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Encyclopedia > Canton of Geneva
Genève
Capital Geneva
Area Coordinates: 46°12′N, 6°7′E 282 km² (Ranked 21st)
Highest point Les Arales 516 m
Population (2005) 438,483 (Ranked 6th)
1469 /km²
Joined 1815
Abbreviation GE
Languages French
Executive Conseil d'Etat (7)
Legislative Grand Conseil (100)
Municipalities 45 municipalities
Districts n.a.
Website www.GE.ch

The Republic and Canton of Geneva is the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France and centered around the city of Geneva. The official name of this canton is République et Canton de Genève. Like some other Swiss cantons (Ticino, Neuchâtel, Jura) this canton calls itself a republic, as part of the Swiss confederation. Image File history File links Geneve-coat_of_arms. ... Image File history File links Swiss_Canton_Map_GE.png‎ en: Canton Geneva in Switzerland. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German:   //, Italian: Ginevra //, Romansh: Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a lists of Cantons of Switzerland ranked by area. ... This is a list of Cantons of Switzerland by highest point. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Since 1848, the Swiss Confederation has been a federal state of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the worlds oldest surviving republics. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... These are data codes for Switzerland. ... This is a List of office-holders in 2005 in Switzerland. ... This table lists the names of the executive and the legislative of the Cantons of Switzerland, as well as the current number of members. ... The term Grand Conseil or Great Council refers two different institutions during the Ancien Régime in France. ... Municipalities are the smallest government division in Switzerland. ... See: Municipalities of Switzerland Categories: Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1062x968, 119 KB) Canton of Geneva Map drawn by Tschubby File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Canton of Geneva ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German:   //, Italian: Ginevra //, Romansh: Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ... For the river, see Ticino river. ... Neuchâtel is a canton of Switzerland. ... The Republic and Canton of the Jura, also known as the Canton of Jura or Canton Jura, is one of the Cantons of Switzerland. ...


The canton of Geneva is located in the southwestern corner of Switzerland. The canton of Geneva is one of the most cosmopolitan areas of Switzerland. As a centre of the Calvinist Reformation, the city of Geneva exercised significant influence on the canton, which essentially consists of Geneva and its hinterlands. John Calvin (July 10, 1509 – May 27, 1564) was a French Protestant theologian during the Protestant Reformation and was a central developer of the system of Christian theology called Calvinism or Reformed theology. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ...


Since the city of Geneva is the predominant community within the Canton, much information relevant to the Canton can be found in the article about the city.

Contents

Geography

Canton of Geneva seen from La Barillette

The area of the canton of Geneva is 282 km². The canton is practically isolated from other Swiss cantons. The canton is bordered only by Vaud. The adjoining French departements are Ain (to the North) and Haute-Savoie (to the South). The current boundaries of the canton were established in 1815. As of 2007 the population of the canton is 445,045. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2272x686, 423 KB) Canton de Genève vu de La Barillette. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2272x686, 423 KB) Canton de Genève vu de La Barillette. ... La Barillette (1525 meters) is one of the highest points of Canton Vauds Jura mountains in Switzerland. ... The Canton of Vaud is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Préfecture building of the Ain département, in Bourg-en-Bresse Ain is a département named after the Ain River on the eastern edge of France bordering Switzerland. ... Haute-Savoie is a French département, named after the Alps mountain range. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Religion

As home of Calvin's Reformation the canton of Geneva has traditionally been a Protestant Christian stronghold. However, over the latter part of the 20th century the proportion of Catholics rose, in large part due to immigration from southern Europe, and now Catholics outnumber Protestants in the canton. However, the canton is still officially considered Protestant. The surrounding regions of France are mostly Roman Catholic. John Calvin (July 10, 1509 – May 27, 1564) was a French Protestant theologian during the Protestant Reformation and was a central developer of the system of Christian theology called Calvinism or Reformed theology. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ...


