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Encyclopedia > Canyon
Noravank Monastery complex and canyon in Armenia.
Noravank Monastery complex and canyon in Armenia.

A canyon (rarely cañon) or gorge is a deep valley between cliffs often carved from the landscape by a river. Most canyons were formed by a process of long-time erosion from a plateau level. The cliffs form because harder rock strata that are resistant to erosion and weathering remain exposed on the valley walls. Canyons are much more common in arid areas than in wetter areas because weathering has a lesser effect in arid zones. Canyon walls are often formed of resistant sandstones or granite. Submarine canyons are those which form underwater, generally at the mouths of rivers. The word canyon is Spanish in origin (cañón). The word canyon is generally used in the United States, while the word gorge is more common in Europe and Oceania, though it is also used in some parts of the United States and Canada. The rare word defile is occasionally used in England. Public Domain image from National Park Service Website File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Public Domain image from National Park Service Website File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is about the canyon in the southwestern United States. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (896x592, 64 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Armenia Monastery User:RaffiKojian Noravank Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (896x592, 64 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Armenia Monastery User:RaffiKojian Noravank Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Noravank Monastery Complex and Canyon. ... “Precipice” redirects here. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... For morphological image processing operations, see Erosion (morphology). ... For other uses, see Plateau (disambiguation). ... “Precipice” redirects here. ... Rock redirects here. ... Resistance can mean one of: electrical resistance antibiotic resistance resistance to a disease (see related subject immunology) a political resistance movement military resistance against foreign occupation geological resistance fluid resistance thermal resistance This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the... Red sandstone interior of Lower Antelope Canyon, Arizona, worn smooth due to erosion by flash flooding over millions of years Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains. ... For other uses, see granite (disambiguation). ... A Submarine canyon is a steep-sided valley on the seafloor of the continental slope. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ...


A famous example is the Grand Canyon in Arizona. In the southwestern United States, canyons are important archeologically because of the many cliff-dwellings built there, largely by the earlier inhabitants, Ancient Pueblo Peoples. This article is about the canyon in the southwestern United States. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... Cliff dwelling is the general archaeological term for the habitations of primitive peoples, formed by utilizing niches or caves in high cliffs, with more or less excavation or with additions in the way of masonry. ... Cliff Palace, Mesa Verde National Park White House Ruins, Canyon de Chelly National Monument Ancient Pueblo People or Ancestral Puebloans were a prehistoric Native American culture centered around the present-day Four Corners area of the Southwest United States, noted for their distinctive pottery and dwelling construction styles. ...


Sometimes large rivers run through canyons as the result of gradual geologic uplift. These are called entrenched rivers, because they are unable to easily alter their course. The Colorado River and the Snake River in the northwestern United States are two examples of tectonic uplift. An entrenched river is a river that is confined to a canyon or gorge, usually with a relatively narrow width and little or no flood plain, and often with meanders worn into the landscape. ... Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,333 km) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. ... For other uses, see Snake River (disambiguation). ... A tectonic uplift is a geological process most often caused by plate tectonics which increases elevation. ...


Canyons often form in areas of limestone rock. Limestone is to a certain extent soluble, so cave systems form in the rock. When these collapse a canyon is left, for example in the Mendip Hills in Somerset and Yorkshire Dales in Yorkshire, England. For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cave (disambiguation). ... The Mendip Hills (commonly called The Mendips) are a range of limestone hills (karst) situated to the south of Bristol and Bath in north Somerset, England. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... The Yorkshire Dales (also known as the Dales) is the name given to an upland area, in Northern England. ... Look up Yorkshire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Largest canyons

The definition of "largest canyon" is rather imprecise, as a canyon can be "large" by its depth, length, or the total area of the canyon system. Also the inaccessibility of the major canyons in the Himalaya contributes to their not being regarded as candidates for the biggest canyon. The definition of "deepest canyon" is similarly imprecise, especially if one includes mountain canyons as well as canyons cut through relatively flat plateaus (which have a somewhat well-defined rim elevation). This article is about the canyon in the southwestern United States. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... The Copper Canyon The Copper Canyon (Spanish: Barranca del Cobre) is a canyon system in the Sierra Tarahumara in the southwestern part of the state of Chihuahua in Mexico. ... This article is about the state in Mexico; for the city of Chihuahua, see: Chihuahua. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... For other uses, see Plateau (disambiguation). ...


