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Encyclopedia > Cape Breton fiddling

Cape Breton fiddling is a lively regional violin style which falls within the Celtic Music idiom. Cape Breton Island's fiddle music was brought to North America by Scottish immigrants during the Highland Clearances. These Scottish immigrants were primarily from Gaelic-speaking regions in the Scottish Highlands and the Outer Hebrides. Although fiddling has changed considerably since this time in Scotland, it is widely held that the tradition of Scottish fiddle music has been better preserved in Cape Breton. The violin is a bowed stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a perfect fifth apart, the lowest being the G just below middle C. It is the smallest and highest-tuned member of the violin family of string instruments, which also includes the viola and cello. ... Celtic music is a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Western Europe. ... Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada Cape Breton Island (French: île du Cap-Breton, Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Cheap Breatuinn, Mikmaq: Unamakika, simply: Cape Breton) is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... The Highland Clearances were part of a process of agricultural change throughout the United Kingdom, but the late timing, the lack of legal protection for year-by-year tenants under Scottish law, the abruptness of the change from the clan system in the Scottish Highlands and the brutality of many... Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ... The Scottish Highlands are the mountainous regions of Scotland north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault. ... Western Isles redirects here. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Category: ...


The types of tunes commonly associated with the style are jigs, reels, marches, strathspeys, clogs (hornpipes), and slow airs. This article is about the folk dance jig, for other meanings, see Jig (disambiguation). ... The reel is a folk dance type as well as the accompanying dance tune type. ... Mark or march (or various plural forms of these words) are derived from the Frankish word marka (boundary) and refer to an area along a border, e. ... A strathspey is a dance tune in 4/4, usually written in 1/8th notes. ... The hornpipe is a traditional English folk dance in 2/4 or 4/4 time. ...


The style is characterised by up driven bowing. Some ornaments common to the style are cuts (called trebles in Irish music), grace notes, and, to a lesser degree, double stops. While the music is Scottish in origin, the common repertoire of most Cape Breton fiddlers includes music composed in Cape Breton and Scotland alike. There are tunes of other origins common to the style (Irish, Canadian, French-Canadian, etc.); however, they sound quite different from their original settings when performed by Cape Breton fiddlers. The Kansas City standard (abbreviated KCS) for storage of data on an ordinary compact audio cassette was also known as the BYTE standard or the CUTS (Processor Technology Computer Users Tape Standard). ... An Irish band playing in the Hetzel Union Building, Penn State University. ... A grace note is a common term for a phenomenon of music notation used to denote several kinds of musical ornaments. ... In music, playing double stops, on a bowed instrument, means playing on two strings at once. ... French Canadian or Canadiens historically refers to inhabitants of Canada who can trace their ancestry to the original French settlers of what is now the Province of Quebec. ...


Cape Breton fiddle music is strongly influenced by the sounds of Gaelic music, especially Puirt a Beul ( Mouth Music). The ornaments are often compared to the sounds of the Great Highland bagpipe. Puirt a Beul, or Mouth Music, is a style of song in Scotland, Ireland and Cape Breton written primarily for dancing to, so the lyrics are of only secondary importance; the rhythm is what is crucial. ... Puirt a Beul, or Mouth Music, is a style of song in Scotland, Ireland and Cape Breton written primarily for dancing to, so the lyrics are of only secondary importance; the rhythm is what is crucial. ... Pipe Major Probably the most well known variety of bagpipes are the Great Highland Bagpipes (abbreviated GHBs, and commonly referred to simply as pipes), which were developed in Scotland and Ireland. ...


Scottish composers popular in Cape Breton include: Niel Gow, Nathaniel Gow, William Marshall, and James Scott Skinner. Well known Cape Breton composers include: Dan R. MacDonald, Angus Chisholm, Donald Angus Beaton, Kinnon Beaton, Brenda Stubbert, and Jerry Holland. Niel Gow (1727-1807) was born in Inver, Perthshire, and became possibly the most famous Scottish fiddler of the 18th century. ... Nathaniel Gow (1766-1831) was the fourth son of Niel Gow, and a celebrated composer of songs and other pieces on his own right. ... William Marshall was born on December 27, 1748 at Fochabers, Scotland. ... James Scott Skinner was born in Banchory, near Aberdeen on August 5, 1843. ... Dan Rory MacDonald (1911 - 1976), born in Judique, Inverness County on Cape Breton Island, became one of Cape Bretons most prolific composers of fiddle tunes. ... Jerry Holland Jerry Holland (born February 23, 1955) is a noted fiddler who lives on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, Canada. ...


