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Encyclopedia > Cantinflas
Cantinflas

Birth name Mario Moreno Reyes
Born August 12, 1911
Mexico City, Mexico
Died April 20, 1993
Mexico City, Mexico
Spouse(s) Valentina Ivanova (1936-1966)

Fortino Mario Alfonso Moreno Reyes (August 12, 1911April 20, 1993) was a comedian of the Mexican theatre and film industry. He earned wide popularity with his interpretation of the character Cantinflas, an impoverished campesino cum slumdweller that originated in the pelado. The character came to be associated with the national identity of Mexico, and allowed Moreno to establish a long, successful film career that included a foray into Hollywood. Charlie Chaplin once called him "the greatest comedian in the world," and Moreno is often referred to as the "Charlie Chaplin of Mexico".[1] Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... The Golden Globe Award The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1951. ... Around the World in Eighty Days (French: Le tour du monde en quatre-vingts jours) is a classic adventure novel by the French writer Jules Verne, first published in 1873. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... The film industry consists of the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking: i. ... Campesino may refer to A simple farmer is referred to as a campesino in Spanish. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows his find. ... In Mexican culture in society, pelado is a term invented to describe a certain class of urban bum in Mexico in the 1920s. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, Jr. ...


While some of films were dubbed into English for American audiences, and his work found some favor among the people of France, the wordplay of his Spanish-language humor did not translate particularly well into other languages. However, he was wildly successful in Spanish-speaking Latin America, where he still has many devoted fans. This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


As a pioneer of the cinema of Mexico, Moreno helped usher in its golden era. His success, as part of Mexico's cinematic blossoming, helped establish Mexico as the entertainment capital of Latin America. In addition to being a business leader, he also became involved in Mexico's tangled and often dangerous labor politics. Although he was himself politically conservative, his reputation as a spokesperson for the downtrodden gave his actions authenticity and became important in the early struggle against charrismo, the one-party government's practice of coopting and controlling unions. The history of Mexican cinema goes back to the beginning of the 20th century, when several enthusiasts of the new medium documented historical events – most particularly the Mexican Revolution – and produced some movies that have been only recently been rediscovered. ... The Golden age of the cinema of Mexico (in Spanish: Época de oro del cine mexicano) is the name given to the period between 1935 and 1959 where the quality and economic success of the cinema of Mexico reached its peak. ... The struggle against charrismo is a major part of the labor movement in Mexico, as depicted in this protest drawing by Rini Templeton, ca. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. ... A trade union or labor union is a continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment. ...


Moreover, his character Cantinflas, whose identity became enmeshed with his own, was examined by media critics, philosophers, anthropologists, and linguists, who saw him variably as a danger to Mexican society, a bourgeois puppet, a kind philanthropist, a venture capitalist, a transgressor of gender roles, a pious Catholic, a verbal innovator, and a picaresque underdog. Capitalism generally refers to an economic system in which the means of production are all or mostly privately[1][2] owned and operated for profit, and in which investments, distribution, income, production and pricing of goods and services are determined through the operation of a free market. ...


In effect, Moreno was all of these. His character Cantinflas, in attempting to encompass the identity of an entire nation, developed the contradictions and complexities inherent in any attempt to epitomize a country as complex and contradictory as Mexico.

Contents

Personal life

Born the sixth of twelve children. Four died due to miscarriages. Eight survived, Pedro, Jose "Pepe", Edwardo, Mario, Esperanza, Catalina, Enrique and Roberto) to Sr. Pedro Moreno Esquivel, an impoverished mail carrier, and Sra. Soledad Guizar Reyes de Moreno. Fortino Mario Alfonso Moreno Reyes was born in the the Santa María la Redonda neighborhood of Mexico City, and grew up in the rough Tepito barrio.[2] He made it through difficult situations with the quick wit and street smarts that he would later apply in his films. After an unsuccessful attempt to enter the United States through California, he became a prizefighter in his teens as a source of income.[3] His comic personality led him to a circus tent show, and from there to legitimate theatre and film. Santa María la Redonda is a boulevard in colonia Guerrero of the Cuauhtémoc borough of the Mexican Federal District. ... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city or suburb. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Tepito is an area located in Mexico City. ... Barrio is a Spanish word meaning district. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


He married Valentina Ivanova Zubareff, of Russian ethnicity, on October 27, 1936, and remained with her until her death in January, 1966. A son was born to Moreno in 1961 by another woman[4]; the child was adopted by Valentina Ivanova and was named Mario Arturo Moreno Ivanova, causing some references to erroneously refer to him as "Cantinflas' adopted son."[5] is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


He served as president of the Mexican actor's guild known as Asociación Nacional de Actores (ANDA, "National Association of Actors") and as first secretary general of the independent filmworkers' union Sindicato de Trabajadores de la Producción Cinematográfica (STPC). A trade union or labor union is a continuous association of wage-earners for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment. ... Union of Cinema Production Workers (Spanish: Sindicato de Trabajadores de la Producción Cinematográfica) was an autonomous (non-charro-led) Mexican trade union. ...


