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Encyclopedia > Cap (sport)

A cap is an appearance for a select team, such as a school, county or international team in sports. The term dates from the practice in the United Kingdom of awarding a cap (meaning an item of headgear) to every player in an international match of Association Football; however, the act of awarding a cap is now international and is applied to other sports. The practice was first approved on May 10, 1886 for Association Football, after a proposal made by N. L. Jackson, founder of Corinthians F.C.: For the acronym CAP, see CAP. A cap is a form of headgear. ... Iraqi wearing a keffiyeh. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (131st in leap years). ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... Corinthians Football Club were a football team based in London playing at various venues including Crystal Palace and Queens Club. ...

"That all players taking part for England in future international matches be presented with a white silk cap with red rose embroidered on the front. These to be termed International Caps."
The first football international, Scotland versus England with the players wearing caps

Today it might seem an unusual and perhaps even a bizarre practice to present a player with an actual cap but in the early days of football the concept of each team wearing a set of matching shirts had not been universally adopted, with the result that a team's players would often take the field in a variety of different coloured shirts, and each side would distinguish itself from the other by wearing a specific sort of cap or other headgear. An early illustration of the first international football match between England and Scotland in 1872 shows the Scottish players wearing cowls and the English wearing a variety of school caps. Image File history File links England_v_Scotland_(1872). ... Image File history File links England_v_Scotland_(1872). ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... First international Scotland 0 - 0 England (Partick, Scotland; 30 November 1872) Biggest win Scotland 11 - 0 Ireland (Glasgow, Scotland; 23 February 1901) Biggest defeat Uruguay 7 - 0 Scotland (Basel, Switzerland; 19 June 1954) World Cup Appearances 8 (First in 1954) Best result Round 1, all European Championship Appearances 2 (First... First international Scotland 0 - 0 England (Partick, Scotland; 30 November 1872) Biggest win Ireland 0 - 13 England (Belfast, Ireland; 18 February 1882) Biggest defeat Hungary 7 - 1 England (Budapest, Hungary; 23 May 1954) World Cup Appearances 12 (First in 1950) Best result Winners, 1966 European Championship Appearances 7 (First in... A Roman Catholic monk wearing a cowl The cowl (from the Latin, cuculla) is a long, outer garment, with wide sleeves, worn by Catholic monks when participating in the liturgy. ...


Actual caps are not usually given any more (caps for friendly matches still exist, and each player gets one cap per international competition), but the term "cap" for an international or other appearance has been retained. Thus, a cap is awarded for each game played and so a player who has played x games, for the team, is said to have been capped x times or have won x caps.

Contents

Association football (soccer)

The world record holder for the highest number of international caps on January 24, 2006 is American Kristine Lilly, who has over 300 caps in women's association football. In men's association football, the record is held by Mohamed Al-Deayea from Saudi Arabia who has 181 caps. It should be noted, however, that some countries play more international matches than others, presenting their players with the opportunity to win a much larger number of caps. Kristine Marie Lilly (born July 22, 1971 in New York City) is an American soccer player, who has been a fixture on the U.S. womens national team since 1987. ... Mohamed Al-Deayea (Arabic: محمد الدعيع) (born August 2, 1972 in Tabuk) is a former Saudi Arabian football (soccer) goalkeeper. ...


Records

Some current leading holders of association football caps (Women as of 29 March 2006, Men as of 23 July 2006) are: March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (89th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Women

The United States has had the most women with 100 or more caps, with eighteen to date. Kristine Marie Lilly (born July 22, 1971 in New York City) is an American soccer player, who has been a fixture on the U.S. womens national team since 1987. ... January 18 is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... Mia Hamm-Garciaparra (born Mariel Margaret Hamm on March 17, 1972 in Selma, Alabama) is a former American soccer player. ... Julie Maurine Foudy (born January 23, 1971 in San Diego, California) was a midfielder for the United States womens national soccer team from 1987 through 2004. ... Joy Lynn Fawcett (born February 8, 1968) is an American professional soccer player. ... Tiffeny Carleen Milbrett (born October 23, 1972) is a womens soccer player who was born in Portland, Oregon. ... Brandi Chastain (born July 21, 1968) is a former soccer player who was on the U.S. womens national soccer team from 1991 to 2004 and also the San Jose CyberRays of the WUSA (2001-2003). ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (83rd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hege Riise (Ree-see) is a soccer player born in 1969 in Lorenskog, Norway. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (83rd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (83rd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Shannon MacMillan is an American professional soccer player. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (83rd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Men