Economy

Geneva's countryside (Dardagny and its vineyard)

The city of Geneva dominates the economy of the canton. It is a centre of commerce, trade and finance. A great number of Swiss banks are located in Geneva, particularly in the area of private banking. The service industry is most significant in Geneva where there are headquarters of a number of international corporations as well as international organizations, such as the United Nations and the International Labour Organization. As a financial centre the city of Geneva is of international significance. Agricultural is commonplace in the hinterlands of Geneva, particularly wheat and wine. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1120x840, 597 KB) Une partie du Vignoble de Dardagny dans le canton de Genève en Suisse Romande. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1120x840, 597 KB) Une partie du Vignoble de Dardagny dans le canton de Genève en Suisse Romande. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that deals with labour issues. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ...


Precision machinery and instruments are other branches where the economy of the canton of Geneva is strong. This is also reflected in the tradition of watch-making in Geneva.

Geneva's famous Jet D'eau

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 1628 KB) Jet DEau, Geneva, August 11, 2004 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 1628 KB) Jet DEau, Geneva, August 11, 2004 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

International organizations

The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is the worlds largest group of humanitarian non-governmental organizations, often known simply as the Red Cross, after its original symbol. ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919–1920. ... The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that deals with labour issues. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... CERN logo The European Organization for Nuclear Research (French: ), commonly known as CERN (see Naming), pronounced (or in French), is the worlds largest particle physics laboratory, situated just northwest of Geneva on the border between France and Switzerland. ... The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; French: Union internationale des télécommunications, Spanish: Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones) is an international organization established to standardize and regulate international radio and telecommunications. ... For other uses of the initials WTO, see WTO (disambiguation). ...

Education

The main educational institution is the University of Geneva, founded in 1559 by Calvin. It was originally called Schola Genevensis. The original buildings are not used by the University anymore, but by Collège Calvin. The University of Geneva (Université de Genève) is a university in Geneva, Switzerland. ... John Calvin (July 10, 1509 – May 27, 1564) was a French Protestant theologian during the Protestant Reformation and was a central developer of the system of Christian theology called Calvinism or Reformed theology. ... Collège Calvin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Transport

Most of the main roads in the canton of Geneva radiate from the capital Geneva. Of these main roads, a great number lead into France rather than any Swiss canton.


The canton is served by an international airport at Cointrin (Geneva International Airport) which has one terminal only. Geneva Cointrin International Airport (IATA: GVA, ICAO: LSGG) is an airport in Geneva, Switzerland. ...


There are good rail links to cities in France and Switzerland. Since 1984 the French high-speed trains (TGV) come to Geneva.


In 1964 the canton of Geneva was connected to the Swiss highway system, in 1970 to that of France.


Constitution

The constitution of the canton was established in 1847 and since then amended several times. The cantonal government (Council of State) has seven members who are elected for four years. The legislative (Great Council) has 100 seats, with deputies elected for four years at a time.


In a similar way to what happens at the Federal level, any change to the Constitution is subject to compulsory referendum. In addition, any law can be subject to a referendum if it is demanded by 7000 persons entitled to vote, and 10,000 persons may also propose a new law. Swiss redirects here. ...


The canton is divided into municipalities (communes, see below) which have their own assemblies and a mayor.


History

Geneva was an independent republic until 1798, but had been an "everlasting ally" of the Swiss Confederation since 1584. During the Napoleonic wars, Geneva was occupied and annexed to France. After its liberation in 1813, Geneva joined the Swiss Confederation in 1815 as the 22nd canton, having been enlarged by French and Savoyard territories at the Vienna Congress. 1584 was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... The Congress of Vienna (October 1, 1814 - June 9, 1815) was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria. ...


On 9 October 2005, the elections to the Great Council gave an increased majority to the right. On 13 November 2005, a new Council of State was elected, with a left-wing majority for the first time since 1936. is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Right wing” redirects here. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Leftism” redirects here. ...


Public holidays

Jeûne genevois is a public holiday specific to Geneva, celebrated on the Thursday following the first Sunday of September. Jeûne genevois (Genevan fast) is a public holiday in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland which occurs on the Thursday following the first Sunday of September. ...


