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Encyclopedia > Cape Breton Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia
Cape Breton Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia
(CBRM)

Flag

Coat of arms
Motto: Fortuna Non Mutat Genus
(Circumstances Do Not Change Our Origin)
Country Canada  Flag of Canada
Province Nova Scotia 
Established 1995
Government
 - Type Regional Council
 - Mayor John W. Morgan
 - Governing Body Cape Breton Regional Council
 - MPs Rodger Cuzner, Mark Eyking
 - MLAs Frank Corbett, Cecil Clarke, Gordie Gosse, Manning MacDonald, Alfie MacLeod, David Wilson
Area
 - Municipality 2,434.39 km²  (939.9 sq mi)
Elevation Sea Level to 119 m (0 to 390.4 ft)
Population (2006)
 - Municipality 102,250
 - Density 42.0/km² (108.8/sq mi)
Time zone Atlantic (AST) (UTC-4)
 - Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Area code(s) 902
Coastline Atlantic 800 km (500 mi)
Bras d’Or Lakes 400 km (250 mi)
Roadways 1,600 km (1,000 mi)
Part of a series about
Places in Nova Scotia
Website: Cape Breton Regional Municipality

Cape Breton Regional Municipality (2006 population: 102,250), often shortened to simply CBRM, is a regional municipality in Nova Scotia's Cape Breton County. Image File history File links Capebretonflag. ... ImageMetadata File history File links CBRMCoatOfArms. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nova_Scotia. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... John W. Morgan, BSc, LLB, MBA (born May 7, 1964), is a Canadian Lawyer, politician, and businessman. ... Cape Breton Regional Council is the governing body for the Cape Breton Regional Municipality in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... Rodger Cuzner (born November 4, 1955 in Glace Bay, Nova Scotia) is a Canadian politician. ... Mark Eyking, PC , MP (born August 30, 1960 in Sydney, Nova Scotia) is a Canadian politician. ... The Nova Scotia House of Assembly is the legislative branch of the provincial government of Nova Scotia, located in Halifax. ... Frank Corbett is a Canadian politician and member of the Legislative Assembly of Nova Scotia. ... Cecil Clarke (April 12, 1968 in North Sydney) is a Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Gordie Gosse is a Canadian politician and member of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly, representing the riding of Cape Breton Nova for the Nova Scotia New Democratic Party. ... David Clive Wilson, Baron Wilson of Tillyorn, KT (born February 14, 1935) was the second to last Commander-in-Chief and Governor of Hong Kong (from 1987 to 1992). ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... AST is UTC-4 The Atlantic Standard Time Zone (AST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting four hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-4. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 902 is the telephone area code in the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, encompassing the whole of both provinces. ... “Atlantic” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nova_Scotia. ... Communities of the Province of Nova Scotia, Canada As designated by the Union of Nova Scotia Municipalities. ... // The term Cape Breton appears in several different things: Cape Breton Island, a Canadian island on the Atlantic Ocean coast Cape Breton Highlands, a mountain range in northern Cape Breton Island. ... A regional municipality (or region) is a type of Canadian municipal government which works much like a county; the method of government depends on how it is defined. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Cape Breton County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, on Cape Breton Island. ...


Its population makes it the second largest municipality in the province and the population of the former city of Sydney (33,012) also gives CBRM the distinction of having the province's second largest urban centre.


In 1995 the government of Nova Scotia sought to reduce the number of incorporated towns and cities in the province through amalgamation. CBRM was created from the former municipalities, the City of Sydney; the Towns of Dominion, Glace Bay, New Waterford, North Sydney, Sydney Mines, Louisbourg, and the Municipality of the County of Cape Breton. Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Downtown Sydney, Nova Scotia. ... Dominion is a town that is now part of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada; located 6 kilometres west of Glace Bay. ... Glace Bay (2001 pop. ... New Waterford (2001 population: 6,944) is a community in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... North Sydney, Nova Scotia Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia North Sydney is a town located in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... Sydney Mines is a town located in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... Louisbourg, on Cape Breton Island Louisbourg is a town in southeastern Cape Breton Island, in Cape Breton Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Cape Breton County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, on Cape Breton Island. ...

