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Encyclopedia > Cantons of Switzerland

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1366x866, 169 KB) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...

Basel-Land
Basel-City
Cantons of Switzerland

The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. Historically each canton in the historical confederation was a sovereign state, with its own borders, army and currency until the current federal structure was established in 1848. The Valais (German:  ) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland in the south-western part of the country, in the Pennine Alps around the valley of the Rhone River from its springs to Lake Geneva. ... For the river, see Ticino river. ... Graubünden or Grisons (German:  ; Italian: Grigioni; Romansh: Grischun, French: Grisons) is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland. ... The Republic and Canton of Geneva is the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France and centered around the city of Geneva. ... The Canton of Vaud is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Neuchâtel is a canton of Switzerland. ... The Republic and Canton of the Jura, also known as the Canton of Jura or Canton Jura, is one of the Cantons of Switzerland. ... The Swiss Canton of Berne is bilingual (German: Kanton  ; French Canton de Berne) and has a population of about 947,000. ... Thurgau (Thurgovia) is a canton of Switzerland. ... The Canton of Zürich (German: Kanton ) has a population of about 1. ... For other uses, see Aargau (disambiguation). ... Lucerne (German Luzern) is a canton of Switzerland. ...   is a canton of Switzerland. ... Basel-Country (German:  ; Swiss German: Basel-Land/Baselbiet; French: Bâle-Campagne) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... The Canton of   is a canton of Switzerland. ... Uri (German:  ) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... View from hiking trail between Ibergeregg and Spirstock Schwyz (German  ) is a canton in central Switzerland between Lake Lucerne in the south and Lake Zurich in the north, centered around and named after the town of Schwyz. ...   (French Glaris) is a canton in east central Switzerland. ... The Canton of St. ... Appenzell Innerrhoden (German; French: Appenzell Rhodes-Intérieures; in English sometimes Appenzell Inner Rhodes) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Appenzell Ausserrhoden (German; French: Appenzell Rhodes-Extérieures; in English sometimes Appenzell Outer Rhodes) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Obwalden (German:  ) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Nidwalden (German:  ) is a canton of Switzerland. ...   (-German; French: Zoug; Italian: Zugo) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... The Canton of Fribourg is a canton of Switzerland. ... Basel-City (in German:  ) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... This article is about the country. ... “Italian Republic” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Liechtenstein (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Austria (disambiguation). ... “Deutschland” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x729, 143 KB) de:Bild:KARTE_schweiz_verwaltungsgliederung. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x729, 143 KB) de:Bild:KARTE_schweiz_verwaltungsgliederung. ... In some federations, a province (subnational entity) is called a state. ... A federal state is one that brings together a number of different political communities with a common government for common purposes, and separate state or provincial or cantonal governments for the particular purposes of each community. ... Since 1848, the Swiss Confederation has been a federal state of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the worlds oldest surviving republics. ... A canton is a territorial subdivision of a country, e. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


During the sixteenth century, the Swiss Confederation was composed of thirteen self-governed states. These states were called cantons, and there were two different kinds: six land (or forest) cantons and seven city (or urban) cantons. Though they were technically part of the Holy Roman Empire, they had become almost completely independent when the Swiss defeated Emperor Maximillian in 1499. This article is about the medieval empire. ... Maximilian I of Habsburg (March 22, 1459 – January 12, 1519) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death. ... 1499 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The six forest cantons were democratic republics, whereas the seven urban cantons were governed by city councils. These city councils, however, were controlled by small oligarchies of wealthy citizens. The urban cantons included Zurich, Bern and Basel. For other uses, see Democracy (disambiguation). ... A republic in its basic sense, is constitutional government. ... Oligarchy is a form of government where most political power effectively rests with a small segment of society (typically the most powerful, whether by wealth, military strength, ruthlessness, or political influence). ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... For other uses, see Basel (disambiguation). ...


