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Encyclopedia > Canoeing

Canoeing is the recreational or sporting activity of paddling a canoe or kayak. It usually refers exclusively to using a paddle to propel a canoe or kayak with only human muscle power. For activities involving paddles, see canoeing. ... Canoe at El Nido, Philippines A canoe is a relatively small human-powered boat. ... A kayak is a type of small human-powered boat. ... The NOUN paddle is a tool, originally a boat propulsion implement for mixing or pushing against liquids, typically in order to propel a boat. ...

Contents


Sport

The International Canoe Federation is a well known canoeing organization around the world. The ICF recognises several competitive and non-competitive disciplines of canoeing, of which Sprint and Slalom are the only two competing in the Olympic games. The United States Canoe Association is widely considered the American authority in sport and recreational canoeing, and recognizes many ICF classes. The International Canoe Federation is the umbrella organization of all national canoe organizations worldwide. ...

  • Sprint - the oldest discipline of ICF canoeing, sometimes referred to as "Racing". It involves principally kayaks, and some canoes. Flatwater races are over distances from 200 m to 1000 m.
  • Slalom - Competitors are timed in completing a descent down the rapids of a whitewater course, in the process steering their canoes or kayaks through "gates" (a pair of suspended poles about 1m apart), including going up against the flow, across the flow, and surfing the standing waves of the rapids.
  • Canoe Polo - A fast-action competitive goal-scoring ball game on water, between two teams of 5 players.
  • Whitewater Racing (also known as Wild Water Racing) - Competitors race specialised canoes or kayaks down a whitewater river (typically class II to IV whitewater is used).

// This article is about flatwater canoe racing. ... A kayak is a type of small human-powered boat. ... Canoe at El Nido, Philippines A canoe is a relatively small human-powered boat. ... Slalom canoeing is a competitive sport where the aim is to navigate a decked canoe or kayak through a course of gates on river rapids in the fastest time possible. ... A rapid is a section of a river where it loses elevation over a relatively short distance (that is, the stream gradient is locally steepened), causing an increase in water flow and (usually) turbulence. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... // This article is about flatwater canoe racing. ... Portage refers to the practice of carrying a canoe or other boat overland land to avoid an obstacle on the water route (such as rapids in a river), or between two water routes. ... The Devizes to Westminster International Canoe Marathon is a marathon canoe race in England. ... The Texas Water Safari, billed as the Worlds Toughest Boat Race, is a trek down waterways from San Marcos, Texas to Seadrift, Texas. ... The International Scale of River Difficulty is a standardized scale used to rate the safety of a stretch of river, usually a single rapid. ... Canoe polo (called kayak polo in some countries) is a competitive ball sport played on water, in a defined field, between two teams of 5 players, each in a kayak. ... Whitewater racing is a competitive discipline of canoeing using either kayaks or canadian canoes. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Canoe Sailing on Lake Sebago in Harriman State Park Canoe Sailing refers to the practice of fitting a canoe with sails. ...

Unclassified Styles

  • Dragon Boat Racing - Since the 1970s racing of the traditional Chinese Dragon Boats has been organized. In general there are about 18-20 paddlers per boat, plus a drummer and a helmsman. The IDBF is the international governing body for Dragon Boats, discussions with the ICF about co-operation are taking place.
  • Playboating (or Rodeo) - a form of canoeing or kayaking where the competitor performs tricks and stunts in standing waves such as front and back surfing, flatspins, cartwheels, and blunts, and receives points for the variety of moves performed within a fixed time. Points are also awarded for style.
  • Extreme Racing - a form of canoeing competition involving racing down dangerous whitewater rivers (often with many grade V rapids and typically requiring excellent river running skills).
  • Outrigger Canoe Racing - racing of traditional Pacific Ocean outrigger canoes. Very popular in Hawaii (it's the state sport), Tahiti, and other Pacific nations including Australia and New Zealand; well established in western North America and the eastern US, also catching on in Asia and Europe. International ruling body is the IVF. Outrigger canoes are traditionally referred to as wa'a, va'a, or waka ama. Standard racing canoes carry six paddlers; one and two person canoes are also widely raced.
  • Canoe Surfing - The canoeing equivalent of surfing, but in a specialised surf kayak. Points are scored for the variety and quality of moves performed on a wave. Also whitewater kayakers and playboaters often surf non-competatively.

