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Encyclopedia > Cantus

A cantus (Latin for 'singing', derived from 'canere'), is an activity organised by Flemish and Dutch and Baltic student organisations and fraternities. A cantus mainly involves singing traditional songs and drinking beer. It is governed by strict traditional rules. The use of this dates back a few centuries and was inspired by German student organisations; however some of the songs that are sung date back to the Middle Ages. Cantus probably shares same roots with Commercium, Sitsit and Tableround. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Flanders (Dutch: Vlaanderen) has several main meanings: the social, political and cultural community of the Flemings, through its social and political organizations, its media, universities, ... ; some prefer to call this the Flemish community, other refers to this as the Flemish nation; a constituent governing institution of the federal Belgian... Baltic states and the Baltic Sea The Baltic states or the Baltic countries is a term which nowadays refers to three countries in Northern Europe: Estonia Latvia Lithuania Prior to World War II, Finland was sometimes considered, particularly by the Soviet Union, a fourth Baltic state. ... A student society or student organization is an organization, operated by students at a university, whose membership normally consists only of students. ... While the term fraternity can be used to describe any number of social organizations, including the Lions Club and the Shriners, fraternities and sororities are most commonly known as social organizations of higher education students in the United States and Canada but there are fraternities in the whole world (for... A selection of bottled beers A selection of cask beers Beer is the worlds oldest and most popular alcoholic beverage, selling more than 133 billion litres (35 billion gallons) per year. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... A commercium is a traditional academic feast known at universities in most Middle and Eastern European countries. ... Sitsit is a traditional academic student feast organised in some universities in Finland, particularly in Ã…bo Akademi, University of Turku, Helsinki University of Technology and Helsinki University. ... A tableround is a traditional academic feast known at universities in most Middle and Eastern European countries. ...


The songs are compiled in what the students refer to as the codex, which contains the club anthems of most student organisations and hundreds of songs in various languages, such as Dutch, French, English, German, Latin and Afrikaans. They usually have easy and familiar melodies. Nearly all of the songs predate World War II and refer to either drinking, the student's (love) life or the history and past of the home country, city or region. For this reason, some songs are typically sung more by students of one city or another, e.g. students from Gent will not sing songs about Leuven and vice versa, or they will simply replace instances of one city with another. Also due to the old nature of the songs, some of them have in the past years been controversial because they are seen by political correct people as sexist, right-wing or downright racist. first page of the Codex Argenteus A codex (Latin for block of wood, book; plural codices) is a handwritten book, in general one produced from Late Antiquity through the Middle Ages. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia with smaller numbers of speakers in Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zimbabwe and Zambia. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, France/Free France, United States, China, Canada, India, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Greece, Norway, Honduras, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, Bulgaria, Finland, Romania, Hungary, Burma, Slovakia Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military... gent is a morpheme, see contingent, agent, short for gentleman Native spelling for the Belgian city of Ghent This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... // Location Leuven (French Louvain, German Löwen) is the capital of the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. ... Sexism is discrimination between people based on their Sex rather than their individual merits. ... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... 1. ...

In Gent and Leuven, the codex used is that published by the KVHV (Katholiek Vlaams Hoogstudentenverbond or Catholic Flemish Students Union). In Brussels the codex is published jointly by Polytechnische Kring and Brussels Senioren Konvent.

Structure of a cantus

The cantus is being led by the senior. In most cases, the senior is the praeses (president) of the student organisation that organises the cantus. He is responsible for keeping order at the cantus and can punish people who disrupt it. These punishments usually involve the drinking beer in unusual, humorous or sometimes degrading ways if the culprit has committed a grave offence. The rest of the attending people are called the 'corona' (Latin for 'circle'). The senior can be aided by the zedenmeester (Dutch for 'master of customs') and the cantor (Latin for 'singer'). Another group of people at a cantus with a special status are the so-called proseniores (singular: prosenior), former presidents of the student's club. Senior is: An advanced adult A high-level position The older of two people of the same family with the exact same name, often a parent (for example, Ken Griffey, Sr. ... Praeses is a Latin word meaning Being at the head of. Used for: 1 The title of some provincial governors in the Roman Empire. ... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... The word Cantor can mean more than one thing: Cantor is another name for a Hazzan, a member of the Jewish clergy Cantor is the title of a member of a student society who is the main singer at a cantus Famous people named Cantor include: Eddie Cantor, singer & entertainer...

A special group at the cantus are the so-called 'schachten'. They are freshmen or first-year students and have the lowest status at the cantus itself. Some clubs even include special rites for attaining the position of schacht, with the preceding status of embryo. The schachten are, among other things, responsible for going around with the beer. They are not part of the corona and are supervised by the schachtenmeester or schachtentemmer in less (Dutch for 'tamer of freshmen'), who answers only to the authority of the senior. Embryos (and one tadpole) of the wrinkled frog (Rana rugosa). ...

People at a cantus use special formulae, usually in Latin. For example, after a song, a senior can order the corona to drink collectively. They can do this by either saying 'prosit corona' (after which the corona responds with 'prosit senior') a few times, or by using the formula 'ad exercissimum sanctissimi salamandris omnes commilitones qui adsunt, surgite' (onwards to the exercise of the most sacred salamander, all of you fellow students present, rise). Then the senior has the choice of either ordering 'ad libitum' (drink as you please, which should be 'ad libidinem' in more accurate Latin) or the more famous and notorious 'ad fundum' (literally: to the bottom, or drink until the glass is empty). The corona can also start such a drinking procedure if it collectively begins with 'prosit senior'. This is usually a manner of teasing the senior or testing their ability to withstand huge amounts of alcohol.

Normally, people at a cantus are required to remain silent (although most seniors are fairly tolerant in this regard), and if they want to address the corona or the senior, they should ask the senior for permission first, by asking 'senior, peto verbum' (senior, I request to speak). They can reply by 'habes' (go ahead) or 'non habes' (forget it). Most of the time the request is granted. At a cantus, people wear hats and sashes that tell something about their status in student life (e.g. broad sashes for members of the presidium, small sashes around the right shoulder for commilitones and small sashes around the left shoulder for the schachten). Not all student clubs hold on to this tradition, however. As of today only a minority wears hats, and the use of sashes is also on the decline. In some towns the use of hats and/or sashes is identified with the extreme-right. The Presidium or Praesidium (from Latin praesidium meaning protection or defense so plural presidia or praesidia) is the name for the executive committee of various legislative and organizational bodies. ... The term far-right refers to the relative position a group or person occupies within a political spectrum. ...

See also: Tableround (University) A tableround is a traditional academic feast known at universities in most Middle and Eastern European countries. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Cantus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (798 words)
A cantus (Latin for 'singing', derived from 'canere'), is an activity organised by Belgian and Dutch and Baltic student organisations and fraternities.
The cantus is being led by the senior.
In most cases, the senior is the praeses (president) of the student organisation that organises the cantus.
Biography - Cantus (630 words)
Cantus made its debut with the Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra in December 2001 in a program titled “Cantus and Carols,” and a second holiday appearance is set with the SPCO in December 2002.
During the summer of 2002, Cantus was presented by Cain Park at the Evans Amphitheater in Cleveland, and participated in the Oregon Bach Festival in Eugene, the International Choral Kathaumixw Festival in Powell River, BC., and was “Artist in Residence” at AmericaFest at St. John’s University in Collegeville, MN.
Cantus was founded in the fall of 1995 when a few college friends gathered together on the campus of St. Olaf College in Northfield, Minnesota, a place renowned for its virtual wellspring of activity in choral music.
  More results at FactBites »



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