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Encyclopedia > Canton of Solothurn
Solothurn
Coat of arms of the Canton of Solothurn
Capital Solothurn
Area 791 km² (Ranked 16th)
Highest point Hasenmatt 1445 m
Population (2004) 247,400 (Ranked 12th)
313 /km²
Joined 1481
Abbreviation SO
Languages German
Executive Regierungsrat (5)
Legislative Kantonsrat (100)
Municipalities 126 municipalities
Districts 10 Bezirke
Website www.SO.ch

Solothurn  is a canton of Switzerland. It is located in the northwest of Switzerland. The capital is Solothurn. Image File history File links Solothurn-coat_of_arms. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... The city of   (French: Soleure, Italian: Soletta) is the capital of the Canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a lists of Cantons of Switzerland ranked by area. ... This is a list of Cantons of Switzerland by highest point. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Since 1848, the Swiss Confederation has been a federal state of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the worlds oldest surviving republics. ... Events May 3 - Mehmed II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his son Beyazid II. May 21 - Christian I, King of Denmark and Norway dies and is succeeded by his son John (1481-1513) With the death of Duke Charles IV of Anjou, Anjou was reverted... These are data codes for Switzerland. ... This is a List of office-holders in 2005 in Switzerland. ... This table lists the names of the executive and the legislative of the Cantons of Switzerland, as well as the current number of members. ... Municipalities are the smallest government division in Switzerland. ... Solothurn is a canton of Switzerland. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links De-Solothurn. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... The city of   (French: Soleure, Italian: Soletta) is the capital of the Canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. ...

Contents

Geography

The canton is located in the north west of Switzerland. To the west and south lies the canton of Bern, to the east the one of Aargau. To the north the canton is bound by the canton of Basel-Landschaft. Two of the districts are enclaves and are located along the French border. The Swiss canton of (help· info) is bilingual (German: Kanton Bern; French Canton de Berne) and has a population of about 947,000. ... For other uses, see Aargau (disambiguation). ... Basel-Country (German: Basel-Landschaft; French: Bâle-Campagne) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ...


The lands are drained by the Aar river and its tributaries. The landscape is mostly flat, but it includes the foothills of the Jura massif. The flat lands are a plain created by the Aar river. Aar (disambiguation). ... The Jura folds are located North of the main Alpine orogenic front, and are being continually deformed, accommodating the northwards compression due to Alpine folding. ...


The total area of the canton is 791 km². To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ...


History

The lands of the canton consist of territories acquired by the capital. For that reason the shape of the canton is somewhat irregular and includes two enclaves along the French border which form separate districts of the canton.


Between 1798 and 1803 the canton was part of the Helvetic Republic. In 1803 Solothurn was one of the 19 Swiss cantons that were reconstituted by Napoleon (Mediation). Even though the population was strictly Roman Catholic, Solothurn did not join the Catholic separatist movement (Sonderbund) in 1845. Similarly, the federal constitutions of 1848 and 1874 were approved. The current constitution of the canton dates from 1887. In 1895, however, the constitution was thoroughly revised. 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Official seal of the Helvetic Republic (depicting William Tell). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Economy

Up to the 19th century agriculture was the main economic activity in the canton. Agriculture is still of importance, but manufacturing and the service industry are now more significant. The industries of the canton are specialized in watches, jewellery, textiles, paper, cement and auto parts. Until recently the manufacturing of shoes was an important economic activity, but global competition meant that the Swiss canton was not competitive enough. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... A wrist watch A watch is a small portable timepiece or clock that displays the time and sometimes the day, date, month and year. ... Earring Jewellery (jewelry in American English) is any piece of fine material used to adorn the human body. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... Paper is a thin material produced by the amalgamation of plant fibres, which are subsequently held together without extra binder, largely by hydrogen bonds and fiber entanglement. ... In the most general sense of the word, cement is a binder, a substance which sets and hardens independently, and can bind other materials together. ... Auto parts are components of automobiles. ... Womens shoes on display in a shop window, July 2005 A shoe is an item of footwear. ...


There is a nuclear power plant near Gösgen which started operation in 1979. For the Smashing Pumpkins song, see 1979 (song). ...


