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Encyclopedia > Cape Breton County, Nova Scotia
Image:Map of Nova Scotia highlighting Cape Breton County.png

Cape Breton County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, on Cape Breton Island.

Taking its name from Cape Breton, the most easterly point of the island which was called after either the Bretons of England or the Bretons of Brittany, this municipality has what is probably the oldest surviving European name to have been used to designate part of North America. By proclamation of October 17, 1763 after termination of the Seven Years War, Cape Breton Island was formally annexed to Nova Scotia. For a time thereafter Cape Breton Island was part of Halifax County. On December 10, 1765 Cape Breton Island was set apart as a separate county.

From 1784 to 1820 Cape Breton Island was a separate colony with a Lieutenant Governor and a nominated Council, but without an elected house of assembly. Not until after Cape Breton was reannexed to Nova Scotia in 1820 did it get representation in a house of assemblv.

Although subdivided into three districts in 1824, Cape Breton County was co-extensive with Cape Breton Island from 1820 to 1835 when the county was divided into three separate and distinct counties - Cape Breton (Northeastern District), Richmond (Southern District) and Juste au Corps (Northwest District) later called Inverness.

In 1851 Victoria County was formed out of part of Cape Breton County and a year later, in 1852, the boundaries of Cape Breton County were redefined.

The boundaries of the county are also the boundaries of Cape Breton Regional Municipality plus the Indian reserves of Eskasoni and Membertou.

  Results from FactBites:
Sydney (Nova Scotia) - MSN Encarta (311 words)
Sydney (Nova Scotia), former city in Cape Breton County, northeastern Nova Scotia, Canada, on the eastern coast of Cape Breton Island.
In 1995 the county was reorganized as a regional government incorporating Sydney (the former county seat), the city of Glace Bay, and four towns.
It served as the capital of the colony of Cape Breton Island from 1784 to 1820, when the colony was reunited administratively with Nova Scotia.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Nova Scotia (3549 words)
Nova Scotia is one of the maritime provinces of Canada.
In the counties lying along the Bay of Fundy and penetrated by the inlets are valuable dike-lands begun by the early French settlers, and continued after the expulsion of the Acadians by the colonists from New England, who in 1760 and 1761 took possession of the lands of the expelled Acadians.
The Province of Nova Scotia is divided into two dioceses: the Archdiocese of Halifax, which embraces the eleven westernmost counties of the province; and the Diocese of Antigonish, which embraces the four counties on Cape Breton Island, and the Counties of Guysborough, Pictou, and Antigonish on the peninsula.
  More results at FactBites »



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