See also: List of football (soccer) players with 100 or more caps

The United States has had the most men with 100 or more caps, with nine to date. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Mohamed Al-Deayea (Arabic: محمد الدعيع) (born August 2, 1972 in Tabuk) is a former Saudi Arabian football (soccer) goalkeeper. ... May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (132nd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Claudio Suárez Sánchez (born December 17, 1968 in Texcoco, México) is a Mexican football defender, currently playing for C.D. Chivas USA. Suárez has made 178 international appearances for Mexican national football team, trailing only Mohamed Al-Deayea of Saudi Arabia with 181 international matches. ... Hossam Hassan (Arabic:حسام حسن) (born August 10, 1966) is considered one of the best Egyptian and African soccer players of all time. ... Cobi Jones (born June 16, 1970 in Detroit, Michigan) is one of the most recognizable and successful American soccer players. ... Adnan Khamees Al Talyani (Arabic: عدنان الطلياني) (born 30 October 1964) is a football player from the United Arab Emirates (UAE). ... Sami Al-Jaber (born December 11, 1972) is a football striker from Saudi Arabia. ... Lothar Herbert Matthäus (born 21 March 1961) is a German former football player and now manager. ... Martin Reim (born May 14, 1971 in Tallinn) is a football midfielder, member of the Estonian national team. ... Ali Daei (Persian: ‎ , born March 21, 1969 in Ardabil) is an Iranian footballer who is a striker and interim manager for Saipa FC. He is a former member of the Iran national football team, and is the worlds all-time leading goalscorer in international matches. ... Mohammed Saleh Al-Khilaiwi (born May 24, 1971) is a football defender from Saudi Arabia. ... Marko Kristal (born June 2, 1973 in Tallinn) is a football midfielder with an outstanding career for the Estonian national team. ... Thomas Ravelli (born August 13, 1959 in Växjö) is a former Swedish footballer, who plays as a goalkeeper, the all-time appearance leader for the Swedish national team with 143 caps. ... Marcos Evangelista de Moraes (born June 7, 1970 in São Paulo), better known as Cafu, is a Brazilian footballer, currently a defender for Italian giant A.C. Milan. ...


Cricket

In cricket, there are two types of caps. Firstly, there is the international type, as described above. Some countries also award a domestic type generally known as a "county cap". The latter system is most commonly applied in English county cricket. Most counties do not automatically award caps to players on their first appearance; instead, they have to be "earned" through good performances. Indeed, one can play at the highest domestic level for several years, and have a quite significant career in first-class cricket, without ever winning a cap. For the insect, see Cricket (insect). ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... In the UK, County cricket is the domestic form of the sport of cricket that is considered to be first-class cricket. ... First-class cricket matches are those between international teams or the highest standard of domestic teams in which teams have two innings each. ...


Records

The world record for the number of caps in Test cricket is held by the former Australian captain Steve Waugh who has 168. In One-day International cricket the current record holder is Sachin Tendulkar of India. A Test match in progress. ... In cricket, the captain is the most important member of the team. ... Stephen Rodger Waugh (born June 2, 1965 in Canterbury, New South Wales) is a former Australian cricketer and was the captain of the Australian Test cricket team from 1999 to 2004. ... One-day International (ODI) is a form of cricket, which is played over 50 overs per side between two national cricket teams. ... Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar   (Marathi: सचिन तेंडुलकर; born 24 April 1973) is a current Indian cricketer who was rated by Wisden (2002) as the second greatest Test batsman ever[1] after Sir Don Bradman. ...


See List of Test cricket records and List of ODI cricket records for further details. This is a list of Test cricket records; that is, record team and individual performances in Test cricket. ... This is a list of One-Day International cricket records, that is record team and individual performances in One-Day International (ODI) cricket. ...


Rugby league

In rugby league, this record is held by former New Zealand captain, Ruben Wiki, who has 50. Rugby league football is a full-contact team sport played by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... Ruben Wiki Ruben Wiki (born January 25, 1973 in Auckland, New Zealand) is a New Zealand rugby league player for the New Zealand Warriors in the National Rugby League competition. ...


Rugby union

In rugby union, the international cap record is held by Australian George Gregan who has 127 (as of 23 February 2007). In second place is Jason Leonard who attained 118 caps for England between 1990 and 2003 and 5 playing for the British and Irish Lions. A rugby union scrum. ... George Musarurwa Gregan AM (born 19 April 1973 in Lusaka, Zambia) is an Australian rugby union scrum-half who has made more appearances for his national team than any other player in the sports history. ... Jason Leonard, MBE is a former England player who held the world record for international appearances for a national team until 2005, when it was surpassed only by Australias George Gregan. ... First international (also the worlds first) Scotland 4 - 1 England (27 March 1871) Largest win England 134 - 0 Romania (17 November 2001) Worst defeat Australia 76 - 0 England (6 June 1998) World Cup Appearances 5 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 2003 The England national rugby union team (also... For the Great Britain Lions rugby league football team of similiar title, go to Great Britain national rugby league team First match Otago 3 - 8 Lions (as Great Britain) (28 April 1888) Largest win Manawatu 6 - 109 Lions (28 June 2005) Worst defeat New Zealand 38 - 6 Lions (16 July...


External links

  • FIFA story on Kristine Lilly's Caps
  • FIFA - Men's Records and Facts
  • RSSSF - Players with 100+ Caps (men)
  • National Museum of Scotland - Picture of International Football Cap

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cap (sport) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (431 words)
A cap is an appearance for a select team, such as a school, county or international team in sports.
The term dates from the practice in the United Kingdom of awarding a cap (meaning an item of headgear) to every player in an international match of Association Football, however, the act of awarding a cap is now international and is applied to other sports.
Actual caps are not usually given anymore (caps for friendly matches still exist, and each player gets one cap per international competition), but the term "cap" for an international appearance has been retained.
ODFW - Marine Resources Program - Sport Harvest Cap Q&A (1937 words)
Harvest caps are one tool used by fishery managers to limit the harvest of a species or species group to a particular level.
Consequently, when the sport harvest cap for a rockfish species is approached or reached, any sport fishery that may inadvertently catch that rockfish species will be affected by attempts to slow or stop the harvest of the rockfish.
The sport fishery for groundfish is closed in waters outside of the 40-fathom line from June through September by a federal rule to protect canary rockfish and yelloweye rockfish, so moving the groundfish fishery offshore to avoid fl rockfish and other nearshore rockfish (combined) would not be possible during that period.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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