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Encyclopedia > Cape Colony
Cape Colony
Kaapkolonie

British Colony An anachronous map of British (and prior to the existence of Britain, English) imperial possessions This is a list of the various overseas territories that have been under the political control of the United Kingdom and/or its predecessor states[1]. Collectively, these territories are traditionally referred to as the...

1795 – 1910

Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: "God Save the Queen"
Cape Colony
Capital Cape Town
Language(s) English and Dutch1
Religion Dutch Reformed Church, Anglican
Government Constitutional monarchy
Last Monarch King George VI
Last Prime Minister
 - 19081910 John X. Merriman
Last Governor
 - 1901 - 1910 Walter Hely-Hutchinson
Historical era 19th century
 - Dutch East India Company Colony 1652 - 1795
 - British Colony 1795
 - British territory (1st occupation) 1795 - 1803
 - Batavian Republic (Dutch) colony 1803 - 1806
 - British territory (2nd occupation) 1806 - 1814
 - British colony (Anglo-Dutch treaty) 1814 - 1910
 - Disestablished 1910
 - Merged into Union of South Africa 1910
Area
 - 1910 569,020 km2
219,700 sq mi
Population
 - 1910 est. 2,564,965 
     Density 4.5 /km² 
11.7 /sq mi
Currency Pound sterling (£)
1 Dutch was the sole official language until 1806, when the British officially replaced Dutch with English. Dutch was reincluded as a second official language in 1882.

The Cape Colony of the future South Africa was established by the Dutch East India Company (not by the Netherlands, as is often mistakenly presumed) in 1652, with the founding of Cape Town. It was subsequently occupied in 1795, and finally just taken in 1806 by the British - the period immediately before and during the Napoleonic Wars. It was coextensive with the later Cape Province, stretching from the Atlantic coast inland and eastward along the southern coast, constituting about half of modern South Africa: the final eastern boundary, after several wars against the Xhosa, stood at the Fish River. In the north, the Orange River, also known as the Gariep River, served for a long time as the boundary, although some land between the river and the southern boundary of Botswana was later added to it. 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Image File history File links South_Africa_Red_Ensign. ... National motto: Ex Unitate Vires (Latin: From Unity, strength} Official languages Afrikaans, Dutch and English. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... National motto: Ex Unitate Vires (Latin: From Unity, strength} Official languages Afrikaans, Dutch and English. ... Image File history File links Cape_Colony_flag. ... Image File history File links Cape_Colony_coa. ... The tricolour flag of France A flag is a piece of cloth, often flown from a pole or mast, generally used symbolically for signalling or identification. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... God Save the King/Queen is a patriotic hymn, and the national anthem of the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Cape_Colony_map. ... This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. ... City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Province Western Cape Mayor Helen Zille Area  - % water 2,499 km² N/A Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Not ranked 2,893,251 1,158/km² Established 1652 Time zone SAST (UTC+2... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Dutch Reformed village church of St. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... This is a list of British monarchs, that is, the monarchs on the thrones of some of the various kingdoms that have existed on, or incorporated, the island of Great Britain, namely: England (united with Wales from 1536) up to 1707; Scotland up to 1707; The Kingdom of Great Britain... William IV (William Henry) (21 August 1765 – 20 June 1837) was King of the United Kingdom and of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... John Xavier Merriman (1841-1926) was the last prime minister of the Cape Colony before the formation of South Africa in 1910. ... A governor or governour (archaic) is a governing official, usually the executive (at least nominally, to different degrees also politically and administratively) of a non-sovereign level of government, ranking under the Head of state; furthermore the title applies to officials with a similar mandate as representatives of a chartered... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... From 1795 to 1806, the Batavian Republic (Bataafse Republiek in Dutch) designated the Netherlands as a republic modelled after the French Republic, to which it was a vassal state. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814, also known as the Convention of London (one of several) was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United Provinces in London on August 13, 1814. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... National motto: Ex Unitate Vires (Latin: From Unity, strength} Official languages Afrikaans, Dutch and English. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... ISO 4217 Code GBP User(s) United Kingdom Inflation 2. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Province Western Cape Mayor Helen Zille Area  - % water 2,499 km² N/A Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Not ranked 2,893,251 1,158/km² Established 1652 Time zone SAST (UTC+2... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Allies: Austria[1] Portugal Prussia[1] Russia[2] Spain[3] Sweden United Kingdom[4] French Empire Holland Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Naples Duchy of Warsaw Bavaria[5] Saxony[6] Denmark [7] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack von Leiberich Gebhard von Blücher Duke of Brunswick Prince... Under the Union of South Africa and after that under the Republic of South Africa, the old Cape Colony became the Cape of Good Hope Province (though it was commonly known as the Cape Province). ... Look up Atlantic Ocean in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Xhosa people are a group of peoples of Bantu origins living in south-east South Africa. ... Fish River is a river in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. ... The Orange River is the major river in South Africa. ...