Transport

The canton is well connected to other parts of Switzerland, both by rail and road. There is a railway junction at Olten with direct trains to Geneva, Zurich, Basel and the Ticino via Lucerne. Location within Switzerland Olten is a town in the Canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German:   //, Italian: Ginevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... Basel (British English traditionally: Basle and more recently Basel , German: Basel , French: Bâle , Italian: Basilea ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (166,563 inhabitants (2004); 690,000 inhabitants in the conurbation stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel Switzerlands second-largest urban area as... Canton Ticino or Ticino (German: (help· info)) is the southernmost canton of Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland View of the city from Lake Lucerne Another view across Lake Lucerne The Lion Monument Lucerne (German: (help· info)) is a city in Central Switzerland with a population of 60,274 (December 31, 2003), capital of the Canton of Lucerne. ...


Demographics

The population is mostly German speaking. About 60% of the population are Roman Catholic, with most of the remainder being Protestants. The population is 247,400 (2004). The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Districts

Districts of Canton Solothurn
Districts of Canton Solothurn

From 2005, Solothurn's ten districts are merged pairwise into five electoral districts, termed Amtei. From 2005, districts only have a statistical meaning. Download high resolution version (826x737, 198 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (826x737, 198 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

  • Bucheggberg, Amtei Wasseramt-Bucheggberg
  • Dorneck, Amtei Dorneck-Thierstein (unofficially Schwarzbubenland)
  • Gäu, Amtei Thal-Gäu
  • Gösgen, Amtei Olten-Gösgen (unofficially Niederamt)
  • Lebern, Amtei Solothurn-Lebern
  • Olten, Amtei Olten-Gösgen
  • Solothurn, Amtei Solothurn-Lebern
  • Thal, Amtei Thal-Gäu
  • Thierstein, Amtei Dorneck-Thierstein
  • Wasseramt, Amtei Wasseramt-Bucheggberg

District of Bucheggberg, canton of Solothurn Municipalities of Bucheggberg Bucheggberg is one of the ten districts of the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland, situated to the southwest of the canton. ... Dorneck is one of the ten districts of the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland, situated to the north of the canton. ... District of Gäu, canton of Solothurn Municipalities of Gäu Gäu is one of the ten districts of the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland, situated in the centre of the canton. ... District of Gösgen, canton of Solothurn Municipalities of Gösgen Gösgen is one of the ten districts of the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland, situated to the northeast of the canton. ... District of Lebern, canton of Solothurn Municipalities of Lebern Lebern is one of the ten districts of the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland, situated to the west of the canton. ... District of Olten, canton of Solothurn Municipalities of Olten Olten is one of the ten districts of the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland, situated around the city of Olten. ... The city of   (French: Soleure, Italian: Soletta) is the capital of the Canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. ... District of Thal, canton of Solothurn Municipalities of Thal Thal is one of the ten districts of the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland, situated in the centre of the canton. ... Thierstein is one of the ten districts of the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland, situated to the north of the canton. ... District of Wasseramt, canton of Solothurn Municipalities of Wasseramt Wasseramt is one of the ten districts of the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland, situated to the south of the canton. ...

Municipalities

The canton has 125 municipalities (Einwohnergemeinden). Municipalities are the smallest government division in Switzerland. ...

