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Encyclopedia > Canvas
Look up Canvas in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Canvas is an extremely heavy-duty fabric used for making sails, tents, marquees, backpacks, and other functions where sturdiness is required. It is also popularly used as a painting surface, typically stretched, and used on fashion handbags. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... It has been suggested that Textile be merged into this article or section. ... A sail is any type of surface intended to generate thrust by being placed in a wind — in essence a vertically-oriented wing. ... A tent is a shelter, consisting of sheets of fabric or other material draped over or attached to a frame of poles and/or ropes. ... The word marquee can refer to several things: Marquee (tent), its use in British English for a large, open-sided tent installed outdoors for temporary functions. ... A backpack A backpack is, in its simplest form, a cloth sack carried on ones back and secured with two straps that go over the shoulders (called shoulder straps) and below the armpits. ...


Etymology

The word canvas is derived from the Arabic word for cannabis -- hemp was popularly used to make canvas. Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... // Look up Cannabis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... U.S. Marijuana production permit, from the film Hemp for Victory. ...


The online etymology dictionary shows a more expanded etymology [1]:


1260, from Anglo-Fr. canevaz, from O.Fr. canevas, from V.L. *cannapaceus "made of hemp," from L. cannabis, from Gk. kannabis "hemp," a Scythian or Thracian word.


Physical characteristics

Modern canvas is usually made of cotton. It differs from other heavy cotton fabrics, such as twill, in the way it is woven. Canvas has a very simple weave: the weft thread just goes over one warp thread and under the next. (The weft thread for twill goes over one and under two and each weft thread moves the pattern over one thread. The result is a diagonal pattern such as can be observed in the cloth use for blue jeans.) Canvas comes in two basic types: plain and Duck. The threads in Duck canvas are more tightly woven. In the USA canvas is graded two ways: by weight (ounces per square yard) and by number. The numbers run in reverse of the weight; so, number 10 canvas is lighter than number 4. A twill weave can easily be identified by its diagonal lines. ... WEFT Champaign 90. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Weaving. ... Cotton duck (from Dutch doek,linen canvas), also simply duck, sometimes duck cloth or duck canvas is a heavy cotton fabric. ...


Artistic material

Artists usually use small boobs (or sometimes quite large) pieces of canvas as a base for their works of art. This canvas is usually stretched across a wooden frame called a stretcher, and is coated with gesso before it is to be used. Although many modern artists, such as Jackson Pollock, Kenneth Noland, Francis Bacon, Helen Frankenthaler, Dan Christensen, Larry Zox, Ronnie Landfield, and many other Color Field painters, Lyrical Abstractionists and others sometimes paint onto the bare, unprimed canvas, called "raw canvas". Look up artist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... A stretcher bar is a wooden frame used by artists to mount their paintings. ... Gesso is the Italian word for chalk (akin to the Greek word gypsum), and is a powdered form of the mineral calcium carbonate used in art. ... Paul Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956) was an influential American painter and a major force in the abstract expressionist movement. ... Kenneth Noland (born April 10, 1924) is an American painter. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require restructuring. ... Helen Frankenthaler (born December 12, 1928) is an American post-painterly abstraction artist. ... Dan Christensen, the American abstract painter was born in Cozad, Nebraska on October 6, 1942, he died January 20, 2007. ... Larry Zox (born Lawrence Zox) (1936 is an American painter who is classified as an abstract expressionist, although he does not readily use that category for his work. ... Ronnie Landfield (born January 9, 1947 in The Bronx, New York) is an American abstract painter. ... Color Field painting was an abstract style that emerged in the 1950s after Abstract Expressionism and is largely characterized by abstract canvases painted primarily with large areas of solid color. ... Lyrical Abstraction is an important American abstract art movement that emerged in New York City, Los Angeles, Washington DC and then Toronto and London during the 1960s - 1970s. ...


Early canvas was made of linen, a sturdy brownish fabric of considerable strength. Linen is particularly suitable for the use of oil paint. In the early 20th century, cotton canvas came into use, often referred to as "cotton duck". Cotton duck, which stretches more and has an even mechanical weave, is preferred by most modern and contemporary painters today; although linen is still popular with many professional artists especially those artists that paint with oil paint. The considerable price difference, however, prompts many beginners, and even mid-level artists, to choose cotton over linen. The advent of acrylic paint has greatly increased the popularity and use of cotton duck canvas. Torn linen cloth, recovered from the Dead Sea Linen is a material made from the fibers of the flax plant. ... Torn linen cloth, recovered from the Dead Sea Linen is a material made from the fibers of the flax plant. ... View of Delft in oil paint, by Johannes Vermeer. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Cotton ready for harvest. ... View of Delft in oil paint, by Johannes Vermeer. ... Carduelis tristis painted in Acrylic paints Pheucticus melanocephalus painted in Acrylic paints Acrylic paint is fast-drying paint containing pigment suspended in an acrylic polymer emulsion. ...


One can also buy small, prepared canvases which are glued to a cardboard backing in the factory and coated, called "canvas board". However, these are only available in certain sizes, and are not acid-free, so their lifespan is extremely limited. They are usually used for quick studies. Gessoed canvases on stretchers are also available. Professional artists who wish to work on canvas usually prepare their own canvas in the traditional manner. Corrugated cardboard. ... In databases, ACID stands for Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability. ... Leonardo da Vincis study of embryos, c. ...


One of the most outstanding differences between modern painting techniques and those of the Flemish and Dutch Masters is in the preparation of the canvas. "Modern" techniques take advantage of both the canvas texture as well as those of the paint itself. A novice artist often finds it nearly impossible to approach the realism of such classic art, despite skill in applying the paint. In fact, Renaissance masters took extreme measures to ensure that none of the texture of the canvas came through. This required a painstaking, months-long process of layering the raw canvas with (usually) lead-white paint, then polishing the surface, and then repeating. The final product had little resemblance to fabric, but instead had a glossy, enamel-like finish. Though this may seem an extreme measure to the modern painter, it is crucial if photographic realism is the end goal. Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; a... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... HAHA, Ive deleted all KISS MY ASS>< ...


With a properly prepared canvas, the painter will find that each subsequent layer of color glides on in a "buttery" manner, and that with the proper consistency of application (fat over lean technique), a painting entirely devoid of brushstrokes can be readily achieved. Different styles of paintbrushes The term brush refers to a variety of devices mainly with bristles, wire or other filament of any possible material used mainly for cleaning, grooming hair, painting, deburring and other kinds of surface finishing, but also for many other purposes like (but not limited to) seals...


To un-wrinkle the material, use a warm iron (not a hot iron) over a piece of wet cotton to flatten the wrinkles, although hot water on the back works just as well.


Canvas can also be printed on digitally to create canvas prints. After printing, the canvas can be wrapped around a stretcher and displayed. A canvas print (also known as a stretched canvas) is an image printed onto canvas, which is then framed and displayed. ... A stretcher bar is a wooden frame used by artists to mount their paintings. ...


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Drawing Graphics with Canvas - MDC (695 words)
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would draw the contents of the current window, in the rectangle (0,0,100,200) in pixels relative to the top-left of the viewport, on a fl background, into the canvas.
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