The Yarlung Tsangpo Canyon, along the Yarlung Tsangpo River in Tibet, China, is regarded by some as the deepest canyon in the world, and is even slightly longer than Grand Canyon. Hence it is regarded by many as the world's largest canyon, followed by the Kali Gandaki Gorge[1] in Nepal, Polung Tsangpo Canyon in Tibet, Cotahuasi Canyon (3,535 m deep and the deepest in the Americas), and the Tekezé gorge (2000m+ deep and deepest in Africa).[2] Tsangpo Gorge, in center is Mount Namcha Barwa The Yarlung Tsangpo Canyon, or the Tsangpo Gorge in Tibet is the deepest, and possibly longest canyon in the world. ... Yarlung Tsamgpo River, whitewater Yarlung Tsangpo River, sediment The Yarlung Tsangpo River originates upstream from the Yarlung Tsangpo Canyon, Tibet. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... The Kali Gandaki Gorge is located in Nepal, and is the deepest-known gorge in the world. ... Cotahuasi Canyon is considered deepest of the Americas. ... The Tekezé River is a major river of Ethiopia, and forms a section the westernmost border of Ethiopia and Eritrea for part of its course. ...


Slot canyons are very narrow canyons, often with smooth walls. Photographers in Antelope Canyon. ...


Other well-known canyons

Other lesser-known canyon systems include: The Avon Gorge and Clifton Suspension Bridge, looking south from the Downs The Avon Gorge (Grid reference ST560743) is a 2. ... This article is about the English city. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Blyde River Canyon is a significant natural feature of South Africa, located in Mpumalanga, and forming the northern part of the Drakensberg escarpment. ... Mpumalanga, (name changed from Eastern Transvaal on 24 August 1995), is a province in South Africa. ... Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park is a United States National Park located in western Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... The Nazare Canyon is an undersea canyon just off the coast of Nazaré, Portugal, in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean. ... Sumidero Canyon Ecological Reserve in Sumidero Canyon Sumidero Canyon wall Sumidero Canyon (Spanish: Cañón del Sumidero) is a canyon located about 40 km from Tuxtla Gutiérrez, capital of the Mexican state of Chiapas. ... Location within Mexico Country  Mexico Capital Tuxtla Gutiérrez Municipalities 118 Largest City Tuxtla Gutiérrez Government  - Governor Juan José Sabines Guerrero ( PRD)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 7 PRD: 5  - Federal Senators PRI: 1 PRD: 1 PVEM: 1 Area Ranked 8th  - State 74,211 km²  (28,653 sq mi) Population (2005... The Cataract Gorge Reserve is one of Launceston and northern Tasmanias premier tourist attractions. ... Launceston is a city in the north of the state of Tasmania, Australia, population approximately 90,000 (Greater urban and 99,100 statistical division), located at the juncture of the North Esk, South Esk, and Tamar rivers. ... Cheddar Gorge is the largest gorge in the United Kingdom Cheddar Gorge is the largest gorge in the United Kingdom, near the village of Cheddar in the Mendip Hills in Somerset, England. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Colca Canyon is a canyon of the Colca River in southern Peru. ... The Colca River is a rugged river that flows deep in the rugged Andes of southern Peru. ... For the cactus genus, see Oreocereus. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... The Columbia River Gorge is a spectacular canyon of the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... Cotahuasi Canyon is considered deepest of the Americas. ... For the cactus genus, see Oreocereus. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... Fish River Canyon The Fish River Canyon is located in Namibia. ... Glen Nevis is a beautiful glen in Lochaber, Scotland, with Fort William at its foot. ... Lochaber (Scottish Gaelic, Loch Abar) refers to a large area of the central and western Scottish Highlands. ... This article is about the country. ... The Grand Canyon of Pennsylvania is situated in approximately 160,000 acres of the Tioga State Forest. ... Tioga State Forest is a Pennsylvania State Forest in District# 16. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone downstream from Upper Fall The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone is a large canyon of the Yellowstone River that is located in Yellowstone National Park in the United States of America. ... Yellowstone redirects here. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Grand Canyon du Verdon, view from north rim The Verdon Gorge (in French: Gorges du Verdon or Grand canyon du Verdon), in south-eastern France (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence), is a river canyon that is considered by many to be Europes most beautiful. ... Coat of arms of Provence Provence (Provençal Occitan: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) was a Roman province and now is a region of southeastern France on the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to Italy. ... Ardèche River near Aubenas Ardèche River Panorama The Ardèche (Occitan: Ardecha) is a 120 km long river in south-central France, right tributary of the Rhône River. ... Hells Canyon in Oregon Hells Canyon is a canyon created by the Snake River. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... The Ironbridge Gorge looking east towards the Iron Bridge that gave the gorge its name Map sources for Ironbridge Gorge at grid reference SJ672033 The Ironbridge Gorge is a deep gorge formed by the river Severn in Shropshire, England. ... Shropshire (pronounced /, -/), alternatively known as Salop[6] or abbreviated Shrops[7], is a county in the West Midlands of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Kloof, meaning a small canyon in Afrikaans is a small, middle- to upper-income town in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and is now a suburb of the greater Durban area known as eThekwini. ... Kloof, meaning a small canyon in Afrikaans is a small, middle- to upper-income town in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and is now a suburb of the greater Durban area known as eThekwini. ... Komati Gorge looking south Komati Gorge is a river valley in the Mpumalanga Province in central South Africa, which features vertical sandstone cliffs that provide habitat for a wide diversity of wildlife. ... The Lanner Gorge is located in the far North of the Kruger National Park. ... Malacara (died 1909) was a horse which gained a place in the history of the Welsh settlement in Patagonia by a daring leap which saved the life of his rider, John Evans, on a trip to explore the upper Chubut valley and the Andes. ... Lighthouse hoodoo in Palo Duro canyon Palo Duro Canyon is a canyon system of the Caprock Escarpment in the Panhandle of Texas (USA). ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... The Pankisi Gorge is a valley region in the former Soviet republic of Georgia, northeast of Tbilisi, which is being used as a base for transit, training and shipments of arms and financing by Islamic militants, many of whom follow Khattab. ... Motto ძალა ერთობაშია(Georgian) Strength is in Unity Anthem Tavisupleba Freedom Capital (and largest city) Tbilisi Official languages Georgian1 Demonym Georgian Government Semi-presidential unitary republic  -  President Mikheil Saakashvili  -  Prime Minister Zurab Noghaideli Consolidation  -  Georgian kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia c. ... Red River Gorge, Daniel Boone National Forest, Kentucky The Red River Gorge, located at , is a canyon system on the Red River in east-central Kentucky. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Royal Gorge (also Grand Canyon of the Arkansas) is a canyon on the Arkansas River near Cañon City, Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Categories: Greece geography stubs | Crete ... For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... Tara River Canyon The Tara River Canyon (Montenegrin: Kanjon Tare), also known as the Tara River Gorge, is the deepest canyon in Montenegro and Europe and the second-deepest in the world, behing the Grand Canyon. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ... Tunnel of Nine Turns, Taroko National Park Taroko National Park (Traditional Chinese: 太魯閣國家公園; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Taiwanese POJ: Thài-ló·-koh kok-ka kong-hnÌ‚g) is one of the six national parks of the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... The Three Gorges (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: [ ]) region is a scenic area along the Yangtze River in the Peoples Republic of China with a total length of approximately 20000 km. ... This article is about Kings Canyon National Park, USA. For Kings Canyon, Australia, see Kings Canyon (Northern Territory). ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Vikos gorge The Vikos-Aoos National Park (Greek: Ethnikós Drymós Víkou-Aóou) is a national park in northeastern Epirus, Greece, and covers an area of 126 square kilometres. ...