Following his retirement, Moreno devoted his life to helping others through charity and humanitarian organizations, especially those dedicated to helping children. His contributions to the Roman Catholic Church and orphanages made him a folk hero in Mexico. A charitable organization (also known as a charity) is a trust, company or unincorporated association established for charitable purposes only. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic... An orphanage (historically an orphans asylum before the latter word took on its modern insane asylum connotation) is an institution dedicated to caring for orphans (children who have lost their parents) and abused, abandoned, and neglected children. ... It has been suggested that American folk hero be merged into this article or section. ...


In 1993, after his death in Mexico City from lung cancer, thousands appeared on the rainy day for his funeral. The ceremony was a national event, lasting three days. His body lay in state in the Rotonda de los Hombres Ilustres (Rotunda of Distinguished Men) and he was honored by many heads of state and the United States Senate, which held a moment of silence for him. Lung cancer is the malignant transformation and expansion of lung tissue, and is the most lethal of all cancers worldwide, responsible for 1. ... el ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Politics Portal      The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the...


After his death, a 12-year legal battle ensued between Mario Moreno Ivanova, Cantinflas' son and heir to his estate, and the actor's blood nephew, Eduardo Moreno Laparade over the control of 34 of films made by Cantinflas. The nephew claimed his uncle gave him a written notice to the rights for movies on his deathbed. Moreno Ivanova argued he is the direct heir of Cantinflas and the rights belong to him. Moreno Laparade won the lawsuit twice [6], but Moreno Ivanova eventually triumphed after two appeals. [7]


At the same time, another legal battle ensued between Columbia Pictures and Moreno Ivanova over control of these films. Columbia claims that it bought the rights to the 34 films four decades ago with the court noting several discrepancies in the papers. Moreno Ivanova wanted the rights to the films to remain his and more generally, Mexico's, as a national treasure. On June 2, 2001 the eight year battle was resolved with Columbia retaining ownership over the 34 disputed films. [8] The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


Origin of name

As a young man, Cantinflas performed a variety of acts in travelling tents. It was also in the tents that he earned the nickname "Cantinflas"; however, the origin of the name is obscured by legend. According to one obituary, "Cantinflas" is a meaningless name invented to prevent his parents from knowing he was in the entertainment business, which they considered a shameful occupation. In another version, the Mexican media critic and theorist Carlos Monsiváis cites a legendary account of the origin of Cantinflas' characteristic speech:

According to a legend that he agrees with, a young Mario Moreno, overwhelmed by stage fright, once, in the Ofelia carpa, forgets his original monologue. He begins to say what comes to mind in a complete emancipation of phrases and words, and what comes to mind is an incoherent brilliance. His assistants recite his attack on syntax, and Mario becomes aware of it: destiny has placed in his hands the distinctive characteristic, the style that is manipulation of chaos. Weeks later, the name that will mark the invention is invented. Someone, taken in by the nonsense, screams: "Cuanto inflas!" [C' ntinflas] (You're drunk") or "En la cantina inflas!" ("you drink at the saloon") Which in Mexico is understood as: You are so drunk that you don't know what you are saying, how much did you drink? as incredible as it sounds that is what they mean when they say 2 words in Mexico. The contraction catches on and becomes proof of the baptism that the character needs.[9]

In Mexico and the Southwestern United States, the carpa (Spanish: tent, from the Quechua karpa) theater flourished during the 1920s and 30s. ...

Entertainment career

Cantinflas with Bing Crosby in the 1960 movie Pepe, his second and last American film.

Before starting his professional life in entertainment, he explored a number of possible careers, such as medicine and professional boxing, before joining the entertainment world as a dancer. By 1930 he was involved in Mexico City's carpa (travelling tent) circuit, performing in succession with the Ofelia, Sotelo of Azcapotzalco, and finally the Valentina carpa, where he met his future wife. At first he tried to imitate Al Jolson by smearing his face with black paint, but later separated himself to form his own identity as an impoverished slum dweller with baggy pants, a rope for a belt, and a distinct mustache.[3] In the tents, he danced, performed acrobatics, and performed in the roles of several different professions. Image File history File links Cantinflas_in_Pepe. ... Image File history File links Cantinflas_in_Pepe. ... Harry Lillis Bing Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ... Pepe is the name of a 1960 movie starring Cantinflas as the title role, directed by George Sidney and with an amount of cameo appearances vainly trying to replicate the success of another Cantinflas movie, Around the World in Eighty Days. ... medicines, see Medication. ... Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Domínguez (left, throwing a left uppercut) versus Rafael Ortiz Boxing, also referred to as pugilism is a combat sport in which two participants of similar weight fight each other with their fists in a series of one to three-minute intervals called rounds. ... A contemporary dancer rehearsing in a dance studio Dance generally refers to human movement either used as a form of expression or presented in a social, spiritual or performance setting. ... In Mexico and the Southwestern United States, the carpa (Spanish: tent, from the Quechua karpa) theater flourished during the 1920s and 30s. ... Azcapotzalco (Place of the ants in Nahuatl) is one of the 16 delegaciones (boroughs) into which Mexicos Federal District is divided. ... Al Jolson (born Asa Yoelson, May 26, 1886 – October 23, 1950) was an acclaimed European singer and actor whose career lasted from 1911 until his death in 1950. ... This reproduction of a 1900 minstrel show poster, originally published by the Strobridge Litho Co. ...