Two dragon boat crews during a race. ... Brian Cumiskey Throwing a Blunt photo:© Fields Playboating is a discipline of kayaking or canoeing where the paddler performs various technical moves in one place (a playspot), as opposed to whitewater canoeing or kayaking where the objective is to travel the length of a section of river (although whitewater canoeists... -1... Outrigger Canoe Racing is a team paddling sport which utilises the outrigger canoe. ...

Recreational

Other recreational aspects of canoeing are not strictly defined, and distinctions are rather articifical and growing increasingly blurred as new hybrid canoes, kayaks, and similar craft are developed. Some of these forms may be nominally organised at national levels, but are largely individual, group, or club activities. For many groups there is no emphasis on training, the goal is simply to use boats to have fun on the water.

  • Whitewater - paddling down whitewater rivers for fun, recreation, or getting away from it all. Can vary from short local trips on easy grade rivers, to extreme expeditions on raging torrents in remote locations for many days carrying all equipment. Whitewater Kayaking is probably the most popular form of canoeing.
  • Sea Kayaking - recreational kayaking on the sea. Includes everything from short day trips to year-long expeditions, may include paddling on heavy seas, in surf, or in tidal currents, and usually requires navigational skills.
  • Playboating - surfing and performing tricks on one feature on a river.

Whitewater kayaking is a recreational sport of taking a kayak down a moving body of water, typically a river. ... A Sea kayak is a kayak developed for the sport of paddling on the open waters of the ocean. ... Brian Cumiskey Throwing a Blunt photo:© Fields Playboating is a discipline of kayaking or canoeing where the paddler performs various technical moves in one place (a playspot), as opposed to whitewater canoeing or kayaking where the objective is to travel the length of a section of river (although whitewater canoeists... Canoe camping (also known as canoe touring or canoe tripping), is a complete combination of canoeing and camping. ... Camping is an outdoor recreational activity involving the spending of one or more nights in a tent, primitive structure, a travel trailer or recreational vehicle at a campsite with the purpose of getting away from civilization and enjoying nature. ...

Other Forms

In some countries, these forms of paddling may come under the national canoeing organisations, but they are not universally accepted as canoeing, even though they involve propelling a small craft with a paddle.

  • Surf Skiing - paddling a small, manoueverable craft (surf ski) a little like a bigger surfboard, amongst the breaking waves of the sea or ocean, variously sliding down the face of the wave or performing tricks on the face of a breaking wave. Close affintiy to surfing. The paddler sits on top of the ski. Competition is based on points for tricks and style.
  • Wave Skiing - paddling a long (5M?), slim racing craft on the sea, out through the waves and back through the waves, but not manouevering on the waves. The paddler is strapped to the top of the wave ski.
  • White Water Rafting - one or a group of people paddle a small or large inflatable raft down a wild water river. Has much in common with White Water Touring.


In the United States and Canada, 'canoeing' usually refers only to open canoes, as opposed to both canoes and kayaks. Rafting is a recreational activity utilizing a raft to navigate a river or other body of water. ...


See also kayaking, paddling, canoe, kayak, paddle. Kayaking is the use of a kayak for moving across water. ... For activities involving paddles, see canoeing. ... Canoe at El Nido, Philippines A canoe is a relatively small human-powered boat. ... A kayak is a type of small human-powered boat. ... The NOUN paddle is a tool, originally a boat propulsion implement for mixing or pushing against liquids, typically in order to propel a boat. ...


External links

  • Northeast Paddler's Message Board, A site devoted to kayaking, canoeing and almost all things whitewater in the Northeastern United States.
  • United States Canoe Association, Parent association for canoeing groups in the United States.

  Results from FactBites:
 
THE HISTORY OF THE CANOE (488 words)
Many of the canoes that fur traders used were capable of carrying a crew of up to 12 people and a cargo weighing around 2400 kilograms.
This type of canoe is usually around 17 feet long, a different weight depending on the material used to build it, and meant for two people.
They began their canoeing exploits without much fanfare but by the time they were done they had influenced, directly or indirectly, a whole generation of paddlers.
Canoe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3692 words)
In its human-powered form, the canoe is propelled by the use of paddles, with the number of paddlers depending on the size of canoe.
Wood-and-canvas canoes are made by fastening an external canvas shell to a wooden hull.
Among less-experienced canoeists, the canoe is typically steered from the bow.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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