Famous people

John Calvin (July 10, 1509 – May 27, 1564) was a French Protestant theologian during the Protestant Reformation and was a central developer of the system of Christian theology called Calvinism or Reformed theology. ... Dunant as an elderly man. ... Self-portrait, 1773 Jean-Étienne Liotard (born 1702 at Geneva; died 1789 in Geneva) was a Swiss-French painter. ... Jean-Jacques Rousseau, (June 28, 1712 – July 2, 1778) was a Genevan philosopher of the Enlightenment whose political ideas influenced the French Revolution, the development of socialist theory, and the growth of nationalism. ... Saussure Ferdinand de Saussure (pronounced ) (November 26, 1857 – February 22, 1913) was a Geneva-born Swiss linguist whose ideas laid the foundation for many of the significant developments in linguistics in the 20th century. ... For the singer of the same name, see Voltaire (musician). ...

Municipalities

Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva
Landscape by Jean-Étienne Liotard, 1738–1739

There are 45 municipalities in the canton: See: Municipalities of Switzerland Categories: Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (944x926, 259 KB) Municipalities in the canton of Geneva Map drawn by Tschubby File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Canton of Geneva ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (944x926, 259 KB) Municipalities in the canton of Geneva Map drawn by Tschubby File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Canton of Geneva ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x1545, 351 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Canton of Geneva User:Rl/Images ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x1545, 351 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Canton of Geneva User:Rl/Images ... Self-portrait, 1773 Jean-Étienne Liotard (born 1702 at Geneva; died 1789 in Geneva) was a Swiss-French painter. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ...

Aïre-la-Ville is a commune in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Anières is a commune in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Avully is a village in the canton of Geneva in Switzerland. ... Avusy is a village in the canton of Geneva in Switzerland at 49° 9′2″N, 5° 59′40″E. Categories: | | ... Bardonnex is a commune in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland Categories: Municipalities of Switzerland | Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva ... Bellevue is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Bernex is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Carouge is a city in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland, with a population of 18,479 (2003). ... Cartigny is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland Categories: Municipalities of Switzerland | Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva ... Céligny is a Swiss commune in the canton of Geneva. ... Chancy is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland Categories: Municipalities of Switzerland | Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva ... Chêne-Bougeries is a commune in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Chêne-Bourg is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland Categories: Municipalities of Switzerland | Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva ... Choulex is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Collex-Bossy is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Collonge-Bellerive is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Cologny is a commune in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Confignon is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Corsier is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Dardagny is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German:   //, Italian: Ginevra //, Romansh: Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ... Genthod is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Grand-Saconnex is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Gy is a commune in Geneva, in Switzerland. ... Hermance is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Jussy is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Laconnex is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Lancy is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Meinier is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... This sign at the western edge of Meyrin features the coat of arms of the community. ... Onex is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Perly-Certoux is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Plan-les-Ouates is a municipality of the canton of Geneva in Switzerland. ... Pregny-Chambésy is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Presinge is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Puplinge is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Russin is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Satigny is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Soral is a village in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Thônex is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland Categories: Municipalities of Switzerland | Municipalities of the Canton of Geneva ... Troinex is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... VandÅ“uvres is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland Vernier is a commune in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ... Versoix is a small town in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland, which sits on the right bank of Lake Geneva. ... Veyrier is a commune of the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Canton of Genève

Tourism Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Visit-Switzerland - Canton Geneva (496 words)
The Canton of Geneva is the westernmost canton or state of Switzerland, surrounded on almost all sides by France and centered around the city of Geneva.
From 1584 Geneva was an "everlasting ally" of the Swiss Confederation.
As of 2005 the population of the canton is 438,483.
Lausanne and Geneva (2852 words)
Pius VII next (1819) united the city of Geneva and 20 parishes with the Diocese of Lausanne, while the rest of the ancient Diocese of Geneva (outside of Switzerland) was reconstituted, in 1822, as the Diocese of Annecy.
Deruaz was born 13 May, 1826, at Choulex in the Canton of Geneva, studied theology at Fribourg and he was vicar at Grand Sacconex near Geneva, and then curé at Rolle, in the Canton of Vaud, and at Lausanne.
The Catholics inhabit principally the Canton of Fribourg (excepting the Lake District) and the country parishes transferred to Geneva in 1515, four communes in the Canton of Neuchâtel, and ten in the Canton of Vaud.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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