet and linguist from Cape Verde, who wrote both in Portuguese and Creole. ... Manuel António do Sousa Lopes (December 23, 1907 in Mindelo - January 25, 2005) was a Cape Verdean fictionist, poet and an essayist and a founder of the modern Cape Verdean literature, with Baltasar Lopes da Silva, Jorge Barbosa was a creator of the paper named Claridade. ... Henrique Teixeira de Sousa (September 9, 1919 on the island of Fogo – March 2, 2006) was a doctor and author from Cape Verde. ... Luís Romano de Madeira Melo was born the 10th June in 1922 on the Capeverdean island of Santo Antão. ...

Music

A group playing morna.
Main article: Music of Cape Verde

Cape Verde is known internationally for morna, a form of folk music usually sung in the Cape Verdean Creole, accompanied by clarinet, violin, guitar and cavaquinho. The islands also boast funaná and batuque music. A typical morna group. ... Cape Verde is known internationally for morna, a form of folk music usually sung in creole-Portuguese, accompanied by clarinet, accordion, violin, guitar and cavaquinho. ... A typical morna group. ... Folk song redirects here. ... Cape Verdean Creole is a language spoken on the islands of Cape Verde. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left, with capped mouthpiece) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... The cavaquinho is a small string instrument (like the ukulele) of the European guitar family with four wires or gut strings. ... The Funaná is a mixed Portuguese and African music and dance from Santiago, Cape Verde. ... The batuque (in Cape Verdean Creole: batuku /bɐˈtuku/ or batuk /bɐˈtuk/) is a music and dance genre from Cape Verde. ...


Cesária Évora is perhaps the best internationally-known practitioner of morna. Madonna is so inspired by her that she even purchased a house on the island of Sal.[citation needed] Cesaria Evora Cesária Évora, born August 27, 1941 in the port town of Mindelo on the Cape Verde island of São Vicente is a notable folk singer. ... Morna (Portuguese for mild) is a genre of Cape Verdean music, closely related to the Portuguese fado and Brazilian modinha. ...


Language

Main article: Cape Verdean Creole

Cape Verde's official language is Portuguese. It is the language of instruction and official acts. However, the Cape Verdean Creole is used colloquially and is the mother tongue of virtually all Cape Verdeans. Cape Verdean Creole or Kriolu is a dialect continuum of a Portuguese-based creole, which varies from island to island. Cape Verdean Creole is a language spoken on the islands of Cape Verde. ... Cape Verdean Creole is a language spoken on the islands of Cape Verde. ... A creole language, or simply a creole, is a stable language that originates seemingly as a nativized pidgin. ...


There is a substantial body of literature in Creole, especially in the Santiago Creole and the São Vicente Creole. Creole has been gaining prestige since the nation's independence from Portugal. Santiago Creole is the name given to the Cape Verdean Creole spoken mainly on Santiago Island of Cape Verde. ... São Vicente Creole is the name given to the variant of Cape Verdean Creole spoken mainly in the São Vicente Island of Cape Verde. ...


However, the differences between the varied forms of the language within the islands have been a major obstacle in the way of standardization of the language. Some people have advocated the development of two standards: a North (Barlavento) standard, centered on the São Vicente Creole, and a South (Sotavento) standard, centered on the Santiago Creole. Manuel Veiga, PhD, a linguist by training, and Minister of Culture of Cape Verde, is the premier proponent of Kriolu's officialization and standardization.


Transportation

São Pedro airport in São Vicente island

TACV Cabo Verde Airlines is a scheduled and charter, passenger and cargo airline based in Cape Verde. It is the national flag carrier of Cape Verde, operating an inter-island service and flights to Europe, North America, South America and the West African mainland. Its main base is Sal Airport (SID), with a hub at Praia Airport (RAI). Railways: 0 km Highways: total: 1,100 km paved: 858 km unpaved: 242 km (1996 est. ... TACV Cabo Verde Airlines is a scheduled and charter, passenger and cargo airline based in Cabo Verde. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ... National airlines redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... Amílcar Cabral International Airport (IATA: SID, ICAO: GVAC), also known as Sal International Airport or Amílcar Cabral Airport, is the principal international airport of Cape Verde. ... Francisco Mendes International Airport (IATA: RAI, ICAO: GVFM) is an airport located on Santiago Island in Cape Verde. ...

Newspapers

A Semana N° 495, 2001/03/02.

