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Encyclopedia > Canton of Schaffhausen
Schaffhausen
Coat of arms of the Canton of Schaffhausen
Capital Schaffhausen
Area 298 km² (Ranked 20th)
Highest point Hagen 912 m
Population (2003) 73400 (Ranked 19th)
246 /km²
Joined 1501
Abbreviation SH
Languages German
Executive Regierungsrat (5)
Legislative Kantonsrat (80)
Municipalities 34 municipalities
Districts n.a.
Website www.SH.ch

The Canton of Schaffhausen  is a canton of Switzerland. The principal city and capital of the canton is Schaffhausen. Image File history File links Schaffhouse-coat_of_arms. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... Schaffhausen (German:  , French: Schaffhouse, Italian: Sciaffusa) is a city in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name; it has an estimated population of 33,527 as of March 31, 2005. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a lists of Cantons of Switzerland ranked by area. ... This is a list of Cantons of Switzerland by highest point. ... Hagen is the 37th largest city in Germany, located in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Since 1848, the Swiss Confederation has been a federal state of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the worlds oldest surviving republics. ... 1501 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... These are data codes for Switzerland. ... This is a List of office-holders in 2005 in Switzerland. ... This table lists the names of the executive and the legislative of the Cantons of Switzerland, as well as the current number of members. ... Municipalities are the smallest government division in Switzerland. ... The Canton of Schaffhausen is a canton of Switzerland. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... Download high resolution version (826x653, 134 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links De-Schaffhausen. ... Schaffhausen (German:  , French: Schaffhouse, Italian: Sciaffusa) is a city in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name; it has an estimated population of 33,527 as of March 31, 2005. ...

Contents

Geography

satellite map of the region
satellite map of the region

The canton of Schaffhausen is the northernmost canton of Switzerland, located to the north of Zurich. It lies west of the Lake Constance and has a size of 298 km² (112 square miles), mostly productive agricultural land. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (992x653, 1433 KB) satellite image of swiss german border showing german exclave in switzerland File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Canton of Schaffhausen Büsingen ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (992x653, 1433 KB) satellite image of swiss german border showing german exclave in switzerland File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Canton of Schaffhausen Büsingen ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... Map of the Bodensee; Schweiz is Switzerland, Deutschland is Germany, and Osterreich is Austria. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ...


The land is almost entirely surrounded by Germany, which lies to the north, east and west of the canton. The canton of Schaffhausen is even divided by parts of Germany. There are three parts to the canton. The largest part includes the capital Schaffhausen. The small district of Rüdlingen-Buchberg lies in the south west of the canton, north of Stein am Rhein, and the third part contains Ramsen to the east. Furthermore the German exclave town of Büsingen am Hochrhein is an enclave of the canton. Schaffhausen (German:  , French: Schaffhouse, Italian: Sciaffusa) is a city in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name; it has an estimated population of 33,527 as of March 31, 2005. ... Stein am Rhein with the castle Hohenklingen in the background Stein am Rhein is a town located in Switzerland near the German border, a municipality of the canton of Schaffhausen. ... D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ... Büsingen am Hochrhein is a German town entirely surrounded by the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Most of the canton lies on a plateau dominated by the Hoher Randen. The summit of this mountain is 912m. The slopes of the mountain are gentle towards the south where it reaches the Rhine valley. Short and narrow valleys intersect these gentle slopes. The Klettgau is one such valley.


The Rhine Falls are the largest waterfalls in Europe and lie on the border of the canton of Schaffhausen, the canton of Zurich and Germany. Rhine falls with castle Laufen The Rhine Falls (Rheinfall in German) are the largest waterfalls of Europe. ... The Swiss canton of Zürich (German: Kanton Zürich) has a population of about 1. ...