Cantinflismo

In 1936, Moreno made his debut in Mexico City's Folies Bergères Theater. Now removed from the lower-class environment that pandered to baser humor, cantinflismo, the political joke that challenged the notion that Cantinflas' nonsense was vacuous, was born. In 1937, the politician Vicente Lombardo Toledano responded to a political rival: "If [labor leader Luis] Morones has decided to show his dialectical prowess, let him argue with Cantinflas." Now directly invoked in the debate, Cantinflas responded: Costume, c. ... Vicente Lombardo Toledano (July 16, 1894 – November 16, 1968) was one of the foremost Mexican labor leaders of the 20th century. ... Luis Napoleón Morones (1890–1946) was a Mexican union boss who served as secretary general of the Regional Confederation of Mexican Workers (Confederación Regional Obrera Mexicana, CROM) and as secretary of economy under President Plutarco Elías Calles. ...

Ah! but let me make one thing clear, I have moments of lucidity, and I speak very clearly. And now I will speak with clarity...Friends! There are moments in my life that are really momentary...And it's not because one says it, but we must see it! What do we see? that's what we must see...because, what a coincidence, friends, that supposing that in the case—let's not say what it could be—but we must think about it and understand the psychology of life to make an analogy of the synthesis of humanity. Right? Well, that's the point![10]

Media figures and intellectuals fleshed out the definition and applications of cantinflismo in subsequent publications. Monsiváis interprets it in the context of the left-leaning presidency of Lázaro Cárdenas, calling it a "mock[ery] of proletariat discourse from glorious senselessness".[11] But perhaps the contemporary writer Miguel del Río's elaboration is the most eloquent: “Leftism” redirects here. ... This article is about Gen. ...

It's as if Cantinflas were, more than anyone, the Mexican dictator of optimism ... he flirts with politics as if he were the most experienced politician. He becomes a leader and a proletariat, with only the change of a hat or a phrase.[12]

The political bent of Moreno's work was a marked turn, and his comedic innocence no longer sufficed to shield him from the criticism that political involvement entailed.


Film career

Image:Aguila o sol screenshot.PNG
Cantinflas in Águila o sol (1937)

In the mid-1930s, Cantinflas met Russian producer Jacques Gelman and subsequently partnered with him to form their own film production venture. Gelman produced, directed, and distributed, while Cantinflas acted. Cantinflas made his film debut in 1936 with No te engañes corazón but the film received little attention. He established Posa Films in 1939, producing short films that allowed him to develop the Cantinflas character, but it was in 1940 that he finally became a movie star, after shooting Ahí está el detalle ("There's the rub," literally "There lies the detail"). The phrase that gave that movie its name became a Cantinflas catch phrase for the rest of his career. The film was a breakthrough in Latin America and was later recognized by Somos magazine as the 10th greatest film produced largely in Mexico.[13] Águila o sol (Heads or tails) is a film of the cinema of Mexico. ... Jacques Gelman (1909 – 1986) was a producer of Mexican films. ... Early American actor William Garwood starred in numerous short films, many of which were only 20 minutes in length Short subject is a format description originally coined in the North American film industry in the early period of cinema. ... Ahí está el detalle (Theres the rub, or literally Theres the detail, release internationally as Here Is the Point and Youre Missing the Point in the United States) is a film of the Golden Era of the cinema of Mexico. ... A catch phrase is a phrase or expression that is popularized, usually through repeated use, by a real person or fictional character. ...


In 1941 Moreno first played the role of a police officer on film in El gendarme desconocido ("The unknown police officer" a play of words on "The Unknown Soldier). By this time he had sufficiently distinguished the peladito character from the 1920s-era pelado, and his character flowed comfortably from the disenfranchised, marginalized, underclassman to the empowered public servant. The political nature of the rhetoric of cantinflismo facilitated this fluidity. He would reprise the role of Agent 777 and be honored by police forces throughout Latin America for his positive portrayal of law enforcement. Sailor and girl at the Tomb of the Unknowns, Arlington National Cemetery, USA, May 1943 Throughout history, many soldiers have died in numerous wars without their remains being identified. ...