Contents

History

Main article: Cape Breton Island

For other uses, see Cape Breton. ...

Mi'kmaq

Main article: Mi'kmaq

Paleo-Indians camped at locations in present-day Nova Scotia approximately 11,000 years ago. Archaic Indians are believed to have been present in the area between 1,000 and 5,000 years ago. Mi'kmaq, the First Nations of this area, are their direct descendants. The Mikmaq The Mikmaq (; (also spelled Míkmaq, Migmaq, Micmac or MicMac) are a First Nations people, indigenous to northeastern New England, Canadas Atlantic Provinces, and the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... In the sequence of North American cultural stages first proposed by Gordon Willey and Phillip Phillips in 1958, the Archaic stage was the second period of human occupation in the Americas, from around 8000 BC to 1000 BC although as its ending is defined by the adoption of sedentary farming... The Mikmaq The Mikmaq (; (also spelled Míkmaq, Migmaq, Micmac or MicMac) are a First Nations people, indigenous to northeastern New England, Canadas Atlantic Provinces, and the Gaspé Peninsula of Quebec. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ...


The explorer John Cabot is believed to have visited present-day Cape Breton in 1497, although this claim is also contested by Newfoundland. Giovanni Caboto (c. ... 1497 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Newfoundland (disambiguation). ...


French settlement

Main article: Fortress Louisbourg

The French were the first Europeans to claim the region, which was named Acadia. Control passed back and forth between the English and French throughout the late 1600s and early 1700s. Under the Treaty of Utrecht of 1713, France retained control if "Île Royale". In 1719, France began construction on a fortified town located along the sheltered southwestern shore of Havre Louisbourg, naming the settlement Louisbourg. Fortress Louisbourg (in French, Forteresse de Louisbourg) is a Canadian National Historic Site and the location of a partial reconstruction of an 18th century French fortress at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia. ... The national flag of Acadia, adopted in 1884. ... Many inventions and institutions are created, including Hans Lippershey with the telescope (1608, used by Galileo the next year), the newspaper Avisa Relation oder Zeitung in Augsburg, and Cornelius Drebbel with the thermostat (1609). ... Events and trends The Bonneville Slide blocks the Columbia River near the site of present-day Cascade Locks, Oregon with a land bridge 200 feet (60 m) high. ...


The fortress was captured by American colonial forces, then returned by the British to France. It was captured again during the Seven Years' War which saw the Acadians expelled and the fortress completely destroyed by British Army engineers in 1760. Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Great Britain Electorate of Hanover Iroquois Confederacy Kingdom of Portugal Electorate of Brunswick Electorate of Hesse-Kassel Philippines Archduchy of Austria Kingdom of France Empire of Russia Kingdom of Sweden Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Naples and Sicily Kingdom of Sardinia... 1760 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Post-Acadian settlement

Main article: Cape Breton County

By proclamation of October 17, 1763 after termination of the Seven Years War, Île Royale was renamed Cape Breton Island and was formally annexed to Nova Scotia. For a time thereafter Cape Breton Island was part of Halifax County. On December 10, 1765 Cape Breton Island was set apart as a separate county. In 1784 the island was made a separate colony with its capital at Sydney however by 1820 the colony was remerged into Nova Scotia. Cape Breton County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, on Cape Breton Island. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the 1756–1763 war. ... Halifax County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... Year 1765 (MDCCLXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Industrial activity

Coal mining began during the 1700s to supply Fortress Louisbourg. Industrial mining began in 1826 under the General Mining Association monopoly, followed in later years by independent American-owned mines south of Sydney Harbour. Large-scale mining commenced in 1893 under the auspices of the Dominion Coal Company (DOMCO) which merged these independent mines. The GMA reorganized its mines on the north side of Sydney Harbour in 1900 as the Nova Scotia Steel and Coal Company (SCOTIA). Industrial Cape Breton refers to the eastern portion of Cape Breton County fronting the Atlantic Ocean on the southeastern part of Cape Breton Island. ... Events and trends The Bonneville Slide blocks the Columbia River near the site of present-day Cascade Locks, Oregon with a land bridge 200 feet (60 m) high. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ğ: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ...