Each canton has its own constitution, legislature, government and courts. Most of the cantons' legislatures are unicameral parliaments, their size varying between fifty-eight and two hundred seats. A few legislatures are general assemblies known as Landsgemeinden. The cantonal governments consist of either five or seven members, depending on the canton. For the names of the institutions, see List of legislative and executive councils of the Cantons of Switzerland. A legislatureis a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to ratify laws. ... A trial at the Old Bailey in London as drawn by Thomas Rowlandson and Augustus Pugin for Ackermanns Microcosm of London (1808-11). ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The House of Representatives Chamber of the Parliament of Australia in Canberra. ... The Landsgemeinde is one of the oldest and simplest forms of direct democracy practised in some cantons of Switzerland. ... This table lists the names of the executive and the legislative of the Cantons of Switzerland, as well as the current number of members. ...


All tasks that do not explicitly fall within the Confederation according to the Swiss Constitution are matters of the cantons. The cantons determine the degree of autonomy of the municipalities, thus this varies greatly. The sizes of the cantons are vary: from just 37 to 7,105 square km; the populations vary from 14,900 to 1,244,400. Swiss redirects here. ... The Swiss Constitution (Bundesverfassung in German) is at the highest level of Switzerlands judicial system. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ...


In cantonal matters, direct democracy in the form of general assemblies (Landsgemeinde) is now confined to the cantons of Appenzell Innerrhoden and Glarus. In all other cantons democratic rights are expressed using the ballot box. Since the Canton of Jura split from the Canton of Bern in 1978, no new cantons have been created. Direct democracy, classically termed pure democracy,[1] comprises a form of democracy and theory of civics wherein sovereignty is lodged in the assembly of all citizens who choose to participate. ... The Landsgemeinde is one of the oldest and simplest forms of direct democracy practised in some cantons of Switzerland. ... Appenzell Innerrhoden (German; French: Appenzell Rhodes-Intérieures; in English sometimes Appenzell Inner Rhodes) is a canton of Switzerland. ...   (French Glaris) is a canton in east central Switzerland. ... The Republic and Canton of the Jura, also known as the Canton of Jura or Canton Jura, is one of the Cantons of Switzerland. ... The Swiss canton of (help· info) is bilingual (German: Kanton Bern; French Canton de Berne) and has a population of about 947,000. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

List and map

The cantons are listed in the order given in the federal constitution. [1]

Flag Abbr Canton Since Capital Population1 Area² Density³ Nr. of mun.s1 Official languages
Flag of canton ZH Zürich (Zurich) 1351 Zürich 1,228,600 1,729 701 171 German
Flag of canton BE Bern (Bern) 1353 Bern 947,100 5,959 158 399 German, French
Flag of canton LU Lucerne 1332 Lucerne 350,600 1,493 233 107 German
Flag of canton UR Uri 1291 Altdorf 35,000 1,077 33 20 German
Flag of canton SZ Schwyz 1291 Schwyz 131,400 908 143 30 German
Flag of canton OW Obwalden (Obwald) 1291 Sarnen 32,700 491 66 7 German
Flag of canton NW Nidwalden (Nidwald) 1291 Stans 38,600 276 138 11 German
Flag of canton GL Glarus 1352 Glarus 38,300 685 51 28 German
Flag of canton ZG Zug 1352 Zug 100,900 239 416 11 German
Flag of canton FR Fribourg 1481 Fribourg 239,100 1,671 141 242 French, German
Flag of canton SO Solothurn 1481 Solothurn 245,500 791 308 126 German
Flag of canton BS Basel-Stadt (Basle-City) 1501 Basel 186,700 37 5,072 3 German
Flag of canton BL Basel-Land (Basle-Country) 1501 Liestal 261,400 518 502 86 German
Flag of canton SH Schaffhausen 1501 Schaffhausen 73,400 298 246 34 German
Flag of canton AR Appenzell Ausserrhoden (Outer Rhodes) 1513 Herisau / Trogen4 53,200 243 220 20 German
Flag of canton AI Appenzell Innerrhoden (Inner Rhodes) 1513 Appenzell 15,000 173 87 6 German
Flag of canton SG St. Gallen (St. Gall) 1803 St. Gallen 452,600 2,026 222 90 German
Flag of canton GR Graubünden (Grisons) 1803 Chur 185,700 7,105 26 211 German, Romansh, Italian
Flag of canton AG Aargau (Argovia) 1803 Aarau 550,900 1,404 388 232 German
Flag of canton TG Thurgau (Thurgovia) 1803 Frauenfeld5 228,200 991 229 80 German
Flag of canton TI Ticino 1803 Bellinzona 311,900 2,812 110 244 Italian
Flag of canton VD Vaud 1803 Lausanne 626,200 3,212 188 382 French
Flag of canton VS Valais 1815 Sion 278,200 5,224 53 160 French, German
Flag of canton NE Neuchâtel 1815 Neuchâtel 166,500 803 206 62 French
Flag of canton GE Geneva 1815 Geneva 414,300 282 1,442 45 French
Flag of canton JU Jura 1979 Delémont 69,100 838 82 83 French
Flag of Switzerland CH Switzerland   Bern 7,261,200 41,285 174 2,890 German, French, Italian, Romansch