The Blue Mountains west of Sydney in New South Wales, Australia contain many This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Swaan River (Urdu: دریائے سوان) is the most important stream of the Pothohar region of Pakistan. ... Potohar (or Potwar or Pothohar) Plateau is a plateau in Pakistan. ... A panoramic view of the Blue Mountains The Blue Mountains of New South Wales, Australia, are situated approximately 100 kilometres west of Sydney. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... NSW redirects here. ...


Canyons on other planetary bodies

Valles Marineris cuts a wide swath across the face of Mars Valles Marineris (Latin for Mariner Valley, named after the Mariner 9 Mars orbiter of 1971-72 which discovered it. ... Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... Ithaca Chasma is a huge valley on Saturns moon Tethys. ... This article is about the planet. ... Atmosphere none Tethys (tee-thəs or teth-əs, IPA , Greek Τηθύς) is a moon of Saturn that was discovered by Giovanni Domenico Cassini in 1684. ...

See also

A landform comprises a geomorphological unit, and is largely defined by its surface form and location in the landscape, as part of the terrain, and as such, is typically an element of topography. ... Surface of the Earth Geomorphology is the study of landforms, including their origin and evolution, and the processes that shape them. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Earth science (also known as geoscience, the geosciences or the Earth Sciences), is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth. ... Canyoning in the Rocky Mountains Canyoning via packraft in the U.S. southwest deserts. ... A Submarine canyon is a steep-sided valley on the seafloor of the continental slope. ... Gully in El Paso County, Colorado, USA. A gully is a landform created by running water eroding sharply into a hillside. ...

Notes

  1. ^ If one measures the depth of a canyon by the difference between the river height and the heights of the highest peaks on either side, the Kali Gandaki Gorge is the world's deepest. The portion of the river between the Dhaulagiri and Annapurna massifs is at an elevation of between 1300 metres and 2600 metres, 5500 to 6800 metres lower than the two peaks. See Annapurna (1:100,000 map), Nepal-Kartenwerk der Arbeitgemeinschaft für vergleichende Hochgebirgsforschung Nr. 9, Nelles Verlag, Munich, 1993. Also see Google Earth.
  2. ^ Ethiopia's Water Dilemma http://www.irn.org/pubs/wrr/issues/WRR.V21.N4.pdf]PDF (1.58 MiB)

Dhaulagiri (धौलागिरी) is the seventh highest mountain in the world. ... Annapurna (Sanskrit, Nepali, Nepal Bhasa: अन्नपूर्ण) is a series of peaks in the Himalaya, a 55-km-long massif whose highest point, Annapurna I, stands at 8,091 m (26,538 ft), making it the 10th-highest summit in the world and one of the 14 eight-thousanders. It is located... “PDF” redirects here. ... MiB redirects here. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia4U - Grand Canyon - Encyclopedia Article (369 words)
The Grand Canyon is a colorful, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Colorado River, in northern Arizona.
The canyon, considered to be among the major natural wonders of the world, is largely contained in the Grand Canyon National Park - one of the first national parks in the United States.
The canyon was first seen by a European in 1540, García López de Cárdenas from Spain.
Canyon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (342 words)
A canyon or gorge is a deep valley often carved from the Earth by a river.
Canyons are much more common in arid areas than in wetter areas because weathering has a lesser effect in arid zones.
The word canyon is generally used in the United States, while the word gorge is more common in Europe and Australasia, though it is also used in some parts of the United States and Canada.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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