Contents

History

Cape Colony
History
Pre-1806
1806–1870
1870–1899
1899–1910

The history of Cape Colony started in 1652 with the founding of Cape Town by Dutch commander Jan van Riebeeck, working for the Dutch East India Company, known in Dutch as the "Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie" (VOC). History of Cape Colony via a written history of the area known as Cape Colony, and later Cape Province in South Africa began when Bartolomeu Dias, a Portuguese navigator, discovered the Cape of Good Hope in 1488. ... The history of Cape Colony from 1806 to 1870 spans the period of the history of Cape Colony during the Cape Frontier Wars, also called the Kaffir Wars, which lasted from 1811 to 1858. ... The year 1870 in the history of the Cape Colony marks the dawn of a new era in South Africa, and it can be said that the development of modern South Africa began on that date. ... The Second Anglo-Boer War had no sooner commenced with the ultimatum of the Transvaal Republic on 9 October 1899, than Mr Schreiner found himself called upon to deal with the conduct of Cape rebels. ... History of Cape Colony via a written history of the area known as Cape Colony, and later Cape Province in South Africa began when Bartolomeu Dias, a Portuguese navigator, discovered the Cape of Good Hope in 1488. ... Johan Anthoniszoon Jan van Riebeeck (21 April 1619–18 January 1677), was a Dutch colonial administrator. ...


Napoléon occupied the Seven Provinces of the Netherlands in 1795, or the mother country of the Dutch East India Company. This prompted Great Britain to occupy the territory in 1795 as a tactic in the Napoleonic Wars. The Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie transferred its territories and claims to the Batavian Republic in 1798 and ceased to exist in 1799. Improving relations between Great Britain and Napoleonic France, and its vassal state the Batavian Republic, led the British to hand Cape Colony over to the Batavian Republic in 1803 (under the terms of the Treaty of Amiens). Bonaparte as general, by Antoine-Jean Gros. ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... The Treaty of Amiens was signed on March 25, 1802 (Germinal 4, year X in the French Revolutionary Calendar) by Joseph Bonaparte and the Marquis Cornwallis as a Definitive Treaty of Peace between France and the United Kingdom. ...


In 1806, the Cape, now nominally controlled by the Batavian Republic, was occupied again by the British in the Battle of Blaauwberg. The temporary peace between Britain and Napoleonic France had crumbled into open hostilities, whilst Napoleon had been strengthening his influence on the Batavian Republic (which Napoleon would subsequently abolish later the same year). The British hoped to keep Napoleon out of the Cape, and to control the Far East trade routes. From 1795 to 1806, the Batavian Republic (Bataafse Republiek in Dutch) designated the Netherlands as a republic modelled after the French Republic, to which it was a vassal state. ... The Battle of Blaauwberg, fought near Cape Town on 8 January 1806, was a small but significant military engagement. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... The far east as a cultural block includes East Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and South Asia. ...


They set up a British colony on 8 January, 1806. Cape Colony remained under British rule until the formation of the Union of South Africa in 1910, when it became the Cape of Good Hope Province, better known as the Cape Province. January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Government

The title of the founder of the Cape Colony, Jan van Riebeeck, was "Commander of the Cape", a position which he held from 1652 to 1662. He was succeeded by a long line of both Dutch and British colonial administrators, depending on who was in power at the time: This article is about a political topic. ... An Administrator (Administrator of the Government, Officer Administering the Government) in some countries in the Commonwealth is a person who fulfils a role similar to that of a Governor or a Governor-General. ...