Notes: 1 As of 31 December 2001, National Statistics, ² km², ³ per km², based on 2000 population, 4 seat of government and parliament is Herisau, the seat of the judicial authorities is Trogen, 5 seat of parliament half-yearly alternates between Frauenfeld and Weinfelden. These are data codes for Switzerland. ... Since 1848, the Swiss Confederation has been a federal state of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the worlds oldest surviving republics. ... This is a lists of Cantons of Switzerland ranked by area. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Municipalities are the smallest government division in Switzerland. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Zürich. ... The Canton of Zürich (German: Kanton ) has a population of about 1. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Start of the reign of Emperor Go-Kogon of Japan, fourth of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders May 1 Zürich joins the Swiss Confederation. ... For other uses of Zurich, see Zurich (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Bern. ... The Swiss canton of (help· info) is bilingual (German: Kanton Bern; French Canton de Berne) and has a population of about 947,000. ... Events The Decameron was finished by Giovanni Boccaccio. ... Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Lucerne. ... Lucerne (German Luzern) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Events November 7 - Lucerne joins the Swiss Confederation with Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden. ... For other uses, see Lucerne (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Uri. ... Uri (German:  ) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... For the municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, see Altdorf, Schaffhausen. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Schwyz. ... View from hiking trail between Ibergeregg and Spirstock Schwyz (German  ) is a canton in central Switzerland between Lake Lucerne in the south and Lake Zurich in the north, centered around and named after the town of Schwyz. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... The town of   (French: , Italian: ) is the capital of the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Obwalden. ... Obwalden (German:  ) is a canton of Switzerland. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Sarnen is a town in the canton of Obwalden in Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Nidwalden. ... Nidwalden (German:  ) is a canton of Switzerland. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Stans is the capital of the Nidwalden (Nidwald) canton in Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Glarus. ...   (French Glaris) is a canton in east central Switzerland. ... Events June 4 - Glarus joins the Swiss Confederation. ... Glarus is the capital of the Canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Zug. ...   (-German; French: Zoug; Italian: Zugo) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... Events June 4 - Glarus joins the Swiss Confederation. ...  , capital of the Swiss canton of that name, is a picturesque little town at the northeastern corner of the lake of Zug, and at the foot of the Zugerberg (992 m (3255 ft. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Fribourg. ... The Canton of Fribourg is a canton of Switzerland. ... Year 1481 was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... Fribourg (French), (German: or , often Fribourg) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Fribourg and the district of Sarine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Solothurn. ...   is a canton of Switzerland. ... Year 1481 was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... The city of   (French: Soleure, Italian: Soletta) is the capital of the Canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Basel. ... Basel-Stadt (in German: Basel-Stadt) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Basel (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Basel_Land. ... Basel-Country (German: Basel-Landschaft; French: Bâle-Campagne) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Liestal (in former times Liesthal) is a smal Swiss Town 17 km south of Basel, and 6km south of Augst, capital of the half canton Basel-Land. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Schaffhausen. ... The Canton of   is a canton of Switzerland. ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Schaffhausen (German:  , French: Schaffhouse, Italian: Sciaffusa) is a city in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name; it has an estimated population of 33,527 as of March 31, 2005. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Appenzell_Ausserrhoden. ... Appenzell Ausserrhoden (German; French: Appenzell Rhodes-Extérieures; in English sometimes Appenzell Outer Rhodes) is a canton of Switzerland. ... 1513 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Herisau is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. ... Trogen is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Appenzell_Innerrhoden. ... Appenzell Innerrhoden (German; French: Appenzell Rhodes-Intérieures; in English sometimes Appenzell Inner Rhodes) is a canton of Switzerland. ... 1513 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Appenzell is the capital of the canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden in Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Sankt_Gallen. ... The Canton of St. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Graubünden. ... Graubünden or Grisons (German:  ; Italian: Grigioni; Romansh: Grischun, French: Grisons) is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Chur (French: Coire, German Chur (khoor) [kuːr] (in Graubünden); [xuːr] (elsewhere), Romansh Cuira (KWAY-rah) [ˈkwera] or (KWOI-rah) [ˈkwojra], Italian Coira (KOI-rah) [ˈkojra], Latin: Curia, Curia Rhaetorum and Curia Raetorum), is the capital of the Swiss canton of Graubünden and lies in the northern... Romansh (also spelled Rumantsch, Romansch or Romanche) is one of the four national languages of Switzerland, along with German, Italian and French. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Aargau. ... For other uses, see Aargau (disambiguation). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Aarau Location within Switzerland Aarau is the capital of the Swiss canton of Aargau. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Thurgau. ... Thurgau (Thurgovia) is a canton of Switzerland. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Location within Switzerland Frauenfeld is the capital of the Canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Tessin. ... For the river, see Ticino river. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Location within Switzerland Bellinzona is the capital city of canton Ticino in Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Vaud. ... The Canton of Vaud is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland located in the southwestern part of the country. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Lausanne (pronounced ) is a city in the French-speaking part of Switzerland, situated on the shores of Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman), and facing Évian-les-Bains (France) and with the Jura mountains to its north. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Valais. ... The Valais (German:  ) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland in the south-western part of the country, in the Pennine Alps around the valley of the Rhone River from its springs to Lake Geneva. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Sion (German Sitten, Latin Sedunum) is the capital of the Swiss canton of Valais. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Neuchâtel. ... Neuchâtel is a canton of Switzerland. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Location within Switzerland Neuchâtel 47. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Geneva. ... The Republic and Canton of Geneva is the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France and centered around the city of Geneva. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German:   //, Italian: Ginevra //, Romansh: Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canton_of_Jura. ... The Republic and Canton of the Jura, also known as the Canton of Jura or Canton Jura, is one of the Cantons of Switzerland. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Delémont (German: Delsberg) is a Swiss city and the capital of the Canton of Jura. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... Romansh (also spelled Rumantsch, Romansch or Romanche) is any of the various Rhaetian languages spoken in Switzerland. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Herisau is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. ... Trogen is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland Frauenfeld is the capital of the Canton of Thurgau, Switzerland. ... Weinfelden is a town in the canton of Thurgau in north-eastern Switzerland. ...


