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Encyclopedia > Canton of Zug
Zug
Coat of arms of the Canton of Zug
Capital Zug
Area 239 km² (Ranked 24th)
Highest point Wildspitz 1580 m
Population (2003) 100900 (Ranked 18th)
422 /km²
Joined 1352
Abbreviation ZG
Languages German
Executive Regierungsrat (7)
Legislative Kantonsrat (80)
Municipalities 11 municipalities
Districts n.a.
Website www.ZG.ch

Zug  (-German; French: Zoug; Italian: Zugo) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. It is located in central Switzerland and its capital is Zug. With 239 km² the canton is the smallest of the Swiss full cantons in terms of area, and it is not subdivided into districts. Image File history File links Zug-coat_of_arms. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ...  , capital of the Swiss canton of that name, is a picturesque little town at the northeastern corner of the lake of Zug, and at the foot of the Zugerberg (992 m (3255 ft. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a lists of Cantons of Switzerland ranked by area. ... This is a list of Cantons of Switzerland by highest point. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Since 1848, the Swiss Confederation has been a federal state of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the worlds oldest surviving republics. ... Events June 4 - Glarus joins the Swiss Confederation. ... These are data codes for Switzerland. ... This is a List of office-holders in 2005 in Switzerland. ... This table lists the names of the executive and the legislative of the Cantons of Switzerland, as well as the current number of members. ... Municipalities are the smallest government division in Switzerland. ... Zug (French: Zoug, Italian: Zugo) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... Download high resolution version (826x700, 138 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links De-Zug. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ...  , capital of the Swiss canton of that name, is a picturesque little town at the northeastern corner of the lake of Zug, and at the foot of the Zugerberg (992 m (3255 ft. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ...

Contents

Geography

The canton of Zug is located in central Switzerland. The canton of Lucerne and Canton of Aargau lie to its west. To the north, the canton is bound by the Canton of Zurich, whereas to the west and south lies the Canton of Schwyz. Lucerne (German Luzern) is a canton of Switzerland. ... For other uses, see Aargau (disambiguation). ... The Swiss canton of Zürich (German: Kanton Zürich) has a population of about 1. ... View from hiking trail between Ibergeregg and Spirstock Schwyz (German  ) is a canton in central Switzerland between Lake Lucerne in the south and Lake Zurich in the north, centered around and named after the town of Schwyz. ...


Most of the land is considered productive. The lakes Zug and Lake of Ägeri make up a considerable area of the canton's lands. The Lake of Ägeri is wholly within the canton, whereas the Lake of Zug is shared with the cantons of Lucerne and Schwyz. Lake Zug The Lake of Zug is one of the minor Swiss lakes, on the outskirts of the Alps and north of the Lake of Lucerne. ... Ägerisee Ägerisee is a lake in the Canton of Zug, Switzerland. ... Ägerisee Ägerisee is a lake in the Canton of Zug, Switzerland. ... Lake Zug The Lake of Zug is one of the minor Swiss lakes, on the outskirts of the Alps and north of the Lake of Lucerne. ...


The canton is located on a hilly plateau. The Höhrohnen (nr Gottschalkenberg) is the highest elevation (1,205 m) in the east of the canton. The Zugerberg (1,040 m) in the south is another notable elevation. It is part of the Rossberg massif which rises to the Wildspitz (1,583 m) east of the lake of Zug. This massif separates the lake of Zug from the basin and lake of Aegeri. It also separates the hilly district of Menzingen from the lake of Zug. Menzingen is one of 11 municipalities of the Canton of Zug, Switzerland, separated from the Canton of Zurich by the Sihl to the north-east. ...


The Lorze river is the principal drainage in the canton. It originates in the Lake of Ägeri from where it flows northward through moraine deposits in a deep gorge with fine stalactite caverns. The river eventually enters the lake of Zug very near from where the river Reuss originates. The river Reuss forms the boundary of the canton in the north west. The River Reuss is one of the larger rivers in Switzerland. ...


