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Encyclopedia > Cape Canaveral Air Force Station
The Bumper V-2 was the first missile launched at Cape Canaveral on July 24, 1950. (NASA)
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (shown in dark green).
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (shown in dark green).
Cape Canaveral Photo from space
Cape Canaveral Photo from space

The Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) is the East Coast space launch facility of the United States Department of Defense. Located on Cape Canaveral in the State of Florida, it depends on Patrick Air Force Base, home of the 45th Space Wing. CCAFS is adjacent to the John F. Kennedy Space Center. The Bumper V-2 was the first missile launched at Cape Canaveral on July 24, 1950. ... The Bumper V-2 was the first missile launched at Cape Canaveral on July 24, 1950. ... The Bumper 8 was the first rocket flown from Cape Canaveral in Florida. ... July 24 is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (733x1050, 175 KB)Merritt Island, Florida, with Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (733x1050, 175 KB)Merritt Island, Florida, with Kennedy Space Center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (504x633, 97 KB)Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA - August 1991 image description here File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (504x633, 97 KB)Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA - August 1991 image description here File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A spaceport is a site for launching spacecraft, by analogy with airport for aircraft. ... The United States Department of Defense (DOD or DoD) is the federal department charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the military. ... Cape Canaveral from space, August 1991 Cape Canaveral (Cabo Cañaveral in Spanish) is a strip of land in Brevard County, Florida, United States, near the center of that states Atlantic coast. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... Patrick Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base located near Cocoa Beach, Florida, USA. Patrick Air Force Base is home to the 45th Space Wing. ... The 45th Space Wing (45 SW) is a wing of the United States Air Force based out of Patrick Air Force Base, Florida. ... Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center (shown in white). ...

Contents

History

The area had been used by the government since 1949 when President Harry S. Truman established the Joint Long Range Proving Grounds at Cape Canaveral to test missiles. The location was ideal for this purpose as it allowed for launches out toward the Atlantic Ocean, and it was closer to the equator than most other parts of the United States allowing for rockets to get a boost from the earth's rotation. Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... World map showing the equator in red In tourist areas, the equator is often marked on the sides of roads The equator marked as it crosses Ilhéu das Rolas, in São Tomé and Príncipe. ...


In 1951 the U.S. Air Force established the Air Force Missile Test Center at nearby Banana River Naval Air Station. Early American sub-orbital rocket flights were achieved at Cape Canaveral in 1956.[1][2] Following Sputnik the first attempted satellite launch blew-up on December 6, 1957. NASA was founded in 1958 and Air Force crews launched missiles for NASA from CCAFS. Redstone, Jupiter, Pershing, Polaris, Thor, Atlas, Titan and Minuteman missiles were all tested from the site, the Thor becoming the basis for the expendable launch vehicle (ELV) Delta rocket, which launched Telstar 1 in July 1962. The row of Titan (LC-15, 16, 19, 20) and Atlas (LC-11, 12, 13, 14) launch pads along the coast came to be known as Missile Row in the 1960's. NASA's early manned spaceflights, Mercury and Gemini were prepared for launch from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station launch pads LC-5, LC-14 and LC-19 by U.S. Air Force crews. Seal of the Air Force. ... The Eastern Test Range is the missile test range associated with missile and rocket launches from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and NASAs John F. Kennedy Space Center. ... A sub-orbital spaceflight (or sub-orbital flight) is a spaceflight that does not involve putting a vehicle into orbit. ... Sputnik 1 (Russian: , Satellite-1, byname ПС-1 (PS-1, i. ... First launched in 1953, the American Redstone rocket was a direct descendant of the German V-2. ... Jupiter IRBM mobile missile The Jupiter Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile, first tested in 1957, was the United States second Intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM). ... Pershing was a family of solid-fueled two-stage medium-range ballistic missiles designed and built by Martin Marietta to replace the PGM-11 Redstone missile as the Armys primary theater-level weapon. ... The Polaris Missile was a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) carrying a nuclear warhead developed during the Cold War for the United States Navy. ... Thor-Ablestar Thor was the United Statess first operational ballistic missile. ... Mercury Atlas 9 rocket and capsule on pad The Atlas is a venerable line of space launch vehicles built by Lockheed Martin. ... Titan was a family of U.S. expendable rockets used between 1959 and 2005. ... The LGM-30 Minuteman is a United States nuclear missile, a land-based intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). ... The Delta family of rockets is used in an expendable launch system that has provided space launch capability for the United States since 1960. ... Alternate use: Coleco Telstar, Telstar Records The original Telstar had a roughly spherical shape Telstar was the first active communications satellite, the first satellite designed to transmit telephone and high-speed data communications, as well as the first privately owned satellite. ... The launch of Gemini 6A from LC-19. ... An atlas rocket launches a manned Mercury spacecraft from LC-14. ... Mercury-Redstone 1 at LC-5. ...