Both companies built large integrated steel mills on their respective sides of Sydney Harbour in 1901; DOMCO's steel mill in Whitney Pier was known as Dominion Iron and Steel Company Limited (DISCO). In 1910, DOMCO and DISCO formed the Sydney & Louisburg Railway to haul coal and steel from the mines and mill to these ports. In 1914, SCOTIA closed its steel mill in Sydney Mines, focusing exclusively on coal production. In 1920, SCOTIA merged into DOMCO/DISCO to form the British Empire Steel Corporation (BESCO) and began a protracted series of disputes with the United Mine Workers of America, District 26; BESCO's anti-labour policies resulted in this district becoming one of the most militant in North America and made Industrial Cape Breton a pro-labour community. In 1930, BESCO reorganized as Dominion Steel and Coal Corporation (DOSCO) and abandoned the anti-labour tactics. A steel mill at the turn of the century in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania A steel mill (British English and Australian English steelworks) is an industrial plant for the manufacture of steel. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Sydney & Louisburg Railway (S&L) is a historic Canadian railway. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... United Mine Workers of America seal The United Mine Workers (UMW or UMWA) is a United States labor union that represents workers in mining. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Coal production under DOSCO peaked in the early 1940s and in 1957 the company became a subsidiary of Hawker-Siddley Group. Hawker-Siddley's DOSCO subsidiary announced in 1965 that its mines had only 15 years of production left and concluded that opening new underground mines in the Sydney Coal Field would be too expensive. The company made its intentions clear that it would be exiting the coal mining business within months. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ...


In response to a vast public outcry in industrial Cape Breton County, the Minority government of Prime Minister Lester Pearson announced J.R. Donald would head a Royal Commission of Inquiry into the Cape Breton coal industry, with hearings held in 1965 and 1966. The Donald Commission recommended that a federal Crown corporation be established to acquire and manage DOSCO's coal operations, with the aim being to slowly wean the area economy from its dependence on the coal industry. This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Right Honourable Lester Bowles Mike Pearson (April 23, 1897 - December 27, 1972) was the fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada from April 22, 1963, to April 20, 1968, and also a 1957 Nobel Laureate. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... In Commonwealth countries a Crown corporation is a state-controlled company or enterprise (a public corporation). ...

"Future planning should be based on the assumption that the Sydney [sic] mines will not operate beyond 1981."

On July 7, 1967 the Cape Breton Development Corporation (DEVCO), was established to operate the mines in the interim, while phasing them out throughout the 1970s and, at the same time, develop new economic opportunities for the surrounding communities. On March 30, 1968 DEVCO expropriated DOSCO's coal mines and railway, settling for a payment of $12 million. is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The Cape Breton Development Corporation, or DEVCO, is a Canadian federal government Crown corporation. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In law, eminent domain is the power of the state to appropriate private property for its own use without the owners consent. ...


At the same time, the provincial government expropriated DOSCO's steel mill in Sydney, creating the Sydney Steel Corporation (SYSCO), while DEVCO would continue to operate the adjacent coke ovens. Sydney Steel Corporation (SYSCO) is a Crown corporation in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... For other uses, see coke. ...


Although DEVCO initially sought to reduce coal mining, the global energy crisis of the mid-1970s saw the federal government change its mind and coal production increased with new mines being developed near New Waterford and on Boularderie Island. In the 1980s, older mines in Glace Bay were closed and SYSCO stopped using coke as a fuel for its mill, resulting in declining demand for coal. By the early 1990s, production problems in the newer mines saw DEVCO reduce its workforce, while problems in the international steel markets saw SYSCO lose its competitive advantage, resulting in similar layoffs. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... Boularderie Island (pronounced boo-lahr-duh-ree or boo-lahr-dree) is an island separating the Cabot Strait from Bras dOr Lake on the eastern coast of Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


DEVCO's Lingan Colliery closed in 1992, followed by the Phalen Colliery in 1999 and the Prince Colliery in 2001. At the same time, the provincial government decided to dismantle and sell SYSCO. A federal government economic development initiative is attempting to diversify the CBRM economy. Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