History

The earlier history of the canton is practically identical with that of its capital Zug. From 1728 to 1738 it was distracted by violent disputes about the distribution of the French pensions. In 1798 its inhabitants opposed the French. The canton formed part of the Tellgau and later was one of the districts of the huge canton of the Waldstätten in the Helvetic Republic. The canton of Waldstätten also consisted of what is today the Canton of Schwyz, the Canton of Lucerne, Unterwalden and the Canton of Uri. Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... Events February 4 - Court Jew Joseph Suss Oppenheimer is executed in Württenberg April 15 - Premiere in London of Serse, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Official seal of the Helvetic Republic (depicting William Tell). ... View from hiking trail between Ibergeregg and Spirstock Schwyz (German  ) is a canton in central Switzerland between Lake Lucerne in the south and Lake Zurich in the north, centered around and named after the town of Schwyz. ... Lucerne (German Luzern) is a canton of Switzerland. ... Unterwalden is the old name for what is now two cantons in central Switzerland, south of Lake Lucerne. ... Uri (German:  ) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ...


In 1803 the canton of Zug regained its independence as a separate canton. The constitution of 1814 abolished open assemblies (Landsgemeinde), which had existed for in the canton since 1376. In 1845 the canton of Zug became a member of the Sonderbund and shared in the war of 1847 which was lost to the Swiss confederation. In 1848 the remaining functions of the open assemblies (Landsgemeinde) were abolished. Both in 1848 and in 1874 the canton voted against the federal constitutions. The constitution of 1876 was amended in 1881, and replaced by a new one in 1894. 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... // Events March – The treaty between England and France is extended until April of 1377. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Sonderbund (meaning separate alliance, in German), was a league created in 1845 in Switzerland between seven Catholic and Conservative cantons in order to protect their interests against a centralization of power. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


On the eastern shore of the lake of Ägeri is the site of the famous Battle of Morgarten, won by the Swiss in 1315. In this battle the powerful Habsburgs were defeated. On November 15, 1315, the soldiers of Duke Leopold I of Austria were thoroughly defeated by an ambush of the Swiss Confederation near the Morgarten pass. ... Events August 13 - Louis X of France marries Clemence dAnjou. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ...


Transport

Railways connect the canton of Zug both with Lucerne and with Zurich, while lines running along either shore of the lake of Zug join at the Arth-Goldau station of the St. Gotthard railway. It is connected to both Germany and Italy. Motorways link the roads of the canton with other areas. The motorway through the St. Gotthard massif is of particular importance. Location within Switzerland View of the city from Lake Lucerne Another view across Lake Lucerne The Lion Monument Lucerne (German: (help· info)) is a city in Central Switzerland with a population of 60,274 (December 31, 2003), capital of the Canton of Lucerne. ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... Arth-Goldau in the canton of Schwyz, Switzerland, exists only on Swiss Federal Railways maps, for it is merely the name of railway station of both the localities of Arth and Goldau. ...


Demographics

The majority of the population are Roman Catholic and German speaking. The population speak the Swiss German dialect of central Switzerland. Up to 1814 Zug was in the Diocese of Konstanz, but on the reconstruction of the diocese of Basel in 1828 it was assigned to the latter. The population is 100,900 (2002). 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Bishopric of Constance was a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church that existed from about 585 until 1821. ... Basel (British English traditionally: Basle and more recently Basel , German: Basel , French: Bâle , Italian: Basilea ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (166,563 inhabitants (2004); 690,000 inhabitants in the conurbation stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel Switzerlands second-largest urban area as... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Economy