Aedermannsdorf is a municipality in the district of Thal, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Aeschi is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Aetigkofen is a municipality in the district of Bucheggberg, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Aetingen is a municipality in the district of Bucheggberg, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Balm bei Günsberg is a municipality in the district of Lebern, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Balsthal is a municipality in the district of Thal, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... For other places with the same name, see Beinwil. ... Bellach is a municipality in the district of Lebern, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Bettlach is a municipality in the district of Lebern, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Biberist is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Biezwil is a municipality in the district of Bucheggberg, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Bolken is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Boningen is a municipality in the district of Olten, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Breitenbach is a municipality in the district of Thierstein, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Brunnenthal is a municipality in the district of Bucheggberg, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Brügglen is a municipality in the district of Bucheggberg, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Bärschwil is a municipality in the district of Thierstein, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Bättwil is a municipality in the district of Dorneck, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Büren is a municipality in the district of Dorneck, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Büsserach is a municipality in the district of Thierstein, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Deitingen is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Derendingen is a city in the district of Wasseramt, Canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Dornach is a municipality in the district of Dorneck, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Dulliken is a municipality in the district of Olten, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... For other uses, see Däniken (disambiguation). ... Egerkingen is a municipality in the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. ... Eppenberg-Wöschnau is a municipality in the district of Olten, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Erlinsbach is a municipality in the district of Gösgen, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Erschwil is a municipality in the district of Thierstein, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Etziken is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Fehren is a municipality in the district of Thierstein, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Flumenthal is a municipality in the district of Lebern, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Fulenbach is a municipality in the district of Olten, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Gempen is a municipality in the district of Dorneck, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Gerlafingen is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Grenchen (fr. ... Gretzenbach is a municipality in the district of Olten, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Grindel is a municipality in the district of Thierstein, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Gunzgen is a municipality in the district of Olten, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Gänsbrunnen is a municipality in the district of Thal, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Günsberg is a municipality in the district of Lebern, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Halten is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Herbetswil is a municipality in the district of Thal, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Hochwald is a municipality in the district of Dorneck, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Hofstetten-Flüh is a municipality in the district of Dorneck, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Hubersdorf is a municipality in the district of Lebern, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Hägendorf is a municipality in the district of Olten, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Härkingen is a municipality in the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland, located at . ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Kestenholz is a municipality in the district of Gäu, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Kleinlützel is a municipality in the district of Thierstein, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Kriegstetten is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Küttigkofen is a municipality in the district of Bucheggberg, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Langendorf is a municipality in the Swiss canton of Solothurn, located in the district of Lebern. ... Laupersdorf is a municipality in the district of Thal, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Lohn-Ammannsegg is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Lommiswil is a municipality in the district of Lebern, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Lostorf is a municipality in the district of Gösgen, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Luterbach is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Lüsslingen is a municipality in the district of Bucheggberg, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Matzendorf is a municipality in the district of Thal, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Meltingen is a municipality in the district of Thierstein, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Messen is a municipality in the district of Bucheggberg, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Metzerlen-Mariastein is a municipality in the district of Dorneck, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Mühledorf is a municipality in the district of Bucheggberg, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Mümliswil-Ramiswil is a municipality in the district of Thal, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Nennigkofen is a municipality in the district of Bucheggberg, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... For the city in Germany, see Neuendorf. ... Niederbuchsiten is a municipality in the district of Gäu, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Niedergösgen is a municipality in the district of Gösgen, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Niederwil is a municipality in the district of Lebern, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Nunningen is a municipality in the district of Thierstein, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Oberbuchsiten is a municipality in the district of Gäu, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Oberdorf is a municipality in the district of Lebern, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Obergerlafingen is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Obergösgen is a municipality in the district of Gösgen, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Oekingen is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Oensingen is a municipality in the district of Gäu, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland Olten is a town in the Canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Recherswil is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Rickenbach is a municipality in the district of Olten, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Riedholz is a municipality in the district of Lebern, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Rodersdorf is a municipality in the district of Dorneck, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Rüttenen is a municipality in the district of Lebern, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Schnottwil is a municipality in the district of Bucheggberg, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Schönenwerd is a municipality in the district of Olten, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Seewen is a municipality in the district of Dorneck, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Selzach is a municipality in the district of Lebern, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... The city of   (French: Soleure, Italian: Soletta) is the capital of the Canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. ... Subingen is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Trimbach is a municipality in the district of Gösgen, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Tscheppach is a municipality in the district of Bucheggberg, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Walterswil is a municipality in the district of Olten, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Wangen bei Olten is a municipality in the district of Olten, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Welschenrohr/Rosières is a village in the Solothurn canton of Switzerland, located in the Jura mountains. ... Winznau is a municipality in the district of Gösgen, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Wisen is a municipality in the district of Gösgen, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Witterswil is a municipality in the district of Dorneck, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Wolfwil is a municipality in the district of Gäu, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Zuchwil is a municipality in the district of Wasseramt, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ... Zullwil is a municipality in the district of Thierstein, in the canton of Solothurn, Switzerland. ...

External links

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Canton of Solothurn
  • Official site (German)
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Cantons of Switzerland Flag of Switzerland
Aargau | Appenzell Ausserrhoden | Appenzell Innerrhoden | Basel-City | Basel-Country | Berne | Fribourg | Geneva | Glarus | Graubünden | Jura | Lucerne | Neuchâtel | Nidwalden | Obwalden | Schaffhausen | Schwyz | Solothurn | St. Gallen | Thurgau | Ticino | Uri | Valais | Vaud | Zug | Zürich

  Results from FactBites:
 
Canton of Solothurn - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (403 words)
To the west and south lies the canton of Bern, to the east the one of Aargau.
To the north the canton is bound by the canton of Basel-Landschaft.
In 1803 Solothurn was one of the 19 Swiss cantons that were reconstituted by Napoleon (Mediation).
Canton of Bern - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (958 words)
It borders the Canton of Jura and the Canton of Solothurn to the north.
East of the canton of Bern lie the cantons of Uri, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Lucerne and Aargau.
The canton of Bern is mainly drained by the River Aare and its tributaries.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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