Aside from coal mining, CBRM is also home to several other industrial activities, namely the fishery and forestry. Forest harvesting takes place on both private and Crown land in its rural districts with wood trucked to other parts of Nova Scotia for processing. The region is home to a sizable fishing fleet, ranging from lobster and scallop harvesting to groundfish trawlers. Fishing was an economic mainstay for coastal communities in the region throughout the 20th century, particularly through industrialization, however by the 1990s many fish stocks were depleted by overfishing, although some fish processing still occurs in the region. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... × The Traffic Light colour convention, showing the concept of Harvest Control Rule (HCR), specifying when a rebuilding plan is mandatory in terms of precautionary and limit reference points for spawning biomass and fishing mortality rate. ... Egyptians bringing in fish, and splitting for salting In fishing industry, fish processing or fish products industry refers to processing fish delivered by fisheries, which are the supplier of the fish products industry. ...


Amalgamation

The Haywood Report in 1993 stated that 67 municipalities in Nova Scotia were too many to efficiently and cost effectively provide services in a province having a population of slightly more than 900,000. The report was commissioned for the Progressive Conservative government of Donald Cameron, but was taken up and implemented by the incoming Liberal government of John Savage. Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The Nova Scotia Progressive Conservative Party is a centre-right political party in Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Donald William Cameron (b. ... The Liberal Party of Nova Scotia is a political party in Nova Scotia, Canada. ... The Honourable Dr. John Patrick Savage, OC, ONS, MD, LL.D, (May 28, 1932—May 13, 2003) was premier of Nova Scotia, Canada between 1993 and 1997. ...


The provincial government subsequently forced the amalgamation of both Halifax and Cape Breton counties and supported the voluntary amalgamation of Queens Regional Municipality. The Cape Breton Regional Municipality Act was implemented and the CBRM was created on August 1, 1995, whereas the amalgamation in Halifax County didn't take place until April 1, 1996 and Queens County several years later. Halifax County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Cape Breton County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, on Cape Breton Island. ... The Queens Regional Municipality is a Canadian regional municipality located in southwestern Nova Scotia. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...


Climate and geography

The boundary of CBRM includes all of Cape Breton County except for the Eskasoni and Membertou First Nations.


See List of communities in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality. A list of communities comprising the Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ...


The climate of the CBRM is cool and wet although it is warmer than most other places in Canada. The average annual temperature is close to 6 degrees Celsius (43°F). Average summer maximum temperature is 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). Temperatures are rarely above 30°C (86°F). Winter minimums are usually around -15°C (5°F) and rarely drop below -20°C (-4°F) although strong winter winds can make it seem much colder. For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ...


Education

CBRM has public schools operated by the provincial government's Department of Education, providing instruction for grades K-12. The schools are part of the Cape Breton-Victoria Regional School Board, along with schools in neighbouring Victoria County. Victoria County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ...


The regional municipality is home to Cape Breton University (CBU) - formerly known as the University College of Cape Breton (UCCB) - located approximately seven kilometres east of Sydney on the highway to Glace Bay. It is also home to the Marconi Campus of the Nova Scotia Community College, which is located on property adjacent to the Cape Breton University campus. Cape Breton University (CBU), formerly the University College of Cape Breton (UCCB), is a Canadian university in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality, near Sydney, Nova Scotia. ... The Nova Scotia Community College (NSCC) is the community college of Nova Scotia. ...


Culture, sport, and recreation

CBRM's culture is dominated by the Scottish Gaelic, or "Celtic" heritage common to most of Cape Breton Island, however the urban industrial area of CBRM is also influenced by a mixture of other cultures including African Canadian, Jewish, Newfoundland, Irish, and a variety of Eastern European countries. Black Canadian is a term used to identify a Canadian of African descent. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... For other uses, see Newfoundland (disambiguation). ...