The two-letter abbreviations for Swiss cantons are widely used, e.g. on car license plates and in the ISO 3166-2 codes (with the prefix "CH-", i.e. CH-SZ for the canton of Schwyz). ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ...


The traditional half-cantons

Six cantons have traditionally been called "half-cantons" (or "demicantons"). This term is now depreciated by constitutional scholars, as the 1999 constitution lists 26 coequal cantons, and the more unwieldy appellation "cantons with half a cantonal vote" is sometimes used.

The other four half-cantons have resulted from the division of a preexisting canton: Unterwalden is the old name for what is now two cantons in central Switzerland, south of Lake Lucerne. ... Obwalden (German:  ) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Nidwalden (German:  ) is a canton of Switzerland. ...

As federal states, the traditional half-cantons had the same institutional structure as well as the same rights and obligations as the other cantons, with two exceptions. For one thing, they elect only one member of the Council of States instead of two. Also, in popular referendums that require not only a national popular majority but also the assent of a majority of the cantons (Ständemehr / majorité des cantons), such as constitutional amendments, the result of their cantonal vote counts half as much as that of other cantons, to the effect that a majority of the cantons is actually the majority of twenty-three cantonal votes. Appenzell (or Appenzellerland) is a region in the northeast of Switzerland, entirely surrounded by the Canton of St. ... Appenzell Innerrhoden (German; French: Appenzell Rhodes-Intérieures; in English sometimes Appenzell Inner Rhodes) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Appenzell Ausserrhoden (German; French: Appenzell Rhodes-Extérieures; in English sometimes Appenzell Outer Rhodes) is a canton of Switzerland. ... For other uses, see: 1597 (number). ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Unofficial coat of arms of the historic canton of Basel Basel was a canton of Switzerland that was in existence between 1501 and 1833, when it was split into the two present-day half-cantons of Basel-City and Basel-Country. ... Basel-City (in German:  ) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... Basel-Country (German:  ; Swiss German: Basel-Land/Baselbiet; French: Bâle-Campagne) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... Year 1833 (MDCCCXXXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Council of States of Switzerland (German: Ständerat, French Conseil des Etats, Italian Consiglio degli Stati) is the upper house of the Swiss parliament. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