Ni sangre, ni arena ("Neither Blood, nor Sand" a play on words on the bullfighter/gladiator phrase "Blood and Sand"), the 1941 satirical film on bullfighting, broke box-office records for Mexican-made films throughout Spanish-speaking countries. In 1942, Moreno teamed up with Miguel M. Delgado and Jaime Salvador to produce a series of low-quality parodies, including an interpretation of Chaplin's The Circus. Blood and Sand was a 1922 silent movie directed by Fred Niblo and starring Rudolph Valentino, Lila Lee and Nita Naldi. ... The Circus is a 1928 silent film which finds Charlie Chaplins Little Tramp character being chased by a police officer at a circus. ...


The 1940s and 1950s were Cantinflas' heyday. In 1946, he rejected Mexican film companies and instead signed with Columbia Pictures. [3] By this time, his popularity was such that he was able to lend his prestige to the cause of Mexican labor, representing the National Association of Actors in talks with President Manuel Ávila Camacho. The talks did not go well, however, and, in the resulting scandal, Moreno took his act back to the theatre. The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... Term of office: 1 December 1940 – 1 December 1946 Preceded by: Lázaro Cárdenas del Río Succeeded by: Miguel Alemán Valdés Date of birth: 24 April 1897 Place of birth: Teziutlán, Puebla Date of death: 13 October 1955 Place of death: México State Profession...

A caricature of Cantinflas on the poster for Águila o sol under the alternative title Cantinflas en el teatro.
A caricature of Cantinflas on the poster for Águila o sol under the alternative title Cantinflas en el teatro.

On August 30, 1953, Cantinflas began performing his theatrical work Yo Colón ("I, Columbus") in the Teatro de los Insurgentes, the same theatre that had earlier been embroiled in a controversy over a Diego Rivera mural incorporating Cantinflas and the Virgin of Guadalupe. Critics, including the PAN and archbishop Luis María Martínez, called the mural blasphemous, and it was eventually painted without the image of the Virgin. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (574x881, 125 KB) Summary poster for film Licensing This image is of a movie poster or title card, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of the movie or the studio which produced the movie... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (574x881, 125 KB) Summary poster for film Licensing This image is of a movie poster or title card, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the publisher of the movie or the studio which produced the movie... For the book of comics by Daniel Clowes see Caricature (Daniel Clowes collection) A caricature of film comedian Charlie Chaplin. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Teatro de los Insurgentes (Spanish: Theater of the Insurgents) is a theater located on Mexico Citys Avenida de los Insurgentes. ... Diego Rivera (December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957), (full name Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez) was a Mexican painter and muralist born in Guanajuato City, Guanajuato. ... Our Lady of Guadalupe. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... Luis María Martínez (June 9, 1881 – February 9, 1956) was the Catholic archbishop of Mexico and a member of the Academia Mexicana de la Lengua (Mexican Language Academy). He was born in Molinos de Caballeros, Tlalpujahua, Michoacán. ... Look up blasphemy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Yo Colón placed Cantinflas in the character of Christopher Columbus, who, while continually "discovering America", made comical historical and contemporary observations from fresh perspectives. The jokes changed nightly, and Moreno continued to employ his word games and double entendres to jab at politicians. Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator and maritime explorer credited as the discoverer of the Americas. ... A joke is a short story or series of words spoken or communicated with the intent of causing laughter or being found humorous by either listener/reader or performer/writer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A jab A jab is one of the four main punches used in boxing, the three others being the uppercut, the hook and the cross . ...


In 1956, Around the World in Eighty Days, Cantinflas' American debut earned him a Golden Globe for Best Actor in a musical or comedy. [14] Variety magazine said in 1956 that his Chaplinesque quality made a big contribution to the success of the film.[15] The film ultimately made an unadjusted $42 million dollars at the box office[16]. While Niven was billed as the lead in English-speaking nations, Cantinflas was billed as the lead elsewhere. As a result of the film, Cantinflas became the world's most highly paid actor. [17] Around the World in Eighty Days is a 1956 movie based on the novel of the same name by Jules Verne, involving a dare proposed to English aristocrat Phileas Fogg by his gentlemens club to undertake a bold journey to travel around the world in only 80 days. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1951. ... The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ...


Moreno's second Hollywood feature, Pepe, attempted to replicate the success of his first. The film had cameo appearances by Frank Sinatra, Judy Garland, and other stars. His humor, deeply rooted in the Spanish language, did not translate well for the American audience and the movie was a notorious box office disappointment. He still earned a Golden Globe nomination for his part. Later in a 1992 American interview, Moreno cited the language barrier as the biggest impediment to his making it big in the United States. [18] Pepe is the name of a 1960 movie starring Cantinflas as the title role, directed by George Sidney and with an amount of cameo appearances vainly trying to replicate the success of another Cantinflas movie, Around the World in Eighty Days. ... Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American jazz oriented popular singer and Academy Award-winning actor. ... Superscript text Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an Oscar-nominated American film actress, considered by many to be one of the greatest singing stars of Hollywoods Golden Era of musical film, best known for her role as Dorothy Gale from The... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ...


After returning to Mexico, Cantinflas created his own company, Cantinflas Films and continued making movies until his last, El Barrendero, in 1982.