CBRM is home to several performance centres, including the Centre 200 sports arena in Sydney (home to the Cape Breton Screaming Eagles QMJHL team) and the historic Savoy Theatre in Glace Bay. Glace Bay is home to the Cape Breton Miners' Museum, the Marconi National Historic Site and the Glace Bay Heritage Museum. Louisbourg is home to Fortress Louisbourg, the largest historical reconstruction in North America. Centre 200, is the main arena located in Sydney, Nova Scotia. ... The Cape Breton Screaming Eagles are a junior ice hockey team in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. ... The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (French: la Ligue de hockey junior majeur du Québec, abbreviated QMJHL in English, LHJMQ in French) is one of the three Major Junior A Tier I hockey leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League. ... The Glace Bay Heritage Museum is located in Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, in the onetime town hall. ... Fortress Louisbourg (in French, Forteresse de Louisbourg) is a Canadian National Historic Site and the location of a partial reconstruction of an 18th century French fortress at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia. ...


CBRM hosts a CBC Radio studio with morning and afternoon broadcasts across Cape Breton Island. There are also three commercial radio stations. The municipality used to host CBC and ATV television studios, however these studios were closed in the 1980s and television news programming for Cape Breton Island is now broadcast from Halifax for these networks. CBC Radio is the English language radio division of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ...


CBRM has a daily newspaper, the Cape Breton Post, which is a broadsheet focusing on Cape Breton Island. Its editorial style is populist conservative, and it is owned by Transcontinental Media. The Halifax-based Chronicle-Herald is a daily broadsheet covering the entire province and maintains a bureau in Sydney. Boardwalk is an independently-owned free "alternative bi-weekly" focused primarily on arts and culture in Cape Breton. The Cape Breton Post is the only daily newspaper published on Cape Breton Island. ... Transcontinental Inc. ... Motto: {{Unhide = {{{}}}}} E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: urban area 79. ... The Chronicle-Herald is a broadsheet published in Halifax, Nova Scotia. ...


Economy and recent development

CBRM has been undergoing an economic decline for several decades as the region adjusts from an industrial to a post-industrial or service economy. Large parts of Atlantic Canada were hard hit by the closure of the cod fishery in the 1990s, including the closure of several fish plants in southeastern Cape Breton Island. The CBRM also suffered as the coal and steel industry went into decline. Sydney Steel Corporation's steel mill was permanently closed in 2000, followed by the last of the Cape Breton Development Corporation's coal mines in 2001. Since this time, the federal and provincial governments have been attempting to diversify the local economy. Currently, the former Sydney Steel Corporation's site in Sydney has been transformed into the Harbourside Commercial Park, and is currently seeking tenants to occupy prime office and light industrial space. The Sydney Port Access Road or SPAR, links Harbourside Commercial Park to Highway 125. The four Canadian Atlantic provinces. ... the world is coming to the end!!!!! cod is going to eat up alive and do us hard up the emmm. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Sydney Steel Corporation (SYSCO) is a Crown corporation in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The Cape Breton Development Corporation, or DEVCO, is a Canadian federal government Crown corporation. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Sydney Steel Corporation (SYSCO) is a Crown corporation in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... Route 125 or Highway 125 can refer to multiple roads: Highway 125 (Ontario) Quebec Route 125 Mexican Federal Highway 125 California State Route 125 State Road 125 (Florida) Maryland Route 125 M-125 New Hampshire Route 125 New York State Route 125 North Carolina Highway 125 State Route 125 (Ohio...


Today, CBRM continues to deal with the environmental results of one hundred years of mining and steel making. The most significant is the cleanup of the Sydney Tar Ponds, a tidal estuary contaminated with a variety of coal-based wastes from coke ovens which created fuel for the steel mill. To date, much of the preliminary work on the project is completed, such as the dismantling of derelict buildings on the former Coke Ovens site, the re-routing of Coke Ovens Brook, and the construction of a coffer dam at Battery Point where the South Tar Pond empties into Sydney Harbour. The Sydney Tar Ponds are a hazardous waste site on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada. ...