The Air Force chose to expand the capabilities of the Titan launch vehicles for its heavy lift capabilities. It constructed Launch complex 40 and 41 to launch Titan III and Titan IV rockets just south of Kennedy Space Center. A Titan III has about the same payload capacity as the Saturn IB at a considerable cost savings. Launch Complex 40 and 41 has been used to launch defense reconnaissance, communications and weather satellites and NASA planetary missions. The Air Force also planned to launch two Air Force manned space projects from LC 40 and 41. They were the Dyna-Soar, a manned orbital rocket plane (cancelled in 1963) and the Manned Orbiting Laboratory, a manned reconnaissance space station (cancelled in 1969). Launch Complex 40. ... An aerial view of LC-41. ... Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center (shown in white). ... The Saturn IB was an uprated version of the Saturn I, which was the first manned launch vehicle that was not directly derived from an ICBM (though its tanks were derived from the Jupiter and Redstone tanks, and its first stage engines were Navaho derived). ... Artists conception of the X-20 during re-entry The X-20 Dyna-Soar was a USAF program to develop an orbital spaceplane that could be used for a variety of military missions including reconnaissance, bombing, space rescue, satellite maintenance, and sabotage of enemy satellites. ... Manned Orbiting Laboratory early 1960 conceptual drawing that did not use the Gemini spacecraft. ...


From 1974-1977 the powerful Titan-Centaur became the new heavy lift vehicle for NASA, launching the Viking and Voyager series of spacecraft from Launch Complex 41. Complex 41 later became the launch site for the most powerful unmanned U.S. rocket, the Titan IV, developed by the Air Force. Viking mission profile. ... Voyager Project redirects here. ... The Titan IV family (including the IVA and IVB) of space boosters are used by the US Air Force. ...


Launch Complexes LC-37 and LC-41 have been now been modified to launch EELV Delta IV and Atlas V launch vehicles, respectively. These new launch vehicles will replace all earlier Delta, Atlas, and Titan rockets. The launch of GOES-N atop a Delta IV, from LC-37B Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 37 (LC-37) is a launch complex at Merritt Island, Cape Canaveral, Florida. ... The Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) program was a United States government, primarily a Department of Defense–sponsored effort to develop at least one family of space launch vehicles, that would meet the long term needs of the military. ... It has been suggested that some sections of this article be split into a new article entitled Delta IV launches. ... Launch of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, 7:43:00 a. ...


See also

Merritt Islands two spaceports are shown side-by-side on this map. ... Boeing Delta 4 Medium+ (4,2) lifts off from Space Launch Complex Six (SLC-6) at Vandenberg AFB, California (Official photo by Thom Baur for the Boeing Company) Vandenberg Air Force Base (IATA: VBG, ICAO: KVBG) is a United States military installation with a spaceport, in Santa Barbara County, California...

References

  1. ^ http://www.astronautix.com/sites/capallc5.htm
  2. ^ These flights were shortly after some sub-orbital flights at White Sands, like Viking 11 on May 24, 1954. Encyclopedia Astronautica

White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), formerly known as the White Sands Proving Grounds, is located in Otero County, New Mexico, mostly in the Tularosa Basin, a valley between the Organ Mountains, San Andres Mountains and the Sacramento Mountains of the U.S. state of New Mexico, it includes the northern... Not to be confused with Viking program (Mars landers of 1976. ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Merritt Island launch sites  v  d  e 
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (all except LC-39)
Kennedy Space Center (LC-39)
LC-1 | LC-2 | LC-3 | LC-4 | LC-5 | LC-6 | LC-9 | LC-10 | LC-11 | LC-12 | LC-13 | LC-14 | LC-15 | LC-16 | LC-17 | LC-18 | LC-19 | LC-20 | LC-21 | LC-22 | LC-25 | LC-26 | LC-29 | LC-30 | LC-31 | LC-32 | LC-34 | LC-36 | LC-37 | LC-39 | LC-40 | LC-41 | LC-43 | LC-45 | LC-46 | LC-47


Atlantic Missile Range drop zone | Grand Turk Island drop zone | Mobile Launch Area | SLBM Launch Area | Patrick AFB | Shuttle Landing Facility | Cape Canaveral AFS Skid Strip Merritt Islands two spaceports are shown side-by-side on this map. ... Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center (shown in white). ... Launch Complex 1 (LC1) is a deactivated US Air Force launch site located on Cape Canaveral, United States at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. ... Launch Complex 2 (LC2) is a deactivated US Air Force launch site located on Cape Canaveral, United States at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. ... Mercury-Redstone 1 at LC-5. ... An atlas rocket launches a manned Mercury spacecraft from LC-14. ... The first stage of the Boeing Delta II rocket, slated to launch NASAs Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO), is lifted into a vertical position for installation into the mobile service tower at Pad 17B Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 17 is a launch site at Merritt Island... The launch of Gemini 6A from LC-19. ... Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 20 (SLC-20), previously Launch Complex 20 (LC-20), is a launch site at Merritt Island, Cape Canaveral, Florida. ... Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Compex 26 (LC-26) was a launch site at Merritt Island, Florida. ... A Saturn I at Pad 34, ready for mission SA-3 Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 34 (LC-34) is a launch site at Merritt Island, Cape Canaveral, Florida. ... An Atlas III launches from LC-36B . Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 36 (LC-36) is a launch complex at Cape Canaveral, Merritt Island, Florida. ... The launch of GOES-N atop a Delta IV, from LC-37B Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 37 (LC-37) is a launch complex at Merritt Island, Cape Canaveral, Florida. ... Launch Complex 39 is a large site and a collection of facilities at the John F. Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island in Florida, USA, originally built for the Apollo program, and later modified to support Space Shuttle operations. ... Launch Complex 40. ... An aerial view of LC-41. ... Patrick Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base located near Cocoa Beach, Florida, USA. Patrick Air Force Base is home to the 45th Space Wing. ... Space Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF) is a location where the Space Shuttle can land. ... Cape Canaveral AFS Skid Strip (IATA: XMR, ICAO: KXMR) is a military airport near Cocoa Beach, Florida, United States. ...


 
 

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