Like Charlie Chaplin, Cantinflas was a social satirist. He played el pelado, an impoverished Everyman, with hopes to succeed. With mutual admiration, Cantinflas was influenced by Chaplin's earlier films and ideology. El Circo (the circus) was a "shadow" of Chaplin's silent film, The Circus and Si yo fuera diputado ("If I Were a Congressman") had many similarities with the 1940 film, The Great Dictator. Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin, Jr. ... The Circus is a 1928 silent film which finds Charlie Chaplins Little Tramp character being chased by a police officer at a circus. ... The Great Dictator is a film directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin. ...


Cantinflas' films, to this day, still generate revenue for Columbia Pictures. In 2000, Columbia reported in an estimated USD$4 million in foreign distribution from the films. [3]


Impact

Cantinflas in Ahí está el detalle, a film that jumpstarted his film career and would later become a comical catchphrase.

Among the things that endeared him to his public was his comic use of language in his films; his characters (all of which were really variations of the main "Cantinflas" persona but cast in different social roles and circumstances) would strike up a normal conversation and then complicate it to the point where no one understood what they were talking about. The Cantinflas character was particularly adept at obfuscating the conversation when he owed somebody money, was courting an attractive young woman, or was trying to talk his way out of trouble with authorities, whom he managed to humiliate without their even being able to tell. This manner of talking became known as Cantinfleada, and it became common parlance for Spanish speakers to say "¡estás cantinfleando!" (loosely translated as you're pulling a "Cantinflas!" or you're "Cantinflassing!") whenever someone became hard to understand in conversation. The Real Academia Española officially included the verb cantinflear, cantinflas, and cantinflada[19] in its dictionary in 1992. Image File history File links Ahi_esta_el_detalle_screenshot. ... Image File history File links Ahi_esta_el_detalle_screenshot. ... Ahí está el detalle (Theres the rub, or literally Theres the detail, release internationally as Here Is the Point and Youre Missing the Point in the United States) is a film of the Golden Era of the cinema of Mexico. ... The box of JumpStart Advanced 3rd Grade from 2003 to 2006 JumpStart is a series of educational games produced by Knowledge Adventure. ... A catch phrase is a phrase or expression that is popularized, usually through repeated use, by a real person or fictional character. ... The Real Academia Española (Spanish for Royal Spanish Academy, RAE) is the institution responsible for regulating the Spanish language. ...


In the visual arts, Mexican artists such as Rufino Tamayo and Diego Rivera painted Cantinflas as a symbol of the Mexican everyman. The American punk band Mindless Self Indulgence released a song about Cantinflas called "Whipstickagostop". Rufino Tamayo holding a guitar in a photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1945. ... Diego Rivera (December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957), (full name Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez) was a Mexican painter and muralist born in Guanajuato City, Guanajuato. ... Punk Rock is an anti-establishment music movement that began about 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified by The Ramones,the Misfits, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Mindless Self Indulgence (commonly referred to as MSI) is an American-based band. ...


Cantinflas' style and the content of his films have led scholars to conclude that he influenced the many teatros that spread the message of the Chicano Movement during the 1960s-1970s in the United States, the most important of which was El Teatro Campesino. The teatro movement was an important part of the cultural renaissance that was the social counterpart of the political movement for the civil rights of Mexican Americans. Cantinflas' use of social themes and style is seen as a precursor to Chicano theater.[20] The Chicano Movement, also called the Chicano Civil Rights Movement, the Mexican-American Civil Rights Movement, and El Movimiento, is the part of the American Civil Rights Movement that searched for social liberation and power for Mexican Americans. ... Poster for Teatro Campesino performing at a strike benefit with Quicksilver Messenger Service July 1966 at the Fillmore Auditorium, San Francisco. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ...


A cartoon series, the Cantinflas Show, was made in the 1970s starring an animated Cantinflas. The show was targeted for children and was intended to be educational. [21] The animated character was known as "Little Amigo" and concentrated on a wide range of subjects intended to educate children, from the origin of soccer to the reasons behind the International Date Line. Amigo and Friends (Spanish: Cantinflas) was an educational childrens cartoon which was originally made in Mexico in the 1970s. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... The International Date Line around 180° This article is about the line dividing time zones; see Dateline (disambiguation) for other meanings, including the television program. ...

Cantinflas' star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Cantinflas' star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Although Cantinflas never achieved the same success in the United States as in Mexico, he was honored with a star in the Hollywood Walk of Fame. He earned two Golden Globe nominations for best actor and the Mexican Academy of Film Lifetime Achievement Award. [22] [1] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (835x779, 1560 KB) Summary Modified from Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (835x779, 1560 KB) Summary Modified from Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... ... A Walk of Fame is a public installation which honours celebrities by embedding star-shaped tiles bearing the names of famous people in a sidewalk. ... ... A Walk of Fame is a public installation which honours celebrities by embedding star-shaped tiles bearing the names of famous people in a sidewalk. ... The Academia Mexicana de Artes y Ciencias Cinematográficas (The Mexican Academy of Film Arts and Sciences) was founded on July 3, 1946 in Mexico City. ...