CBRM is home to a significant tourism industry. Nearby attractions such as the Cape Breton Highlands, Bras d'Or Lake and Fortress Louisbourg have made Cape Breton Island a tourism destination for many years. A growing cruise ship business has been making use of the port of Sydney to give cruise passengers access to the area. The Joan Harriss Cruise Pavilion is a modern facility located on Sydney's Government Wharf and greets cruise ship passengers to the sight of a 50-foot high illuminated fiddle which plays celtic music. The Port of Sydney hosts 50 cruise ships per season, most notably the Queen Mary 2, Queen Elizabeth 2, and Maasdam. A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ... The Cape Breton Highlands, commonly called the Highlands, refer to a highland or plateau of ancient rock across northern Cape Breton Island and is an extension of the Appalachian mountain chain. ... Bras dOr Lake, Nova Scotia. ... Fortress Louisbourg (in French, Forteresse de Louisbourg) is a Canadian National Historic Site and the location of a partial reconstruction of an 18th century French fortress at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia. ... Pacific Sky sails under Sydney Harbour Bridge A cruise ship or a cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ships amenities are considered an essential part of the experience. ... I name the ship Queen Mary 2 --Queen Elizabeth II The Queen Mary 2 is a Cunard Line passenger ship named after the earlier Cunard liner Queen Mary, which was in turn named after Mary of Teck. ... The Queen Elizabeth 2, often called the QE2, was the flagship of the Cunard Line from 1969 until she was succeeded by RMS Queen Mary 2 in 2004. ... For other uses, see Maasdam (disambiguation). ...


The port also holds potential in any future offshore petroleum and natural gas exploration in the Laurentian Basin, southeast of Cape Breton Island; an area that has been touted as a potential economic catalyst for the industrial Cape Breton area. Light manufacturing and information technology are other sectors which governments are attempting to strengthen in the local economy.


In recent years, CBRM's retail sector has expanded and many "big box" stores have either been constructed or expanded. The Sydney Port Access Road has fueled this growth and has attracted retailers to expand their operations; Wal-Mart and Canadian Tire have relocated to the road, as well as a new Home Depot. The Mayflower Mall, Cape Breton Island's largest shopping centre, plans to divide the old Wal-Mart location and will add on three new large retailers, Winners, SportChek, and Future Shop, all opening in Fall 2007. Burnac Corporation of Toronto, which manages the Mayflower Mall, also has plans to open the Sydney Power Centre across the street at the corner of the SPAR and Highway 125. Hopefully, the addition of these new retailers will encourage CBRM residents to take advantage of shopping opportunities at home instead of traveling to other urban areas such as Halifax or Moncton. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Canadian Tire (TSX: CTC CTC.a, CTC) is one of Canadas 35 largest publicly traded companies and operates an inter-related network of businesses engaged in retailing, financial services and petroleum. ... The Home Depot (NYSE: HD) is an American retailer of home improvement and construction products. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Winners is a chain of Canadian department stores owned by TJX Companies. ... Sportchek (TSX: FGL) is a Canadian retailer of sports clothes, sports equipment and equipment repair, with over 100 stores across the Canadian provinces excluding Quebec. ... Future Shop is a Canadian electronics retailer operating a total of 122 stores across all of Canadas provinces as of May 2007. ... Route 125 or Highway 125 can refer to multiple roads: Highway 125 (Ontario) Quebec Route 125 Mexican Federal Highway 125 California State Route 125 State Road 125 (Florida) Maryland Route 125 M-125 New Hampshire Route 125 New York State Route 125 North Carolina Highway 125 State Route 125 (Ohio... Motto: {{Unhide = {{{}}}}} E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: urban area 79. ... For other uses, see Moncton (disambiguation). ...


Demographics

Ethnic origin Population Percent
Canadian 49,960 46.3%
Scottish 43,055 39.9%
English 24,305 22.5%
Irish 23,300 21.6%
French 17,665 16.4%
North American Indian 4,435 4.1%
Italian 3,075 2.9%
German 2,660 2.5%
Polish 2,390 2.2%
Dutch (Netherlands) 1,520 1.4%
Ukrainian 1,140 1.1%
Welsh 1,105 1.0%
Lebanese 1,075 1.0%

Scottish-Canadians are Scottish people or people of Scottish descent living in Canada. ... English Canadian is a term that usually refers to the English-speaking majority population of Canada, most often contrasted with French Canadian. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... Dutch Canadians are Canadians of Dutch ancestry. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Government

The Cape Breton Regional Municipality Council is composed of a Mayor elected at-large and 16 Councillors, each of whom are elected to represent a separate district. Council and its committees meet at least once a month. Municipal governments in Nova Scotia are elected every four years, and the next round of elections is scheduled in October 2008. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the U.K. and its former colonies. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


CBRM's current mayor has been an active advocate for fair and equitable treatment of the regional municipality by the federal and provincial governments. Council has authorised several studies regarding fairness and equity, and has debated proposals to politically and administratively separate Cape Breton Regional Municipality, or possibly Cape Breton Island from Nova Scotia.