Image File history File links Sem8a1. ... A Semana (Portuguese meaning The Week) is a weekly Cape Verdean daily that covers its top stories in the archipelago and local stories ranging from each island. ... Expresso das Ilhas (Portuguese for The Islands Express) is a weekly Cape Verdean newspaper that covers its top stories in the archipelago and local stories from each island. ... Jornal o Cidadão (lit. ... Jornal Horizonte (Portuguese meaning the Horizon Journal) is a weekly Cape Verdean newspaper that covers its top stories in the archipelago and local stories ranging from each island. ... Terra Nova (Portuguese meaning New Land) is a weekly newspaper that covers top stories from the island of São Vicente in the island of Cape Verde. ... Artiletra (Portuguese meaning New Land) is a weekly newspaper that covers top stories from the island of São Vicente in the island of Cape Verde. ...

Online

Definition A news agency is an organization of journalists established to supply news reports to organizations in the news trade: newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ...

Miscellaneous topics

An old postcard from São Vicente, Cape Verde.

Image File history File links Old_postcard_SaoVicente3. ... Image File history File links Old_postcard_SaoVicente3. ... Telephones - main lines in use: 60,935 (2002) Telephones - mobile cellular: 28,119 (2002) Telephone system: domestic: idomestic: interisland microwave radio relay system with both analog and digital exchanges; work is in progress on a submarine fiber-optic cable system which is scheduled for completion in 2003 international: 2 coaxial... Headquarters Lisbon, Portugal Official language Portuguese Membership 8 (plus 2 observers) Leaders  -  Executive Secretariat Luís de Matos Monteiro da Fonseca Establishment 1996 Website http://www. ... Cape Verde follows a policy of nonalignment and seeks cooperative relations with all friendly states. ... Military branches: Army, Coast Guard Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 92,486 (2002 est. ... The following is a list of public holidays in Cape Verde: January 1: New Years Day January 20: Heroes Day February: Carnival May 1: Labour Day July 5: Independence Day August 15: Assumption (Day of Our Lady of Grace) September 12: National Day November 1: All Saints Day December... The Associação dos Escuteiros de Cabo Verde, the national Scouting organization of Cape Verde, was founded in 2002, and became a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement that year. ...

References

  1. ^ Endemic Bird Areas: Cape Verde Islands
  2. ^ WTO press release on Cape Verde's accession
  3. ^ Cape Verde - Religion
  4. ^ Cape Verde HDI Trend from the 2007 Human Development Report country fact sheet
  5. ^ "UN advocate salutes Cape Verde’s graduation from category of poorest States", UN News Centre, 14 June 2007.
  • Much of the material in these articles comes from the CIA World Factbook 2000 and the 2003 U.S. Department of State website.
  • Dr Marcel Gomes Balla of Boston University has written a short history of these islands, Antonio's Island, ISBN 1-898030-48-0.

is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... For the similarly named institution in Chestnut Hill, see Boston College. ...

External links

Cape Verde Portal
Find more about Cape Verde on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
Textbooks
Quotations
Source texts
Images and media
News stories
Learning resources
  • Cape Verde Resource Site
  • Government of Cape Verde (Portuguese)
  • National Assembly of Cape Verde (Portuguese)
  • Wikimedia Atlas of Cape Verde
  • Cape Verde travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Wikia has a wiki on this subject: Cape Verde
  • Cape Verde at the Open Directory Project
  • Cape Verde entry at The World Factbook
  • BBC Country Profile - Cape Verde
  • The Cape Verde guide on-line (Portuguese)

Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cape Verde Travel (532 words)
Until recently Cape Verde's beauty was largely kept a secret – the long beaches of endless white sand, lapped by turquoise ocean: the historical mystery of colonial style towns like Ribeira Grande the first European City in the tropics: the wide variety of landscapes – from dramatic volcanic – to lush and verdant.
Nowadays, the Cape Verde islands are opening up to tourists, especially holiday makers searching for a rich blend of fresh holiday experiences.
Even the Cape Verde people are unique, being a cultural mix of their two nearest neighbours – Senegal and Brazil, this combination is most obvious in the ever-present Cape Verde music; a scintillating hip-swinging fusion of Samba and Salsa sprinkled with tribal African.
Cape Verde - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1392 words)
The Republic of Cape Verde or Cape Verde (Portuguese: Cabo Verde, pron.
Cape Verde was uninhabited when the Portuguese arrived in 1456, and the islands were thus made part of the Portuguese empire.
Cape Verdean literature is one of the richest of Lusitanian Africa.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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