FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Canton of Glarus
Glarus
Coat of arms of the Canton of Glarus
Capital Glarus
Area 685 km² (Ranked 17th)
Highest point Tödi 3614 m
Population (2003) 38300 (Ranked 23rd)
55 /km²
Joined 1352
Abbreviation GL
Languages German
Executive Regierungsrat (7)
Legislative Landsgemeinde (Landrat (80)
Municipalities 25 municipalities
Districts n.a.
Website www.GL.ch


Glarus  (French Glaris) is a canton in east central Switzerland. The capital is Glarus. There are 25 municipalities in the canton (July 2006). The population is German speaking and Protestant. Image File history File links Glaris-coat_of_arms. ... Image File history File links en: Canton Glarus in Switzerland. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... Glarus is the capital of the Canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a lists of Cantons of Switzerland ranked by area. ... This is a list of Cantons of Switzerland by highest point. ... Tödi is the highest mountain in the Glarus Alps in the Canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Since 1848, the Swiss Confederation has been a federal state of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the worlds oldest surviving republics. ... Events June 4 - Glarus joins the Swiss Confederation. ... These are data codes for Switzerland. ... This is a List of office-holders in 2005 in Switzerland. ... This table lists the names of the executive and the legislative of the Cantons of Switzerland, as well as the current number of members. ... The Landsgemeinde is one of the oldest and simplest forms of direct democracy practised in some cantons of Switzerland. ... Municipalities are the smallest government division in Switzerland. ... Glarus (French Glaris) is a canton in east central Switzerland. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... Image File history File links Kanton Glarus, selbstgezeichnet durch Tschubby File links The following pages link to this file: Canton of Glarus ... Image File history File links De-Glarus. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... Glarus is the capital of the Canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...

Contents

Geography

The canton of Glarus is dominated by the deep valley of Linth River. Most of the area is mountainous. The highest peak in the Glarus Alps is the Tödi with 3614m. Other mountains include the Hausstock (3158m) and the Glärnisch (2910m). There is a large lake called Walensee (Lake Walen). The total area of the canton of Glarus is 685 km², of which about half is considered productive. Forestry is an important branch of industry in the canton. The Linth (pronounced lint) is a Swiss river starting above Linthal the mountains of Glarus near the Klausen pass and flowing from there north through the Glarus valley passing Schwanden, where it is joined by its main tributary Sernft, Ennenda, the town of Glarus, Netstal, and Näfels, from where... Tödi is the highest mountain in the Glarus Alps in the Canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Lake Walen Lake Walen (or Lake Walenstadt, in German Walensee) is a lake at the border between Canton of St. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ...


History

Church of Glarus by Ferdinand Stadler
Church of Glarus by Ferdinand Stadler

The history of this canton is dominated by religion. The inhabitants of the Linth Valley were converted to Christianity in the 6th century by the Irish monk Saint Fridolin, who still features in the coat of arms of the canton today. He founded Säckingen Abbey near Basel. From the 9th century, the area around Glarus was owned by the abbey. By 1288 the Habsburgs bit by bit claimed all the abbey's rights. This resulted in the people of Glarus joining the Swiss Confederation in 1352. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3352x2235, 2948 KB) Stadkirche Glarus, Schweiz Ein Bau von Ferdinand Stadler Eigenes Bild vom 19. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3352x2235, 2948 KB) Stadkirche Glarus, Schweiz Ein Bau von Ferdinand Stadler Eigenes Bild vom 19. ... The Linth (pronounced lint) is a Swiss river starting above Linthal the mountains of Glarus near the Klausen pass and flowing from there north through the Glarus valley passing Schwanden, where it is joined by its main tributary Sernft, Ennenda, the town of Glarus, Netstal, and Näfels, from where... Saint Fridolin, otherwise Fridolin of Säckingen, traditionally believed to have been born in Ireland, was a missionary, and the founder of Säckingen Abbey, Baden, in the 6th or 7th century. ... Glarus is the capital of the Canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ...


Between 1506 and 1516 the reformer Huldrych Zwingli was priest in Glarus, but by 1564 all of Zwingli's followers were eliminated. This, however, did not end the struggles between the Protestants and the Catholics in the area. To secure peace it was decided that each party should have its own assembly (Landsgemeinde) in 1623, and at a later stage in 1683 each side was granted the right to have its own tribunals. Huldrych (or Ulrich) Zwingli (January 1, 1484 – October 11, 1531) was the leader of the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland, and founder of the Swiss Reformed Churches. ... The Landsgemeinde is one of the oldest and simplest forms of direct democracy practised in some cantons of Switzerland. ...