Transportation

CBRM is the western terminus of the Marine Atlantic ferry services to Newfoundland. It is also the eastern terminus of two east-west highways in the province: Highway 105, the Trans-Canada Highway, runs along the north shore of Bras d'Or Lake and accesses the northern part of CBRM, whereas Trunk 4 extends along the southern part of Bras d'Or Lake and accesses the western and eastern part of the municipality. Both highways are linked by the limited access Highway 125 which is a regional arterial highway around Sydney Harbour. Highway 125 is currently being upgraded from 2-lane limited access to a 4-lane expressway. Trunk 4 is currently scheduled to be upgraded to a 4-lane expressway on the southern shore of Bras d'Or Lake from its interchange with Highway 125 in CBRM to the Canso Causeway; construction is estimated to be complete in the 2010s. Marine Atlantic ferry ports and current routes Marine Atlantic Inc. ... Highway 105 in Nova Scotia represents the Cape Breton Island leg of the Trans-Canada Highway. ... The Trans-Canada Highway is a federal-provincial highway system that joins all ten provinces of Canada. ... Bras dOr Lake, Nova Scotia. ... Sunrise Trail Trunk 4 is part of the Canadian province of Nova Scotias system of Trunk Highways. ... Highway 125 is a 30 km long controlled-access highway located in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... A typical expressway in Santa Clara County, California. ... A typical expressway in Santa Clara County, California. ... Canso Causeway from Cape Breton Island Swing bridge after causeway, entering Cape Breton Island The Canso Causeway ( ) is a 1385 m (4583 feet)rock-fill causeway in Nova Scotia, Canada. ... The 2010s decade is a period of 10 years that begins on January 1, 2010 and later ends on December 31, 2019 inclusive. ...


Transit Cape Breton is CBRM's public transit service and offers ten bus routes within the municipality, serving the region's larger communities: Sydney, Glace Bay, New Waterford, Dominion, Reserve Mines, as well as North Sydney and Sydney Mines. A "Handi-Trans" mode of transport is available for passengers whose disabilities restrict them from using Transit Cape Breton's regular bus service. Fares range from $1.25 to $5.00, depending on how many zones are traveled.


The Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway and the Sydney Coal Railway provide rail service to CBRM and the port of Sydney. The Cape Breton and Central Nova Scotia Railway (CBNS) is a 392 km (245 mile) railway operating in Nova Scotia between Sydney and Truro with spurs at Sydney, Port Hawkesbury/Point Tupper, Trenton and Stellarton. ... The Sydney Coal Railway is a Canadian shortline railway operating in the eastern part of Cape Breton County, Nova Scotia. ...


Protective services

Police The Cape Breton Regional Police Service provides policing for all areas of the Municipality with the exception of the First Nation community of Eskasoni which is policed by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP). The CBRPS operates out of three divisions, Central (Sydney), East (Glace Bay) and North (North Sydney). The police force works towards providing efficient law enforcement and working within the community and has recently cracked down on drug related crime in the CBRM. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), also known as the Mounties or Gendarmerie Royale du Canada (GRC) in French, is both the federal and national police force of Canada. ...


Policing was originally split across CBRM with RCMP providing police services in the former county areas, while individual police forces existed in the incorporated towns and the city of Sydney. Following amalgamation, CBRM underwent a divisive debate relating to the consolidation of policing. Many residents, particularly from rural areas wished to see the non-unionized RCMP take over policing in the entire municipality and were led by a group calling itself "Citizens in Action" (CIA). The urban areas, influenced by decades of organized labour activities, wished to see the CBRPS take over the RCMP's duties across the entire municipality.