The Mario Moreno "Cantinflas" Award is handed out annually for entertainers who "represent the Latino community with the same humor and distinction as the legendary Mario Moreno "Cantinflas" and who, like Cantinflas, utilizes his power to help those most in need." [23]


In 2002, Salvadorean-American (although self-described Chicano) artist, comedian, and Culture Clash member Herbert Sigüenza began performing a one-man show based on Cantinflas that toured nationally. The play, in both English and Spanish, incorporated motifs common in many of Cantinflas' films, and Sigüenza recreated many of the actor's physical comedy routines, such as his characteristic walk.[24] Also see: 2002 (number). ... Motto Dios, Unión, Libertad(Spanish) God, Union, Liberty Anthem Himno Nacional de El Salvador Capital (and largest city) San Salvador Official languages Spanish Government Republic  -  President Antonio Saca Independence  -  from Spain September 15, 1821   -  from the UPCA 1842  Area  -  Total 21,040 km² (152nd) 8,124 sq mi   -  Water... Chicano teenager in El Pasos second ward. ... Culture Clash is a Chicano/Latino performance troupe. ...


Cantinflas films are distributed in North America by Laguna Films.


Critical response

Cantinflas is sometimes seen as a Mexican Groucho Marx character, one who uses his skill with words to puncture the pretensions of the wealthy and powerful, the police and the government. Historian and author of Cantinflas and the Chaos of Mexican Modernity, writes, "Cantinflas symbolized the underdog who triumphed through trickery over more powerful opponents" and presents Cantinflas as a self image of a transitional Mexico. Gregorio Luke, executive director of the Museum of Latin American Art said, "To understand Cantinflas is to understand what happened in Mexico during the last century." [25] [3] Julius Henry Marx, AKA Groucho Marx (October 2, 1890 – August 19, 1977), was an American comedian, working both with his siblings, the Marx Brothers, and on his own. ... The Museum of Latin American Art (MoLAA) is a museum located in Long Beach, California featuring various pieces of contemporary Latin American art. ...


For his part, Monsiváis interprets the Moreno's portrayals in terms of the importance of the spoken word in the context of Mexico's "reigning illiteracy" (70% in 1930). Particularly in the film El Analfabeto, (The Illiterate), "Cantinflas is the illiterate who takes control of the language by whatever means he can."[26]


The journalist Salvador Novo interprets the role of Moreno's character entirely in terms of Cantinflismo: "En condensarlos: en entregar a la saludable carcajada del pueblo la esencia demagógica de su vacuo confusionismo, estriba el mérito y se asegura la gloria de este hijo cazurro de la ciudad ladina y burlona de México, que es Cantinflas". ("In condensing them [the leaders of the world and of Mexico], in the giving back to the healthy laughter of the people the demagogic state of their empty confusion, merit is sustained and glory is ensured for the self-contained son of the Spanish-speaking mocker of Mexico, who is Cantinflas.")[27] Salvador Novo (30 July 1904 – 13 January 1974) was a Mexican writer and the official chronicler of Mexico City, where he was born. ...


In his biography of the comic, the scholar of Mexican culture Jeffrey M. Pilcher views Cantinflas as a metaphor for "the chaos of Mexican modernity", a modernity that was just out of reach for the majority of Mexicans: "His nonsense language eloquently expressed the contradictions of modernity as 'the palpitating moment of everything that wants to be that which it cannot be'."[28] Likewise, "Social hierarchies, speech patterns, ethnic identities, and masculine forms of behavior all crumbled before his chaotic humor, to be reformulated in revolutionary new ways."[29]


Bibliography

  • Moreno, Mario "Cantinflas", 1969. Su Excelencia Mexico, D.F.: Gráficas Menhir, S.A.[citation needed]