In the higher regions of the canton the population is mainly engaged in pastoral pursuits and cattle-breeding. There are 61 alps (high pastures) in the canton (1911). At Cham is a well-known factory of condensed milk, now united with that of Nestlé of Vevey. The Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Co. was founded in Cham in 1866. At Baar there are factories. Round the town of Zug there are great numbers of fruit trees, and Kirsch (a high grade clear cherry schnapps) and cider are largely manufactured. Apiculture flourishes in the canton. A number of factories have sprung up in the new quarter of the town. The formerly important silk-weaving industry has now disappeared. Today's main industries are the manufacture of metal goods, textiles, machinery, electronics and alcoholic beverages (Kirsch). 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Nestlé is a multinational packaged food company. ... Location within Switzerland Vevey is a city in Switzerland in the canton Vaud, on the north shore of Lake Geneva, at , not far from Lausanne. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...  , capital of the Swiss canton of that name, is a picturesque little town at the northeastern corner of the lake of Zug, and at the foot of the Zugerberg (992 m (3255 ft. ... Kirschwasser (pronounced with the w as a vee sound, like kirschvasser), often known simply as Kirsch, is a clear alcoholic spirit made from double distillation of the fermented juice of a small black cherry. ... Cider in a pint glass Cider (or cyder) is an alcoholic beverage made primarily from the juices of specially grown varieties of apples. ... Beekeeping (or apiculture) is the maintenance of one or more hives of honeybees. ... Hot metal work from a blacksmith In chemistry, a metal (Greek: Metallon) is an element that readily forms positive ions (cations) and has metallic bonds. ...


The capital Zug is home to a large number of companies which only have their headquarters in the city. This is the case because Zug has one of the lowest taxes in Switzerland. Trade in particular is of great significance. There are a large number of small and middle sized businesses in all areas of the economy.  , capital of the Swiss canton of that name, is a picturesque little town at the northeastern corner of the lake of Zug, and at the foot of the Zugerberg (992 m (3255 ft. ...


Administration

The canton forms a single administrative district, which comprises eleven municipalities. The legislature (Kantonsrat) has 80 members.The executive (Regierungsrat) has seven members. Members of both governments are elected directly by popular vote. The term of office in both cases is four years. The two members of the Federal Ständerat, as well as the three members of the Federal Nationalrat, are also elected by a popular vote. The Council of States of Switzerland (German: Ständerat, French Conseil des Etats, Italian Consiglio degli Stati) is the upper house of the Swiss parliament. ... The National Council of Switzerland is the large Chamber of the parliament and has 200 seats. ...


Municipalities

The eleven municipalities of the canton are: Zug, Oberägeri, Unterägeri, Menzingen, Baar, Cham, Hünenberg, Steinhausen, Risch, Walchwil, Neuheim  , capital of the Swiss canton of that name, is a picturesque little town at the northeastern corner of the lake of Zug, and at the foot of the Zugerberg (992 m (3255 ft. ... Oberägeri, until 1798 simply known as Ägeri, is a municipality in the Canton of Zug, Switzerland. ... Unterägeri is a municipality of the Canton of Zug, situated at the western shore of the Ägerisee. ... Menzingen is one of 11 municipalities of the Canton of Zug, Switzerland, separated from the Canton of Zurich by the Sihl to the north-east. ... Baar is a municipality in the canton of Zug, Switzerland. ... Cham is a municipality in the canton of Zug, Switzerland, with an area of 19. ... Hünenberg is a municipality in the canton of Zug, Switzerland. ... Steinhausen is a municipality in the canton of Zug, Switzerland. ... Risch is a municipality in the canton of Zug, Switzerland. ... Walchwil is a municipality in the canton of Zug, Switzerland. ... Neuheim is a municipality in the canton of Zug, Switzerland. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Canton of Zug
  • Canton of Zug official page (German)
  • Official statistics
  • Zug-Zuerich border photos
Cantons of Switzerland Flag of Switzerland
Aargau | Appenzell Ausserrhoden | Appenzell Innerrhoden | Basel-City | Basel-Country | Berne | Fribourg | Geneva | Glarus | Graubünden | Jura | Lucerne | Neuchâtel | Nidwalden | Obwalden | Schaffhausen | Schwyz | Solothurn | St. Gallen | Thurgau | Ticino | Uri | Valais | Vaud | Zug | Zürich

 
 

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