Cape Breton fiddle music has received international recognition through the careers of Natalie MacMaster, Ashley MacIsaac and The Rankin Family. Other well known performers of the traditional Cape Breton style include Winston (Scotty) Fitzgerald, Buddy MacMaster, Winnie Chafe, Carl MacKenzie, Howie MacDonald, Mairi Rankin and many more since the fiddle is so popular in Cape Breton. Natalie MacMaster (born 1973) is an award-winning fiddler from the rural community of Troy in Inverness County, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Ashley MacIsaac Ashley Dwayne MacIsaac (born February 24, 1975) is a professional fiddler born in Creignish, Nova Scotia. ... The Rankin Family is a Canadian folk music family group from Mabou, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. ... Winston Scotty Fitzgerald (1914-1987) was a renowned Cape Breton fiddler. ... Hugh Alan Buddy MacMaster, CM , ONS , LL.D (born October 18, 1924) is one of the most renowned artists in the tradition of Cape Breton fiddle music. ...


Dance styles associated with the music are Cape Breton step dancing, Cape Breton square dancing (Iona style and Inverness style), and highland dancing. Step dance is the generic term for dance styles where the footwork is the most important part of the dance. ... Square dance is a folk dance for four couples that was first described in 17th century England, but which has become associated with the United States of America due to its historic development in that country. ... Inverness County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... A young highland dancer demonstrates her form in the sword dance at the 2005 Bellingham (Washington) Highland Games Highland dancing is one of two basic types of Scottish dancing which can be seen at nearly every modern day Highland games event. ...


Many of the tunes associated with Cape Breton fiddle music are also commonly performed on other instruments, especially bagpipes, piano and guitar. It is not unheard of for the music to be performed on harmonica, tin whistle, mandolin or banjo. A piper playing the Great Highland Bagpipe. ... A baby grand piano, with the lid up. ... The acoustic archtop guitar, used in Jazz music, features steel strings. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Harmonica A harmonica is a free reed musical wind instrument (also known, among other things, as a mouth organ, French harp, tin sandwich, blues harp, simply harp, or Mississippi saxophone), having multiple, variably-tuned brass or bronze reeds, each secured at one end over... Tin whistles in a variety of makes and keys. ... Carved and round backed mandolins (front) A mandolin is a small, plucked, stringed musical instrument, descended from the mandora. ... Old 6-string zither banjo For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) The banjo is a stringed instrument of African American origin, early or original examples sometimes being called the gourd banjo. Its name is commonly thought to be derived from the Kimbundu term mbanza. ...


In 2005, as a tribute to traditional music, the new construction of a tourism center and the world's largest fiddle and bow finished construction on the Sydney waterfront. Template:Diffgggtgerent calendars 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Downtown Sydney, Nova Scotia Sydney, Nova Scotia, on Cape Breton Island Sydney is a community and former city in Nova Scotia, Canada, and is located on its namesake harbour in eastern Cape Breton County. ...


See also

Noted Cape Breton fiddlers include: Andrea Beaton Kinnon Beaton Joe Cormier Winston Fitzgerald Kimberley Fraser Glenn Graham Jerry Holland Dan R. MacDonald Howie MacDonald Ashley MacIsaac Wendy MacIsaac Alex Francis MacKay Carl MacKenzie Buddy MacMaster Natalie MacMaster John Morris Rankin Mairi Rankin Brenda Stubbert See also: List of musicians Categories... The Barra MacNeils are a Canadian musical group, consisting of siblings Sheumas, Kyle, Stewart, and Lucy MacNeil. ... Celtae are a Canadian Celtic music band based out of Ottawa, Ontario. ... Celtic music is a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Western Europe. ... // Jazz The earliest references to jazz performance using the violin as a solo instrument are documented during the first decades of the 20th century. ... Music is a part of the warp and weft of the fabric of Nova Scotias cultural life. ... The Maritime Provinces of Canada are culturally marked by the strong influence of Scottish and Irish settlers. ... The Gaelic College of Celtic Arts and Crafts (also known informally as the Gaelic College) is a Canadian educational institution located in the community of St. ...

Further reading

  • MacGillivray, Allister (1981), The Cape Breton Fiddler, College of Cape Breton Press. ISBN 0920336124.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Instructors at the Ceilidh Trail School of Celtic Music - Inverness Cape Breton (1047 words)
She started studying traditional Cape Breton fiddling at age six and at age nine she began taking lessons in Cape Breton piano accompaniment.
In 2002, Kimberley appeared in Cape Breton singer Aselin Debison's TV Special Sweet is the Melody which aired on CBC in Canada and PBS in the United States.
In 2003, she was the accompanist for Cape Breton fiddler Glenn Graham on his tour of British Columbia, and toured Sweden with Cherish The Ladies in May 2004.
Cape Breton Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2665 words)
Cape Breton Island is part of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada, although physically separated from the peninsular Nova Scotian mainland by the Strait of Canso.
The population of Cape Breton Island as of the 2001 census numbers approximately 147,454 "Capers"; this is approximately 16% of the provincial population.
According to the Census of Canada, the population of Cape Breton Island in 2001 was 147,454, a -6.8% decline from 158,260 in 1996.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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