Fire and ambulance Fire services for the CBRM are provided by the Cape Breton Regional Fire Service which consists of 36 fire stations dispersed throughout the municipality; urban stations are staffed by career firefighters whereas rural stations are staffed by volunteers. Ambulance service in the CBRM is provided by the provincial Emergency Health Services. Emergency Health Services (also EHS) is a division of the Department of Health in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ...


Emergency Measures Organization Nova Scotia's Emergency Measures Act requires each municipality to develop an emergency measures organization. The CBRM has passed the Emergency Measures By-Law C2, not only creating the structure necessary to prepare the CBRM Emergency Plan, but it also allows the EMO (emergency measures organization) to maintain it. The CBRM EMO By-Law consist of the following: EMO Advisory Committee, Emergency Measures Coordinator, and The Emergency Preparedness Planning Committee.


Neighbourhoods and towns

Former cities and towns

Downtown Sydney, Nova Scotia. ... Dominion is a town that is now part of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada; located 6 kilometres west of Glace Bay. ... Glace Bay is a community located in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality on Cape Breton Island, which forms the north-eastern part of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... New Waterford (2001 population: 6,944) is a community in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... North Sydney, Nova Scotia Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia North Sydney is a town located in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... Sydney Mines is a town located in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... Louisbourg, on Cape Breton Island Louisbourg is a town in southeastern Cape Breton Island, in Cape Breton Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada. ...

Communities

Albert Bridge refers to both a bridge and the village (pop. ... Big Pond is a small Canadian rural community located on the south shore of Bras dOr Lake in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Island. ... Dalem Lake (2001 pop. ... Dominion is a town that is now part of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada; located 6 kilometres west of Glace Bay. ... Florence is a community on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada, that is part of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... Glace Bay (2001 pop. ... Grand Narrows is a Canadian rural community located on Nova Scotias Cape Breton Island. ... Lingan (2001 population: 587) is a Canadian suburban community in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... Louisbourg, on Cape Breton Island Louisbourg is a town in southeastern Cape Breton Island, in Cape Breton Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada. ... Main-à-Dieu (population 240) is a community located in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... Marion Bridge pop. ... History Mira Road, Nova Scotia is a suburban community located east of Sydney, Nova Scotia. ... New Victoria is a community in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality of Nova Scotia, Canada, located 4 kilometres west of New Waterford and 20 kilometres north of Sydney. ... New Waterford (2001 population: 6,944) is a community in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... North Sydney, Nova Scotia Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia North Sydney is a town located in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... Point Aconi (2001 pop. ... Reserve Mines is a community in the Cape Breton Regional Municipality of Nova Scotia, Canada, located 7 kilometres southwest of Glace Bay and 15 kilometres northeast of Sydney. ... Scotchtown is a community that is part of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia, Canada. ... South Bar is a little town near Sydney, Nova Scotia. ... Downtown Sydney, Nova Scotia. ... Sydney Mines is a town located in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality. ... Sydney River is the name of a community located in Nova Scotias Cape Breton Regional Municipality on Cape Breton Island. ... Westmount (2001 pop. ...

External links

Coordinates: 46°09′N, 60°10′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cape Breton Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2317 words)
Cape Breton Regional Municipality(46°09′N 60°10′W, AST), or CBRM as it is commonly known, is a regional municipality in the province of Nova Scotia.
The Cape Breton Regional Municipality Council is composed of a Mayor elected at-large and 16 Councillors, each of whom are elected to represent a separate district.
Municipal governments in Nova Scotia are elected every four years, and the next round of elections is scheduled in October 2008.
MSN Encarta - Search View - Nova Scotia (7667 words)
Cape Breton Island is separated from the peninsula by the Strait of Canso.
Nova Scotia is renowned for its varied scenery, from the lush orchard country of Annapolis Valley to the rocky shores of Peggy’s Cove on the Atlantic Coast.
Nova Scotia is represented in the Canadian Parliament by 11 elected representatives in the House of Commons and by 10 senators, appointed by the federal government, in the Senate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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