Names in other languages

Abbr English French Italian German Romansh Spanish Esperanto
AG Aargau (rare: Argovia) Argovie Argovia Aargau  Argovia Argovia Argovio
AI Appenzell Innerrhoden (Appenzell Inner-Rhodes) Appenzell Rhodes-Intérieures Appenzello Interno Appenzell Innerrhoden  Appenzell dadens Appenzell Rodas Interiores Apencelo Interna 
AR Appenzell Ausserrhoden (Appenzell Outer-Rhodes) Appenzell Rhodes-Extérieures Appenzello Esterno Appenzell Ausserrhoden  Appenzell dador Appenzell Rodas Exteriores Apencelo Ekstera 
BS Basel-Stadt (Basel or Basle-City) Bâle-Ville Basilea Città Basel-Stadt  Basilea-Citad Basilea-ciudad Bazelo Urbo
BL Basel-Land (Basel or Basle-Country) Bâle-Campagne Basilea Campagna Basel-Landschaft  Basilea-Champagna Basilea-campaña Bazelo Kamparo
BE Berne (Bern) Berne Berna Bern  Berna Berna Berno
FR Fribourg Fribourg Friburgo Freiburg  Friburg Friburgo Friburgo
GE Geneva Genève Ginevra Genf  Genevra Ginebra Ĝenevo
GL Glarus Glaris Glarona Glarus  Glaruna Glaris Glaruso 
GR Graubünden (Grisons) Grisons Grigioni Graubünden  Grischun Grisones Grizono
JU Jura Jura Giura Jura  Giura Jura Ĵuraso
LU Lucerne Lucerne Lucerna Luzern  Lucerna Lucerna Lucerno
NE Neuchâtel Neuchâtel Neuchâtel Neuenburg  Neuchâtel Neuchatel Neŭŝatelo
NW Nidwalden Nidwald Nidvaldo Nidwalden  Sutsilvania Unterwalden Bajo Nidvaldo
OW Obwalden Obwald Obvaldo Obwalden  Sursilvania Unterwalden Alto Obvaldo
SH Schaffhausen (Schaffhouse) Schaffhouse Sciaffusa Schaffhausen  Schaffusa Schaffhausen Ŝafhaŭzo
SZ Schwyz Schwyz (or Schwytz) Svitto Schwyz  Sviz Schwyz Ŝvico 
SO Solothurn Soleure Soletta Solothurn  Soloturn Soleura Soloturno
SG St. Gallen (St. Gall) Saint-Gall San Gallo St. Gallen  Son Gagl Sankt Gallen Sankt-Galo 
TG Thurgau (Thurgovia) Thurgovie Turgovia Thurgau  Turgovia Turgovia Turgovio
TI Ticino Tessin Ticino Tessin  Tessin Tesino Tiĉino
UR Uri Uri Uri Uri  Uri Uri Urio  
VS Valais Valais Vallese Wallis  Vallais Valais Valezo
VD Vaud Vaud Vaud Waadt  Vad Vaud Vaŭdo
ZG Zug Zoug Zugo Zug  Zug Zug Zugo
ZH Zürich (Zurich) Zurich Zurigo Zürich  Turitg Zúrich Zuriko