Between 1798 and 1803 Glarus was part of the Canton of Linth as established by Napoleon. In 1836 the constitution was adapted to unite the assemblies and establish only one Landsgemeinde. Linth was the name of a canton of the Helvetic Republic from 1798 to 1803, consisting of Glarus and its former subject territory Werdenberg, as well as parts formerly belonging to Schwyz and Zurich. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ...


Industry

Cantonal museum in a building called Freulerpalast
Cantonal museum in a building called Freulerpalast

The geography of the canton helped to establish slate works in the 17th century. The mountainous surroundings of Glarus were also an advantage in industrialisation. Cotton spinning was important in the 18th century, complementing traditional woolen spinning. Industrialisation also brought cotton printing, hydroelectric plants and later metal and machinery factories, as well as paper mills. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3273x2182, 2770 KB) Freulerpalast in Näfels, Schweiz Beinhaltet 2005 das Landesmuseum Glarus Eigenes Bild vom 19. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3273x2182, 2770 KB) Freulerpalast in Näfels, Schweiz Beinhaltet 2005 das Landesmuseum Glarus Eigenes Bild vom 19. ...


Dairy farming and cattle breeding were not replaced by industrial advances. Cattle graze on mountain pastures. Cattle breeding and dairying are important on the mountain pastures. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ...


Municipalities

The 25 municipalities (Ortsgemeinden) are: A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ...

Betschwanden is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Bilten is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... // Onomastics and disambiguational information about the words and place & human names that forms Braun-, Broyn-, Bron-, Brown-, etc. ... Elm is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Engi is a municipality of the Canton of Glarus, Switzerland, with an area of 40. ... Ennenda is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Filzbach is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Glarus is the capital of the Canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Haslen is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Linthal is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Luchsingen is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Matt is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Mitlödi is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Mollis is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Mühlehorn is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Näfels is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Netstal is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Niederurnen is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Oberurnen is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Obstalden is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Riedern is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Rüti is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Schwanden is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Schwändi is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Sool is a municipality in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ...

Controversy

In 2003, a controversy arose where asylum seekers were subject to torture by cantonal authorities in Linthal and Rütli. According to Amnesty International, police raids were conducted during early morning hours. In many of these cases, refugees whose homes were raided were subject to treatment which may have violated their human rights. Despite investigations on the matter, authorities have denied wrong doing insisting that they were acting within legal limits. [1] Amnesty International symbol Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) comprising a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights.[1] Essentially it compares actual practices of human rights with internationally accepted standards and demands compliance where these have not...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Canton of Glarus
Cantons of Switzerland Flag of Switzerland
Aargau | Appenzell Ausserrhoden | Appenzell Innerrhoden | Basel-City | Basel-Country | Berne | Fribourg | Geneva | Glarus | Graubünden | Jura | Lucerne | Neuchâtel | Nidwalden | Obwalden | Schaffhausen | Schwyz | Solothurn | St. Gallen | Thurgau | Ticino | Uri | Valais | Vaud | Zug | Zürich

  Results from FactBites:
 
canton of glarus - Article and Reference from OnPedia.com (365 words)
Glarus (French Glaris) is a canton in east central Switzerland.
The canton of Glarus is dominated by the deep valley of Linth River.
Between 1798 and 1803 Glarus was part of the Canton of Linth as established by Napoleon.
Glarus, Switzerland (Canton) - LoveToKnow 1911 (886 words)
It is thus a mountain canton, the loftiest point in it being the Tbdi (11,887 ft.), the highest summit that rises to the north of the upper Aar and Vorder Rhine valleys.
In 1900 the population of the canton was 32,349 (a decrease on the 33,825 of 1888, this being the only Swiss canton which shows a decrease), of whom 31,797 were German-speaking, while there were 24,403 Protestants, 7918 Romanists (many in Nafels) and 3 Jews.
The canton still keeps its primitive democratic assembly or Landsgemeinde (meeting annually in the open air at Glarus on the first Sunday in May), composed of all male citizens of 20 years of age.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m