Filmography

Cinema of the United States
Year Director Film Role
1960 George Sidney Pepe Pepe
1956 Michael Anderson Around the World in Eighty Days Passepartout
Cinema of Mexico
Year Director Film Role
1981 Miguel M. Delgado El barrendero Napoleón
1977 Miguel M. Delgado El patrullero 777 Diógenes Bravo
1975 Miguel M. Delgado El ministro y yo Mateo Melgarejo
1973 Miguel M. Delgado Conserje en condominio Úrsulo
1972 Roberto Gavaldón Don Quijote cabalga de nuevo Sancho Panza
1970 Miguel M. Delgado El profe Sócrates García
1969 Miguel M. Delgado Un Quijote sin mancha Justo Leal, Aventado
1968 Miguel M. Delgado Por mis pistolas Fidencio Barrenillo
1966 Miguel M. Delgado Su Excelencia Lopitos
1965 Miguel M. Delgado El señor doctor Salvador Medina
1964 Miguel M. Delgado El padrecito Sebastián
1963 Miguel M. Delgado Entrega inmediata Feliciano Calloso
1962 Miguel M. Delgado El extra Rogaciano
1960 Miguel M. Delgado El analfabeto Inocencio Prieto y Calvo
1958 Miguel M. Delgado Sube y baja Cantinflas
1958 Tulio Demicheli Ama a tus prójimo Cantinflas
1956 Miguel M. Delgado El bolero de Raquel Cantinflas
1954 Miguel M. Delgado Abajo el telón Cantinflas
1953 Miguel M. Delgado Caballero a la medida Cantinflas
1952 Miguel M. Delgado El señor fotógrafo Cantinflas
1951 Miguel M. Delgado Lluvia de estrellas Cantinflas
1951 Miguel M. Delgado Si yo fuera diputado Cantinflas
1950 Miguel M. Delgado El bombero atómico Cantinflas
1950 Miguel M. Delgado El siete machos Margarito
1949 Miguel M. Delgado Puerta, joven (El Portero) Cantinflas
1948 Miguel M. Delgado El mago Cantinflas
1948 Miguel M. Delgado El supersabio Cantinflas
1947 Miguel M. Delgado ¡A volar joven! Cantinflas
1946 Miguel M. Delgado Soy un prófugo Cantinflas
1945 Miguel M. Delgado Un día con el Diablo Cantinflas
1944 Miguel M. Delgado Gran Hotel Cantinflas
1943 Miguel M. Delgado Romeo y Julieta Romeo de Montesco
1942 Miguel M. Delgado El circo Cantinflas
1942 Miguel M. Delgado Los tres mosqueteros Cantinflas / D'Artagnan
1941 Carlos Villatoro Carnaval en el trópico Cameo
1941 Alejandro Galindo Ni sangre, ni arena El Chato / Manuel Márquez "Manolete"
1941 Miguel M. Delgado El gendarme desconocido Badge Number 777
1940 Juan Bustillo Oro Ahí está el detalle Cantinflas / "Leonardo del Paso"
1940 Carlos Toussaint Cantinflas y su prima (short) Cantinflas
1940 Fernando Rivera Cantinflas ruletero (short) Cantinflas
1940 Fernando Rivera Cantinflas boxeador (short) Cantinflas
1939 Fernando Rivera Jengibre contra Dinamita (short) Cantinflas
1939 Fernando Rivera Siempre listo en las tinieblas (short) Cantinflas
1939 Chano Urueta El signo de la muerte Cantinflas
1937 Arcady Boytler Águila o sol Polito Sol
1937 Arcady Boytler ¡Así es mi tierra! El Tejón
1936 Miguel Contreras Torres No te engañes corazón

American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... Pepe is the name of a 1960 movie starring Cantinflas as the title role, directed by George Sidney and with an amount of cameo appearances vainly trying to replicate the success of another Cantinflas movie, Around the World in Eighty Days. ... Around the World in Eighty Days is a 1956 movie based on the novel of the same name by Jules Verne, involving a dare proposed to English aristocrat Phileas Fogg by his gentlemens club to undertake a bold journey to travel around the world in only 80 days. ... The history of Mexican cinema goes back to the beginning of the 20th century, when several enthusiasts of the new medium documented historical events – most particularly the Mexican Revolution – and produced some movies that have been only recently been rediscovered. ... El ministro y yo (Spanish: The minister and I) is a 1975 Mexican film. ... Lithograph poster Su Excelencia is a 1966 Mexican film. ... El padrecito (The little priest) is a 1964 film of the cinema of Mexico. ... Los Tres Mosqueteros were a reggaeton trio consisting of MC Ceja, Lito MC Cassidy, and Polaco. ... Ahí está el detalle (Theres the rub, or literally Theres the detail, release internationally as Here Is the Point and Youre Missing the Point in the United States) is a film of the Golden Era of the cinema of Mexico. ... Águila o sol (Heads or tails) is a film of the cinema of Mexico. ... No te engañes corazón (released in English as Dont Fool Yourself Dear) is the first full-feature film of Cantinflas after becoming a star of the carpa circuit (folk theater) [1]. It was also one of the earliest films of Sara García and Carlos Orellana and...