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Romansh (also spelled Rumantsch, Romansch or Romanche) is one of the four national languages of Switzerland, along with German, Italian and French. ... This article is about the language. ... For other uses, see Aargau (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links De-Aargau. ... Appenzell Innerrhoden (German; French: Appenzell Rhodes-Intérieures; in English sometimes Appenzell Inner Rhodes) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Appenzell-Innerrhoden. ... Appenzell Ausserrhoden (German; French: Appenzell Rhodes-Extérieures; in English sometimes Appenzell Outer Rhodes) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Appenzell-Ausserrhoden. ... Basel-Stadt (in German: Basel-Stadt) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Basel-Stadt. ... Basel-Country (German: Basel-Landschaft; French: Bâle-Campagne) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Basel-Landschaft. ... The Swiss Canton of Berne is bilingual (German: Kanton  ; French Canton de Berne) and has a population of about 947,000. ... Image File history File links De-Bern. ... The Canton of Fribourg is a canton of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Freiburg. ... The Republic and Canton of Geneva is the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France and centered around the city of Geneva. ... Image File history File links De-Genf. ...   (French Glaris) is a canton in east central Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Glarus. ... Graubünden or Grisons (German:  ; Italian: Grigioni; Romansh: Grischun, French: Grisons) is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Graubuenden. ... The Republic and Canton of the Jura, also known as the Canton of Jura or Canton Jura, is one of the Cantons of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Jura. ... Lucerne (German Luzern) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Luzern. ... Neuchâtel is a canton of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Neuenburg. ... Nidwalden (German:  ) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Nidwalden. ... Obwalden (German:  ) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Obwalden. ... The Canton of   is a canton of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Schaffhausen. ... View from hiking trail between Ibergeregg and Spirstock Schwyz (German  ) is a canton in central Switzerland between Lake Lucerne in the south and Lake Zurich in the north, centered around and named after the town of Schwyz. ... Image File history File links De-Schwyz. ...   is a canton of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Solothurn. ... The Canton of St. ... Image File history File links De-StGallen. ... Thurgau (Thurgovia) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Thurgau. ... For the river, see Ticino river. ... Image File history File links De-Tessin. ... Uri (German:  ) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Uri. ... The Valais (German:  ) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland in the south-western part of the country, in the Pennine Alps around the valley of the Rhone River from its springs to Lake Geneva. ... Image File history File links De-Wallis. ... The Canton of Vaud is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Image File history File links De-Waadt. ...   (-German; French: Zoug; Italian: Zugo) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Zug. ... The Canton of Zürich (German: Kanton ) has a population of about 1. ... Image File history File links De-Zürich. ...

Notes

  1. ^ This is the order generally used in Swiss official documents. At the head of the list are the three city cantons that were considered preeminent in the Old Swiss Confederacy; the other cantons are listed in order of accession to the Confederation. This traditional order of precedence among the cantons has no practical relevance in the modern federal state, in which the cantons are equal to one another, although it still determines formal precedence among the cantons' officials (see Swiss order of precedence).

Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... 1550 illustration for the Sempacherbrief of 1393, one of the major alliance contracts of the Old Swiss Confederacy The Old Swiss Confederacy was the precursor of modern-day Switzerland. ... The Swiss order of precedence is a hierarchy of important positions within the federal government of Switzerland. ...

See also

This table lists the names of the executive and the legislative of the Cantons of Switzerland, as well as the current number of members. ... This is a List of office-holders in 2005 in Switzerland. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... These are data codes for Switzerland. ... This is a lists of Cantons of Switzerland ranked by area. ... This is a list of Cantons of Switzerland by highest point. ... Valais Ticino Graubünden (Grisons) Geneva Vaud Neuchâtel Jura Berne Thurgau Zurich Aargau Lucerne Solothurn Basel-Land Schaffhausen Uri Schwyz Glarus St. ... The logo of the cantonal banks, with the motif of the cantonal banks Cantonal banks (German: Kantonalbank, French: Banque Cantonale, Italian: Banca Cantonale) are Swiss governmental-owned commercial banks, that use the canton that they are based in question as guarantee for the assets held there. ... A commercial bank is a type of financial intermediary and a type of bank. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Cantons of Switzerland
  • GeoPuzzle - Assemble cantons on a Swiss map
  • Badac - Database on Swiss cantons and cities (French/German)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cantons of Switzerland Info - Encyclopedia WikiWhat.com (338 words)
The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the statess of the federal state.
The cantons determine the degree of autonomy of the municipalities, thus this varies greatly.
In cantonal matters, direct democracy in the form of general assemblies (Landsgemeinde) is now confined to the cantons of Appenzell Inner Rhodes and Glarus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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