History

Schaffhausen was a city-state in the Middle Ages, documented to have struck its own coins starting in 1045. It was then known as Villa Scafhusun. Around 1049 a Benedictine monastery was founded which lead to the development of a community. This community achieved independence in 1190. Until 1218 Schaffhausen was a free imperial city. Until 1330 the town not only lost all its lands but also its independence to the Habsburgs. The canton regained its independence in 1415 when it bought itself free. It allied itself with Zürich in 1454, and became a full member of the Swiss Confederation in 1501. The first railroad came to Schaffhausen in 1857. In 1944 Schaffhausen suffered from a bombing raid by United States Air Force planes that accidentally strayed from Germany to neutral Switzerland. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Aircraft of the 379th Air Expeditionary Wing and coalition counterparts stationed together at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, in southwest Asia, fly over the desert. ...


The cantonal constitution was written in 1876 and revised in 1895.


Economy

Well-regarded white Riesling wine is grown here. The main industries, however, are the production of machinery and metal goods. There is also watch making and jewellery. Minor industrial branches are textiles, leather goods, glass, cement, paper and chemicals. There is a brewery in the canton. Ripe grapes of Riesling Riesling is a white grape variety and varietal appellation of wines grown historically in Alsace (France), Austria, Germany (see German wine), and northern Italy. ... This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ... A wrist watch A watch is a small portable timepiece or clock that displays the time and sometimes the day, date, month and year. ...


At Rheinau there is a hydro electrical power plant generating electricity for the canton and export. The largest demands of electricity are made by the chemical industry in Rheinfelden and the aluminium plant at Neuhausen am Rheinfall. The city of Schaffhausen also uses a large quantity of the electricity produced at Rheinau. Rheinau is a municipality in the district of Andelfingen, in the canton of Zürich, Switzerland. ... Rheinfelden is a municipality in the canton of Aargau, Switzerland, seat of the district of Rheinfelden. ... Neuhausen am Rheinfall (which was officially called Neuhausen until 1938) is a border municipality in the Canton of Schaffhausen. ...


There is a busy rail junction at Schaffhausen with trains from Switzerland and Germany.


Demographics

In 2002 the population was 73,400 people. The German language and Protestant faith predominate. German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...


Former districts

Until July 1999 Canton Schaffhausen was divided into these 6 districts (Bezirke): Oberklettgau, Reiat, Schaffhausen, Schleitheim, Stein, Unterklettgau.


Municipalities

The municipality of Osterfingen was incorporated into Wilchingen in 2005. Altdorf is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Bargen is a locality in the canton of Schaffhausen in northern Switzerland. ... Beggingen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Beringen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Bibern can mean either of two municipalities of Switzerland: Bibern, Solothurn Bibern, Schaffhausen Category: ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Buchberg is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Büttenhardt is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Dörflingen seen from Buch Dörflingen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Gächlingen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Guntmadingen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Hallau is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Hemishofen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... The Village The village of Hemmental lies embedded in the heart of the Randens, 600 meters above sea level in the canton of Schaffhausen. ... Hofen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Lohn is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Löhningen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Merishausen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Neuhausen am Rheinfall (which was officially called Neuhausen until 1938) is a border municipality in the Canton of Schaffhausen. ... Neunkirch is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Oberhallau is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Opfertshofen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Ramsen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Rüdlingen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Schaffhausen (German:  , French: Schaffhouse, Italian: Sciaffusa) is a city in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name; it has an estimated population of 33,527 as of March 31, 2005. ... Schleitheim is a town in Switzerland. ... Siblingen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Stein am Rhein with the castle Hohenklingen in the background Stein am Rhein is a town located in Switzerland near the German border, a municipality of the canton of Schaffhausen. ... Stetten is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, Switzerland. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Trasadingen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Wilchingen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Wilchingen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ... Wilchingen is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen, northern Switzerland. ...


External links

Cantons of Switzerland Flag of Switzerland
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Schaffhausen - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (182 words)
Schaffhausen is a city in northern Switzerland; it has an estimated population of 33,700 in 2003.
Schaffhausen is the capital of the Swiss of Canton of Schaffhausen.
Schaffhausen was a city state in the Middle Ages, documented to have struck its own coins starting in 1045.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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