Notes

  1. ^ a b Cantinflas biography by All Movie Guide Retrieved January 24, 2006.
  2. ^ Yahoo. Cantinflas biography. Retrieved February 9, 2006.
  3. ^ a b c d e Cantinflas article by the Los Angeles Times Retrieved January 24, 2006
  4. ^ Ilan Stavans. The riddle of Cantinflas: Essays on Hispanic popular culture, 1st ed. ISBN 0-8263-1860-6. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico. 1998, page 37.
  5. ^ Biography from Vanity Magazine Retrieved January 29, 2006.
  6. ^ (Spanish) Moreno Laparade gana derechos sobre las 39 cintas de Cantinflas ("Moreno Laparade wins the rights over 39 of Cantinflas films"), La Jornada. March 11, 2005. Retrieved February 9, 2006.
  7. ^ Monsiváis, Carlos (1999). "Chapter 4" Hershfield, Joanne; Maciel, David R. Mexico's Cinema: A Century of Film and Filmmakers, 1, 49-79, Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources, Inc. ISBN 0-8420-2681-9.
  8. ^ Ibid, p. 54
  9. ^ Ibid p. 55
  10. ^ del Río, Miguel. 1938 Vea (magazine)
  11. ^ Top 100 movies of Mexican cinema by Somo magazine Retrieved January 28, 2006
  12. ^ Film awards for Cantinflas Retrieved January 29, 2006.
  13. ^ Variety magazine review of film Retrieved January 29, 2006
  14. ^ Box office figures from Box Office Mojo Retrieved January 31, 2006
  15. ^ The Power and No Story Retrieved January 27, 2006.
  16. ^ Article on theatre re-enactmentment of Cantinflas' humor Retrieved January 30, 2006
  17. ^ Cantinflear at the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy Retrieved January 21, 2006
  18. ^ D'Souza, Karen. Mercury News Remembering Cantinflas
  19. ^ Yahoo entry on the Cantinflas Show Retrieved January 24, 2006
  20. ^ Biography from Barnes & Noble Retrieved January 25, 2006.
  21. ^ Mario Moreno "Cantinflas" Award Retrieved January 29, 2006.
  22. ^ Remembering Cantinflas Retrieved January 27, 2006
  23. ^ Cantinflas and the Chaos of Mexican Modernity Retrieved February 1, 2006
  24. ^ Monsiváis, p. 52
  25. ^ Novo, p. 47
  26. ^ Pilcher, p. xxii
  27. ^ Pilcher, p.xviii

January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ilan Stavans Ilan Stavans (born Ilan Stavchansky on April 7, 1961, in Mexico City) is an American intellectual, essayist, lexicographer, cultural commentator, translator, short-story author, TV personality, teacher, and man of letters known for his insights into American, Hispanic, and Jewish cultures. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... La Jornada is one of Mexico Citys leading daily newspapers. ... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (71st in leap years). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Univision is a Spanish-language television network in the United States. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Garcia Riera, Emilio, 1970. Historia documental del cine mexicano, vol. II.
  • Leñero, Vicente. Historia del Teatro de los Insurgentes.
  • Monsiváis, Carlos, 1999. Cantinflas and Tin Tan: Mexico's Greatest Comedians. In Hershfield, Joanne, and Maciel, David R. (Eds.), Mexico's Cinema: A Century of Film and Filmmakers, pp. 49-79. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources, Inc. ISBN 0-8420-2681-9
  • Morales, Miguel Ángel, 1996. Cantinflas: Amo de las carpas. México: Editorial Clío, Libros y Videos, S. A. de C. V. ISBN 968-6932-58-5
  • Novo, Salvador, 1967. Nueva grandeza mexicana. México: Ediciones Era.
  • Pilcher, Jeffrey M., 2001. Cantinflas and the chaos of Mexican modernity. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources. ISBN 0-8420-2769-6
  • Smith, Ronald L. (Ed.), (1992). Who's Who in Comedy pp. 88–89. New York: Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2338-7
  • Stavans, Ilan, 1998. The Riddle of Cantinflas: Essays on Hispanic popular culture. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. ISBN 0-8263-1860-6

Ilan Stavans Ilan Stavans (born Ilan Stavchansky on April 7, 1961, in Mexico City) is an American intellectual, essayist, lexicographer, cultural commentator, translator, short-story author, TV personality, teacher, and man of letters known for his insights into American, Hispanic, and Jewish cultures. ...

External links

  • MarioMorenoCantinflas.com (Fan Site)
  • Laguna Films
  • Cantinflas' filmography on DVD
  • Cantinflas at the Internet Movie Database
  • (Spanish) Cantinflas at the cinema of Mexico site of the ITESM
  • Movie posters for Cantinflas' films
  • Biography at MSN Movies
Awards
Preceded by
Tom Ewell
for The Seven Year Itch
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1957
for Around the World in Eighty Days
Succeeded by
Frank Sinatra
for Pal Joey

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cantinflas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3159 words)
Moreover, his character Cantinflas, whose identity became enmeshed with his own, was examined by media critics, philosophers, anthropologists, and linguists, who saw him variably as a danger to Mexican society, a bourgeois puppet, a kind philanthropist, a venture capitalist, a transgressor of gender roles, a pious Catholic, a verbal innovator, and a picaresque underdog.
Cantinflas' style and the content of his films have led scholars to conclude that he influenced the many teatros that spread the message of the Chicano Movement during the 1960s-1970s in the United States, the most important of which was El Teatro Campesino.
Cantinflas is sometimes seen as a Mexican Groucho Marx character, one who uses his skill with words to puncture the pretensions of the wealthy and powerful, the police and the government.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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