(Note: all subsequently listed persons held the post of Governor, unless otherwise noted.)

The post of High Commissioner for Southern Africa was also held from 27 January 1847 to 31 May 1910 by the Governor of the Cape Colony. The post of Governor of the Cape Colony became extinct on 31 May 1910, when it joined the Union of South Africa. Categories: Stub | History of the Netherlands | Dutch colonies ... Simon van der Stel October 14, 1639 – June 24, 1712, was the first Governor of the Cape of Good Hope. ... George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, KB (14 May 1737 - 31 May 1806) was a British statesman, colonial administrator and diplomat. ... Sir George Yonge, 5th Baronet (1731–1812) was a British Secretary at War (1782-1783 and 1783-1794) and the namesake of Toronto, Canadas Yonge Street, which was named by the Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada John Graves Simcoe, in 1793. ... Jan Willem Janssens (October 12, 1762 - May 23, 1838) was a Dutch soldier and statesman who served both as the governor-general of the Cape Colony and Dutch East Indies. ... David Baird (soldier) David Baird (New Jersey), U.S. Senator This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... John Caradoc, 1st Baron Howden (1759–1839), was a British peer and soldier. ... The Lord Charles Henry Somerset (December 2, 1767 – February 18, 1831) was the first British governor of the Cape Colony, South Africa, from 1814 to 1826. ... Sir Rufane Shaw Donkin (1773-May 1, 1841), British soldier, came of a military family. ... Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Bourke, KCB General Sir Richard Bourke KCB (Dublin, 4 May 1777 – 13 August 1855, Limerick) was Governor of the Colony of New South Wales, Australia between 1831 and 1837. ... Sir Thomas Francis Wade (August 25, 1818 - July 31, 1895) was a London-born British diplomat and Sinologist linguist who invented what was to become the Wade-Giles Romanization for Mandarin Chinese. ... Major-General Sir Benjamin DUrban (1777- 25 May 1849) was a British general and colonial administrator, who is best known for his frontier policy when he was the Governor in the Cape Colony (now in South Africa). ... Sir George Thomas Napier (1784 - September 16, 1855), entered the army in 1800, and served with distinction under Sir John Moore and the Duke Wellington in the Peninsula--and lost his right arm at the storming of Badajoz. ... Sir Peregrine Maitland (July 6, 1777–May 30, 1854) was a British soldier and colonial administrator. ... Sir Henry Pottinger. ... Lieutenant-General Harry George Wakelyn Smith (28 June 1787-12 October 1860) was a notable English soldier and military commander of the early 19th century. ... Sir George Cathcart (May 12, 1794 - 1854) was a British general and diplomat. ... Sir Charles Henry Darling (February 19, 1809 – 1870) colonial governor born Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia and died Cheltenham, England. ... There have been two famous people by the name of George Grey. ... Robert Henry Wynyard (b. ... Sir Henry Barkly GCMG KCB (24 February 1815 – 20 October 1898) Governor of Victoria. ... Sir Henry Bartle Edward Frere, 1st Baronet (March 29, 1815 - May 29, 1884) was a British administrator. ... The Hon. ... Major Sir George Strahan Major Sir George Cumine Strahan KCMG (9 December 1838 – 17 February 1887) was a British military officer and colonial administrator, best known as the Governor of Tasmania from 1881–1886. ... Baron Rosmead, also known as Governor Robinson Hercules George Robert Robinson, 1st Baron Rosmead, GCMG (Chinese Translated Name 羅士敏勳爵 or 羅便臣) (19 December, 1824 - 28 October, 1897) was a British colonial administrator who became the 5th Governor of Hong Kong. ... Henry Brougham Loch, 1st Baron Loch (23 May 1827 – 20 June 1900) was a British soldier and colonial administrator. ... The Right Honourable Alfred Milner, 1st Viscount Milner, KG, GCB, GCMG, PC (March 23, 1854–May 13, 1925), was a controversial British statesman and colonial administrator. ... Sir William Francis Butler Sir William Francis Butler (31 October 1838 – 7 June 1910) was a 19th Century soldier, writer, and adventurer. ... National motto: Ex Unitate Vires (Latin: From Unity, strength} Official languages Afrikaans, Dutch and English. ...


The prime ministers of the Cape Colony were: A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ...

The post of prime minister of the Cape Colony also became extinct on 31 May 1910, when it joined the Union of South Africa. Thomas Upington (1844 - 1898) was a British administrator in South Africa. ... Cecil Rhodes. ... William Philip Schreiner (30 August 1857 - 28 June 1919) (the Right Hon. ... An 1895 cartoon of Jameson from Vanity Fair Sir Leander Starr Jameson, 1st Baronet, KCMG (February 9, 1853 – November 26, 1917), also known as Doctor Jim, was a British colonial statesman who was best known for his involvement in the Jameson Raid. ... John Xavier Merriman (1841-1926) was the last prime minister of the Cape Colony before the formation of South Africa in 1910. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


Provinces

Geography

Economy

Culture

See also

References

  • The Migrant Farmer in the History of the Cape Colony.P.J. Van Der Merwe, Roger B. Beck. Ohio University Press. 1 January 1995. 333 pages. ISBN 0-8214-1090-3.
  • History of the Boers in South Africa; Or, the Wanderings and Wars of the Emigrant Farmers from Their Leaving the Cape Colony to the Acknowledgment of Their Independence by Great Britain. George McCall Theal. Greenwood Press. 28 February 1970. 392 pages. ISBN 0-8371-1661-9.
  • Status and Respectability in the Cape Colony, 1750-1870 : A Tragedy of Manners. Robert Ross, David Anderson. Cambridge University Press. 1 July 1999. 220 pages. ISBN 0-521-62122-4.
  • The War of the Axe, 1847: Correspondence between the governor of the Cape Colony, Sir Henry Pottinger, and the commander of the British forces at the Cape, Sir George Berkeley, and others. Basil Alexander Le Cordeur. Brenthurst Press. 1981. 287 pages. ISBN 0-909079-14-5.
  • Blood Ground: Colonialism, Missions, and the Contest for Christianity in the Cape Colony and Britain, 1799-1853. Elizabeth Elbourne. McGill-Queen's University Press. December 2002. 560 pages. ISBN 0-7735-2229-8.
  • Recession and its aftermath: The Cape Colony in the eighteen eighties. Alan Mabin. University of the Witwatersrand, African Studies Institute. 1983. 27 pages.
Dutch overseas empire
Former colonies
Africa: Arguin Island - Cape Colony - Lydsaamheid fort & factory in Delagoa Bay - Dutch Gold Coast - Gorée - Mauritius
The Americas: Berbice - New Holland (in Brazil) (part), Dutch Brazil - Dutch Guiana - Demerara - Essequibo annex Pomeroon
New Netherland (New Amsterdam, New Sweden) - Tobago - Virgin Islands (part)
Asia: Ceylon - Dutch India (Dutch Bengal - Coromandel Coast - Malabar Coast) - Deshima island, Japan - Dutch East Indies - Malacca - Taiwan
Arctic & Oceania: Netherlands New Guinea - Smeerenburg on Amsterdam island
See also: Dutch East India Company - Dutch West India Company
Present colonies (only Caribbean)
Kingdom of the Netherlands: Netherlands Antilles - Aruba

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cape Colony - LoveToKnow 1911 (17052 words)
Cape Point (Cape of Good Hope) stands 840 ft. above the sea; Cape Agulhas 455 ft. Farther on the green-clad sides of the Uiteniquas Mountains are plainly visible from the sea, and as the traveller by boat proceeds eastward, stretches of forest are seen and numbers of mountain streams carrying their waters to the ocean.
Indwe (2608) is the centre of the coalmining region in the east of the colony.
Cape Colony entered the Union as an original province, being represented in the Union parliament by eight members in the Senate and fifty-one in the House of Assembly.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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